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Pararammelsbergite

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About PararammelsbergiteHide

Formula:
NiAs2
Colour:
Silver-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1940 by Martin Alfred Peacock and Alexander Stewart Dadson from the Greek παρά = beyond and rammelsbergite, because of its relationship to the root mineral.
Pararammelsbergite group


Classification of PararammelsbergiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EB.10e

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.5.1

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.11.29

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of PararammelsbergiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Silver-white
Streak:
Greyish black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PararammelsbergiteHide

Formula:
NiAs2
Common Impurities:
Co,Cu,S

Crystallography of PararammelsbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.77 Å, b = 5.83 Å, c = 11.41 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.99 : 1 : 1.957
Unit Cell V:
383.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystallographic forms of PararammelsbergiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Pararammelsbergite - Tabular {001}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Type Occurrence of PararammelsbergiteHide

Other Language Names for PararammelsbergiteHide

Relationship of Pararammelsbergite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
ClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
CostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
LöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
NisbiteNiSb2Orth.
OeniteCoSbAsOrth.
Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
ParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Unnamed (Fe-Ni Antimonide Arsenide)(Fe,Ni)SbAs

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Nickeline11 photos of Pararammelsbergite associated with Nickeline on mindat.org.
Rammelsbergite7 photos of Pararammelsbergite associated with Rammelsbergite on mindat.org.
Annabergite5 photos of Pararammelsbergite associated with Annabergite on mindat.org.
Löllingite3 photos of Pararammelsbergite associated with Löllingite on mindat.org.
Arseniosiderite2 photos of Pararammelsbergite associated with Arseniosiderite on mindat.org.
Safflorite1 photo of Pararammelsbergite associated with Safflorite on mindat.org.
Dolomite1 photo of Pararammelsbergite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Silver1 photo of Pararammelsbergite associated with Silver on mindat.org.
Cobaltite1 photo of Pararammelsbergite associated with Cobaltite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2Iso.
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2Orth.
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAsOrth.
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2Orth.
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2Mon.
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso.
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.5.2PaxiteCuAs2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig.
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig.
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PararammelsbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walker, T.L., Parsons, A.L. (1921) Rammelsbergite from Cobalt. University of Toronto Studies, Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy: 12: 27-31.
Peacock, M.A., Michener, C.E. (1939) On rammelsbergite from Ontario. University of Toronto Studies, Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy: 42: 95-112.
Peacock, M.A. (1939) Rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite, distinct orthorhombic forms of NiAs2. American Mineralogist: 24: 10-11. [abstr.]
Peacock, M.A., Dadson, A.S. (1940) On rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite: distinct forms of nickel diarsenide. American Mineralogist: 25: 561-577.
Radcliffe, D. (1967) Some properties of rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 9, 128-131.
Fleet, M.E. (1972) The crystal structure of pararammelsbergite (NiAs2). American Mineralogist: 57: 1-9.
(1985) Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 34: 167.

Internet Links for PararammelsbergiteHide

Localities for PararammelsbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Radstädter Tauern
      • Obertauern
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Giglach valley
          • Knappen lakes
Schachinger, T. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Antimon- und bismuthältige Sulfosalze aus dem Vetternbergbau bei Schladming, Steiermark. Carinthia II, 207./127., 691-698.
        • Obertalbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2008)
Azerbaijan
 
