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Lovozerite Group

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About Lovozerite GroupHide

Formula:
A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
M= Zr, Ti, Fe3+, Ca
G= Ca, Mn2+, Na, ◻
A= Na, Ca
D= Na, ◻
0≤ x ≤ 6 ; n= 0-1
Group of complex zeolite-like cyclosilicates. All minerals of this group contain Na as an essential mineral-forming constituent. They occur in only alkaline rocks.
IMA-accepted nomenclature established by Pekov et al. (2009).


Classification of Lovozerite GroupHide

Table 1. End-member structural formulae of lovozerite-group minerals (after Pekov et al. 2009)

Structural sites

MineralADGMSiO(O OH)
ZirsinaliteNa3Na3Ca◻ZrSi6O12O6
KapustiniteNa3Na32ZrSi6O12O4(OH)2
KazakoviteNa3Na3Mn2+TiSi6O12O6
CombeiteNa1.5Ca1.5Na23CaNaCaSi6O12O5.5(OH)0.5
LovozeriteNa33Ca◻ZrSi6O12O3(OH)3
LitvinskiteNa332ZrSi6O12(OH)5O
TisinaliteNa33Mn2+TiSi6O12O3(OH)3
KoashviteNa3Na3Ca◻TiSi6O12 O6
ImandriteNa3Na3Ca1.50.5 Fe3+Si6O12O6
IMA status notes:
IMA Approved Group Name
Approval year:
2009
First published:
2009
Approval history:
Approved by IMA in January 2009 (Pekov et al. 2009)

Chemical Properties of Lovozerite GroupHide

Formula:
A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)

M= Zr, Ti, Fe3+, Ca
G= Ca, Mn2+, Na, ◻
A= Na, Ca
D= Na, ◻
0≤ x ≤ 6 ; n= 0-1

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010016CombeiteOhsato H, Maki I, Takeuchi Y (1985) Structure of Na2CaSi2O6 Acta Crystallographica C41 1575-15771985synthetic high-temperature form0293
0010031CombeiteOhsato H, Takeuchi Y, Maki I (1986) Structure of Na4Ca4[Si6O18] Acta Crystallographica C42 934-9371986synthetic low-temperature form0293
0010050CombeiteFischer R X, Tillmanns E (1987) Revised data for combeite, Na2Ca2Si3O9 Acta Crystallographica C43 1852-18541987synthetic low-temperature form0293
0010051CombeiteFischer R X, Tillmanns E (1987) Revised data for combeite, Na2Ca2Si3O9 Acta Crystallographica C43 1852-18541987synthetic high-temperature form0293
0019534CombeiteFischer R X, Tillmanns E (1983) Die Kristallstrukturen von naturlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt.Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel) Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1983 49-591983Mayener Feld, Eifel, Germany0293
0019535CombeiteFischer R X, Tillmanns E (1983) Die Kristallstrukturen von naturlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt.Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel) Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1983 49-591983Mt. Shaheru, Zaire0293
0012468ImandriteChernitsova N M, Pudovkina Z V, Voronkov A A, Ilyukhin V V, Pyatenko Y A (1980) Imandrite Na12Ca3Fe2[Si6O18]2 - a representative of a new branch in the lovozerite structural family Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 252 618-62119800293
0012462KazakoviteVoronkov A A, Pudovkina Z V, Blinov V A, Ilyukhin V V, Pyatenko Y A (1979) Crystal structure of kazakovite Na6Mn{Ti[Si6O18]} Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 245 106-10919790293
0012374LovozeriteYamnova N A, Egorov-Tismenko Y K, Pekov I V (2001) Refined crystal structure of lovozerite Na2CaZr[Si6O12(OH,O)6]*H2O Crystallography Reports 46 937-9412001Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0015541LovozeriteIlyukhin V V, Belov N V (1960) Derivation of the structure of lovozerite from sections of the three-dimensional Patterson function Soviet Physics Crystallography 5 186-19819600293
0012385TisinaliteYamnova N A, Egorov-Tismenko Y K, Pekov I V, Shchegol'kova L V (2003) Crystal structure of tisinalite Na2(Mn,Ca)1-x(Ti,Zr,Nb,Fe3+)[Si6O8(O,OH)10] Crystallography Reports 48 551-5562003Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0012464ZirsinalitePudovkina Z V, Chernitsova N M, Voronkov A A, Pyatenko Yu A (1980) Crystal structure of zirsinalite Na6Ca{Zr(Si6O18)} Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 250 865-8671980Koashva Mountain, Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0012370LitvinskiteYamnova N A, Egorov-Tismenko Y K, Pekov I V, Ekimenkova I A (2001) Crystal structure of litvinskite: A new natural member of the lovozerite group Crystallography Reports 46 190-1932001Alluaiv mountain, Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0012498KapustiniteYamnova N A, Egorov-Tismenko Y K, Pekov I V, Shchegol'kova L V (2004) Crystal structure of kapustinite Na5.5Mn0.25Zr[Si6O16(OH)2] - a new mineral of the lovozerite group Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 396 680-68520040293
0005045TownenditeGrey I E, Macrae C M, Mumme W G, Pring A (2010) Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland American Mineralogist 95 646-6502010the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Other Language Names for Lovozerite GroupHide

