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Karl Wilhelm Nose
Na8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · H2O
Colorless, white, gray, ...
Named by Martin H. Klaproth in honor of Karl Wilhelm Nose [November 18, 1753 Braunsweig, Germany - June 22, 1835 Endenich near Bonn, Germany), physician in Augsberg, Elberfeld, and Bonn. Nose was also a chemist and mineralogist who wrote extensively on chemical, mineralogical, and geological research.
Sodalite Group. The two sodalite cages in Nosean's unit cell contain Na4SO4 and Na4H2O.

May be confused with pale-coloured haüyne. Bright blue nosean is easily mistaken for lazurite.

Also classed as a feldspathoid.

Visit for gemological information about Nosean.

Classification of Nosean

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
10 : Silicates with sulphate, molybdate or tungstate

Physical Properties of Nosean

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colorless, white, gray, gray-brown, blue, black
Hardness (Mohs):
Indistinct on {110}
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
2.3 - 2.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Nosean

RI values:
n = 1.461 - 1.495
May be weak if has inclusions
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Nosean

IMA Formula:
Na8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · H2O Formula:
Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O

Ideal Nosean has no Ca and all the S is oxidized to sulfate.
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Nosean

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
P4 3n
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.07(1) Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 746.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
dodecahedra, grains, massive
on {111}
Observed range: 9.05-9.08
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Occurrences of Nosean

Type Occurrence of Nosean

Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Nosean to other Species

Other Members of Group:
LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
VladimirivanoviteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S3,S2,Cl)2 · H2O
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Si6Al6)O24(S3)1.5 · H2O
9.FB.05Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Si7Al5)O24(CO3) · 3H2O
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)30Ca10(Si30Al30)O120(SO4)10 · 2H2O
9.FB.05GiuseppettiteNa42K16Ca6Si48Al48O192(SO4)10Cl2 · 5H2O
9.FB.05Hydroxycancrinite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(OH,CO3)2 · 2H2O
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteK2Na6(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na,Ca)9(Si,Al)12O24(OH,SO4,CO3,Cl)4 · nH2O
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4)2Cl · 0.5H2O
9.FB.05VishneviteNa8(Al6Si6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
9.FB.05MarinelliteNa42Ca6Al36Si36O144(SO4)8Cl2 · 6H2O
9.FB.05FarneseiteNa46Ca10(Si42Al42O168)(SO4)12 · 6H2O
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,K,Ca)24(Na,Ca)4Ca4(Si,Al)48O96(SO4)4(SO3,CO3)2(OH,Cl)2 · 4(H2O,OH)
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5]Σ=132(Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 6H2O
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al5-6Si6-7O24)(C2O4)0.5-1.0 · 5H2O
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 4H2O
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O; (x<0.5)
9.FB.05Kircherite(Na5Ca2K)(Si6Al6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2O
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
17.10.2PitiglianoiteK2Na6(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
17.10.3VishneviteNa8(Al6Si6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
17.10.7TuscaniteKCa6(Si,Al)10O22(SO4,CO3)2(OH) · H2O
17.10.10HydrodelhayeliteKCa2(Si7Al)O17(OH)2 · 6H2O
17.10.13Franzinite(Na,K)30Ca10(Si30Al30)O120(SO4)10 · 2H2O
17.10.14GiuseppettiteNa42K16Ca6Si48Al48O192(SO4)10Cl2 · 5H2O
17.10.15Sacrofanite(Na,Ca)9(Si,Al)12O24(OH,SO4,CO3,Cl)4 · nH2O
17.10.16ChessexiteNa4Ca2Mg3Al8(SiO4)2(SO4)10(OH)10 · 40H2O
17.10.18ThaumasiteCa3Si(OH)6(SO4)(CO3) · 12H2O
17.10.25RoeblingiteCa6Mn2+Pb2(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
17.10.28WenkiteBa4Ca6(Si,Al)20O41(OH)2(SO4)3 · H2O

Other Names for Nosean

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Nosean in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Nosean

Reference List:
Klaproth, M.H. (1815): Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Bd. 6; 50. Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, 371-376.