  • Kəlbəcər District (Kalbacar; Kelbajar; Karavajar)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Joel Grice (1989) Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Markham Ontario 190pp
          • Coleman Township
PEACOCK, M.A. (1939): Rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite, distinct orthorhombic forms of NiAs2. American Mineralogist 24, 10-11 (abstr.). PEACOCK, M.A. & DADSON, A.S. (1940): On rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite: distinct forms of nickel diarsenide. American Mineralogist 25, 561-577. FLEET, M.E. (1972): The crystal structure of pararammelsbergite (NiAs2). Am. Mineral. 57, 1-9.
R.Mielke 2009
Traill R. J. (1983): Catalogue of Canadian Minerals Revised, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18, P. 262.
the Canadian Mineralogist V 11 Part 1 1971
Reiner Mielke
Richard Gunter; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
        • Elk Lake area
          • James Township
PEACOCK, M.A. (1939): Rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite, distinct orthorhombic forms of NiAs2. American Mineralogist 24, 10-11 (abstr.). PEACOCK, M.A. & DADSON, A.S. (1940): On rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite: distinct forms of nickel diarsenide. American Mineralogist 25, 561-577. FLEET, M.E. (1972): The crystal structure of pararammelsbergite (NiAs2). Am. Mineral. 57, 1-9.
        • Gowganda area
          • Leith Township
Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 108-139
        • South Lorrain Township
Reiner Mielke
Reiner Mielke 2014
PEACOCK, M.A. (1939): Rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite, distinct orthorhombic forms of NiAs2. American Mineralogist 24, 10-11 (abstr.). PEACOCK, M.A. & DADSON, A.S. (1940): On rammelsbergite and pararammelsbergite: distinct forms of nickel diarsenide. American Mineralogist 25, 561-577. FLEET, M.E. (1972): The crystal structure of pararammelsbergite (NiAs2). Am. Mineral. 57, 1-9.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
        • Mont-Albert
Girard, P. (1971)
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.26, pp. 249-268(1988)
China
 
  • Shanxi Province
    • Yuncheng Prefecture
      • Yuanqu Co.
        • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Inventaire Mineralogique de la France numero 7. Aveyron pages 190 - 191
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Spessart
      • Gelnhausen
        • Bieber
Wagner, T., Lorenz, J. (2002) Mineralogy of complex Co-Ni-Bi vein mineralisation, Bieber deposit, Spessart, Germany. Mineralogical Magazine, 66, 385-407.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Lautenthal
        • Wolfshagen
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Palatinate
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Niedermoschel
Krupp, R.E., Mineralium Deposita 24, 69-76 (1989)
        • Obermoschel
Krupp, R.E. (1989) Paragenesis and conditions of formation of the Moschellandsberg mercury deposit, SW Germany. Mineralium Deposita, 24:2, 69-76.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
No reference listed
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ireland
 
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Moyne
Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
Ishiyama, D. et al (1982) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 6, #2, 149-171.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006); Econ Geol (1997) 92:360-367
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Czarnów
      • Rędziny
Pieczka, Adam, Golebiowska, and Parafiniuk, Jan, 2009, Conditions of Formation of Polymetallic Mineralization in the Eastern Envelope of the Karkonosze Granite: The Case of Redziny, Southwestern Poland, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 765-786.
Russia
 
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Dobšiná mining district (Dobschau; Topschau)
Halahyjová-Andrusovová G., 1961: Mineralogické a paragenetické štúdium rudných ložísk v okolí Dobšinej. Manuskript, ŠGÚDŠ, Bratislava, 334. (in Slovak)
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Mikuš T., Pršek J., Chovan M., Makovicky E., 2002: New type of hydrothermal mineralization in the Tatric tectonic unit (Western Carpathians): Ni-Bi-As mineral assemblage in the black shales. Geol. Carpath., 53, special issue. Proceedings of the XVII Congress of CBGA, Bratislava. ; Mikuš, T., Chovan, M., Ponomarenko, O., Bondarenko, S., & Grinchenko, O. (2013). Hydrothermal Nickel Mineralization from the Black Shales in Čierna Lehota. Мінералогічний журнал, (35,№ 3), 27-32.
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Castejón de Sos
Fanlo et al., (2006); Fanlo, I., Subías, I., Gervilla, F. and Manuel, J. (2006). Textures and compositional variability in gersdorffite from the Crescencia Ni-(Co-U) showing, Central Pyrenees, Spain: Primary deposition or re-equilibration?. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1513-1528.
      • San Juan de Plan
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 461 pags.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 296.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 296.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Budleigh Salterton
Technical Report TR-02-09 (March 2002) Alteration of uraniferous and native copper concretions in the Permian mudrocks of south Devon, United Kingdom - A E Milodowski et al
USA
 
  • Arizona
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 313, 321; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18: 1-5, II.
      • South Rim
        • Orphan District
          • Grand Canyon Village
Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Central City District
        • Lower Almaden Mine
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Fall River
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 371
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Mohawk
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Oen, et al: Neues Jahrbuch für Min. Abhandlungen:150:259-272; Dunn(1995):Pt4:550-551.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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