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Pargasite

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About PargasiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Pargasite is defined as a pargasite group member with the following dominant elements:
A position: Na
C position: Mg as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: OH as the dominant anion
Colour:
Light-brown, brown, greenish-brown to dark green and black.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1814 by Count Fabian Gotthard von Steinheil for the locality in the Pargas Valley, Finland. {Note: Count Fabian Gotthard von Steinheil is not well-known as a mineralogist. He was Governor General of Finland in 1810. Steinheilite was named for him by Johan Gadolin, also in 1814.}
Amphibole Supergroup. The Al analogue of mangani-pargasite.

Closely related to Fluor-cannilloite.


Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Pargasite.


Classification of PargasiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8/F.10-110
9.DE.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
66.1.3a.12

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
1 : Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
16.11.13

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis

Pronounciation of PargasiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of PargasiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Light-brown, brown, greenish-brown to dark green and black.
Streak:
Pale grey-green to brownish-green.
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {110}

Optical Data of PargasiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.630 nβ = 1.640 nγ = 1.650
2V:
Measured: 63° , Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of PargasiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2

Pargasite is defined as a pargasite group member with the following dominant elements:
A position: Na
C position: Mg as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: OH as the dominant anion
Common Impurities:
Ti,Cr,Mn,K,F,H2O,P

Crystallography of PargasiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.910(1) Å, b = 18.022(1) Å, c = 5.312(1) Å
β = 105.78(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.55 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
912.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Comment:
Cell from Handbook of Mineralogy. Also given as: 9.87, 18.00, 5.30 Å, 105.4°.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001081PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001082PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001083PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001084PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001085PargasiteRaudsepp M, Turnock A C, Hawthorne F C, Sherriff B L, Hartman J S (1987) Characterization of synthetic pargasitic amphiboles (NaCa2Mg4M3+Si6Al2O22(OH,F)2; M3+ = Al,Cr,Ga,Sc,In) by infrared spectroscopy, Rietveld structure refinement, and 27Al, 29Si, and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy American Mineralogist 72 580-59319870293
0001267PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample I-P from Iratsu, Japan American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001268PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample E-P from Einstodingen, Antarctica American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001270PargasiteMakino K, Tomita K (1989) Cation distribution in the octahedral sites of hornblendes sample P-P from Parau Island American Mineralogist 74 1097-110519890293
0001826PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Ungaretti L, Grice J D (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland American Mineralogist 81 995-100219960293
0002275PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002276PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002277PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002278PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002279PargasiteSharma A, Jenkins D M (1999) Hydrothermal synthesis of amphiboles along the tremolite-pargasite join and in the ternary system tremolite-pargasite-cummingtonite American Mineralogist 84 1304-131819990293
0002351PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 1 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002352PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 2 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002353PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 3 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002354PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies Sample 4 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002355PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 5 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002356PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 6 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002357PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 7 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002358PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 8 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002359PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 9 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002360PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 10 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002361PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 11 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002362PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 12 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002363PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 13 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002364PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 14 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002365PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 15 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002366PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 16 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002367PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 17 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002368PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 18 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002369PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 19 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002370PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 20 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002371PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 21 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0002372PargasiteOberti R, Vannucci R, Zanetti A, Tiepolo M, Brumm R C (2000) A Crystal Chemical re-evaluation of amphibole/melt and amphibole/clinopyroxene DTi values in petrogenetic studies SAMPLE 22 American Mineralogist 85 407-41920000293
0019530PargasiteHalenius U, Bosi F (2012) Cation ordering in Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite from Langban, Sweden American Mineralogist 97 1635-16402012Langban, Sweden0293
0005420PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005421PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005422PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005423PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005424PargasiteJenkins D M, Hawthorne F C (1995) Synthesis and rietveld refinement of amphibole along the join Ca2Mg5Si8O22F2 - NaCa2Mg4Ga3Si6O22F2 The Canadian Mineralogist 33 13-241995Synthetic0293
0005455PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotites The Canadian Mineralogist 33 867-87819950293
0005456PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotites The Canadian Mineralogist 33 867-87819950293
0005458PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotites The Canadian Mineralogist 33 867-87819950293
0005459PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E (1995) [6]Al disorder in amphiboles from mantle peridotites The Canadian Mineralogist 33 867-87819950293
0005494PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005495PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005496PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005497PargasiteHawthorne F C, Oberti R, Sardone N (1996) Sodium at the A site in clinoamphiboles: the effects of composition on patterns of order The Canadian Mineralogist 34 577-59319960293
0005571PargasiteOberti R, Hawthorne F C, Camara F, Raudsepp M (1998) Synthetic fluoro-amphiboles: site preferences of Al, Ga, Sc and inductive effects on mean bond-lengths of octahedra The Canadian Mineralogist 36 1245-125219980293
0005759PargasiteTait K T, Hawthorne F C, Della Ventura G (2001) Al-Mg disorder in a gem-quality pargasite from Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1725-17322001Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada0293
0006418PargasiteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006419PargasiteComodi P, Mellini M, Ungaretti L, Zanazzi P F (1991) Compressibility and high pressure structure refinement of tremolite, pargasite and glaucophane European Journal of Mineralogy 3 485-49919910293
0006603PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006604PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006605PargasiteOberti R, Ungaretti L, Cannillo E, Hawthorne F C, Memmi I (1995) Temperature-dependent Al order-disorder in the tetrahedral double chain of C2/m amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 7 1049-106319950293
0006771PargasiteWelch M D, Knight K S (1999) A neutron powder diffraction study of cation ordering in high-temperature synthetic amphiboles European Journal of Mineralogy 11 321-33119990293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of PargasiteHide

Synonyms of PargasiteHide

Other Language Names for PargasiteHide

German:Pargasit
Simplified Chinese:韭闪石
Spanish:Pargasita

Varieties of PargasiteHide

CarinthineBrown to brown-green pleochroic variety, occurring mainly in eclogites.
Originally reported from Gertrusk, Ladinger Spitze Mt. - Speikkogel Mt. area, Saualpe Mts, Carinthia, Austria.

