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Northupite

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Formula:
Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Colour:
Colourless, pale yellow, grey, brown; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
For Charles Henry Northup II (7 Jan, 1861-1906), a grocer from San Jose, California, USA, who found the first specimens. (possibly died in 1930's)
Isostructural with:
Northupite Group.

A complete series between Northupite and Tychite exists in artificial material.


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Classification of NorthupiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BF.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
16a.3.9.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)2(XO3)Zq
12.1.1

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of NorthupiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, pale yellow, grey, brown; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Conchoidal

Optical Data of NorthupiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of NorthupiteHide

Formula:
Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl

Crystallography of NorthupiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Fd3
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.98 Å
Unit Cell V:
2,732.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals octahedral.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of NorthupiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Octahedral crystals embedded in clay.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Lacustrine clay sediments.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for NorthupiteHide

German:Northupit
Simplified Chinese:氯碳酸钠镁石
Spanish:Northupita
Traditional Chinese:氯碳酸鈉鎂石

Relationship of Northupite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3

Common AssociatesHide

BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gaylussite2 photos of Northupite associated with Gaylussite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2xTrig.
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)ClHex. 6 : P6
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2ClHex.
5.BF.30BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BF.40MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in dilute acids with effervescence. Decomposed by hot water with the separation of magnesium carbonate.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NorthupiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Foote (1895) American Journal of Science: 50: 480.
de Schulten (1906) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 19: 164.
Pratt, Joseph Hyde (1896), On northupite; pirssonite, a new mineral; Gaylussite and hanksite from Borax Lake, San Bernardino County, California: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 2: 123-135; …Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 27: 416-429 (1896); …(abstract): Neues Jahrb., Band 2: 451-455 (1897).
de Schulten (1906) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 143: 403.
Gossner and Koch (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 80: 458.
Shiba and Watanabé (1931) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 193: 1421.
Watanabé (1933) Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo: 21: 35.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 278-279.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1975): 22: 158-163.

Internet Links for NorthupiteHide

Localities for NorthupiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Island
Browne, P.R.L. 1973 Secondary minerals in cores from DVDP 1 and 2. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 2: 83-93 Browne, P.R.L. 1974 Secondary minerals from Ross Island drillholes. Dry Valley Drilling Project bulletin 04:15
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Neusiedl am See
      • Seewinkel
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Tuzla Canton
      • Tuzla
Am Min 79: pp 562-569
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
Youxun Zhang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 69-71
Jiping Wang, Jianming Zhou, Xiulian Ma, and Qingtang Yang (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(3), 315-319
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Baingoin Co. (Bange Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Shuanghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
    • Xigazê Prefecture (Rikaze Prefecture; Shigatse Prefecture)
      • Zhongba Co.
Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 221-226; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Mianping Zheng, Heran Yuan, Junying Liu, Yanhe Li, Zhibang Ma, and Qing Sun (2007): Acta Geologica Sinica 81(12), 1608-1617
Egypt
 
  • Western Desert
Marchesini, M. & Barresi, A. (2009): I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
Uganda
 
  • Western Region
    • Kasese District
P Bongaerts collection; Robinson, G. W. & King, V. T. (1993): What’s New in Minerals ? Annual world summary of mineral discoveries covering april 1992 through april 1993. Mineralogical Record 24: 394; Mineralogical Recoed 8:396
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
        • Bondarenkovo Village area
Deyak M.A. Modern water-chemogenic formations of mud volcanoes of Kerch Peninsula. Dissertation to Scientific Candidate Degree in Geological Sciences in speciality 04.00.21 – lithology. –Department of marine geology and sedimentary ore formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 2010.
        • Novoselovka Village area
Deyak M.A. Modern water-chemogenic formations of mud volcanoes of Kerch Peninsula. Dissertation to Scientific Candidate Degree in Geological Sciences in speciality 04.00.21 – lithology. –Department of marine geology and sedimentary ore formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 2010.
        • Vulcanovka Village area
Deyak M.A. Modern water-chemogenic formations of mud volcanoes of Kerch Peninsula. Dissertation to Scientific Candidate Degree in Geological Sciences in speciality 04.00.21 – lithology. –Department of marine geology and sedimentary ore formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 2010.
USA
 
  • California
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 233, 235; Vonsen, Magnus (1935), The discovery of borates in California: Mineralogist: 3(12): 22; Vonsen, Magnus & G.D. Hanna (1936), Borax Lake, California: California Division Mines Report 32: 103; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 197, 280, 289, 374; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 207, 208.
    • San Bernardino Co.
Foote, Warren M. (1895), Preliminary note on a new alkali mineral: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 50: 480; Smith, George Irving & D.V. Haines (1964), Character and distribution of nonclastic minerals in the Searles Lake evaporite deposit, California: USGS Bulletin 1181-P: 30; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 208; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 279, 340, 633; Tschermaks Min. Pet. Mitt. 22 (1975), 158.; Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1915), Mineralogy of the Searles Lake deposits in Salines in the Owens, Searles, and Panamint basins, southeastern California: USGS Bulletin 580: 296-308
  • Colorado
    • Rio Blanco Co.
      • Piceance Basin
        • Green River Formation
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Piceance Creek Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_45510.htm.
Am Min 58:211-217
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge District (Neda Iron District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139, 279.
Am Min 26:646-650
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