Simplified Chinese:基性异性石族
Traditional Chinese:基性異性石族

Relationship of Lovozerite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Imandrite subgroup 
  Imandrite Na12Ca3Fe3+2(Si6O18)2Orth.
Koashvite subgroup 
  Koashvite Na6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2OOrth.
Zirsinalite-Lovozerite subgroup 
  Combeite Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
  Kapustinite Na6ZrSi6O16(OH)2Mon. 2/m
  Kazakovite Na6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)Trig.
  Litvinskite Na2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6Mon. m : Bm
  Lovozerite Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2OMon.
  Tisinalite Na3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2OTrig.
  Townendite Na8ZrSi6O18Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
  Zirsinalite Na6(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Zr(Si6O18)Trig.
Minerals chemically related to group:
PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lovozerite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gerasimovskii, V.I. (1939) Lovozerite a new mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 25: 753-756. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 25, 504.
Ilyukin, V.V. and Belov, N.V. (1960) The crystal structure of lovozerite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. Earth Sciences Section: 131(1): 379-382.
Kapustion, Y.L., Bykova, A.V., and Ppudovkina, Z.V. (1973) Mineralogy of the Lovozerite group. Izvestia Akademii Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geologia. No.8: 106-112. (in Russian) English abstract: American Mineralogist, 59, (1974) 633.
Khomyakov, A.P. (1977) New data on minerals of the lovozerite group. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR., Earth Sciences Section: 237 (1): 208-210.
Pekov, I. V., Krivovichev, S. V., Zolotarev, A. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., Armbruster, T. & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (2009) Crystal chemistry and nomenclature of the lovozerite group. European Journal of Mineralogy: 21: 1061-1071.

