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Orcelite

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About OrceliteHide

01704260014948203169365.jpg
Jean Orcel
Formula:
Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Colour:
Rose-bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Specific Gravity:
6.5 - 7.25
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named in 1959 by S. J. Caillère, J. Avias, and J. Falgueirettes in honour of Professor Jean Orcel (1896–1978), French mineralogist, curator of Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
This page provides mineralogical data about Orcelite.


Classification of OrceliteHide

Approved
First published:
1959
2.AB.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
A : Alloys
B : Ni-metalloid alloys
2.3.2.1

2 : SULFIDES
3 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
3.11.25

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of OrceliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Rose-bronze
Comment:
"browner than nickeline"
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
6.5 - 7.25 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.44 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of OrceliteHide

Chemical Properties of OrceliteHide

Formula:
Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
IMA Formula:
Ni5-xAs2 (x = 0.23)
Common Impurities:
Fe,S,Si,Mg,H2O

Crystallography of OrceliteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6mm - Dihexagonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P63mc
Setting:
P63mc
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.7922(2) Å, c = 12.4975(5) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.84
Unit Cell V:
499.31 ų
Z:
6
Morphology:
Inclusions in pentlandite

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014135OrceliteEl-Boragy M, Bhan S, Schubert K (1970) Die kristallstruktur von Pd5Sb2 und Ni5As2 und einigen varianten Journal of the Less-Common Metals 22 445-4581970synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.25 Å(20)
3.09 Å(20)
2.945 Å(40)
2.706 Å(40)
2.257 Å(10)
2.137 Å(60)
1.987 Å(100)
1.933 Å(100)
1.831 Å(10)
1.757 Å(60)
1.641 Å(20)
1.385 Å(20)
1.302 Å(20)
Comments:
ICDD 35-493; obsolete cards ICDD 10-219, ICDD 13-333

Type Occurrence of OrceliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As inclusions in pentlandite and as rims on maucherite.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In serpentinized harzburgite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Caillère, S., Avias, J., Falgueirettes, J. (1959) Découverte en Nouvelle-Calédonie d'une minéralisation arsenicale sous forme d'un nouvel arséniure de nickel Ni2As. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences: 249: 1771-1773.

Other Language Names for OrceliteHide

German:Orcelit
Simplified Chinese:六方砷镍矿
褐砷镍矿
Spanish:Orcelita

Common AssociatesHide

BreithauptiteNiSb
HeazlewooditeNi3S2
MaucheriteNi11As8
MilleriteNiS
ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite(NixFey)Σ9S8
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Orcelite associated with AwaruiteNi3Fe
6 photos of Orcelite associated with Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
5 photos of Orcelite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
1 photo of Orcelite associated with ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
1 photo of Orcelite associated with Chromium-bearing ClinochloreMg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.AB.15MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.9Pentlandite(NixFey)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCuNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamanínite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Fluorescence of OrceliteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OrceliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Caillère, S., Avias, J., Falgueirettes, J. (1959) Découverte en Nouvelle-Calédonie d'une minéralisation arsenicale sous forme d'un nouvel arséniure de nickel Ni2As. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences: 249: 1771-1773.
Fleischer, M. (1960) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 45: 753-756.
International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 260-263.
El-Boragy, M., Bhan, S., Schubert, K. (1970) Die kristallstruktur von Pd5Sb2 und Ni5As2 und einigen varianten. Journal of the Less-Common Metals: 22: 445-458.
Oen, I.S., Kieft, C., Burke, E.A.J., Westerhof, A.B. (1980) Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni—Fe—As—S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Málaga, Spain. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 103(2): 198-208.
Lorand, J.P., Pinet, M. (1984) L'orcelite des peridotites de Beni Bousera (Maroc), Ronda (Espagne), Table Mountain et Blow-Me-Down Mountain (Terre-Neuve) et du Pinde Septentrional (Grece). The Canadian Mineralogist: 22(4): 553-560.
Kadota, R., Minakawa, T., Tanaka, T. (2008) Orcelite from Higashi-akaishi peridotite mass, Ehime prefecture. Abstracts for 2008 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Session ID R4-P07: 118.
Bindi, L., Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Miller, D.E., Garuti, G. (2014) Non-stoichiometric nickel arsenides in nature: the structure of orcelite, Ni5-xAs2 (x = 0.25), from the Bon Accord oxide body, South Africa. Journal of Alloys and Compounds: 601: 175-178.

