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About OkeniteHide

Lorenz Oken
Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
White to slightly yellow, blue
Vitreous, Pearly
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
2.28 - 2.33
Crystal System:
Named in 1828 in honor of the German biologist Lorenz Oken (Lorenz Ocken) (August 1, 1779, Bohlsbach (now part of Offenburg), Ortenau, Baden, Germany - August 11, 1851, Zurich, Switzerland), professor at University of Munich, Germany and later professor at University of Zürich, Switzerland. The original name, ockenite, was later shortened to okenite. On September 11, 1802, "Lorenz Oken came up with a new system of animal classification that demonstrated the path of evolution." (From Cell Theory Timeline, http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/71438) In 1805, Oken was the first to recognize the significance of biological cell structure: "All living organisms originate from and consist of cells" (Lefalophodon: Welcome to NCEAS | NCEAS. Web. 04 Oct. 2011.) His full birth-name was Lorenz Okenfuss.
WARNING: Many colourful specimens of Okenite, said to be from China or India, are currently available for sale. These are fake, the bright colours are artificial dyes added to the okenite.

Classification of OkeniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
A : Single nets of tetrahedra with 4-, 5-, (6-), and 8-membered rings

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca

Pronounciation of OkeniteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of OkeniteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparent, Translucent
White to slightly yellow, blue
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
on {001}
2.28 - 2.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.33 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of OkeniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.512 - 1.532 nβ = 1.514 - 1.535 nγ = 1.515 - 1.542
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 68° to 70°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of OkeniteHide

Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of OkeniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.69(1) Å, b = 7.28(1) Å, c = 22.02(4) Å
α = 92.7°, β = 100.1°, γ = 110.9°
a:b:c = 1.331 : 1 : 3.025
Unit Cell V:
1,418.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Bladed crystals to laths. Commonly as fibers.
About [010], composition plane {102}, lamellar

Type Occurrence of OkeniteHide

Synonyms of OkeniteHide

Other Language Names for OkeniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gyrolite164 photos of Okenite associated with Gyrolite on mindat.org.
Prehnite70 photos of Okenite associated with Prehnite on mindat.org.
Apophyllite51 photos of Okenite associated with Apophyllite on mindat.org.
Calcite45 photos of Okenite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz42 photos of Okenite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Laumontite41 photos of Okenite associated with Laumontite on mindat.org.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)38 photos of Okenite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Stilbite subgroup26 photos of Okenite associated with Stilbite subgroup on mindat.org.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)15 photos of Okenite associated with Fluorapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Amethyst14 photos of Okenite associated with Amethyst on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EA.05CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
9.EA.05EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
9.EA.10EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20Tet. 4 2 2 : I4 2 2
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
9.EA.15Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
9.EA.20MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2OMon.
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
9.EA.35ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2OMon.
9.EA.45NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EA.50CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.EA.55PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
9.EA.60PenkvilksiteNa4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.EA.60TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2OMon.
9.EA.65NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.EA.70Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2OTric.
9.EA.75ZeravshaniteNa2Cs4Zr3[Si18O45]*2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EA.80Bussyite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EA.85PlumbophyllitePb2Si4O10 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.èrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth. · 2H2OOrth. (OH)36Mon.·7H2OTric. 1 : P1 · 12.5H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
14.5.12XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.26Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OkeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
von Kobell, F. (1828) Ueber den Ockenit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Archiv für die Gesammte Naturlehre, 14, 333-337.
Gard, John Alan & H.F.W. Taylor (1956) Okenite and nekoite: Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 5-20.
Mamedov, K.S. and Belov, N.V. (1958) Crystal structure of mica-like hydrous calcium silicates: okenite, nekoite, truscottite, and gyrolite - New silicate radical [Si6O15]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 121, 713-716.
Merlino, S. (1983) Okenite, Ca10Si18O46.18H2O: the first example of a chain and sheet silicate. American Mineralogist, 68, 614-622.