Internet Links for Lovozerite GroupHide

Localities for Lovozerite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Lovozerite] GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
[Lovozerite] Tarassoff collection
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Nyiragongo Territory
[Combeite] Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178. Bell, K., & Powell, J. L. (1969). Strontium isotopic studies of alkalic rocks: the potassium-rich lavas of the Birunga and Toro—Ankole Regions, East and Central Equatorial Africa. Journal of Petrology, 10(3), 536-572. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/10.3.536 Demant, A., Lestrade, P., Lubala, R. T., Kampunzu, A. B., & Durieux, J. (1994). Volcanological and petrological evolution of Nyiragongo volcano, Virunga volcanic field, Zaire. Bulletin of Volcanology, 56(1), 47-61. doi.org/10.1007/BF00279728 Denaeyer, M. E. (1972). LES LAVES DU FOSSE TECTONIQUE DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE (KIVU, RWANDA, TORO-ANKOLE). I. SUPPLEMENT AU RECUEIL D'ANALYSES DE 1965. II. MAGMATOLOGIE. Annales, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique. Serie In 8º, Sciences Geologiques, 72. Denaeyer, M. E., Schellinck, F., & Coppez, A. (1965). Recueil d'analyses des laves du fossé tectonique de l'Afrique centrale. Annales. Musée Roy. Afrique Centrale. Belgique, Ann. Ser. 8, Sci. Geol., 49, 1-234. GEE, L. L., & Sack, R. O. (1988). Experimental petrology of melilite nephelinites. Journal of Petrology, 29(6), 1233-1255. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/29.6.1233 Hamaguchi, H. (1983). Volcanoes Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira: geophysical aspects. Tohoku Univ. Richard, J.J. & Padang, M.N. 1957. Active volcanoes of the world. Part 4 Africa and the Red Sea. International Volcanological Association, Napoli, Italy. Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/1.2.146 Sahama, T. G. (1973). Evolution of the Nyiragongo magma. Journal of Petrology, 14(1), 33-48. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/14.1.33 Sahama, T. G. (1978). The Nyiragongo main cone. Annales, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique. Serie In 8º, Sciences Geologiques 81. Sahama, G., & Meyer, A. (1958). Study of the volcano Niragongo. A progress Report, Exploration du parc National Albert, mission d’études volcanologiques, Fasc 2, 1-85. Tazieff, H. 1975. Nyiragongo: the forbidden volcano. Cassell, London. Tazieff, H. (1984). Mt. Niragongo: renewed activity of the lava lake. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 20(3-4), 267-280. doi.org/10.1016/0377-0273(84)90043-X Thonnard, R. L. G., & Denaeyer, M. E. (1965). Carte volcanologique des Virunga, Feuille No. 1. 1:50000 and Introduction generale et Notice Explicative de la Feuille No. 1. Centre National de Volcanologie (Belgique), Bruxelles. Vollmer, R., & Norry, M. J. (1983). Possible origin of K-rich volcanic rocks from Virunga, East Africa, by metasomatism of continental crustal material: Pb, Nd and Sr isotopic evidence. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 64(3), 374-386. doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(83)90097-3
[Combeite] Mineralogical Magazine 31 (1957) 698-699; Fischer, R.X. Tillmanns, E. (1983): Die Kristallstrukturen von natürlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt. Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel), N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 49-59.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mayen
[Combeite] Fischer, R.X. Tillmanns, E. (1983): Die Kristallstrukturen von natürlichem Na2Ca2Si3O9 vom Mt. Shaheru (Zaire) und aus dem Mayener Feld (Eifel), N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 49-59.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
[Lovozerite] Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33; Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
      • Kangerluarsuk Fjord
[Lovozerite] Sørensen, H., Larsen, L.M. (2001): The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 83-94
      • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
[Townendite] Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
[Combeite] Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Isakova, A. T., Panina, L. I., & Stoppa, F. (2017). Genesis of kalsilite melilitite at Cupaello, Central Italy: Evidence from melt inclusions. Petrology, 25(4), 433-447. Sabatini, V. (1903). La pirossenite melilitica di Coppaeli. Boll. R. Com. geol. Ital., 34, 376. Stoppa, F., & Cundari, A. (1995). A new Italian carbonatite occurrence at Cupaello (Rieti) and its genetic significance. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 275-288. Villa, I., Serva, L., & Quercioli, C. (1991). Verso una datazione della lava di Cupaello (Rieti). Plinius, 4, 102-103.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
L. Horvath & G. Y. Chao, unpublished data
Romania
 
  • Harghita
[Lovozerite] Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Russia
 
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
[Combeite] Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Kazakovite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
      • Eveslogchorr Mt
[Lovozerite] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Koashva Mt
[Koashvite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
[Zirsinalite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Rasvumchorr Mine
[Lovozerite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Tisinalite] Jiri Spalek specimen.; Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
[Imandrite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Yukspor Mt
[Zirsinalite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
[Zirsinalite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
[Tisinalite] Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
[Litvinskite] I.V. Pekov et al. (2000) Zap. Vser. Min. Ob. 129(1), 45-53
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Kazakovite] Khomyakov A. P., Semenov, E. I., Es´kova, E. M., Voronkov A A (1974) Kazakovite - a new mineral of the lovozerite group. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 103 (3):342-345 [in russian]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Second Eastern Stream (Kromka Stream)
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. V. (2000) Lovozero Massif - History, Pegmatites, Minerals. Ocean Pictures LTD: Moscow 2000.
[Lovozerite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2015). Eudialyte-group minerals in rocks of Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 600-613.
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
[Kazakovite] Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Lovozerite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
[Lovozerite] Geochemistry International 19, 128-?
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
[Combeite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Wiedenmann D, Zaitsev A N, Britvin S N, Krivovichev S V, Keller J (2009) Alumoåkermanite, (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7), a new mineral from the active carbonatite-nephelinite-phonolite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 373-384; Dawson, J. B. (1998). Peralkaline nephelinite–natrocarbonatite relationships at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2077-2094.
USA
 
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mountains
[Lovozerite] Dr. W. Stoll (private communication 2001 & 2004)
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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