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Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series

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About Aikinite-Bismuthinite SeriesHide

Series Formula:
PbCuBiS3 to Bi2S3
A series between Aikinite and Bismuthinite

The aikinite-bismuthinite (CuPbBiS3-Bi2S3) series of ordered derivatives (superstructures) is based on the incremental Bi + vacancy → Pb + Cu substitution (Petříček & Makovicky 2006).

Members of the series include Aikinite, Bismuthinite, Emilite, Friedrichite, Gladite, Hammarite, Krupkaite, Lindströmite, Paarite, Pekoite, Salzburgite and possibly UM1984-23-S:BiCuPb and UM1974-09-S:BiCuPb.

See also Gustavite-Lillianite Series.

Synonyms of Aikinite-Bismuthinite SeriesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Aikinite-Bismuthinite Series associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Aikinite-Bismuthinite SeriesHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ohmasa, M. and Nowacki, W. (1970) Note on the space group and on the structure of aikinite derivatives. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1970: 158-162.
Syneček, V. and Hybler, J. (1974) The crystal structure of krupkaite, CuPbBi3S6, and of gladite, CuPbi5S9, and the classification of superstructures in the bismuthinite-aikinite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974: 541-560.
Harris, D.C. and Chen, T.T. (1976) Crystal chemistry and re-examination of nomenclature of sulfosalts in the aikinite-bismuthinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 194-205.
Mumme, W.G., Welin, E., and Wuensch, B.J. (1976) Crystal chemistry and proposed nomenclature for sulfosalts intermediate in the system bismuthinite-aikinite (Bi2S3-CuPbBiS3). American Mineralogist: 61: 15-20.
Makovicky, E. and Makovicky, M. (1978) Representation of compositions in the bismuthinite-aikinite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 405-409.
Žák, L. (1980) Isomorphism and polymorphism in the bismuthinite-aikinite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1980: 440-448.
Mozgova, N.N., Nenasheva, S.N., Christykova, N.I., Mogilevkin, S.B., and Sivtsov, A.V. (1990) Compositional fields of minerals in the bismuthinite-aikinite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990: 35-45.
Pring, A. (1995) Annealing of synthetic hammarite, Cu2Pb2Bi4S9, and the nature of cation-ordering processes in the bismuthinite-aikinite series. American Mineralogist: 80: 1166-1173.
Topa, D., Balić-Žunić, T., and Makovicky, E. (2000) The crystal structure of Cu1.6Pb1.6Bi6.4S12, a new 44.8 Å derivative of the bismuthinite-aikinite solid-solution series. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 611-616.
Danti, C., Bente, K., Doering, Th., Bernardini, G. P., Cipriani, C. (2001): The aikinite-bismuthinite isoseries: a mineral-chemical study. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2001, 221-234.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., and Paar, W.H. (2002) Compositional ranges and exsolution pairs for the members of the bismuthinite-aikinite series from Felbertal, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 849-869.
Petříček, V. and Makovicky, E. (2006) Interpretation of selected structures of the bismuthinite - aikinite series as commensurately modulated structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 189-206.

Internet Links for Aikinite-Bismuthinite SeriesHide

Localities for Aikinite-Bismuthinite SeriesHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Catamarca (1971).
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Mittersill Scheelite deposit
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Shet
      • Agadyr
Strakhovenko, V.D. (1996): Geology of Ore Deposits 38(5), 401.
    • Zhanaarka
      • Atasu Mine
Strakhovenko, V.D. (1996): Geology of Ore Deposits 38(5), 401.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Tuduri, Johann & Chauvet, Alain & Barbanson, Luc & Bourdier, Jean-Louis & Labriki, Mohamed & Ennaciri, A & Badra, Lakhlifi & Dubois, Michel & Ennaciri-Leloix, Christelle & Sizaret, Stanislas & Maacha, L. (2018). The Jbel Saghro Au(-Ag, Cu) and Ag-Hg Metallogenetic Province: Product of a Long-Lived Ediacaran Tectono-Magmatic Evolution in the Moroccan Anti-Atlas. Minerals. 8. 592. 10.3390/min8120592.
  • Gandaki Pradesh
    • Kaski District
      • Annapurna Municipality
        • Modi-Khola valley
Kouzmanov, K., I. K. Bonev, R. D. Vassileva (2009): Moraine-hosted Cu-Bi-mineralization from the Modi-Khola valley, southwestern flank of Annapurna-III, central Himalaya. Geochem., Mineral. and Petrol., 47, 11-30.
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Skafså
Larsen, A. O. & Topa, D. (2018) Bi-sulfosalts from Tokke, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 71-78
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
      • Julcani District
Gianfranco Ciccolini Collection
  • Maramureș
    • Aurum
Jude Radu (2012) An Overview of the Oaş And Gutâi Neogene Metallogenetic Districts. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Lugokan ore cluster
Redin, Y. O., Dultsev, V. F., & Nevolko, P. A. (2015). Gold–bismuth mineralization of the Lugokan ore field (Eastern Transbaikalia): Age, mineral composition and relationship with magmatism. Ore Geology Reviews, 70, 228-240.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
  • Grisons
    • Viamala Region
      • Ferrera
        • Ausserferrera
Roth, Ph. (2007): Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals. Philippe Roth, Ed., Zurich, 239 pp. ; The Canadian Mineralogist; October 2007; v. 45; no. 5; p. 1229-1245
Mineral and/or Locality  
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