Relationship of Pargasite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferro-chloro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Al2Si6O22)Cl2
Ferro-fluoro-pargasite(Na)(Ca2)(Fe2+4Al)(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Mangani-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Mn3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Potassic-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
53 photos of Pargasite associated with RubyAl2O3
41 photos of Pargasite associated with ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
25 photos of Pargasite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4
21 photos of Pargasite associated with CalciteCaCO3
11 photos of Pargasite associated with Marble
9 photos of Pargasite associated with Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
8 photos of Pargasite associated with AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
6 photos of Pargasite associated with Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
5 photos of Pargasite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
5 photos of Pargasite associated with GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Cummingtonite◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group◻{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite◻{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10JoesmithitePb2+Ca2(Mg3Fe3+2)(Si6Be2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3O22)OH2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloiteCaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si5Al3)O22F2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite◻{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edeniteNaCa2Fe2+5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutiteNaCa2{Fe2+3AlTi}(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2Mon.
9.DE.15KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edeniteKCa2Fe2+5(AlSi7O22)Cl2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite◻(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite◻[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite◻(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite◻{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedriziteNa(Li2)(Fe2+2Al2Li)[Si8O22]F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.1.3a.1Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
66.1.3a.4Alumino-magnesio-hornblende◻{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
66.1.3a.6Aluminotschermakite◻{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3a.10EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
66.1.3a.16Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
66.1.3a.18KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.11.1MadisoniteCa2Mg2Al2Si3O13 or near
16.11.3Alumino-magnesio-hornblende◻{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.4Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.5ClintoniteCaAlMg2(SiAl3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.6JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
16.11.7Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)Mon.
16.11.8TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36Mon.
16.11.9Aluminobarroisite◻{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.11.10Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.12EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2Mon.
16.11.14Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.15Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
16.11.15Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
16.11.16Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Pargasite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for PargasiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Majundar, H.H. (1972) Pargasites from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 97-100.
Welch, M.D., Kolodziejski W., Klinowski, J. (1994) A multinuclear NMR study of synthetic pargasite. American Mineralogist: 79: 261-268.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Tiepolo, M., Zanetti, A., Oberti, R. (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of [6]Ti 4+ partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 345-354.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Ishida, K., Hawthorne, F.C. (2006) Assignment of infrared OH-stretching bands in calcic amphiboles through deuteration and heat treatment. American Mineralogist: 91: 871-879.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.
Hålenius, U., Bosi, F. (2012) Cation ordering in Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist: 97: 1635-1640.
Day, M.C., Hawthorne, F.C., Susta, U., Della Ventura, G., Harlow, G.E. (2019) Gem amphiboles from Mogok, Myanmar: crystal-structure refinement, infrared spectroscopy and short-range order–disorder in gem pargasite and fluoro-pargasite. Mineralogical Magazine: 83: 361-371.

Internet Links for PargasiteHide

Localities for PargasiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan
    • Kuran wa Munjan District
      • Koksha Valley
        • Sar-e-Sang
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba District
      • Es Sebt
Kamiskey, F.V., Raman'ko, Ye.F., Kolesnikov, S.K. & Salkhi, M. 1993. Lamproites of northern Algeria. International Geology Review, 35, 235-252. Raoult, J. F., & Velde, D. (1971). Découvertes de trachytes potassiques aolivine et d’andésites en coulées dans le Miocene continental au Sud du Kef Hahouner (Nord du Constantinois). CR Acad. Sci. Paris, 272, 1051-1054.
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
Gentili, Silva (2015) mineralogical and petrological study of mantle xenoliths from Victoria Land (Antarctica)- extended abstract PLINIUS n. 41, 7 pages
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza Province
    • Las Heras Department
      • Capdevilla District
Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12553 (2016); Pagano Género, D. S., Galliski, M. A., Marquez Zavalia, M. F., & Colombo, F. (2016). Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cook Shire
      • Cape York Peninsula
Teertstra, D.K., Schindler, M., Sherriff, B.L., Hawthorne, F.C. (1999) Silvialite, a new sulfate-dominant member of the scapolite group with an Al-Si composition near the I4/m-P42/n phase transition. Mineralogical Magazine: 63: 321-329.
Updated list originally distributed by University of Queensland
      • Biggenden
part of list University of Queensland
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Güssing District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Eberstein
        • Ladinger Spitze - Speikkogel area
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
    • Villach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Griffen
        • Ladinger Spitze - Speikkogel area
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Mottana, A., Church, W.R., and Edgar, A.D. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 338-346.; G.Niedermayr (1984)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Frantschach-Sankt Gertraud
        • Fraßgraben
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Lavamünd
        • Sankt Vinzenz
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Horn District
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
ERTL, Andreas, BRANDSTÄTTER, Franz & PREM, Markus (2008): Moldanubische Korundvorkommen mit Rubin und Saphir bei Drosendorf, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich.- Mitt. Österr. Min. Ges., 154, 45-51, Wien
    • Krems-Land District
      • Paudorf
        • Meidling
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 323-342.
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Gansbach
D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
      • Emmersdorf an der Donau
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Bramberg am Wildkogel
        • Nasenkopf mountain
E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 84
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Bad Schwanberg
Aufschluss 1972(SB), 43-47
  • Tyrol
    • Lienz District
      • Prägraten am Großvenediger
        • Timmelbach valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belarus
 
  • Mogilev Region
    • Babruysk District
Levitskiy, V. I., Solodilova, V. V., Zavadich, N. S., Pavlova, L. A., & Levitskiy, I. V. (2018, July). Genetic Nature of Mineralization with Native and Intermetallic Compounds in the Bobruisk Ring Structure (Republic of Belarus). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 481, No. 1, pp. 857-861). Pleiades Publishing.
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Carangas Province
Xirouchakis, Dimitrios; Lindsley, Donald H.; Frost, B. Ronald (March 2001) Assemblages with titanite (CaTiOSiO4), Ca-Mg-Fe olivine and pyroxenes, Fe-Mg-Ti oxides, and quartz: Part II. Application. American Mineralogist. 86 (3), 259.
Brazil
 
  • Espírito Santo
    • Santa Teresa
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(1):030-034.
  • Paraíba
    • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Province
    • Krichim Municipality
      • Krichim
Arnaudov, V., Petrusenko, S., Stancheva, E., Tadzher, L. (1998): Vanadian pargasite and other vanadium-​bearing amphiboles from the Central Rhodope metamorphic complex. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 35, 69-78 (in Bulgarian).
  • Smolyan Province
Marcus Vau Collection
Marcus Voigt Collection
  • Stara Zagora Province
    • Kazanlak Municality
I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Cameroon
 