Internet Links for OrceliteHide

Localities for OrceliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
Ralph Bottrill
Ralph Bottrill collection
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
      • Sankt Stefan ob Leoben
        • Mitterberg
Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Maracás
      • Rio Jacaré layered complex
Campbell, R. A. (2012). Platinum Group Element (PGE) Mineralization Associated with Fe-Ti-V Deposit, Rio Jacaré Intrusion, Bahia State, Brazil. Bachelors honour thesis Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia
Bulgaria
 
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Kirkovo
Kerestedjian, T. et al. (2007): Godlevskite Ni9S8 from Dobromirtsi, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria: First report for the country and genetic implications. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-28. (in Bulgarian with English abs.)
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 553.
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/orcelite.pdf
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
Gevilla, F., Proenza, J.A., Frei, R.,González-Jiménez, J.M., Garrido, C.J., Melgarejo, J.C., Meibom, A., Díaz-Martínez, R., Lavaut, W. (2005) Distribution of platinum-group elements and Os isotopes in chromite ores from Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (eastern Cuba). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150:6, 589-607.
Gevilla, F., Proenza, J.A., Frei, R.,González-Jiménez, J.M., Garrido, C.J., Melgarejo, J.C., Meibom, A., Díaz-Martínez, R., Lavaut, W. (2005) Distribution of platinum-group elements and Os isotopes in chromite ores from Mayarí-Baracoa Ophiolitic Belt (eastern Cuba). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150:6, 589-607.
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Suomussalmi
Pakkanen, L. & Luukkonen, E. (1995): Native nickel and copper in the Kauniinvaara ultramafic body of the late archean Suomussalmi greenstone belt, eastern Finland. in: Autio, S. (toim.) Geological Survey of Finland, current Research 1993-1994. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus Special Paper 20, 23-29.
France (TL)
 
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Koumac Commune
        • Tiébaghi Massif
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Caillère S, Avias J, Falgueirettes J (1959) Découverte en Nouvelle-Calédonie d'une minéralisation arsenicale sous forme d'un nouvel arséniure de nickel Ni2As, Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 249, 1771-1773
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Langelsheim
        • Wolfshagen
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
Bussolesi, M., Zaccarini, F., Grieco, G., & Tzamos, E. (2020) Rare and new minerals in the Ni-Cu-Sb-As system: first finding in the Gomati ophiolite, Greece. Periodico di Mineralogia, 89(1).
  • Epirus
    • Pindus
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Kapsiotis, A. N. (2013). Genesis of chromitites from Korydallos, Pindos Ophiolite Complex, Greece, based on spinel chemistry and PGE-mineralogy. Journal of Geosciences, 58(1), 49-69.
  • West Macedonia
    • Kozani and Grevena border area
      • Vourinos Ophiolite complex
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
Nielsen, T. F., Andersen, J. Ø., Holness, M. B., Keiding, J. K., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Veksler, I. V. (2015). The Skaergaard PGE and gold deposit: the result of in situ fractionation, sulphide saturation, and magma chamber-scale precious metal redistribution by immiscible Fe-rich melt. Journal of Petrology, 56(8), 1643-1676.
India
 
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Japan
 
  • Ehime prefecture
Kadota, R., Minakawa, T., Tanaka, T. (2008) Orcelite from Higashi-akaishi peridotite mass, Ehime prefecture. Abstracts for 2008 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Session ID R4-P07: 118.
    • Shikokuchuo City
Arai, S.; Ishimaru, S.; Miura, M.; Akizawa, N.; Mizukami, T. (2020) Post-Serpentinization Formation of Theophrastite-Zaratite by Heazlewoodite Desulfurization: An Implication for Shallow Behavior of Sulfur in a Subduction Complex. Minerals 2020, 10, 806.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Kargaly
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019; Melcher, F., Grum, W., Simon, G., Thalhammer, T.V., Stumpfl, E.F. (1997): Petrogenesis of the Ophiolitic Giant Chromite Deposits of Kempirsai, Kazakhstan: a Study of Solid and Fluid Inclusions in Chromite. J Petrol.: 38(10), 1419–1458; https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/38.10.1419
Mongolia
 
