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Khinite-3T

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Formula:
Pb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2
Colour:
Green
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For its relationship to Khinite
A polytype of Khinite

A polytype of khinite. The name and separate species status of "parakhinite" have been discredited (IMA-08-C), and the phase is now the polytype khinite-3T (Hawthorne et al., 2009).




Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Khinite-3THide

Discredited
4.FD.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
D : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 7th ed.:
33.2.4.1
33.2.4.1

33 : SELENATES AND TELLURATES
2 : (AB)m(XO6)·xH2O, where x can equal zero
28.4.9

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
4 : Tellurates

Physical Properties of Khinite-3THide

Colour:
Green

Optical Data of Khinite-3THide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.155 nε = 2.120
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Khinite-3THide

Formula:
Pb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2

Crystallography of Khinite-3THide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P32
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.765(2) Å, c = 18.001(9) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.122
Unit Cell V:
518 ų
Z:
3

First Recorded Occurrence of Khinite-3THide

Synonyms of Khinite-3THide

Other Language Names for Khinite-3THide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Dugganite2 photos of Khinite-3T associated with Dugganite on mindat.org.
Gold1 photo of Khinite-3T associated with Gold on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FD.05SpertiniiteCu(OH)2Orth.
4.FD.10BracewelliteCrO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10DiasporeAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10GroutiteMn3+O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.FD.10GuyanaiteCrO(OH)Orth.
4.FD.10Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)Orth.
4.FD.10TsumgalliteGaO(OH)Orth.
4.FD.15ManganiteMn3+O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FD.20Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
4.FD.20Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
4.FD.20Unnamed (Nd-analogue of Yttrotungstite-(Ce))(Nd,Ce,La)W2O6(OH)3
4.FD.25FrankhawthorneiteCu2Te6+O4(OH)2Mon.
4.FD.30KhinitePb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2Orth. mm2 : Fdd2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.4.1XocomecatliteCu3(TeO4)(OH)4Orth.
28.4.2CarlfriesiteCaTe4+2Te6+O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.4.3YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
28.4.4TlalociteCu10Zn6(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)(OH)25Cl · 27H2OOrth.
28.4.5OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2OTric.
28.4.6SchieffelinitePb10Te6+6O20(OH)14(SO4)(H2O)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.4.7GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)Mon. m
28.4.8KhinitePb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2Orth. mm2 : Fdd2
28.4.10DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.11KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.12CheremnykhitePb3Zn3(VO4)2(TeO6)Orth.
28.4.13TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
28.4.14MontaniteBi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
28.4.15KuranakhitePbMn4+Te6+O6Orth.
28.4.16CuzticiteFe3+2(TeO6) · 3H2OHex.
28.4.17YecoraiteFe3+3Bi5(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)O9 · 9H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Khinite-3THide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, American Mineralogist: 63: 1016-1019.
American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 1077.
Canadian Mineralogist (1995): 33: 33-40.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. & Back, M.E. (2008): The crystal structure of khinite and polytypism in khinite and parakhinite. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 763-770.
Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A. and Back, M.E. (2009): Khinite-4O (= khinite) and khinite-3T (= parakhinite). Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 473-476.

Internet Links for Khinite-3THide

Localities for Khinite-3THide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, Arizona, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.
Brent Thorne
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 267, 320; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 648–652, 2009
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019; Am.Min.: 80 (1995): 1077; Canadian Mineralogist: 33 (1995): 1016.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Christophe Boutry collection.; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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