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Orthobrannerite

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About OrthobranneriteHide

Formula:
U4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for the relation to brannerite.
Dimorph of:
The orthorhombic dimorph of brannerite. Orthobrannerite-Thorutite Series. Compare 'UM1982-19-SiO:TiU'.


Classification of OrthobranneriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DH.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
8.2.7.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
2 : A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
7.16.19

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U

Physical Properties of OrthobranneriteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Dark brown to black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of OrthobranneriteHide

Formula:
U4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2

Crystallography of OrthobranneriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.37 Å, b = 11.67 Å, c = 6.33 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.632 : 1 : 0.542
Unit Cell V:
544.43 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals, to 1.2 cm.
Comment:
Cell obtained after heating completely metamict type material to 1000°C.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.87 (7)
3.89 (8)
3.17 (10)
2.45 (9)
2.29 (5)
1.659 (9)
1.203 (6)
Comments:
Obtained after heating completely metamict type material to 1000°C.

Type Occurrence of OrthobranneriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Weathering residue of a biotite pyroxene syenite in Yunan, China.

Other Language Names for OrthobranneriteHide

Relationship of Orthobrannerite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold1 photo of Orthobrannerite associated with Gold on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.Roméite Group
4.DH.Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)Iso.
4.DH.OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.05Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.05Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.10KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1+wIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)(Bi,Ca,U,Pb)2-xNb2(O,OH)6(OH)Amor.
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimolitePb2Sb5+2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StibiconiteSb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.30ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
4.DH.35LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8Trig.
4.DH.35PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8Hex.
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.16.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2OOrth.
7.16.4Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2OMon.
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2OOrth. mm2 : Amm2
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
7.16.9VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.16.11BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.20Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.16.21Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.16.23Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.16.24FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
7.16.25Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
7.16.26CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.16.31WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2OTrig.
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OrthobranneriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
X-ray Laboratory, Peking Institute of Uranium Geology and Xray Laboratory, Wuhan Geological College (1978): Orthobrannerite - A new mineral of the brannerite group. Acta Geologica Sinica 52(3), 241-251 (in Chinese with English abstract). [http://rruff.info/rruff_1.0/uploads/AGS52_241.pdf] [American Mineralogist (1979), 64, 656 (abstract). [http://rruff.info/rruff_1.0/uploads/AM64_652.pdf]>]

Internet Links for OrthobranneriteHide

Localities for OrthobranneriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
X-ray Laboratory, Peking Institute of Uranium Geology and Xray Laboratory, Wuhan Geological College (1978): Acta Geologica Sinica 52(3), 241-251.
X-ray Laboratory, Peking Institute of Uranium Geology and Xray Laboratory, Wuhan Geological College (1978): Acta Geologica Sinica 52(3), 241-251.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Ayas Valley
      • Brusson
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp. [determined by and described in Orlandi (1995)]
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
      • Peña Blanca District
        • Sierra Peña Blanca
Fayek, M., Utsunomiya, S., Ewing, R. C., & Simmons, A. (2005). Natural uranium getters in near surface environments at the Nopal I deposit, Peña Blanca, Mexico. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, 69, 474.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
- Grecula, P. et al. (1995): Ložiská nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväzok 1. [Mineral deposits of the Slovak Ore Mountains. Volume 1]. Geocomplex, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 829 pp.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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