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Carpholite Group

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About Carpholite GroupHide

Carpholite group minerals are double-chain silicates. Pairs of single-chains parallel to [001] are linked by Al3+ and (Mn,Mg,Fe 2+) in octahedral coordination to form a structure with several large cavities (Ferraris et al., 1992; Bertoldi et al., 2006).


Relationship of Carpholite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Carpholite Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
Ferrocarpholite (Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
Magnesiocarpholite (Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
Potassiccarpholite (K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
Vanadiocarpholite Mn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carpholite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Viswanathan, K. (1981): The crystal structure of a Mg-rich carpholite. American Mineralogist 66, 1080-1085.
Löffler, H. K. & Schwab, M. (1981): Die Karpholite der Wippraer Einheit des Unterharzes. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 9, 519-539 (in German).
Ferraris, G., Ivaldi, G., and Goffé, B. (1992): Structural study of a magnesian ferrocarpholite: are carpholites monoclinic? Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-347.
Bertoldi, C., Dachs, E., and Theye, T. (2006): Calorimetric data for naturally occurring magnesiocarpholite and ferrocarpholite. American Mineralogist 91(2/3), 441-445.
Basso, R., Carbone, C. (2010): Relationships between crystal data and crystal chemistry of carpholite-group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia 79, 91-98.

Internet Links for Carpholite GroupHide

Localities for Carpholite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Gabanintha
        • Quinns gold area
[Magnesiocarpholite] Hassan, L. Y. (2017). Alteration Associated with the Austin-Quinns VMS Prospects, Northern Yilgarn Craton. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Record 2017/10, 61p.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
[Carpholite] Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
        • Stoumont
[Carpholite]
[Carpholite] Handbook of Mineralogy
[Carpholite] Michel Blondiau collection
        • Werbomont
[Carpholite] Michel Blondieau collection
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Manhay
[Carpholite] Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
[Carpholite] Theye, Th., Fransolet A.M. (1994): "Virtually Pure Ottrelite from the Region of Ottré, Belgium", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1994, 6, 547-555
China
 
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanji Co.
[Carpholite] Wu Hanquan, Tang kedong, and Li Cunyou (2003): Geological Bulletin of China 22(9), 651-654.
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haibei Autonomous Prefecture
[Carpholite] Song, S., Zhang, L., Niu, Y., Wei, C., Liou, J.G., and Shu, G. (2007): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 25(4), 495
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
[Carpholite] Letztes Min. System (1817) 10, 43
[Ferrocarpholite] Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species
[Carpholite] Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
[Carpholite] Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
    • Savoie
[Magnesiocarpholite] Compt. Rendus Acad. Sci. Paris, 277, 1965-1968; Contr. Min. Pet. 76 (1981), 260
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Diahot River Valley
[Ferrocarpholite] Briggs, R. M. (1978). Ferrocarpholite associated with low-grade blueschists, northern New Caledonia. Mineralalogical Magazine, 42, 147.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
[Carpholite] Theye, T. & Siedel, H. (1993): Chloritoid, carpholite, and sudoite in very low-​grade metamorphic rocks of the Wippra Metamorphic Zone (Harz, Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1993, 73-96.
        • Mansfeld
[Carpholite] Siemroth, J. (1990): Karpholith aus der Wippraer Zone des Harzes. Lapis, 15 (7-8), 59-60.
[Carpholite] Siemroth, J. (1990): Karpholith aus der Wippraer Zone des Harzes. Lapis, 15 (7-8), 59-60.
Greece
 
  • Crete Department (Kriti)
[Carpholite] Eur. J. Mineral., 4: 487-507
      • Chania Prefecture (Khania; Chaníon)
        • Kissamos
[Magnesiocarpholite] Viswanathan, K., & Seidel, E. (1979). Crystal chemistry of Fe-Mg-carpholites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(1), 41-47.
[Magnesiocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
      • Heraklion Prefecture (Iraklion)
        • Heraklion (Iraklion)
[Magnesiocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
      • Lasithi Prefecture
        • Sitía
          • Rousa Eklissia (Roússa Ekklissia)
[Ferrocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
[Ferrocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
      • Rethymnon Prefecture
[Ferrocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
[Magnesiocarpholite] Viswanathan, K., & Seidel, E. (1979). Crystal chemistry of Fe-Mg-carpholites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(1), 41-47.
  • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
    • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
[Magnesiocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
[Magnesiocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 487-507.
Indonesia
 
