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Whiteite Subgroup

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About Whiteite SubgroupHide

Member of:
A subgroup of the Jahnsite Group, which includes chemically complex, monoclinic phosphates.
The suffix in the names of the minerals in this group indicates sequentially the dominant atom in the X, M1, and M2 structural positions; the M3 position is always Al-dominant (Al>Fe3+).

See also the closely related Jahnsite Subgroup.

Classification of Whiteite SubgroupHide

IMA Approved Group Name
Approval Year:
Approval History:
Established and approved by IMA in april 2018 (Nomenclature proposals)

Chemical Properties of Whiteite SubgroupHide


Relationship of Whiteite Subgroup to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Jahnsite SubgroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Group Members:
Rittmannite {(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
Whiteite-(CaFeMg) {Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Whiteite-(CaMgMg) CaMg3Al2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
Whiteite-(CaMnMg) {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
Whiteite-(CaMnMn) {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
Whiteite-(MnFeMg) {(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Whiteite-(MnMnMg) MnMnMg2Al2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Whiteite SubgroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Chernyatieva, A.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Yakovenchuk, V.N. & Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2010) Crystal chemistry of a new CaMnMn-dominant member of the whiteite group. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 716.
CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 787; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785

Internet Links for Whiteite SubgroupHide

Localities for Whiteite SubgroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
[Whiteite-(MnMnMg)] Elliott, P., & Willis, A. C. (2019). Whiteite-(mnmnmg), a New Jahnsite-Group Mineral from Iron Monarch, South Australia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(2), 215-223.; Elliott, P. (2016) Whiteite- (MnMnMg), IMA 2015-092. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 202. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205.
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
R Bottrill, unpub. data;
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Millstatt lake
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:176 (1997)
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; U. Kolitsch, G. Giester and F. Brandstätter (2011): Mg-rich ludlamite and Mg-rich whiteite-(CaFeMg) from the phosphate pegmatite boulder at Laggerhof, Carinthia. Joint Meeting of the DGK, DMG and ÖMG, Salzburg, Austria, September 20-24, 2011; Abstracts Volume, p. 135.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] Sergio Varvello collection
[Whiteite-(MnMnMg)] Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] [MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
    • Itinga
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Sergio Varvello collection
      • Taquaral
[Whiteite-(MnFeMg)] Mineralogical Magazine 1978 42 : 309-323.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] Capitelli, F., Chita, G., Cavallo, A., Bellatreccia, F., & Della Ventura, G. (2011). Crystal structure of whiteite-(CaFeMg) from Crosscut Creek, Canada. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie Crystalline Materials, 226(9), 731-738.
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
[Rittmannite] Hochleitner, R. (2000): Rittmannit – Erstnachweis des Minerals der Jahnsit-Whiteit-Gruppe aus dem Pegmatit vom Hühnerkobel im Bayerischen Wald. Münchner Geologische Hefte, A 28, 29-33. [http://www.lrz.de/~Mineralogische.Staatssammlung/ritt.pdf]
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
[Rittmannite] Stephan Wolfsried
[Rittmannite] in the collection of J. Esche; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
[Whiteite-(CaFeMg)] T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
[Rittmannite] Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Thomas Witzke
  • Guarda
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
[Rittmannite] Sopas de Pedra, A. M. Galopim de Carvalho, Gradiva, Lisbon, Portugal
[Rittmannite] - Rewitzer, C. and Röschl, N. (1984) Portugal - locality descriptions and travel recommendations. Lapis, 9 (12), 13-17. (in German)
  • Viseu
    • Mangualde
[Rittmannite] M. F. di Cossato & P. Orlandi : Canadian Mineralogist 27:447-449; Cassat, Y. M. F. D., & Orlandi, A. (1989). Rittmannite, a new mineral species of the whiteite group from the Mangualde granitic pegmatite, Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 447-449.
[Rittmannite] Mineralien Atlas
      • Mesquitela
[Rittmannite] Pedro Alves collection
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
[Rittmannite] Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
          • Mt Galiñeiro
[Rittmannite] Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria Mining District
[Whiteite-(CaMgMg)] Kampf, A.R., Adams, P.M. and Nash, B.P. (2016) Whiteite-(CaMgMg), IMA 2016-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 694; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697; Kampf, A.R., Adams, P.M. and Nash, B.P. (2016) Whiteite-(CaMgMg),CaMg3Al2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O, a New Jahnsite-group Mineral from the Northern Belle Mine, Candelaria, Nevada, U.S.A. Canadian Mineralogist. 54: 1513-1523.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.95.; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
[Whiteite-(MnFeMg)] Rocks & Min.:60:65 & 76-83.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Fourmile
[Whiteite-(CaMnMg)] Canadian Mineralogist Vol.27, pp. 699-702 (1989)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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