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 432.

Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., and Zussman, J. (1963) Rock-Forming Minerals. Volume 4. Framework Silicates. Longmans, 435pp.: 289-302.

Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies on solid solution between sodalite, nosean, and hauyne. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 808-813.

Taylor, D. (1967) The sodalite group of minerals. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 16: 172-188.

Hassan, I. and Grundy, H.D. (1989) The structure of nosean, ideally Na8[Al6Si6O24]SO4·H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 165-172.

American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 394-410.

Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Piccinini, M. Cavallo, A. and Brilli, M. (2009): H2O and CO2 in minerals of the haüyne-sodalite group: an FTIR spectroscopy study. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 399-413.

Internet Links for Nosean URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Nosean

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Bart Cannon EDS and Ferando Camera XRD of RWMW specimen
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies On Solid Solution Between Sodalite, Nosean and Hauyne. The Canadian Mineralogist, 7, 808-813
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Santa Catarina
Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
  • South-West Region
    • Buea
      • Cameroon Mt
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Québec
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Cape Verde
  • Sotavento Islands
    • Santiago Island
      • São Salvador do Mundo
Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 295
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
      • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Saint-Priest
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    • Cantal
      • Cantal Mts
        • Puy Mary area
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Menet
        • Brocq-en-Menet
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Oberbergen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Odenwald
      • Eberbach
Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
Rosenbusch, H. (1869): Der Nephelinit vom Katzenbuckel, Diss. Freiburg
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Quiddelbach
Meyer, W. (1994): Geologie der Eifel, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
      • Andernach
        • Plaidt
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Haardt, W., Die vulkanischen Auswürflinge und Basalte am Killer Kopf bei Rockeskyll in der Eifel, Jb. Preuß. Geolog. Landesanstalt, Berlin 35, 177-252
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Maria Laach
- Rath, G. vom, (1863): Chemische Zusammensetzung des Orthit´s vom Laacher See, Annalen der Physik und Chemie Vol. 119, 269 pp.
Klaproth, M.H., (1815): Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Vol. 6, 371-376
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans (Nosean), Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
            • Wingertsberg
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beitr. Chem. Kenntn. Miner., Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Niederzissen
          • Glees
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Wassenach
Hentschel, G., (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (second edition)
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
            • Southern lava flow
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922]
      • Mendig
        • Rieden
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
      • Niederzissen
        • Brenk
M.H. Klaproth (1815)
        • Glees
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Wassenach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
      • Polch
        • Ochtendung
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
      • Rieden volcano
        • Bell
- Viereck, L.: Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel. Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
Viereck, L., Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel, Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
        • Volkesfeld
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Wehr
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District slag localities
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
  • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    • Blosseville Coast
    • Kangerlussuaq Firth
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
  • Latium
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Rome Province
Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
      • Bracciano Lake
        • Cesano geothermal field
Funiciello, R., Mariotti, G., Parotto, M. , Preite-Martinez, M., Tecce, F. , Toneatti, R., Turi, B. (1979): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Cesano geothermal field (Sabatini Mts. volcanic system, northern Latium, Italy). Geothermics, 8, 1, 55 - 73.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Vetralla
Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
Knut Edvard Larsen collection #1717 ( Ex Rossini Carlo collection, collected in 1999, analyzed)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
  • Concepción Department
Eckel, E. B.; Milton, Charles; Sulsona, P. T. (1959) Geology and mineral resources of Paraguay--a reconnaissance, with sections on Igneous and metamorphic rocks and soils. USGS Professional Paper: 327
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
          • Suoluaiv Mt
[MinRec 32:416]
        • Turii Cape
  • Dalarna
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • Schaffhausen
    • Thayngen
      • Lohn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 289.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
    • Hot Spring Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Lead District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • La Sal Mts
        • North Mountain
    • San Juan Co.
      • La Sal Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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