Internet Links for OkeniteHide

Localities for OkeniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Mawson Glacier
Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.184.
  • Tasmania
    • Burnie city
      • Ridgley
R Bottrill coll.
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Liawenee
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
  • Western Australia
    • Leonora Shire
      • Leinster
Grguric, B.A., Nickel, E.H. (2005) Okenite from the Perseverance nickel mine, Western Australia: a first Australian occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 11, pg. 25-26.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61, 3-76.; "Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. et al. (2008); Taucher, J. & Hollerer, C.E. (2013): 1829) Analcim neben Pyrit aus dem Kaltenbachtunnel und Hydroxyapophyllit vom Kirchdorftunnel, Brucker Schnellstraße. Pp. 141 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
  • Nova Scotia
    • Kings Co.
      • Bay of Fundy
Walker, T.L. and Parsons, A.L., "The Zeolites of Nova Scotia", Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto Press, pp. 13-73, 1922.
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Horváth Collection XRD ID
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
Grice, J.D. and Williams, R. (1979): Famous mineral localities: The Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 10(2):69-80
  • Maule
    • José María Linares Province
Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992) Zeolites of the World
Costa Rica
  • San José Province
    • Bajo Chacones
Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
  • Faroe Islands
Merlino, S. (1983): Okenite, Ca10Si18O46 *18H2O: the first example of a chain and sheet silicate. American Mineralogist, 66:614-622
Schmitter, F. J. (2008): Zeolithe aus dem Hohen Norden: Sammeltouren auf den Faroer-Inseln. Lapis, 33 (2): 29-35
Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
  • Greenland
    • Qeqertalik
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages, p. 3499
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8., p.78.
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 349)
        • Queertarsuaq (Godhavn)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 349)
von Kobell, F. (1828): Ueber den Ockenit, eine neue Mineralspecies, Archiv für die Gesammte Naturlehre, 14, 333-337; Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8., p.78.
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages, p. 349
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Upper Franconia
      • Wunsiedel in Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Pechbrunn
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen
      • Adelebsen
Koritnig, S. (1972). Gyrolith, Okenit und Tacharanit als metasomatische Reaktionsprodukte aus dem Basaltvorkommen der Bramburg bei Göttingen, Deutschland. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 35, 293-301. (in German); Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Fejér
    • Szár Hill
      • Kőszárhegy
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995; Fehér, B. & Sajó, I. E. (2000): Okenite and nekoite from the Szár Hill, Polgárdi, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica (Szeged), XLI, Suppl., 40.
  • Veszprém
    • Sümeg
      • Bazsi
        • Prága Hill
KOVÁCS-PÁLFFY, P. et al. (2005): A Karikás-tető (Prága-hegy, Balaton-felvidék) bazaltjának üregkitöltő ásványai [The cavity filling minerals of the basalt from Karikás-tető (Prága Hill, Balaton Highland, Transdanubia)]. A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése, 95-118. [http://www.mafi.hu/microsites/EJ_digi/EJ_2005PDF/Kovacs_Palffy.pdf]
    • Tapolca
      • Lesenceistvánd
Kovács, I. et al. (2009): Guide to the Bakony-Balaton Volcanic Highland, Field Trip 1, 7th September 2009. MinPet2009 field trip booklet, 23 pp.
  • Capital Region
    • Kjósarhreppur
Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
  • Eastern Region
Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
  • Maharashtra
    • Ahmednagar District
    • Mumbai District
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
Moore, T. (2002) What's New in Minerals?. Tucson Show 2002. Mineralogical Record. 33: 274
        • Ward 38
          • Malad
Many specimens in many collections. Original analysis done by Dr. W. Wise, U. of CA at Santa Barbara
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Wise, W.S. (1978): Yugawaralite from Bombay, India. Mineralogical Record 9 (5): 296; No reference listed
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    • Nashik District
P Haas collection
Rob Lavinsky
Reiner Mielke
      • Talegaon
Praszkier, T. (2009): Cavansit und Pentagonit aus Indien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (6), 16-25.
      • Wagholi
        • Wagholi quarries
Enrico Bonacina
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Campagnano di Roma
• Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Padova Province
      • Euganean Hills (Euganei Hills)
        • Cinto Euganeo
          • Faedo
            • Monte Fasolo
Passaglia, E. , Tagliavini, A. (1995) Erionite from Faedo, Colli Euganei, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 185-191; Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014) Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141; Zorzi, F. (2014) Percorso nel Padovano. Monte Fasolo, Monte Rusta, Monte Gemola. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 293-299.
