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Rutile Group

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About Rutile GroupHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal oxides of general formula M4+O2.

Sellaite is a structurally related magnesium fluoride.

Chemical Properties of Rutile GroupHide


Crystallography of Rutile GroupHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Crystals in this group are often elongated in [001] and also pyramidal. Striae are nearly always found parallel to [001].
Most members of the group are nearly always twinned on {101} and less often on {301}.

Relationship of Rutile Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Argutite GeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
Cassiterite SnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
Paratellurite TeO2Tet.
Plattnerite PbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
Pyrolusite Mn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
Rutile TiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
Stishovite SiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
Tripuhyite Fe3+Sb5+O4Tet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Rutile Group in petrologyHide

References for Rutile GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 554.

Internet Links for Rutile GroupHide

Significant localities for Rutile GroupHide

Showing 36 significant localities out of 15,178 recorded on

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • Northern Midlands municipality
      • Rossarden district
[Cassiterite] Blissett, A. H. (1959): The geology of the Rossarden - Storeys Creek district. Tasmania Dept. Mines, Geol. Survey, Bull. No. 46, 1-117.; Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
        • Mining Area C (Northern Flank; Packsaddle)
[Pyrolusite] J M Bennett Collection
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Ankogel area
  • La Paz Department
    • Loayza Province
[Cassiterite] Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57; Artiaga, D., Torres, B., Torró, L., Tauler, E., Melgarejo, J. C., & Arce, O. R. (2013) The Viloco Sn-W-Mo-As deposits, Bolivia: geology and mineralogy. pp 1239-1242 12th SGA Meeting Vol 3
  • Minas Gerais
    • Ouro Preto
      • Main district
[Tripuhyite] Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024.
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Jones Lake Power Station
[Rutile] Ty Balacko specimens
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
[Pyrolusite] Steve Sorrell Collection; Sir John William Dawson (1891) The geology of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island: or Arcadian Geology 4th ed. MacMillan Edinburgh
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
[Rutile] Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
  • Occitanie
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Argut-Dessus
[Argutite] Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt.(1983) 31, 97-119
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Triberg
        • Gremmelsbach
[Pyrolusite] No reference listed
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Brembana Valley
        • Oltre il Colle
          • Vedra Valley
[Plattnerite] No reference listed
      • Seriana Valley
        • Parre
[Plattnerite] Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
[Cassiterite] Alessandro Genazzani collection
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Pietrasanta
          • Valdicastello Carducci
[Rutile] Baldi M., 1982. La miniera del Pollone a Valdicastello. Riv. Miner. Ital., 6: 46-58.
[Rutile] Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa
[Rutile] Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Cananea
      • Cananea
[Paratellurite] Amer.Min.(1960) 45, 1272-1274
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
      • Moctezuma
[Paratellurite] Amer.Min.(1960) 45, 1272-1274
  • Tumbes Department
[Rutile] Guido del Castillo (2004) Jewels of the Earth - Minerals of Peru.
  • Setúbal District
    • Santiago do Cacém
      • Cercal
[Pyrolusite] Rui Nunes' collection
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Iul'tinskiy Mining Complex
[Cassiterite] Sushchevskaya, T., Spasennykh, M., Ignatiev, A., and Velivetskaya, T. (2007): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2007, A987.; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706; Sushchevskaya, T. M., Popova, J. A., Velivetskaya, T. A., Ignatiev, A. V., Matveeva, S. S., & Limantseva, O. A. (2012, April). Mixing of fluids in hydrothermal ore-forming (Sn, W) systems: stable isotope and rare earth elements data. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 14, p. 8442).
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Vishnevye Mts (Vishnyovye; Cherry)
          • Buldym Lake
[Rutile var: Ilmenorutile] Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Madrid
    • Horcajuelo de la Sierra
[Rutile] - Calderón, S. (1910): Los Minerales de España. Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciones Científicas. Vol. 1, 416 pp., Vol. 2, 561 pp.
  • Scotland
    • South Lanarkshire
[Plattnerite] Haidinger W (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. II. Ordnung. Baryte VII. Bleibaryt. Plattnerit., in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien) 499-506
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Winslow
        • Meteor Crater area
[Stishovite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 383; Chao, E.C.T., et al (1962), Stishovite, a very high pressure new mineral from Meteor Crater, AZ, Jour. Geophys. Res.: 67: 419-421; Fahey, J.J. (1964), Recovery of coesite and stishovite from Coconino Sandstone of Meteor Crater, AZ, Am.Min.: 49: 1643-1647; Bohn, E. & W. Stöber (1966), Coesit und Stishovit als isolierte natürliche Mineralien, Neues Jahrb. Min.: 89-96; Gigl, P.D. & F. Dachille (1968), Effect of pressure and temperature on the reversal transitions of stishovite, Meteorites: 4: 123-136; J. Geophys. Res. 67 (1962), 419.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Salisbury
        • Salisbury District
[Pyrolusite] Schairer, J. F. (1931), The Minerals of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51. Former Miller collection.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
[Cassiterite] Scovil, Jeffrey A. (1992): Famous Mineral Localities: the Gillette Quarry, Haddam Neck, Connecticut. (Mineralogical Record, 23(1):19-28.); Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
  • Georgia
    • Lincoln Co.
[Rutile] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 910.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
[Cassiterite] King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
      • Hickory
[Rutile] K. Wood collection
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Sadsbury Township
[Rutile] Second Geological Survey of Pensylvania: 1874 Preliminary Report on the Mineralogy of Pennsylvania: F. A. Genth, pgs. 44,45 and 97
    • Lancaster Co.
[Rutile] Ref.1) Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania: 1874 Preliminary Report on the Mineralogy of Pennsylvania: F. A. Genth, pg. 44
    • Philadelphia Co.
      • Hestonville
[Rutile] Samuel S. Gordon (1922) Mineralogy of Pennsylvania.; pg. 234
  • Rhode Island
    • Newport Co.
      • Tiverton
[Rutile] Michael W. Kieron collection
    • Providence Co.
      • North Smithfield
[Rutile] Michael W. Kieron collection
  • Virginia
    • Powhatan Co.
      • Flat Rock
[Cassiterite] Rocks & Min.:60:168.
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