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About NoseanHide

Karl Wilhelm Nose
Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Ideal Nosean has no Ca and all the S is oxidized to sulfate.
Colorless, white, gray, gray-brown, blue, black
Specific Gravity:
2.3 - 2.4
Crystal System:
Named by Martin H. Klaproth in honor of Karl Wilhelm Nose [November 18, 1753 Braunsweig, Germany - June 22, 1835 Endenich near Bonn, Germany), physician in Augsberg, Elberfeld, and Bonn. Nose was also a chemist and mineralogist who wrote extensively on chemical, mineralogical, and geological research.
Sodalite Group. The two sodalite cages in Nosean's unit cell contain Na4SO4 and Na4H2O.

May be confused with pale-coloured haüyne. Bright blue nosean is easily mistaken for lazurite.

Also classed as a feldspathoid.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Nosean.

Classification of NoseanHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
10 : Silicates with sulphate, molybdate or tungstate

Physical Properties of NoseanHide

Transparent, Translucent
Colorless, white, gray, gray-brown, blue, black
5½ on Mohs scale
Indistinct on {110}
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
2.3 - 2.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NoseanHide

RI values:
n = 1.461 - 1.495
May be weak if has inclusions
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of NoseanHide

Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O

Ideal Nosean has no Ca and all the S is oxidized to sulfate.
IMA Formula:
Na8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · H2O

Crystallography of NoseanHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
P4 3n
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.07(1) Å
Unit Cell V:
746.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
dodecahedra, grains, massive
on {111}
Observed range: 9.05-9.08

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of NoseanHide

Synonyms of NoseanHide

Other Language Names for NoseanHide

Relationship of Nosean to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
VladimirivanoviteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S3,S2,Cl)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Nepheline10 photos of Nosean associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Sodalite9 photos of Nosean associated with Sodalite on mindat.org.
Calcite7 photos of Nosean associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Pyrite7 photos of Nosean associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Zircon6 photos of Nosean associated with Zircon on mindat.org.
Schäferite4 photos of Nosean associated with Schäferite on mindat.org.
Phlogopite3 photos of Nosean associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Pyroxene Group3 photos of Nosean associated with Pyroxene Group on mindat.org.
Sanidine2 photos of Nosean associated with Sanidine on mindat.org.
Augite2 photos of Nosean associated with Augite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 4 3m : P4 3nüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n 4 3m : I4 3m 4 : I4

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.10.2PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
17.10.3Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.10.4Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
17.10.7Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
17.10.9Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2OOrth.
17.10.10HydrodelhayeliteKCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
17.10.11Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.12Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
17.10.13Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.16Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2OOrth.
17.10.17InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.18ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.10.20ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.21HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
17.10.23MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.24QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.10.25RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.10.26YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.28Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.30WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Nosean in petrologyHide

References for NoseanHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1815): Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Bd. 6; 50. Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, 371-376.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 432.
Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., and Zussman, J. (1963) Rock-Forming Minerals. Volume 4. Framework Silicates. Longmans, 435pp.: 289-302.
Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies on solid solution between sodalite, nosean, and hauyne. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 808-813.
Taylor, D. (1967) The sodalite group of minerals. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 16: 172-188.
Hassan, I. and Grundy, H.D. (1989) The structure of nosean, ideally Na8[Al6Si6O24]SO4·H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 165-172.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 394-410.
Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Piccinini, M. Cavallo, A. and Brilli, M. (2009): H2O and CO2 in minerals of the haüyne-sodalite group: an FTIR spectroscopy study. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 399-413.

Internet Links for NoseanHide

Localities for NoseanHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Badakhshan
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Bart Cannon EDS and Ferando Camera XRD of RWMW specimen
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies On Solid Solution Between Sodalite, Nosean and Hauyne. The Canadian Mineralogist, 7, 808-813
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Styria
    • Bad Gleichenberg
      • Wilhelmsdorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Santa Catarina
Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
  • South-West Region
    • Buea
      • Cameroon Mt
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395; Bindi, L., Bonazzi, P., & Fitton, J. G. (2001). Crystal chemistry of strontian soda melilite from nephelinite lava of Mt. Etinde, Cameroon. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(1), 121-125.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Québec
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Cape Verde
  • Sotavento Islands
    • Santiago Island
      • São Salvador do Mundo
Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 295
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Blosseville Coast
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Saint-Priest
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    • Cantal
      • Cantal Mts
        • Puy Mary area
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Menet
        • Brocq-en-Menet
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Oberbergen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Odenwald
      • Eberbach
Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
Rosenbusch, H. (1869): Der Nephelinit vom Katzenbuckel, Diss. Freiburg
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Adenau
        • Quiddelbach
Meyer, W. (1994): Geologie der Eifel, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
      • Brohltal
        • Brenk
M.H. Klaproth (1815).; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
        • Glees
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Wassenach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Hentschel, G., (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (second edition)
        • Wehr
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
      • Maria Laach
Klaproth, M.H., (1815): Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Vol. 6, 371-376
- Rath, G. vom, (1863): Chemische Zusammensetzung des Orthit´s vom Laacher See, Annalen der Physik und Chemie Vol. 119, 269 pp.
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Andernach
        • Plaidt
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Maifeld
        • Ochtendung
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
            • Southern lava flow
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922]
      • Mendig
        • Bell
- Viereck, L.: Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel. Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
Viereck, L., Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel, Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
        • Niedermendig
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans (Nosean), Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
          • Wingertsberg
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beitr. Chem. Kenntn. Miner., Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Rieden
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Volkesfeld
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Brauns, R. (1922) Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete. Schweizerbart (Stuttgart).; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Haardt, W., Die vulkanischen Auswürflinge und Basalte am Killer Kopf bei Rockeskyll in der Eifel, Jb. Preuß. Geolog. Landesanstalt, Berlin 35, 177-252
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District slag localities
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
  • Lazio
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
      • Bracciano Lake
        • Cesano geothermal field
Funiciello, R., Mariotti, G., Parotto, M. , Preite-Martinez, M., Tecce, F. , Toneatti, R., Turi, B. (1979): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Cesano geothermal field (Sabatini Mts. volcanic system, northern Latium, Italy). Geothermics, 8, 1, 55 - 73.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico volcanic complex (Vico Lake)
        • Capranica
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Vetralla
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
Knut Edvard Larsen collection #1717 ( Ex Rossini Carlo collection, collected in 1999, analyzed)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
  • Khomas Region
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
  • Concepción Department
Eckel, E. B.; Milton, Charles; Sulsona, P. T. (1959) Geology and mineral resources of Paraguay--a reconnaissance, with sections on Igneous and metamorphic rocks and soils. USGS Professional Paper: 327
  • Murmansk Oblast
Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
      • Suoluaiv Mt
[MinRec 32:416]
    • Turii Cape
  • Dalarna County
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • Schaffhausen
    • Thayngen
      • Lohn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 289.
  • England
    • Cornwall
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
    • Hot Spring Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Bald Mountain District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • La Sal Mts
        • North Mountain
    • San Juan Co.
      • La Sal Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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