        • Galzignano Terme
Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014): Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141.
    • Vicenza Province
Boscardin, M., Mietto, P., Orlandi, P., Pegoraro, S., Secco, L. (2000): I minerali del Tunnel Schio-Valdagno (Vicenza). Studi e Ricerche, Associazione Amici del Museo, Museo Civico "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, 21-32; Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan, A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mazapil Municipality
      • Noche Buena
Panczner (1987): 100-378.
New Zealand
  • Northland Region
    • Kaipara District
      • Aranga
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
Vogt, T. (1935): Origin of the injected pyrite deposits. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Skrift 1935, 20: 1-17; Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
Peter Andresen collection
Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
  • Brașov
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Harghita
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S., Almási, E., Köllı, A., Sajó, I., Vezzalini, G. (2006): New data about the minerals of the copper ore deposit at Balan (East Carpathians) and of limestone xenolithes from basalt at Racosu de Jos (Persani Mts.), Romania. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 5, p. 112. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_05/pdf/szakalls1.pdf]; Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara
    • Brad
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Szakall, S. (editor)(2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague 2002, 450p. (p.52)
  • Crimea
    • Bakhchysarai
      • Trudolyubovka Village
Karpenko V., Ignatenko K. Babingtonite form the Pervomaiskii quarry in the Crimea // Novye dannye o mineralakh (New Data on Minerals), 1991, #37, 58 - 63 (in Russ.) Getling R.V. Datolith of the Bodrak area in the Crimea and some features of his genesis // ZVMO, 1960, vol. 89, #1, 102 - 106 (in Russ.)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E.M., Gritsenko, Y.D., and Ponomarenko, A.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 755-762.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Sergei F. Sluzhenikin data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Northern Karelia
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Larne
Tilley, C. E., & Alderman, A. R. (1934). Progressive metasomatism in the flint nodules of the Scawt Hill contact-zone. Mineral Mag, 23, 513-518.
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316; Shannon, D.M. (1983b), Zeolites and associated minerals from Horseshoe Dam, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 115-117.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1917), Minerals associated with the crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California: University of California Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 10: 327-360; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 366.
  • Idaho
    • Idaho Co.
      • Skookumchuck Creek
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Georgetown
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Durham Co.
      • Durham
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Kenny Gay message 15.09.2005; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 394-395
    • Rowan Co.
      • Woodleaf
The Adams Collection
  • Oregon
    • Columbia Co.
      • Goble
Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 2 Fall 1990; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 116
Micro Probe Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1987; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 117
    • Deschutes Co.
      • East Lake
Bargar, Keith E. and Keith, Terry E.C. (1986) Hydrothermal Mineralization in GEO N-l Drillhole, Newberry Volcano, Oregon. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-440.; Bargar, Keith E. and Keith, Terry E.C. (1999) Geothermal Drillholes at Newberry Volcano. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1578.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Berks Co.
      • Birdsboro
        • Gickerville (Gibralter)
Colflesh, S. (2010) Mineral News, 26, #5, 2. EDS and XRD confirmation by Lance Kearns.
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
James R. Wilson (1995) A Collector's Guide to Rock, Mineral, & Fossil Localities of Utah UGS Miscellaneous Publication 95-4; North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Culpeper Basin
        • Centreville
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; D. Allen Penick, Jr. (1987) Virginia Mineral Locality Index. Virginia Minerals:Virginia Division of Mineral Resources. 33-1:1-10
  • Washington
    • Cowlitz Co.
      • Toutle
        • Elk Mountain
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
    • Thurston Co.
      • Bucoda
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, ; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 71
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
Mineral and/or Locality  
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