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Painite

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About PainiteHide

Formula:
CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Colour:
Red, brownish, orange-red
Hardness:
8
Specific Gravity:
4.01 - 4.03
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named in honor of Arthur Charles Davy Pain (23rd June 1901, Exmouth, England, UK - 27th August 1971, Exmouth, England, UK), mineralogist and gemmologist who first noted it as an interesting crystal.

Classification of PainiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.AB.85

6 : BORATES
A : Monoborates
B : BO3, with additional anions; 1(D) + OH, etc.
7.5.2.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
5 : (AB)2X3
7.10.3

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of PainiteHide

Colour:
Red, brownish, orange-red
Hardness:
Density:
4.01 - 4.03 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
D(calc.) = 3.996–4.020

Optical Data of PainiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.816 nε = 1.788
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
Ruby-red // to [0001]; pale brownish orange or pale red-orange perpendicular to [0001].

Chemical Properties of PainiteHide

Formula:
CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
IMA Formula:
CaZrAl9O15(BO3)

Crystallography of PainiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.724(1) Å, c = 8.464(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.97
Unit Cell V:
557.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Elongate crystals.
Comment:
Data from Armbruster et al. (2004); previously assumed to have space group P63.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.76 Å(vs)
3.70 Å(s)
2.520 Å(vs)
2.370 Å(s)
2.008 Å(s)
1.726 Å(ms)
1.423 Å(ms)

Type Occurrence of PainiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Single crystal
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
NHM London
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Gem gravels
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for PainiteHide

German:Painit
Russian:Пейнит
Simplified Chinese:铝硼锆钙石
Spanish:Painita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
18 photos of Painite associated with RubyAl2O3
7 photos of Painite associated with CorundumAl2O3
1 photo of Painite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.AB.05HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
6.AB.10BerboriteBe2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2OTrig.
6.AB.15JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.20Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.20YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.25KarliteMg7(BO3)3(OH,Cl)5Orth.
6.AB.30Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30VonseniteFe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.35Pinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.40BlatteriteSb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
6.AB.40ChestermaniteMg2(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al,Sb3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Orthopinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Takéuchiite(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.45Hulsite(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.45Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.45Aluminomagnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Mg,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon. 2/m
6.AB.50FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.50HydroxylboriteMg3(BO3)(OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.55ShabyniteMg5(BO3)(OH)5(Cl,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
6.AB.55WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
6.AB.60GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.65SakhaiteCa12Mg4(BO3)7(CO3)4(OH)2ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
6.AB.70HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(F)Mg2(BO3)(F,OH)Orth. mm2 : Pna21
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(OH)Mg2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
6.AB.80JacquesdietrichiteCu2(H2BO3)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.5ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PainiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Claringbull, G.F., Hey, M.H., Payne, C.J. (1957) Painite, a new mineral from Mogok, Burma. Mineralogical Magazine: 31: 420-425.
Fleischer, M. (1957) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 42: 580-586.
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1976) Painite, CaZrB[Al9O18]: its crystal structure and relation to jeremejevite, B5[<◻3Al6(OH)3O15], and fluoborite, B3[Mg9(F,OH)9O9]. American Mineralogist: 61: 88-94.
Shigley, J.E., Kampf, A.R., Rossman, G.R. (1986) New data on painite. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 267-270.
Grew, E.S., Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Armbruster, T., Döbelin, N., Peretti, A., Günther, D., Reusser, E., Grobéty, B. (2004) The crystal structure of painite CaZrB[Al9O18] revisited. American Mineralogist: 89: 610-613.

Internet Links for PainiteHide

Localities for PainiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok; http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/FILES/Visible/painite/Index.html; Rossman GR, Naung S, Harlow GE, Hunt J (2005) Painite (CaZrBAl9O18): A second source in Myanmar and metasomatic origins. Abstract. Goldschmidt Conference 2005, Moscow, ID. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 69, A278.
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyatpyin Central
Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Jordi Fabre collection
          • Thurein-taung
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Mogok Valley
Mineralogical Magazine(1957) 31, 420-425; Amer.Min.(1976) 61, 88-94
Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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