  • Zavkhan Province
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
Lhou, M., & Jung, H. Genesis of Co-Ni mineralizations during serpentinisation process in Bou Azzer ore deposits, the Neoproterozoic ophiolite of Bou Azzer El Graara (Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Abstracts AGU joint assembly Montreal
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Karabash
      • Soimon Valley
Gritsenko, Y.D., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 590-598.; Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Shvedov, G. I., & Barkov, A. Y. (2017). Primary and alteration assemblages of platinum-group minerals from the Ognit complex, Irkutskaya oblast, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194(1), 35-48.; Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., Kolotilina, T. B., Vishnevsky, A. V., & Benedyuk, Y. P. (2013). PGE mineralization of dunite-wehrlite massifs at the Gutara-Uda interfluve, Eastern Sayan. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 162-175.; Ognitite, NiBiTe, a new mineral species, and cobaltian maucherite from the Ognit ultramafic complex, Eastern Sayans, Russia (electronic preprint)
Podlipsky, M. Y., Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Vishnevskiy, A. V., & Polyakov, G. V. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Tartai massif, East Siberian metallogenic province. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 172-196.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
      • Kureika river
Ryabov, V. V., & Lapkovsky, A. A. (2010, October). Unique polymineral association of Co-Ni and noble metal phases in gabbro-dolerite of the Dzhaltul trap intrusion (Siberian Platform). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 434, No. 2, pp. 1325-1329). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Monchegorsk
Grokhovskaya, T.L., Griboedova, I.G. & Karimova, O.V. (2014) Diversity of PGM Assemblages in Pge Deposits of the Monchegorsk Igneous Complex, Russia. 12th International Platinum Symposium p249
    • Northern Karelia
Rudashevskii N S, Men'shikov Y P, Lentsi A A, Shumskaya N I, Lobanova A B, Goncharov G N, Tutov A G (1982) Vozhminite, (Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, 480-485.
  • Sayan Mountains
Kiseleva, O. N., Zhmodik, S. M., Damdinov, B. B., Agafonov, L. V., & Belyanin, D. K. (2014). Composition and evolution of PGE mineralization in chromite ores from the Il’chir ophiolite complex (Ospa–Kitoi and Khara-Nur areas, East Sayan). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 55(2), 259-272.
Grigor’eva, A. V., Damdinov, B. B., & Sluzhenikin, S. F. (2018). Ore Mineralization in Ultramafic and Metasomatic Rocks of the Ospin–Kitoi Massif, Eastern Sayan. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(2), 121-141.
  • Tuva
Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Okinsky District
Kiseleva, O.N.; Airiyants, E.V.; Belyanin, D.K.; Zhmodik, S.M. (2020) Podiform Chromitites and PGE Mineralization in the Ulan-Sar’dag Ophiolite (East Sayan, Russia). Minerals 10, 141.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Burgersfort
Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
Bindi, L., Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Miller, D. E., & Garuti, G. (2014). Non-stoichiometric nickel arsenides in nature: The structure of orcelite, Ni {sub 5− x} As {sub 2}(x= 0.25), from the Bon Accord oxide body, South Africa. Journal of Alloys and Compounds 601:175-178
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Mijas
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Gervilla, F., Gutiérrez-Narbona, R., & Fenoll-Hach-Alí, P. (2002). The origin of different types of magmatic mineralizations from small-volume melts in the lherzolite massifs of the Serranía de Ronda. Boletín de la Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía, 25, 79-96.
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland County
    • Östersund
Jan Olov Nyström, Frans E. Wickman (1991) The Ordovician chondrite from Brunflo, central Sweden, II. Secondary minerals. Lithos 27:167-185
Turkey
 
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Eskişehir ophiolite
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
BGS - Minerals of Britain; Nickel and Platinum (2000), page 4; O’Driscoll, B., Garwood, R., Day, J. M., & Wogelius, R. (2018). Platinum-group element remobilization and concentration in the Cliff chromitites of the Shetland Ophiolite Complex, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 471-490.
USA
 
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek Mining District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1992)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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