  • Northwest Region
    • Donga-Mantung
      • Nkambe
Tetsopgang, S., Koyanagi, J., Enami, M., and Kihara, K. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(3), 509-516.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Locock, Andrew John (1994) Aspects of the geochemistry and mineralogy of the Ice River alkaline intrusive complex, Yoho National Park, British Columbia. M.Sc. thesis, University of Alberta.
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks
Richard Gunter specimens
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
Can Min 38:1193-1199
        • Kimmirut (Lake Harbour)
Canadian Mineralogist (2001) 39, 1725-1732
[Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1193-1199 - "Violet-colored diopside from southern Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada - C.D.K. Herd, R.C. Peterson and G.R. Rossman"]
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm.
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527861 Area
Laarman,J.E. 2014. A DETAILED METALLOGENIC STUDY OF THE MCFAULDS LAKE CHROMITE DEPOSITS, NORTHERN ONTARIO , PhD Thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
    • Lanark County
      • North Burgess Township
ontariominerals.com
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
    • Timiskaming District
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Côte-Nord
      • Sept-Rivières RCM
Louise Corriveau (Date Modified: 2008-12-08) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny The Manitou district a Canadian iron oxide copper-gold deposit setting. Geological Survey of Canada
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
        • Notre-Dame-du-Laus
Belley, P.M., O'Neil, J. & Hattori, K. (2016) Spinel and Aspidolite from the Des Cèdres Dam Occurrence, Notre-Dame-du-Laus, Québec, Canada. Rocks & Minerals 91, #5, 448-452.
Van Velthuizen, J. V. (1993): The Parker Mine, Notre Dame du Laus (Québec). Mineralogical Record, 24(5): 369-373.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth et al. (2019): Mont Saint-Hilaire: History, Geology, Mineralogy. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 14 (in press).
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Chartrand (1999)
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
Belley (2013); BELLEY, P.M., GRICE, J.D., FAYEK, M., KOWALSKI, P.M. & GREW, E.S. (2014): A new occurrence of the borosilicate serendibite in tourmaline-bearing calc-silicate rocks, Portage-du-Fort marble, Grenville Province, Québec: evolution of boron isotope and tourmaline compositions in a metamorphic context. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 595-616.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Limarí Province
      • Ovalle
Sugaki, A., Campos, E. & Kojima, S. (2000): Mineralogy of the Panulcillo skarn copper deposit, Coquimbo region, Chile. Revista Geologica de Chile 27, 139-155.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Anqing
      • Taihu County
        • Lake Hualiangting
Franz, L., Romer, R.L., Klemd, R., Schmid, R., Oberhänsli, R., Wagner, T., and Dong Shuwen (2001): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 141, 322-346.
    • Chuzhou
      • Mingguang City
Yigang Xu, Mercier, J.C., and Chuanyong Lin (1997): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 16(3), 213-229
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Tian Shihong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Kim, S.J. (2004): Journal of China University of Geosciences 2004(1).
      • Tianjinghu
Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Guo Xifeng (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(23), 2626-2634.
      • Yi'an District
Qin Xinlong, Du Yangsong, Lee, H.K., Yin Jingwu, and Guo Xifeng (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(23), 2626-2634.
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 109-133
  • Guangxi
    • Hezhou
      • Pinggui District
Lairen Lai and Nanshi Zeng (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(6), 16-21, 28
  • Hainan
    • Tunchang Co.
Deru Xu, Bin Xia, Bakun-Czubarow, N., Chi Ma, Pengchun Li, Bachlinski, R., and Guanghao Chen (2006): Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(12), 2987-3006
  • Henan
    • Xinyang
      • Luoshan Co.
        • Sujiahe
Ratschbacher, L., Franz, L., Enkelmann, E., Jonckheere, R., Pörschke, A., Hacker, B.R., Dong, S., and Zhang, Y. (2006), In: Hacker, B.R., McClelland, W.C., and Liou, J.G. (eds.): Ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism: Deep continental subduction. Geological Society of America Special Paper 403, 45–75.
      • Xin Co.
Ruyuan Zhang and Liou, J.G. (1994): European Journal of Mineralogy 6(2), 217-233.
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Daye Co.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Chen, J., Halls, C., and Stanley, C.J. (1992): Geochemical Journal 26, 147-158.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • West Ujimqin Banner (Xiwuzhumuqin Co.)
Wenji Bai and Hang Li (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3)
  • Jiangsu
    • Lianyungang
      • Donghai Co.
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., and Smith, D.C. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 769-782.
Rong Yan and Jianjun Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1621-1633
        • Zhimafang
Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Zheng, J.P. (2004): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 147, 21-31.
  • Shandong
    • Rizhao
      • Lanshan District
Wang, Z.; Zhang, S.; Li, X.-P.; Wang, S.; Wang, D.; Kong, F.-M.; Liu, J.; Li, Z.; Li, D.; Wang, J.; Yang, Y. (2020) Metamorphic Evolution of Garnet-Bearing Ultramafic Rocks in the Hujialin Area, Sulu Ultrahigh-Pressure Orogenic Belt, Eastern China. Minerals 10, 225.
    • Weihai
      • Rongcheng Co.
http://www.ngu.no/FileArchive/165/2003_055.pdf Geological Survey of Norway / The Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium / Abstract Volume.
  • Shanxi
    • Linfen
      • Yicheng Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
        • Panzhihua Fe-V-Ti-(PGE) deposit
Gao, W., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Slattery, A., Huang, F., & Song, D. (2019). Nanoscale study of titanomagnetite from the Panzhihua layered intrusion, Southwest China: Multistage exsolutions record ore formation. Minerals, 9(9), 513.; Gao, W., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Huang, F., Meng, L., & Gao, S. (2017). Petrography and trace element signatures in silicates and Fe–Ti-oxides from the Lanjiahuoshan deposit, Panzhihua layered intrusion, Southwest China. Lithos, 294, 164-183.
  • Tibet
    • Nyingtri Prefecture (Linzhi Prefecture)
      • Mêdog Co. (Motuo Co.)
Liu, Y, 1997. Petrologic study of high-pressure granulites and carbonatites in Namjagbarwa area, and the tectonic significance. PhD thesis, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science.
Yan Liu, Zhesheng Ma, Xiuling Han, Huyun Zhou, Peishan Zhang, and Dalai Zhong (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(4), 338-340
  • Xinjiang
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Jiang, Y.; Shi, G.; Xu, L.; Li, X. (2020) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Nephrite Jade from Yinggelike Deposit, Altyn Tagh (Xinjiang, NW China). Minerals 10, 418.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Baishiquan ore district
Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
        • Tuwu-Yandong copper ore belt
Ruan, B.; Liao, M.; Sun, B.; Chen, C. (2020) Origin and Nature of Parental Magma and Sulfide Segregation of the Baixintan Magmatic Ni–Cu Sulfide Deposit, Southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB), NW China: Insights from Mineral Chemistry of Chromite and Silicate Minerals. Minerals 10, 1050.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Wei Lin and Masaki Enami (2006): Island Arc 15(4), 483-502.
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Junggar basin
Genyong Peng, John Lewis, Bruce Lipin, James McGee, Peisheng Bao, Xibin Wang (1995) Inclusions of phlogopite and phlogopite hydrates in chromium from the Hongguleleng ophiolite in Xinjiang, northwest China. American Mineralogist 80:1307-1316
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Chengdian Pen (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(3), 37-48; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Condoto Municipality
Tistl, M. (1994). Geochemistry of platinum-group elements of the zoned ultramafic Alto Condoto complex, northwest Colombia. Economic Geology, 89(1), 158-167.
Cuba
 
  • Guantánamo Province
Cárdenas-Párraga, J., García-Casco, A., Núñez-Cambra, K., Rodríguez-Vega, A., Blanco-Quintero, I. F., Harlow, G. E., & Lázaro, C. (2010). Jadeitite jade occurrence from the Sierra del Convento mélange (eastern Cuba). Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 62(1), 199-205.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
      • Písek
Houzar, S., Litochleb, J., Sejkora, J., Cempirek, J., & Cicha, J. (2008). Unusual mineralization with niobian titanite and Bi-tellurides in scheelite skarn from Kamenné doly quarry near Písek, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. Journal of Geosciences, 53(1), 1-16.
    • Tábor District
      • Dolní Hořice
Vrána, S.: Hliníkem bohatý pargasit a dravit z Chýnova u Tábora. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1978, roč. 23, č. 4, s. 435.
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Litoměřice District
      • Podsedice (Podseditz)
SEIFERT AV, VRÁNA S, (2005) Bohemian garnet. Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol 80, No 2, pages 113 - 124
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Pauliš, P: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001, s. 29-30.
Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
Dominican Republic
 
  • María Trinidad Sánchez Province
    • Río San Juan
Krebs, M., Maresch, W. V., Schertl, H. P., Münker, C., Baumann, A., Draper, G., ... & Trapp, E. (2008). The dynamics of intra-oceanic subduction zones: a direct comparison between fossil petrological evidence (Rio San Juan Complex, Dominican Republic) and numerical simulation. Lithos, 103(1-2), 106-137.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1039-1056.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Enontekiö
Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
  • Southwest Finland
Mineralogical Magazine, April 1997, Vol. 61, pp. 295-321
Eskola et. al 1919
Knut Eldjarn photo and specimen
Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
Jyrki Autio specimen & photo
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Azérat
Leblanc, M., Didier, J. (1987) Enclaves ultrabasiques carbonatisées avec traces d'or, dans les anatexites du Haut-Allier (France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110(4): 359-371.
        • Saint-Cirgues
Leblanc, M., Didier, J. (1987) Enclaves ultrabasiques carbonatisées avec traces d'or, dans les anatexites du Haut-Allier (France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110(4): 359-371.
        • Saint-Ilpize
FORESTIER F. H., LASNIER B. (1969) – Découverte de niveaux d’amphibolites à pargasite, anorthite, corindon et saphirine dans les schistes cristallins de la vallée du Haut-Allier – Existence du faciès granulite dans la massif Central Français, Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 23, pp. 194-235.
          • Grenier
Collected by Guy Pégère
          • la Redonde
collected by Guy Pégère and François Périnet.
          • Ribeyre
Collected by Guy Pégère
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
PERINET F., PEGERE G. (2009) – Les sables éluvionnaires à rubis et sapphirine du secteur de Peygerolles, St-Privat-du-Dragon, Haute-Loire – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n° 104, pp. 35-41.
        • Torsiac
          • Lanau
Leblanc, M., Didier, J. (1987) Enclaves ultrabasiques carbonatisées avec traces d'or, dans les anatexites du Haut-Allier (France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110(4): 359-371.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Issoire
        • Champagnat-le-Jeune
Leblanc, M., Didier, J. (1987) Enclaves ultrabasiques carbonatisées avec traces d'or, dans les anatexites du Haut-Allier (France). Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110(4): 359-371.
Briot, D., Cantagrel, J. M., Dupuy, C., & Harmon, R. S. (1991). Geochemical evolution in crustal magma reservoirs: Trace-element and Sr Nd O isotopic variations in two continental intraplate series at Monts Dore, Massif Central, France. Chemical geology, 89(3-4), 281-303. Brousse, R. (1961). Minéralogie et pétrographie des roches volcaniques du Massif du Mont-Dore. Bull. Soc. Franc. Min4ral. Crist, 84, 245-259. Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Brousse, R., Rançon, J. P., Tempier, P., & Veyret, Y. (1989). Bourg-Lastic, Carte Géologique de la France à 1/50 000. Editions du BRGM-BP, 6009-45060. Cantagrel, J. M., & Baubron, J. C. (1983). Chronologie des éruptions dans le massif volcanique des Monts Dore (méthode potassium-argon). Bur. Rech. Géol. Min.(Fr.), Sect. Géol.(2), 1(1–2), 123-142. Sébastien, N., Jean-François, P., Nehlig, P., Hervé, G., Vincent, S., & Stéphane, S. Tephrochronology of the Mont-Dore volcanic Massif (Massif Central, France): new 40 Ar/39 Ar constraints on the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene activity. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76, 798. Sørensen, H., Bernth, U., & Brousse, R. (1999). Trachytes and phonolites from the Mont-Dore region, Auvergne, France. Geolines, (9), 114-118.
      • Riom
        • Saint-Angel
Vincent, P. M., Aubert, M., Boivin, P., Cantagrel, J. M., & Lenat, J. F. (1977). Decouverte d'un volcanisme paleocene en Auvergne; les maars de Menat et leurs annexes, etude geologique et geophysique. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 7(5), 1057-1070.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Loiret
      • Montargis
        • Gien
collected by François Périnet
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
Baranyi, I., Lippolt, H.J. & Todt, W. (1976). KALIUM-ARGON-ALTERSBESTIMMUNGEN AN TERTIAEREN VULKANITEN DES OBERRHEINGRABEN-GEBIETES: II DIE ALTERSTRAVERSE VON HEGAU NACH LOTHRINGEN. Oberrheinische Geologische Abhandlungen, 25, 41-62. Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. BROUSSE, R., & BELLON, H. (1983). Réflexions chronologiques et pétrologiques sur le volcanisme associé au développement des rifts de France. Bulletin des centres de recherches exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 7(1), 409-424. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Keller, J., Kraml, M., & Henjes-Kunst, F. (2002). 40Ar/39Ar single crystal laser dating of early volcanism in the Upper Rhine Graben and tectonic implications. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 82, 121-130. Wimmenauer, W. (1952). Petrographische Untersuchungen an einigen basischen Eruptivgesteinen des Oberrheingebietes. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 83, 375-432.
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
      • Gourbeyre
Ph. D'arco, J. Cotten, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 153-159.
  • New Caledonia
    • Southern Province
      • Mont Dore
        • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Limoges
D. Coffrant, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 70-78.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
          • Col d'Agnès
            • La Freychinède
J.L. Bodinier et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 345-358 / J.P. Lorand, 1989, Lithos, 23, 281-299
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lers
Claude Laforêt, Pierre Monchoux,.Elisabeth Oudin, Francis Tollon,.[et al.], 1983, Inventaire minéralogique de la France n°11, Ariège 09-1 Bassin versant du Salat, BRGM , pp 110-111, Etang de Lherz S. S. 4.
    • Aveyron
      • Millau
        • Pont-de-Salars
G. Trolliard et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 439-448.
    • Hérault
      • Montpellier
N. Cabanes and J.C.C. Mercier, Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 65-77.
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Céret
        • Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste
Goujou J-C., Guitard G., Berbain C. (2000), Le massif de Costabonne, 2464 m (Pyrénées-Orientales), Le Règne Minéral, n°32, pp: 5-12
      • Prades
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger EditeGuitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel. Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 87.
    • Tarn
      • Castres
        • Lacaune
Béziat, J.L. Joron et P. Monchoux : "Spessartites in the Montagne Noire, France : mineralogical and geochemical data", Eur. Journ. Mineral., 1993, 5, pp 879-891.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
    • Tübingen Region
      • Reutlingen
Cloos, H. (1941). Bau and Tätigkeit von Tuffschloten: Geol. Rundschau, 32, 704-800. Lippolt, H. J., Todt, W. & Baranyi, I. (1973). K-Ar ages of basaltic rocks from the Urach volcanic district, SW Germany. Fortschritte der Mineralogie, Stuttgart, 50, 101-102. Alibert, C., Michard, A., & Albarède, F. (1983). The transition from alkali basalts to kimberlites: isotope and trace element evidence from melilitites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 82(2-3), 176-186. Keller, J., Brey, G., Lorenz, V., & Sachs, P. (1990). Volcanism and petrology of the upper Rhinegraben (Urach-Hegau-Kaiserstuhl). Fieldguide, IAVCEI 1990 preconference excursion, 2. Hegner, E., Walter, H. J., & Satir, M. (1995). Pb-Sr-Nd isotopic compositions and trace element geochemistry of megacrysts and melilitites from the Tertiary Urach volcanic field: source composition of small volume melts under SW Germany. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 322-335. Wilson, M., Rosenbaum, J. M., & Dunworth, E. A. (1995). Melilitites: partial melts of the thermal boundary layer?. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 119(2-3), 181-196. Hegner, E., & Vennemann, T. W. (1997). Role of fluids in the origin of Tertiary European intraplate volcanism: evidence from O, H, and Sr isotopes in melilitites. Geology, 25(11), 1035-1038. Dunworth, E. A., & Wilson, M. (1998). Olivine melilitites of the SW German Tertiary Volcanic Province: mineralogy and petrogenesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(10), 1805-1836. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.346
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Passau District
        • Vilshofen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Franconia
      • Bayreuth District
        • Bad Berneck im Fichtelgebirge
      • Hof District
        • Oberkotzau
F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt (Hof), 1984
        • Rehau
          • Wurlitz
Rost, F. (1949): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 627-688.
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Bergstraße
        • Bensheim
          • Hochstädten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Kempenich
          • Engeln
Loock, G., Stosch, H.-G., Seck, H.A. (1990): Granulite facies lower crustal xenoliths from the Eifel, West Germany, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 105, pp. 25-41
        • Wehr
Viereck, L., Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel, Bochumer geol. Geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
    • Bernkastel-Wittlich District
      • Wittlich-Land
        • Meerfeld
Witt-Eickschen, G., Kaminsky, W., Kramm, U., Harte, B., The Nature of Young vein Metasomatism in the Lithosphere of the West Eifel (Germany):…..from Mantle Xenoliths from the Meerfelder Maar, Journal of Petrology, 39, 155-185, 1998
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Bell
- Viereck, L.: Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel. Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
        • Mendig
Viereck, L., Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel, Bochumer geol. Geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
Schäfer, Ch. (2016): Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 67 (1) , pp. 5-15
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Dreis-Brück
          • Dreis
[Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Marienberg
        • Zöblitz
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
      • Seiffen
        • Deutschneudorf
          • Oberlochmühle
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
  • Thuringia
    • Greiz District
      • Weida
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Richter, E. & Rüger, F. (2010): Der Diabas-Tagebau Loitsch in Thüringen und seine Mineralien. Lapis 35 (2), 13-22; 54.
Greece
 
