Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About PalermoiteHide

Colorless, white
Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
For its occurrence at the Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire, USA.
Bertossaite-Palermoite Series. The strontium analogue of bertossaite. The lithium analog of natropalermoite.

Structurally related to carminite and pilawite-(Y).

Classification of PalermoiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1

7 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of PalermoiteHide

Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Colorless, white
5½ on Mohs scale
Sub-Conchoidal, Fibrous
3.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.20 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PalermoiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.627 nβ = 1.642 nγ = 1.644
Measured: 20° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of PalermoiteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of PalermoiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.55 Å, b = 15.84 Å, c = 7.31 Å
a:b:c = 0.729 : 1 : 0.461
Unit Cell V:
1,337.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of PalermoiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 101342.
Mrose, M.E. (1953) Palermoite and goyazite, two strontium minerals from the Palermo mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. (Abstract from the 33rd annual meeting of the Mineralogical Society of America). American Mineralogist: 38: 354-354.

Other Language Names for PalermoiteHide

Simplified Chinese:柱磷锶锂矿

Relationship of Palermoite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
NatropalermoiteNa2SrAl4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Goedkenite17 photos of Palermoite associated with Goedkenite on mindat.org.
Quartz12 photos of Palermoite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Goyazite12 photos of Palermoite associated with Goyazite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite5 photos of Palermoite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Smoky Quartz2 photos of Palermoite associated with Smoky Quartz on mindat.org.
Rockbridgeite2 photos of Palermoite associated with Rockbridgeite on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Palermoite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Laueite1 photo of Palermoite associated with Laueite on mindat.org.
Samuelsonite1 photo of Palermoite associated with Samuelsonite on mindat.org.
Strunzite1 photo of Palermoite associated with Strunzite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Fluoresces white in direct X-ray beam.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PalermoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mrose, M.E. (1953) Palermoite and goyazite, two strontium minerals from the Palermo mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. (Abstract from the 33rd annual meeting of the Mineralogical Society of America). American Mineralogist: 38: 354-354.
Frondel, C., Ito, J. (1965) Composition of palermoite. American Mineralogist 50, 777-779
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1975) Palermoite, SrLi2[Al4(OH)4(PO4)4]: its atomic arrangement and relationship to carminite, Pb2[Fe4(OH)4(AsO4)4]. American Mineralogist: 60: 460-465.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 460-465.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987): 305.
Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(4), 346-353(1993)
King, V. (2002) Palermoite from the Palermo No.1 pegmatite, Groton, Grafton county, New Hampshire: Crystallography. Rocks & Minerals: 77: 173.
King, V. (2002) Palermoite from the Palermo No.1 pegmatite, Groton, Grafton county, New Hampshire: Paragenesis. Rocks & Minerals: 77: 240-241.
Yakubovich, O.V., Kotelnikov, A.R., Suk, N.I., Chukanov, N.V. (2016) The novel arsenate Na3Al5O2(OH)2(AsO4)4: crystal structure and topological relations with minerals of the palermoite and carminite-attakolite families. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 83-91.
Schumer, B.N., Yang, H., Downs, R.T. (2017) Natropalermoite, Na2SrAl4(PO4)4(OH)4, a new mineral isostructural with palermoite, from the Palermo No. 1 mine, Groton, New Hampshire, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 833-840.

Internet Links for PalermoiteHide

Localities for PalermoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Toirano
Cortesogno L., Gaggero L., Lucchetti G. (1987): Phosphate mineralizations in a permo-triassic sequence (Giogo di Toirano, Italy). Neues Jb. Miner. Mh., 7, 305-313; Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1988): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1988. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 47 pp.; Bracco R., Marchesini M. (2016): Le quarziti a lazulite della Liguria e la scoperta della fluorcarmoite-(BaNa). Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 68-84.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1961)
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Amer.Min.(1953) 38, 354; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    • Rockingham Co.
Meyers & Stewart 1956. Geology of NH, Part III.
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 18, 2019 20:18:18 Page generated: February 21, 2019 17:21:08
Go to top of page