SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Tetrahedrite Group

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About Tetrahedrite GroupHide

A = Cu+, Ag+, ☐;
D = Cu+, Ag+;
C = Zn2+, Fe2+, Hg2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Cu+, Fe3+;
E = Sb3+, As3+, Bi3+, Te4+;
Y = S2-, Se2-;
Z = S2-, Se2-, ☐.
The tetrahedrite group is divided into five different series on the basis of the A, D, E, and Y constituents, i.e. the tetrahedrite series, tennantite series, freibergite series, hakite series and giraudite series. The nature of the dominant C constituent is made explicit using a hyphenated suffix between parentheses.
The new nomenclature and classification of the tetrahedrite group was approved by the IMA in 2019 (proposal 18-K).

According to the the CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, eleven minerals belonging to the tetrahedrite group can be considered as valid species: argentotennantite-(Zn), argentotetrahedrite-(Fe), kenoargentotetrahedrite-(Fe), giraudite-(Zn), goldfieldite, hakite-(Hg), rozhdestvenskayaite-(Zn), tennantite-(Fe), tennantite-(Zn), tetrahedrite-(Fe), and tetrahedrite-(Zn).

A Bi-dominant composition, which probably represents a new species, has been reported by Gołębiowska et al. (2012).

Note: the D site is named as B in the IMA Proposal 18-K, here as D to avoid confusion with Boron. (The E site is named as D in the IMA Proposal 18-K)

Classification of Tetrahedrite GroupHide

IMA Approved Group Name
Approval History:
2019. Nomenclature and classification of the tetrahedrite group approved (IMA proposal 18-K)

Chemical Properties of Tetrahedrite GroupHide


A = Cu+, Ag+, ☐;
D = Cu+, Ag+;
C = Zn2+, Fe2+, Hg2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Cu+, Fe3+;
E = Sb3+, As3+, Bi3+, Te4+;
Y = S2-, Se2-;
Z = S2-, Se2-, ☐.

Relationship of Tetrahedrite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Argentotennantite Ag6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Argentotetrahedrite-(Fe) Ag6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Freibergite (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Giraudite Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4Se12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Goldfieldite (Cu102)Te4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Hakite-(Hg) Cu6Cu4Hg2Sb4Se12SeIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Kenoargentotetrahedrite-(Fe) (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Rozhdestvenskayaite-(Zn) Ag6Ag4Zn2Sb4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Tennantite Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Tennantite-(Fe) Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S13
Tennantite-(Zn) Cu6Cu4(Zn,Fe2+)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
Tetrahedrite-(Fe) Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S12S
Tetrahedrite-(Zn) Cu6Cu4(Zn,Fe2+)2Sb4S12S
UM1992-21-S:AgFeSb Ag6Ag4Fe2+2Sb4S12SIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Tetrahedrite Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Tetrahedrite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
King, R.J. (2001) Minerals explained 32: The tetrahedrite group. Geology Today: 17: 77-80.
Moëlo, Y., Makovicky, E., Mozgova, N.N., Jambor, J.L., Cook, N., Pring, A., Paar, W., Nickel, E.H., Graeser, S., Karup-Møller, S., Balić-Žunić, T., Mumme, W.G., Vurro, F., Topa, D., Bindi, L., Bente, K., Shimizu, M. (2008) Sulfosalt systematics: a review. Report of the sulfosalt sub-committee of the IMA Commission on Ore Mineralogy. European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 7-46.
Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Parafiniuk, J. (2012) Substitution of Bi for Sb and As in minerals of the tetrahedrite series from Rędziny, Lower Silesia, Southwestern Poland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 267-279.
IMA proposal 18-K. Nomenclature and classification of the tetrahedrite group. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.

Internet Links for Tetrahedrite GroupHide

Localities for Tetrahedrite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow

This section is currently hidden. Click the show button to view.