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About PalladiumHide

4½ - 5
Platinum Group. Gold-Palladium Series, Palladium-Silver Series and Palladium-Platinum Series.

Natural Palladium always contains some Platinum.

(Pd,Cu) alloys, some with the approximate composition PdCu4, are reported by Kapsiotis et al. (2010).

Classification of PalladiumHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th ed.:

2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Pronounciation of PalladiumHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of PalladiumHide

4½ - 5 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PalladiumHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Type Occurrence of PalladiumHide

Synonyms of PalladiumHide

Other Language Names for PalladiumHide

Kurdish (Latin Script):Palladyûm
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Palladium
Simplified Chinese:自然钯
Uzbek (Latin Script):Palladiy

Varieties of PalladiumHide

Platiniferous PalladiumA variety of Palladium containing a higher than usual percentage of Platinum, up to 50% Pt

Relationship of Palladium to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Limonite2 photos of Palladium associated with Limonite on
Platinum1 photo of Palladium associated with Platinum on
Potarite1 photo of Palladium associated with Potarite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AF.05Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AF.10PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m,Os,Ru)Iso.,Pt)Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PalladiumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
McKeehan (1922) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 20: 424.
Holgersson, Sedström (1924) Annalen der Physik: 75: 143.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 109-110.
Cabri, L.J., Chen, T.T., Stewart, J.M., Laflamme, J.H.G. (1976) Two new palladium-arsenic-bismuth minerals from the Stillwater Complex, Montana. The Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 410-413.
Fleet, M.E., De Almeida, C.M., Angeli, N. (2002) Botryoidal platinum, palladium and potarite from the Bom Sucesso stream, Minas Gerais, Brazil: compositional zoning and origin. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 341-355.
Kapsiotis, A., Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Tsikouras, B., Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2010) Platinum-Group Mineral Characterization in Concentrates from High-Grade PGE Al-rich Chromitites of Korydallos Area in the Pindos Ophiolite Complex (NW Greece). Resource Geology: 60: 178-191.
Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Angeli, N. (2013): The solid solution between platinum and palladium in nature. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 269-274.

Internet Links for PalladiumHide

Localities for PalladiumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Fitzroy Co.
      • Coffs Harbour
Alan Melbourne pers comm
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • South Alligator River
Carlo Tortorella; G. A. Albertson Data; Cuzens, H. (2010) The Genesis and Spatial Distribution of Platinum-Group Elements in the Coronation Hill Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. University of Western Australia.
Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Development (1968):Bulletin 82/ Reszatt, T.N., Balding. G., Fawcett M.: Remediation of Small Scale Uranium Mining Activities in the South Alligator River Valley Kakadu National Park
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • North Dundas
G. A. Albertson Data
G. A. Albertson Data
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Ora Banda Goldfield
Butt, C.R.M., Robertson, I.D.M. (2003), Ora Banda Sill Platinum Prospect, CRC LEME, 2003
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
Barnes, S. J., 1993 Partitioning of the Platinum Group Elements and Gold Between Silicate and Sulphide Magmas in the Munni Munni Complex, Western Australia Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 57, p. 1277 - 1290
  • Minas Gerais
    • Barão de Cocais
MinMag 67:453-463
    • Itabira
Canadian Mineralogist 34:547-557; Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
Thorman, C.H., DeWitt, E., Maron, M.A.C., and Ladeira, E.A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 218-227
    • Serro (Serro Frio; Cerrado Frio)
Canadian Mineralogist; April 2002; v. 40; no. 2; p. 341-355
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 40, pp. 1451-1463
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
  • British Columbia
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Likely
BC Government Mining Report - 1918
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
Moorhouse W. W. (1942) The Northeastern Portion of The Timagami Lake Area, Fifty - First Annual Report Of The Ontario Department Of Mines, ARV 51, Pt. 6, Pg 24.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(1), 14-18
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Yufeng Ren, Nicheng Shi, Zhesheng Ma, and Mingquan Dai (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(1), 179-187
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
    • Kolwezi District
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argyrios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras and Konstantinos Hatzipanagiotou (2010): Platinum-Group Mineral Characterization in Concentrates from High-Grade PGE Al-rich Chromitites of Korydallos Area in the Pindos Ophiolite Complex (NW Greece). Resource Geology 60, 178-191.
  • Finnmark
    • Porsanger
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Al Buraymi Governorate
    • Northern Oman Ophiolite
Ahmed, A. H., & Arai, S. (2003). Platinum-group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Oman ophiolite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 597-616.
Pacific Ocean
Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Lower Silesia
    • Legnica
Kucha H., Plimer I.R., Stumpfl E. F. 1998: Geochemistry and mineralogy of gold and PGE's in mesothermal and epithermal deposits and their bearing on the metal recovery. Fizykochemiczne Problemy Metalurgii, 32, 7-30
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Polkowice District
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Komi Republic
    • Kozhim River Basin
      • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
Krivolutskaya et al. (2011): Mineralogy, geochemistry and stratigraphy of the Maslovsky Pt–Cu–Ni sulfide deposit, Noril’sk Region, Russia: implications for relationship of ore-bearing intrusions and lavas. Mineralium Deposita 47, 69-88.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
Volokhin, Yu.G., Karabtsov, A.A. (2016): Minerals in the Triassic Carbonaceous Silicites of Sikhote Alin. Lithology and Mineral Resources: 51: 405-424
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Verkhnii Ufalei
          • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Kodar–Udokan district
        • Udokan
Gongalsky, B. I., Safonov, Y. G., Krivolutskaya, N. A., Prokof’ev, V. Y., & Yushin, A. A. (2007) A new type of gold-platinum-copper mineralization in northern Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 415, No. 1, pp. 671-674). Nauka/Interperiodica.
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Brits (Brits District)
          • Mooinooi
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
          • Frischgewaagd Farm
          • Marikana
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
          • Poblet Monastery
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
    • Haines Borough
      • Juneau District
        • Skagway District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Innoko District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District
        • North San Juan
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Redding District
        • Redding
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
  • Colorado
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata District (California District)
        • La Plata
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Rockville
Minerals of Washington D.C. Area; L.R. Bernstein
  • Montana
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Canadian Mineralogist (1975) 13:321-335
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • North Carolina
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Jackson Co.
      • Webster-Balsam
Edwin H.Bentzen III (1971) Platinum Group Content Of Some Western North Carolina Chromites
Genth, F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina: USGS Bulletion No.74
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
James R. Wilson (1995) A Collector's Guide to Rock, Mineral, & Fossil Localities of Utah UGS Miscellaneous Publication 95-4
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