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Sulawesi Tenggara Province (Southeast Sulawesi Province)
[Ferrocarpholite] de Roever (1951)
[Ferrocarpholite] de Roever (1951)
[Ferrocarpholite] Amer.Min.(1951) 36, 736-745
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Mormanno
[Ferrocarpholite] Busato S., Giampaolo C. 1983)- Ferrocarpholite from Mormanno (northern Calabria, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma, pp. 403-426
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
[Carpholite] XRD analysis at Euratom of Ispra (Varese)
[Carpholite] [MinRec 32:356]
          • Reppia
            • Monte Copello
[Carpholite] Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
[Magnesiocarpholite] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Grana Valley
        • Castelmagno
[Magnesiocarpholite] Piccoli, G.C. (2002): I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 362 pp.
      • Maira Valley
[Magnesiocarpholite] Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
[Ferrocarpholite] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Marmora
[Ferrocarpholite] Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
      • Stura valley
        • Demonte
          • Arma Valley
[Ferrocarpholite] Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139.
      • Tanaro Valley
        • Priola
          • Casario
[Magnesiocarpholite] Rossetti P., Ferrero S. (2008): The Zn–Pb deposits of Casario (Ligurian Alps, NW Italy): late Palaeozoic sedimentary–exhalative bodies affected by the alpine metamorphism. Geodinamica Acta, 21, 117-137.
      • Vermenagna Valley
        • Robilante
[Magnesiocarpholite] Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
[Magnesiocarpholite] Goffé, B. (2002): Località a ferro- e magnesiocarpholite nelle Alpi Cozie e Marittime. In: Piccoli, G.C., I minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 137-139; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Montecrestese
[Ferrocarpholite] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Ornavasso
[Carpholite] Mattioli, V. (1987): Minerali ossolani, 10 anni dopo: errata corrige e novità. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1987, 195-200
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
[Ferrocarpholite] Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160; Rossetti F., Faccenna C., Jolivet L., Funiciello R., Tecce F., Brunet C. (1999): Syn- versus postorogenic extension: the case study of Giglio Island (northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Tectonophysics, 304, 71-93; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
        • Franco Promontory
[Ferrocarpholite] Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
[Ferrocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873
[Ferrocarpholite] Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
[Ferrocarpholite] Theye T., Reinhardt J., Goffé B., Jolivet L., Brunet C. (1997): Ferro- and magnesiocarpholite from the Monte Argentario (Italy): First evidence for high-pressure metamorphism of the metasedimentary Verrucano sequence, and significance for P-T path reconstruction. Eur. J. Mineral., 9, 859-873; Jolivet L., Faccenna C., Goffè B., Mattei M., Rossetti F., Brunet Ch., Storti F., Funiciello R., Cadet J.P., D’Agostino N., Parra T. (1998): Mid-crustal shear zones in post-orogenic extension: example from the Northern Tyrrhenian sea. J. Geoph. Res., 103, B6, 123-160.; Reinhardt J., Rossetti F. (2004): Monte Argentario and Isola del Giglio (Southern Tuscany, Italy): a record from continental break-up to subduction, orogenic wedge formation, and post-orogenic extension. 32nd International Geological Congress (IGC), Florence, August 20-28, 2004. Post-Congress P61. Field Trip Guide Book - P61, 19 pp.
[Ferrocarpholite] Laurent Jolivet et al. (1998) Midcrustal shear zones in postorogenic extension: Example from the northern Tyrrhenian Sea. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 103, NO. B6, PAGES 12,123-12,160. Fuchs, Y.; Mellini, M.; Memmi, I. (2001): Crystal-chemistry of magnesiocarpholite: controversial X-ray diffraction, Mossbauer, FTIR and Raman results. European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 13 Number 3 (2001), p. 533 - 543. (http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.558.3029&rep=rep1&type=pdf)
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
[Carpholite] Yoshimura & Aoki (1966) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 8, 43-48.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda
[Carpholite] http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Kent.htm; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
[Ferrocarpholite] Agard, P., Labrousse, L., Elvevold, S., & Lepvrier, C. (2005). Discovery of Paleozoic Fe-Mg carpholite in Motalafjella, Svalbard Caledonides: A milestone for subduction-zone gradients. Geology, 33(10), 761-764.
Oman
 
  • Muscat Province (Masqat Province)
    • Muscat (Masqat)
[Ferrocarpholite] Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/ferrocarpholite.pdf)
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
[Carpholite] http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Sierra Alhamilla
        • Tabernas
[Ferrocarpholite] B. Goffé et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 335-348.
    • Granada
[Magnesiocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 139-142..
      • Monachil
        • Trevenque
[Ferrocarpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 139-142..
      • Otívar
[Carpholite] Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 139-142..
      • Salobreña unit
[Ferrocarpholite] B. Goffé et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 335-348.
[Ferrocarpholite] J.M. Azanon and B. Goffé, Eur. J. Mineral., 1997, 9, pp. 1035-1051.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Baix Camp
        • Villanova d'Escornalbou
          • Escornalbou Castle
[Carpholite] Aufschluss 1975(6), 236-237
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Martina
[Carpholite] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 163.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
          • Clitters United Mines
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.; Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) Journal of the Russell Society 7(2).
      • St Stephen-in-Brannel
        • Foxhole
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.; [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
      • Stokeclimsland
        • Callington
          • Kit Hill United Mines (incl. Kit Hill Great Consols)
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.; Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) Journal of the Russell Society 7(2).
    • Cumbria
[Carpholite] Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 502.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957).; BMS Database
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 502.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957).
[Carpholite] Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Carpholite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 502.; [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
USA
 
  • Idaho
    • Boise Co.
[Carpholite] Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
[Carpholite] [MinRec 19:332]
[Potassiccarpholite] W.C. van Laer: the Sawtooth batholith, mindat 2009
[Potassiccarpholite] William C. van Laer collection
    • Custer Co.
[Carpholite] R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Elmore Co.
      • Glens Peak area
[Carpholite] van Laer, The Sawtooth batholith, mindat.org
[Carpholite] R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
[Carpholite] Rocks & Min. 70:246
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