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About OleniteHide

Light pink, blue, pale bluish, pale greenish, colourless
Crystal System:
Named for the type locality area, an unspecified granite pegmatite on the small Olenii Ridge, Kola Peninsula, Russia.
A very Al-rich member of the Tourmaline Group.
Forms solid solutions with elbaite and schorl.

Classification of OleniteHide

Approval Year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
Dana 7th ed.:

61 : CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
3 : Six-Membered Rings with borate groups

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of OleniteHide

Light pink, blue, pale bluish, pale greenish, colourless
Hue depends mainly on Fe and Mn contents.

Optical Data of OleniteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.654 nε = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of OleniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of OleniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.803(3) Å, c = 7.086(1) Å
a:c = 1 : 0.448
Unit Cell V:
1,532.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Very B-rich, synthetic olenite can have very low unit-cell parameters (a ~ 15.0, c ~ 7.02 Å).

Type Occurrence of OleniteHide

Synonyms of OleniteHide

Other Language Names for OleniteHide


Varieties of OleniteHide

Fe-bearing OleniteA Fe-bearing "variety" of olenite. This material contains significant amounts of Fe at the Y site, and significant amounts of [4]Al (~0.4 apfu) instead of [4]B in the T site. Further, the O1 site (W site) is only or mainly occupied by O and not by OH. Thu...
Lithian excess-boron oleniteA lithium-bearing and excess boron variety of olenite. Forms a solid solution with magnesian schorl.

Relationship of Olenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
Magnesio-lucchesiiteCaMg3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite□(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Olenite associated with QuartzSiO2
20 photos of Olenite associated with MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
8 photos of Olenite associated with BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
6 photos of Olenite associated with ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
5 photos of Olenite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
4 photos of Olenite associated with Mn-bearing Fluorapatite(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
3 photos of Olenite associated with SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
2 photos of Olenite associated with Lithian excess-boron oleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
1 photo of Olenite associated with Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
1 photo of Olenite associated with DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.CK.05Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Uvite (OH-dominant end-member)Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m 3m : R3m SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.15KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.30Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OleniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gorskaya, M. G.; Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V.; Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V.; Frank-Kamentskii, V. A. (1982): Refinement of crystal structure of aluminum-rich elbaite and some problems of the crystal chemistry of tourmalines. Kristallografiya 27(1), 107-112 (in Russian). [English version in Soviet Physics - Crystallography, 27, 63-66.]
Sokolov, P.B., Gorskaya, M.G., Gordienko, V.V., Petrova, M.G., Kretser, Y.L., and Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A. (1986) Olenite, Na1-xAl3Al6B3Si6O27(O,OH)4 - a new high-alumina mineral of the tourmaline group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 115: 119-123 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 441.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F. and Bernhardt, H.-J. (1997) Investigations on olenite with excess boron from the Koralpe, Styria, Austria. Österreichische Akad. Wissenschaften, Math-Naturewiss Klasse, Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.
Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., and Yates, M.G. (1999) Boron in the tourmaline tetrahedral site: Chemistry and structure of a boron-rich olenite. 2nd. European Workshop on Tourmaline and Borosilicates Abstracts.
Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., Yates, M.G., and Guidotti, C.V. (2000) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in a tourmaline: boron-rich olenite from Stoffhütte, Koralpe, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 861-868.
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., and Bernhardt, H.-J. (2001) Ein hell-blauer Olenit-Schörl-Dravit Mischkristall von Ebersdorf, Niederösterreich: Strukturanalyse und Chemie. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges.: 146: 75-77.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J. (2002) Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in olenite from Koralpe, Austria. EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3 Book of Abstracts (2002): 47.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Brandstätter, F., Dyar, M.D., and Prasad, P.S.R. (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite from Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study. Can. Mineral., 41, 1363-1370.
Marler, B. and Ertl, A. (2002) Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopic study of excess-boron olenite from Austria. American Mineralogist: 87: 364-367.
Schreyer, W., Ertl, A., Hughes, J., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S. (2002) Tetrahedral boron in olenite from the type locality: A Chemical and Structural investigation., EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3, Book of Abstracts (2002): 97.
Schreyer, W., Hughes, J.M., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S., and Ertl, A. (2002): Reexamination of olenite from the type locality: detection of boron in tetrahedral coordination. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 935-942.
Ertl, A., J.M. Hughes, F. Brandstätter, M.D. Dyar, and P.S.R. Prasad (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite at Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study: Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1363-1370.
Hughes, J.M., A. Ertl, M.D. Dyar, E. Grew, M. Wiedenbeck, and F. Brandstätter (2004): Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in zoned Fe-bearing olenite from Koralpe, Austria: American Mineralogist: 89: 447-454.
Cempírek, Jan, Milan Novák, Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, George R. Rossman and M. Darby Dyar (2006): Fe-bearing olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Al from an abyssal pegmatite at Kutná Hora, Czech Republic: structure, crystal chemistry, optical and XANES spectra: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 23-30.
Ertl, A., Giester, G., Ludwig, T., Meyer, H.-P. & Rossman, G.R. (2012): Synthetic B-rich olenite: Correlations of single-crystal structural data. Am. Mineral., 97, 1591-1597.
Kutzschbach, M., Wunder, B., Rhede, D., Koch-Müller, M., Ertl, A., Giester, G., Heinrich, W., and Franz, G. (2016): Tetrahedral boron in natural and synthetic HP/UHP tourmaline: Evidence from Raman spectroscopy, EMPA, and single-crystal XRD. Am. Mineral. 101, 93-104.

Internet Links for OleniteHide

Localities for OleniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Japons
        • Goslarn
Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Brandstätter, F., Dyar, M.D., and Prasad, P.S.R. (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite from Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study. Can. Mineral., 41, 1363-1370.
      • Klein-Pöchlarn
        • Ebersdorf (Lehen-Ebersdorf)
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F. and Bernhardt, H.-J. (2001): Hellblaue Olenit-Schörl-Dravit Mischkristalle von Ebersdorf, Niederösterreich: Chemismus und Kristallstruktur. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 146, 75-77.
      • Kottes-Purk
        • Fohra
Löffler, E., Kolitsch, U., Rausch, L., Knobloch, G., Schillhammer, H. (2018): 2087) Albit, Anatas, Bertrandit, Biotit, Bismutit(?), Brookit, Chamosit, Columbit-(Fe), Columbit-(Mn), Fluorapatit, Laumontit, Limonit, Mikroklin, Muskovit, Olenit, Pyrit, Quarz, Schörl, Spessartin, ged. Wismut und Zirkon vom Trastallhof bei Fohra nordwestlich Mühldorf, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 223-228 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall Ertl A, Rossman GR, Hughes JM, Ma C, Brandstätter F (2008) V3+-bearing, Mg-rich strongly disordered olenite from a graphite deposit near Amstall, Lower Austria: A structural, chemical and spectroscopic investigation. Neues Jarhbuch für Mineralogie 184, 243-253.
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., Dyar, M. D., Prowatke, S., Hughes, J. M., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2004): Fe-rich olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+ from Eibenstein, Austria: Structural, chemical, and Mössbauer data. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1057-1063.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J. M., Prowatke, S., Rossman, G. R., London, D., Fritz, E. A. (2003): Mn-rich tourmaline from Austria: Structure, chemistry, optical spectra, and relations to synthetic solid solutions. American Mineralogist 88, 1369-1376; Ertl, A., Schuster, R., Prowatke, S., Brandstätter, F., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J., Koller, F., Hughes, J. M. (2004): Mn-rich tourmaline and fluorapatite in a Variscan pegmatite from Eibenstein an der Thaya, Bohemian massif, Lower Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 551-560.
      • Weinzierl am Walde
        • Maigen
ERTL, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit und Dravit aus Maigen bei Weinzierl am Walde, Niederösterreich; Ertl, A., Schuster, R., Hughes, J.M., Ludwig, T., Meyer, H.-P., Finger, F., Dyar, M.D., Ruschel, K., Rossman, G.R., Klötzli, U., Brandstätter, F., Lengauer, C.L., Tillmanns, E. (2012): Li-bearing tourmalines in Variscan granitic pegmatites from the Moldanubian nappes, Lower Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 695-715.
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • St Oswald
Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Kl., Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Itinga
XRD by Dr Thomas Witzke, plus chemical analysis by Gunnar Färber showing only 0.3% Li.
Czech Republic
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Kuklík
Cempírek, J., Novák, Milan, Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Rossman, G.R., and Dyar M.D.(2006) Fe-Bearing olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Al from an abyssal pegmatite at Kutná Hora, Czech Republic: structure, crystal chemistry optical and XANES spectra. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 23-30.
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Forssa
Ilkka Mikkola data
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70.
  • Saxony
    • Zwickau
      • Limbach-Oberfrohna
        • Pegmatite occurrences
Uwe Kolitsch & Andreas Ertl (single-crystal structure refinements)
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Luigi Chiappino photo
    • Varese Province
      • Curiglia con Monteviasco
Pezzotta, F. & Guastoni, A. (2006): Olenite. Nuovo ritrovamento in Val Veddasca (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(2), 116-119.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
  • Iwate
    • Ofunato City
Matsuyama and Kobayashi (1995) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 3-9.
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
        • Molo quarter
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
Gunnar Färber
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Dzierżoniów Co.
      • Piława Górna
PIECZKA et al. 2010: Mn-Fe fractionation in tourmalines from pegmatites in the DSS mine at PiławaGórna, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland (preliminary data). Mineralogia - Special Papers, 37.
Pieczka, A., Łodziński, M., Szełęg, E., Ilnicki, S.S., Nejbert, K., Szuszkiewicz, A., Turniak, K., Banach, M., Michałowski, P. & Różniak, R. (2012) the Sowie Mts. Pegmatites (Lower Silesia, Sw Poland): A Current Knowledge. Mineralogica-Petrographica, 94, 105. Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7
Rubio-Ordóñez, A., García-Moreno, O., Rodríguez Terente, L. M., García-Guinea, J., & Tormo, L. (2019). Chondrite Shock Metamorphism History Assessed by Non-Destructive Analyses on Ca-Phosphates and Feldspars in the Cangas de Onís Regolith Breccia. Minerals, 9(7), 417.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte de Lima
Rui Nunes collection
Monteiro collection
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Karabash
      • Uvil'dy lake
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezhevsky District
      • Lipovsk pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Rumford
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Lupulescu, M. & Rakovan, J. (2008) The 35th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 10.
  • North Carolina
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine Mining District
        • Burnsville
          • Hurricane Mountain
"Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
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