  • Central Greece
    • Phthiotis
      • Domokos
Kapsiotis, A., Ewing Rassios, A., Antonelou, A., & Tzamos, E. (2016). Genesis and multi-episodic alteration of zircon-bearing chromitites from the ayios stefanos mine, othris Massif, Greece: Assessment of an unconventional hypothesis on the origin of zircon in ophiolitic chromitites. Minerals, 6(4), 124.
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., and Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 312-319.
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Drama
      • Paranesti
Wang et al. (2017), The Origin of a new Pargasite-Schist Hosted Ruby Deposit from Paranesti, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 55, pp. 535-560.; Voudouris, P., Mavrogonatos, C., Graham, I., Giuliani, G., Tarantola, A., Melfos, V., ... & Magganas, A. (2019) Gemstones of Greece: Geology and Crystallizing Environments. Minerals, 9(8), 461.
    • Rhodope
      • Thermes
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
  • Epirus
    • Pindus
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Pelletier, L., Vils, F., Kalt, A., & Gméling, K. (2008). Li, B and Be contents of harzburgites from the Dramala Complex (Pindos Ophiolite, Greece): Evidence for a MOR-type mantle in a supra-subduction zone environment. Journal of Petrology, 49(11), 2043-2080.
Kapsiotis, A. N. (2013). Genesis of chromitites from Korydallos, Pindos Ophiolite Complex, Greece, based on spinel chemistry and PGE-mineralogy. Journal of Geosciences, 58(1), 49-69.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
    • Nuuk
      • Fiskenæsset
        • Allumersat
Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (1980): Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record 11,93-96
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.46]
    • Tasiilaq
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Eger District
      • Szarvaskő
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Nógrád County
    • Bárna
C. Szabó et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 881-899.
    • Diósjenő
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Veszprém County
    • Tapolca district
      • Szigliget
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Dumka District
Bhattacharjee, N., Ray, J., Ganguly, S., & Saha, A. (2012). Mineralogical Study of Gabbro-Anorthosite from Dumka, Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, Eastern Indian Shield. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 80(4), 481-492.
  • Rajasthan
    • Jaipur district
      • Sikar District
        • Khetri
Baidya, A. S., Sen, A., & Pal, D. C. (2018). Textures and compositions of cobalt pentlandite and cobaltian mackinawite from the Madan-Kudan copper deposit, Khetri Copper Belt, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 127(4), 56.
    • Jhunjhunu District
Baidya, A. S., Sen, A., & Pal, D. C. (2018). Textures and compositions of cobalt pentlandite and cobaltian mackinawite from the Madan-Kudan copper deposit, Khetri Copper Belt, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 127(4), 56.
  • West Bengal
    • Paschim Bardhaman District
Mitchell, R. H. & Fareeduddin (2009). Mineralogy of peralkaline lamproites from the Raniganj Coalfield, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 457-477. Middlemost, E. A., Paul, D. K., & Fletcher, I. R. (1988). Geochemistry and mineralogy of the minette-lamproite association from the Indian Gondwanas. Lithos, 22(1), 31-42.
Indonesia
 
  • West Nusa Tenggara Province
Turner, S., Foden, J., George, R., Evans, P., Varne, R., Elburg, M., & Jenner, G. (2003). Rates and processes of potassic magma evolution beneath Sangeang Api volcano, East Sunda arc, Indonesia. Journal of Petrology, 44(3), 491-515. Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1980). The petrology and tectonic setting of Quaternary—recent volcanic centres of Lombok and Sumbawa, Sunda arc. Chemical Geology, 30(3), 201-226. Foden, J. D., & Varne, R. (1981). Petrogenetic and tectonic implications of near coeval calcalkaline to highly alkaline volcanism on Lombok and Sumbawa islands in the eastern Sunda Arc. In The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia (Vol. 2, pp. 135-152). Geological Research and Development Centre.
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Piranshahr County
Mazhari, S. A., Bea, F., Amini, S., Ghalamghash, J., Molina, J. F., Montero, P., ... & Williams, I. S. (2009). The Eocene bimodal Piranshahr massif of the Sanandaj–Sirjan Zone, NW Iran: a marker of the end of the collision in the Zagros orogen. Journal of the Geological Society, 166(1), 53-69.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html, Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI]
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Imma Punzo find & collection
Imma Punzo find & collection
  • Lazio
    • Latina Province
Beccaluva, L., Di Girolamo, P., & Serri, G. (1991). Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Roman Volcanic Province, Italy. Lithos, 26(3-4), 191-221. Metrich, N., Santacroce, R., & Savelli, C. (1988). Ventotene a Quaternary potassic volcano in central Tyrrhenian Sea. Rendiconti Societa Italiana Mineralogia e Petrologia, 43, 1195-1213. Bellucci, F., Lirer, L., & Munno, R. (1999). Geology of Ponza, Ventotene and Santo Stefano islands (with a 1: 15,000 scale geological map). Acta Vulcanologica, 11(2), 197-222.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Chiesa in Valmalenco
      • Valfurva
        • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Vernante
        • Val Grande
Colombo F., Compagnoni R., Lombardo B. (1994): Le rocce eclogitiche dei Laghi del Frisson (Argentera sud-orientale, Alpi Marittime). Atti Tic. Sci. Terra, Serie speciale, 1, 75-82; Ferrando S., Lombardo B., Compagnoni R. (2008): Metamorphic history of HP mafic granulites from the Gesso-Stura Terrain (Argentera Massif, Western Alps, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral., 20, 777-790.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baceno
        • Devero Alp
      • Different Municipalities
http://library.iem.ac.ru/can-min/vol33/cm4/oberti.html
    • Vercelli Province
      • Varallo Sesia
        • Sabbia
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Sessa, G., Moroni, M., Tumiati, S., Caruso, S., & Fiorentini, M. L. (2017). Ni-Fe-Cu-PGE ore deposition driven by metasomatic fluids and melt-rock reactions in the deep crust: the ultramafic pipe of Valmaggia, Ivrea-Verbano, Italy. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 485-509.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
Carraro, A., & Visonà, D. (2003). Mantle xenoliths in Triassic camptonite dykes of the Predazzo Area (Dolomites, Northern Italy) petrography, mineral chemistry and geothermobarometry. European journal of Mineralogy, 15(1), 103-115.
      • Sella Giudicarie
        • Breguzzo
          • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
            • Malga Trivena hut
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T. (1992): REE-bearing minerals in a Ti-rich vein from the Adamello contact aureole (Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 83-100.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Cogollo del Cengio
        • Cengio Mountain
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Oga City
      • Oga peninsula
Aoki, K. (1971) Contr. Min. Petr., 30, 314-331; Aoki, K., Shiba, I. (1973) Jour. Japanese Assoc. Min. Petr. and Economic Geology, 68, 303-310.
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Shimazaki, H., Bunno, M., & Ozawa, T. (1984). Sadanagaite and magnesio-sadanagaite, new silica-poor members of calcific amphibole from Japan. Am. Mineral, 69, 465-471.
Amer.Min.(1984) 69, 465-471
    • Niihama City
      • Besshi
        • Sebadani
Naohito Kishira, Akira Takasu and Md. Fazle Kabir(2013):Modes of occurrence and chemical compositions of amphiboles. in eclogite from the northeastern part of the Seba eclogitic basic schists in the Sambagawa metamorphic belt, central Shikoku, Japan. Geoscience Rept. Shimane Univ.,vol 32, pp33-42
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Hida City
Okuno, T. (1964) Skarns in the Kamioka mine. Annual Reports of Misasa Medical Center, Okayama University pp63-94
    • Ibi District
      • Ibigawa-cho
European Journal of Mineralogy (2004) 16, 1, 177-183; Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Kogure T, Matsubara S, Kamiya T, Yamada S (2005) Aspidolite, the Na analogue of phlogopite, from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan, description and structural data. Mineralogical Magazine 69, 1047-1057
Banno, Y., Miyawaki, R., Kogure, T., Matsubara, S., Kamiya, T., & Yamada, S. (2005). Aspidolite, the Na analogue of phlogopite, from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan: description and structural data. Mineralogical Magazine, 69(6), 1047-1057.
    • Motosu City
      • Neo area
Sawaki, T. (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 357-373 (in Japanese with English abstract).
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Hidaka Subprefecture
      • Samani District
        • Samani-cho
          • Horoman peridotite body
E. Takazawa et al. , Journal of Petrology, V 40, N 12, December 1999, pp. 1827-1851.
E. Takazawa et al. , Journal of Petrology, V 40, N 12, December 1999, pp. 1827-1851.
E. Takazawa et al. , Journal of Petrology, V 40, N 12, December 1999, pp. 1827-1851.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Miyako City
      • Kamineichi
Watanabe et al (1963) Kotoite, Mg3(BO3)2, from the Neichi mine, Iwate prefecture, Japan. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, series B, 39, 164-169.; Aleksandrov, S. M., & Troneva, M. A. (2012). Genesis and composition of borates in the metasomatically altered dolomitic, rhodochrosite, and calcareous marbles of Japan. Geochemistry International, 50(11), 885-898.
  • Niigata Prefecture
    • Itoigawa City
      • Ōmi
www.city.itoigawa.niigata.jp/fmm/detail-menu2/min109-corundum/corundum.html (in matrix of corundum-bearing river cobbles)
  • Tottori Prefecture
Arai, S., & Yurimoto, H. (1994). Podiform chromitites of the Tari-Misaka ultramafic complex, southwestern Japan, as mantle-melt interaction products. Economic Geology, 89(6), 1279-1288.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Kargaly
P.M. Kartashov data; Melcher, F., Grum, W., Simon, G., Thalhammer, T.V., Stumpfl, E.F. (1997): Petrogenesis of the Ophiolitic Giant Chromite Deposits of Kempirsai, Kazakhstan: a Study of Solid and Fluid Inclusions in Chromite. J Petrol.: 38(10), 1419–1458; https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/38.10.1419
Madagascar
 
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Esira
Majmundar, H.H. (1969): Pargasites from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 97-100
      • Manevy
Majmundar, H.H. (1969): Pargasites from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 97-100
      • Tranomaro
        • Ambindandrakemba
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive
Majmundar, H.H. (1969): Pargasites from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 97-100
Seydoux-Guillaume, A-M.,Montel, J-M., Wirth, R. & Moine, B. (2009): Radiation damage in diopside and calcite crystals from uranothorianite inclusions. Chemical Geology, (2009),318-332
    • Betroka
      • Beapombo II
Michel Arliguie collection & photo (Photo ID: 964869, Ex J. Behier specimen, labelled pargasite)
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ambohitsimanova
Giuliani, G.; Groat, L.A.; Fallick, A.E.; Pignatelli, I.; Pardieu, V. (2020) Ruby Deposits: A Review and Geological Classification. Minerals 10, 597.
Mali
 
  • Kayes Region
    • Bafoulabé Cercle
      • Arrondissement of Diakon (Diako)
        • Bendougou village (Bendoukou village; Benduko village)
XRD by John Attard on a specimen from a locality near Djouga http://www.mindat.org/photo-684836.html
XRD by John Attard. Specimen was purchased in Bamako, Mali
Mauritania
 
  • Tiris Zemmour Region
    • Tin Bessais
Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Mozambique
 
  • Cabo Delgado Province
    • Montepuez
Pardieu, V., Sangsawong, S., Muyal,J.,Chauviré, B., Massi, L. and N. Sturman (2013) Rubies from the Montepuez area (Mozambique). GIA News from Research October 12, 2013.
Myanmar
David Heaveysege, Yassir A. Abdu, and Frank C. Hawthorne (2015): Long-range and short-range order in gem pargasite from Myanmar: crystal-structure refinement and infrared spectroscopy. Can. Mineral., 53, 497-510. [only "Myanmar" given as locality; probably from the Mogok area]
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
          • Thurein-taung
Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
        • Mogok Valley
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger material; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Namibia
 
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Kaiser, E. (Ed.). (1926). Die diamantenwüste Südwest-Afrikas: zugleich erläuterung zu einer geologischen spezialkarte der südlichen diamantfelder l: 25000 (Vol. 2). D. Reimer. Kröner, A. (1973). Comments on “Is the African plate stationary?”. Nature, 243(5401), 29-30. doi.org/10.1038/243029a0 Lock, B. E., & Marsh, J. S. (1981). Tertiary phonolite volcanism in the Klinghardt mountains of South West Africa/Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 84(1), 1-6. Marsh, J. S. (1987). Evolution of a strongly differentiated suite of phonolites from the Klinghardt Mountains, Namibia. Lithos, 20(1), 41-58. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(87)90023-5
New Zealand
 
  • Southland Region
    • Invercargill City
Mossman, D.J., Coombs, D.S., Kawachi, Y., Reay, A. (2000) High-Mg Arc-Ankaramitic Dikes Greenhills Complex Southland New Zealand, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 191-216.
Mossman, D.J., Coombs, D.S., Kawachi, Y., Reay, A. (2000) High-Mg Arc-Ankaramitic Dykes, Greenhills Complex, Southland, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 191-216.
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Froland
Visser, D. et al. (1999) The occurrence of preiswerkite in a tourmaline-biotite-scapolite rock from Blengsvatn, Norway. American Mineralogist, 84: 977–982.
      • Lyngrott
Brickwood, J. D. (1986): The geology and mineralogy of some Fe-Cu-Ni sulphide deposits in the Bamble area, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 66, 189-208
  • Innlandet
    • Vågå
      • Vågåmo
Garmo, T. (1995). Norsk Steinbok. Universitetsforlaget.(3. edition)
  • Møre og Romsdal
    • Molde
      • Midsund
        • Otrøya
          • Korveneset
Cutts, J. A. (2019) Geochronology of ultrahigh-pressure rocks to interrogate the evolution of the continental crust and mantle. Thesis, University of British Columbia. Doi: 10.14288/1.0378408
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Alta
      • Stjernøya Island
Cadow, R. (1993): Sm - Nd and Rb - Sr ages of hornblende clinopyroxenite and metagabbro from Lillebukt Alkaline Complex, Seiland Igneous Province. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 73, # 4, pp. 243 - 249.
Robins, B., & Tysseland, M. (1983). The geology, geochemistry and origin of ultrabasic fenites associated with the Pollen Carbonatite (Finnmark, Norway). Chemical Geology, 40(1-2), 65-95.
    • Hasvik
      • Sørøya
Michalsen, A. (2000): Forekomster av mineraler og naturstein på Sørøya. STEIN 27 (2), 4-11
Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A., & Fitch, F. J. (1967). The age of alkaline rocks from west Finnmark, northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47(3), 255-273. Robins, B. (1972). Syenite-carbonatite relationships in the Seiland gabbro province, Finnmark, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 272, 43-58. Robins, B., & Gardner, P. M. (1974). Synorogenetic layered basic intrusions in the Seiland petrographic province, Finmark. Norges Geol, Unders, 312, 91-130. Robins, B., & Gardner, P. M. (1975). The magmatic evolution of the Seiland Province, and Caledonian plate boundaries in northern Norway. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 26(2), 167-178. Robins, B. (1984). Petrography and petrogenesis of nephelinized metagabbros from Finnmark, Northern Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 86(2), 170-177. Pedersen, R.B., Dunning, G.R., Robins, B. (1989): U–Pb ages of nepheline syenite pegmatites from the Seiland Magmatic Province, N. Norway. The Caledonide Geology of Scandinavia, 3–5. Robins, B. 1996. The Seiland igneous province, north Norway. In: Field Trip Guidebook. International Geological Correlation Program (IGCP) Project 336. Layered Mafic Complexes and Related Ore Deposits of Northern Fennoscandia: Finland, Norway, Russia. University of Bergen, Norway.
    • Tromsø
Kullerud, K., Nasipuri, P., Ravna, E. J. K., & Selbekk, R. S. (2012) Formation of corundum megacrysts during H2O-saturated incongruent melting of feldspar: P–T pseudosection-based modelling from the Skattøra migmatite complex, North Norwegian Caledonides. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 164 (4): 627–641.
Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
  • Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 51: 735-770
    • Nome
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    • Sandefjord
      • Østerøya
        • Yxney
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
Contr. Min. Petr. (1998) 131, (2-3), 111 - 122.; Matsukage, K., and Arai, S. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 111-122.
Pakistan
 
  • Azad Jammu and Kashmir
    • Muzaffarabad District
      • Neelum Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Nagar District
      • Aliabad
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Mansehra District
      • Kaghan valley
        • Naran
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 613-618.
Paraguay
 
  • Paraguarí Department
DHZ, Vol. 2B, 2nd ed., pp. 460-461.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Central Luzon Region
Fournelle, J., Carmody, R., & Daag, A. S. (1996). Anhydrite-bearing pumices from the June 15, 1991, eruption of Mount Pinatubo: geochemistry, mineralogy, and petrology. Fire and Mud: Eruptions and Lahars of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines, 845-862.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
        • Kletno
Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
  • Maramureș
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp.
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Miass
Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
    • Plastovsky District
      • Plast
Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Beloziminskoe
Ashchepkov, I.; Zhmodik, S.; Belyanin, D.; Kiseleva, O.N.; Medvedev, N.; Travin, A.; Yudin, D.; Karmanov, N.S.; Downes, H. (2020) Aillikites and Alkali Ultramafic Lamprophyres of the Beloziminsky Alkaline Ultrabasic-Carbonatite Massif: Possible Origin and Relations with Ore Deposits. Minerals 10, 404.
    • Lake Baikal area
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Podlipsky, M. Y., Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Vishnevskiy, A. V., & Polyakov, G. V. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Tartai massif, East Siberian metallogenic province. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 172-196.
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Chayka, I.F.; Zhitova, L.M.; Antsiferova, T.N.; Abersteiner, A.; Shevko, A.Y.; Izokh, A.E.; Tolstykh, N.D.; Gora, M.P.; Chubarov, V.M.; Kamenetsky, V.S. (2020) In-Situ Crystallization and Continuous Modification of Chromian Spinel in the “Sulfide-Poor Platinum-Group Metal Ores” of the Norilsk-1 Intrusion (Northern Siberia, Russia). Minerals 10, 498.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Pavel M. Kartashov data (2012)
Orsoev, D.A. [Орсоев, Д.А.] (1985): Mineralogy of copper-nickel ores of the Lovnoozero deposit (Kola peninsula) [Минералогия сульфидных медно-никелевых руд Ловноозерского местророждения (Кольский полуостров)]. Candidate's degree thesis, USSR Academy of Sciences, Apatity, 253 pp. (in Russian); Orsoev, D.A., Kanakin, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya., Ushchapovskaya, Z.F., Reznitsky, L.Z. (2016): Mineral CuFe2S4 from Sulfide Copper–Nickel Ores of the Lovnoozero Deposit, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58, 579-585.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
    • Serpentinite Belt
Barkov, A.Y.; Korolyuk, V.N.; Barkova, L.P.; Martin, R.F. (2020) Double-Front Crystallization in the Chapesvara Ultramafic Subvolcanic Complex, Serpentinite Belt, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Minerals 10, 14.
Barkov, A.Y.; Korolyuk, V.N.; Barkova, L.P.; Martin, R.F. (2020) Double-Front Crystallization in the Chapesvara Ultramafic Subvolcanic Complex, Serpentinite Belt, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Minerals 10, 14.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Loukhsky District
Nikolay Serebryakov data
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Semenov, S.V., Glebovitsky, V.A., Kol’tsov, A.B., Semenov, V.S., Korneev, S.I., and Savatenkov, V.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(4), 249-274.
Kovalskaya, T. N., Kotelnikov, A. R., & Varlamov, D. A. (2017). Rock-forming Minerals of Tiksheozersky Massif (North Karelia, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 115-117).
    • Sortavala City District
Museum Victoria specimen number M 5524
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Aldan
      • El'konskii Gorst
Pavel M. Kartashov data
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=793
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
Zaccarini, F., Pushkarev, E., & Garuti, G. (2008). Platinum-group element mineralogy and geochemistry of chromitite of the Kluchevskoy ophiolite complex, central Urals (Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 33(1), 20-30.
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E. V., Zaccarini, F., Cabella, R., & Anikina, E. (2003). Chromite composition and platinum-group mineral assemblage in the Uktus Uralian-Alaskan-type complex (Central Urals, Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 312-326.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
Spiridonov, E. M., Orsoev, D. A., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2019). Germanium-Rich Palladium Minerals Palladogermanide Pd 2 Ge, Paolovite Pd 2 (Sn, Ge), and Zvyagintsevite in Sulfide-Bearing Anorthosites of the Yoko-Dovyren Pluton, Baikal Area. Geochemistry International, 57(5), 600-603.
Spiridonov, E. M., Orsoev, D. A., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2019, April). Palladogermanide PdGe 2 from Sulfidized Anorthosite of the Yoko-Dovyren Intrusion: First Finding in Russia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 485, No. 2, pp. 458-460). Pleiades Publishing.
Spiridonov, E. M., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., Pshenitsyn, I. V., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2018). Laurite and Ir-osmium from plagioclase lherzolite of the Yoko–Dovyren mafic–ultramafic pluton, Northern Baikal Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(3), 210-219.; Kislov, E.V.; Khudyakova, L.I. (2020) Yoko–Dovyren Layered Massif: Composition, Mineralization, Overburden and Dump Rock Utilization. Minerals 10, 682.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 
Ph. D'arco, J. Cotten, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 153-159.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Medina Region
Faheha, A. A., Hamidalddin, S. Q., Al-Turkestany, N. A., & Ibraheim, N. M. (2012). Concentrations Of Natural And Man-Made Radioactivity Of Surface Soil In Al-Madinh Al-Monawarah, Western Province of Saudi Arabia. Isotope and Radiation Research, 44(2), 495-504.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Lučenec District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hajnáčka
        • Hajnáčka sapphire occurrence
Uher P., Gregáňová G., Szakall S., 2006: Sapphire-bearingh syenite xenolith from Gortva, Cérová Mountains, Slovakia. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.124
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Tulčík
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
Slovenia
 
Janák, M., Uher, P., Ravna, E.K., Kullerud, K., Vrabec, M. (2015): Chromium-rich kyanite, magnesiostaurolite and corundum in ultrahigh-pressure eclogites (examples from Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia and Tromsø Nappe, Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 377-392
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cóbdar
Canadian Mineralogist 40:67-83
    • Granada
      • Salobreña occurrence
J.M. Azanon and B. Goffé, Eur. J. Mineral., 1997, 9, pp. 1035-1051.
    • Málaga
      • Mijas
Romero Silva, JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Published by the Malaga County Council CEDMA. 318pp. 1 map
      • Ojén
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga España. Edita CEDMA County council
        • Sierra Blanca
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga, Diputación de Málaga, 318 pp. .
Gervilla, F., Gutiérrez-Narbona, R., & Fenoll-Hach-Alí, P. (2002). The origin of different types of magmatic mineralizations from small-volume melts in the lherzolite massifs of the Serranía de Ronda. Boletín de la Sociedad Espanola de Mineralogía, 25, 79-96.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Atienza
        • Alpedroches
- Majarena Serrano, U. (2015): El Magmatismo del sector de Atienza (Guadalajara): Cartografía geológica, estudio estructural, petrología y geoquímica y modelo de emplazamiento. Trabajo Fin de Grado. Directores: Dr. Marceliano Lago San José y Dr. Andrés Gil Imaz, Depto. Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Zaragoza, 41 pg.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Santiago de Compostela
        • Aríns
Pascual, E; Estévez, A. (1981) Estudio geológico del yacimiento de Fornás (Santiago). Cuaderno do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 2 (vol II):191-211
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Tallante
        • Cabezo Negro de Tallante
S. Capedri et al. : "Upper-mantle xenoliths and megacrysts in an alkali basalt from Tallante, South-eastern Spain", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 685-699.
S. Capedri et al. : "Upper-mantle xenoliths and megacrysts in an alkali basalt from Tallante, South-eastern Spain", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 685-699.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Columbretes Islands
Aparicio, A., Araña, V., Garcia, R. & Grachev, A. 1994. The origin of the Columbretes Islands' basanitic and phonolitic magmas (western Mediterranean). Mineralogical Magazine (VM Goldschmidt Conference, Extended Abstracts: A-K volume), 58A, 21-22. Aparicio, A., Mitjavila, J. M., Araña, V., & Villa, I. M. (1991). La edad del volcanismo de las islas Columbrete Grande y Alborán (Mediterráneo occidental). Bol. Geol. Min, 102(4), 562-570. Aparicio, A., & García García, R. (1995). El volcanismo de las islas Columbretes (Mediterraneo occidental). Quimismo y mineralogia. Boletín Geológico y Minero, 106, 468-488.
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Embilipitiya (Embilipitya; Ambilipitiya)
        • Kolonne (Kolonna; "Kollonne")
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Mineralogical Record(2000) Vol31 pp510–511p; Jordi Fabre
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
Nils F. Jansson und Rodney L. Allen (2011): The origin of skarn beds, Ryllshyttan Zn–Pb–Ag + magnetite deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 49-78.
  • Gävleborg County
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
Stenberg, T. (2002): Los den 7-8 september 2002- berättelser från mineralljakt och viltsafari. Berg & Mineral (Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap), 12 (nr 37), 7-13
  • Jämtland County
    • Strömsund
Majka, J., Janák, M., Andersson, B., Klonowska, I., Gee, D.G., Rosén, Å., & Kośminska, K. (2014): Pressure-temperature estimates on the Tjeliken eclogite: new insights into the (ultra)-high pressure evolution of the Seve Nappe Complex in the Scandinavian Caledonides; in: F. Corfu, D. Gasser & D.M. Chew (Eds.) New Perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and Related Areas (pp. 369–384). Geological Society, London, Special Publications: 390. DOI: 10.1144/SP390.14
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; Jonsson, E. & Hålenius, U. (2010): Mn3+ bearing pargasite from the Långban Fe-Mn oxide mineralisation, Bergslagen, Sweden. GFF 132, 167-172; Hålenius, U. & Bosi, F. (2012): Cation ordering in Pb2+-bearing, Mn3+-rich pargasite from Långban, Sweden. American Mineralogist 97, 1635-1640.
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö Complex
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
        • Val Bregaglia
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 64
    • Moesa Region
      • Roveredo
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 242.
    • Prättigau/Davos Region
      • Davos
        • Wolfgang
Peters, T. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 65-75.
  • Ticino
    • Bellinzona
      • Arbedo-Castione
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 179.
  • Uri
    • Maderanertal
      • Brunni Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 148.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Geisspfad area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 298.
        • Lärchultini
http://binn.strahlen.org/php/frame.php?section=loc&sub=5&infoid=120
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Cedric Simonet (2000): “Geology of Sapphire and Ruby Deposits -The example of the John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare area, Southern Kenya” PhD Thesis, University of Nantes
Cedric Simonet (2000): “Geology of Sapphire and Ruby Deposits -The example of the John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare area, Southern Kenya” PhD Thesis, University of Nantes
      • Muriatata hills
Yang, Xiao-wen; Zhang, Liang-ju; Jia, Zong-yong (2012): Mineral composition characters and prospect of Longido red corundum deposit in Tanzania. Guilin Ligong Daxue Xuebao 32, 173-178 (in Chinese).
    • Monduli District
Johnson, L.H., Jones, A.P., Church, A.A. and Taylor, W.R. (1997) Ultramafic xenoliths and megacrysts from a melilitite tuff cone, Deeti, northern Tanzania. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 25,2942.
  • Dodoma Region
    • Mpwapwa District
Schmetzer, K., Radl, W. & Schwarz, D. (2009): Winza ein neues Rubinvorkommen in Tansania. