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Light pink, blue, colourless
Crystal System:
Named for the type locality area, an unspecified granite pegmatite on the small Olenii Ridge, Kola Peninsula, Russia.
A very Al-rich member of the Tourmaline Group.
Forms solid solutions with elbaite and schorl.

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Classification of OleniteHide

Approval Year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
Dana 7th ed.:

61 : CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
3 : Six-Membered Rings with borate groups

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of OleniteHide

Light pink, blue, colourless

Optical Data of OleniteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.654 nε = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of OleniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of OleniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.8 Å, c = 7.08 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.448
Unit Cell V:
1,530.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Very B-rich, synthetic olenite can have very low unit-cell parameters (a ~ 15.0, c ~ 7.02 Å).

Type Occurrence of OleniteHide

Synonyms of OleniteHide

Other Language Names for OleniteHide


Varieties of OleniteHide

Fe-bearing OleniteA Fe-bearing variety of Olenite. This material contains significant amounts of Fe at the Y site, and significant amounts of [4]Al (~0.4 apfu) instead of [4]B in the T site. Further, the O1 site is only or mainly occupied by O and not by OH.
Originally de...
Lithian excess-boron oleniteA lithium-bearing and excess boron variety of olenite. Forms a solid solution with magnesian schorl.

Relationship of Olenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite□(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz23 photos of Olenite associated with Quartz on
Muscovite20 photos of Olenite associated with Muscovite on
Beryl8 photos of Olenite associated with Beryl on
Elbaite6 photos of Olenite associated with Elbaite on
Albite5 photos of Olenite associated with Albite on
Mn-bearing Fluorapatite4 photos of Olenite associated with Mn-bearing Fluorapatite on
Sillimanite3 photos of Olenite associated with Sillimanite on
Lithian excess-boron olenite2 photos of Olenite associated with Lithian excess-boron olenite on
Lithian Muscovite1 photo of Olenite associated with Lithian Muscovite on
Dravite1 photo of Olenite associated with Dravite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m 3m : R3m SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCa(HBSiO5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.30Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OleniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gorskaya, M. G.; Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V.; Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V.; Frank-Kamentskii, V. A. (1982): Refinement of crystal structure of aluminum-rich elbaite and some problems of the crystal chemistry of tourmalines. Kristallografiya 27(1), 107-112 (in Russian). [English version in Soviet Physics - Crystallography, 27, 63-66.]
Sokolov, P.B., Gorskaya, M.G., Gordienko, V.V., Petrova, M.G., Kretser, Y.L., and Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A. (1986) Olenite, Na1-xAl3Al6B3Si6O27(O,OH)4 - a new high-alumina mineral of the tourmaline group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 115: 119-123 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 441.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F. and Bernhardt, H.-J. (1997) Investigations on olenite with excess boron from the Koralpe, Styria, Austria. Österreichische Akad. Wissenschaften, Math-Naturewiss Klasse, Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.
Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., and Yates, M.G. (1999) Boron in the tourmaline tetrahedral site: Chemistry and structure of a boron-rich olenite. 2nd. European Workshop on Tourmaline and Borosilicates Abstracts.
Hughes, J.M., Ertl, A., Dyar, M.D., Grew, E.S., Shearer, C.K., Yates, M.G., and Guidotti, C.V. (2000) Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in a tourmaline: boron-rich olenite from Stoffhütte, Koralpe, Austria. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 861-868.
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., and Bernhardt, H.-J. (2001) Ein hell-blauer Olenit-Schörl-Dravit Mischkristall von Ebersdorf, Niederösterreich: Strukturanalyse und Chemie. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges.: 146: 75-77.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J. (2002) Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in olenite from Koralpe, Austria. EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3 Book of Abstracts (2002): 47.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Brandstätter, F., Dyar, M.D., and Prasad, P.S.R. (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite from Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study. Can. Mineral., 41, 1363-1370.
Marler, B. and Ertl, A. (2002) Nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopic study of excess-boron olenite from Austria. American Mineralogist: 87: 364-367.
Schreyer, W., Ertl, A., Hughes, J., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S. (2002) Tetrahedral boron in olenite from the type locality: A Chemical and Structural investigation., EMPG IX, Ninth International Symposium on Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland, 24.-27.3, Book of Abstracts (2002): 97.
Schreyer, W., Hughes, J.M., Bernhardt, H.-J., Kalt, A., Prowatke, S., and Ertl, A. (2002): Reexamination of olenite from the type locality: detection of boron in tetrahedral coordination. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 935-942.
Ertl, A., J.M. Hughes, F. Brandstätter, M.D. Dyar, and P.S.R. Prasad (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite at Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study: Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1363-1370.
Hughes, J.M., A. Ertl, M.D. Dyar, E. Grew, M. Wiedenbeck, and F. Brandstätter (2004): Structural and chemical response to varying [4]B content in zoned Fe-bearing olenite from Koralpe, Austria: American Mineralogist: 89: 447-454.
Cempírek, Jan, Milan Novák, Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, George R. Rossman and M. Darby Dyar (2006): Fe-bearing olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Al from an abyssal pegmatite at Kutná Hora, Czech Republic: structure, crystal chemistry, optical and XANES spectra: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 23-30.
Ertl, A., Giester, G., Ludwig, T., Meyer, H.-P. & Rossman, G.R. (2012): Synthetic B-rich olenite: Correlations of single-crystal structural data. Am. Mineral., 97, 1591-1597.
Kutzschbach, M., Wunder, B., Rhede, D., Koch-Müller, M., Ertl, A., Giester, G., Heinrich, W., and Franz, G. (2016): Tetrahedral boron in natural and synthetic HP/UHP tourmaline: Evidence from Raman spectroscopy, EMPA, and single-crystal XRD. Am. Mineral. 101, 93-104.

Internet Links for OleniteHide

Localities for OleniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Japons
        • Goslarn
Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Brandstätter, F., Dyar, M.D., and Prasad, P.S.R. (2003): Disordered Mg-bearing olenite from a granitic pegmatite from Goslarn, Austria: A chemical, structural, and infrared spectroscopic study. Can. Mineral., 41, 1363-1370.
      • Klein-Pöchlarn
        • Ebersdorf (Lehen-Ebersdorf)
Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges.: 146: 75-77.
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall Ertl A, Rossman GR, Hughes JM, Ma C, Brandstätter F (2008) V3+-bearing, Mg-rich strongly disordered olenite from a graphite deposit near Amstall, Lower Austria: A structural, chemical and spectroscopic investigation. Neues Jarhbuch für Mineralogie 184, 243-253.
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Ertl, A., Pertlik, F., Dyar, M. D., Prowatke, S., Hughes, J. M., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2004): Fe-rich olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+ from Eibenstein, Austria: Structural, chemical, and Mössbauer data. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1057-1063.
Ertl, A., Hughes, J. M., Prowatke, S., Rossman, G. R., London, D., Fritz, E. A. (2003): Mn-rich tourmaline from Austria: Structure, chemistry, optical spectra, and relations to synthetic solid solutions. American Mineralogist 88, 1369-1376; Ertl, A., Schuster, R., Prowatke, S., Brandstätter, F., Ludwig, T., Bernhardt, H.-J., Koller, F., Hughes, J. M. (2004): Mn-rich tourmaline and fluorapatite in a Variscan pegmatite from Eibenstein an der Thaya, Bohemian massif, Lower Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 551-560.
      • Weinzierl am Walde
        • Maigen
ERTL, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit und Dravit aus Maigen bei Weinzierl am Walde, Niederösterreich; Ertl, A., Schuster, R., Hughes, J.M., Ludwig, T., Meyer, H.-P., Finger, F., Dyar, M.D., Ruschel, K., Rossman, G.R., Klötzli, U., Brandstätter, F., Lengauer, C.L., Tillmanns, E. (2012): Li-bearing tourmalines in Variscan granitic pegmatites from the Moldanubian nappes, Lower Austria. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 695-715.
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • St Oswald
Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Kl., Abt. 1, Anzeiger. 134: 3-10.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Itinga
XRD by Dr Thomas Witzke, plus chemical analysis by Gunnar Farber showing only 0.3% Li.
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kuklík
Cempírek, J., Novák, Milan, Ertl, A., Hughes, J.M., Rossman, G.R., and Dyar M.D.(2006) Fe-Bearing olenite with tetrahedrally coordinated Al from an abyssal pegmatite at Kutná Hora, Czech Republic: structure, crystal chemistry optical and XANES spectra. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 23-30.
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Forssa
Ilkka Mikkola data
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß and H.-W. Graf (2007): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (III): Cerianit-(Ce), Dravit, Florencit-(La), Gilmarit, Olenit und Scotlandit. Lapis 32 (6), 19-23; 70.
  • Saxony
    • Limbach-Oberfrohna
      • Pegmatite occurrences
Uwe Kolitsch & Andreas Ertl (single-crystal structure refinements)
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Luigi Chiappino photo
    • Varese Province
      • Veddasca Valley
        • Curiglia con Monteviasco
Pezzotta, F. & Guastoni, A. (2006): Olenite. Nuovo ritrovamento in Val Veddasca (VA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(2), 116-119.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
        • Molo quarter
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
Gunnar Farber
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
PIECZKA et al. 2010: Mn-Fe fractionation in tourmalines from pegmatites in the DSS mine at PiławaGórna, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland (preliminary data). Mineralogia - Special Papers, 37.
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
Rui Nunes collection
Monteiro collection
Russia (TL)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Karabash (Karabasch)
          • Uvil'dy lake
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Rumford
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Lupulescu, M. & Rakovan, J. (2008) The 35th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 10.
  • North Carolina
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Burnsville
          • Hurricane Mountain
"Mineralogy of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, N.C." by J.W. Miller and C.W. Allen
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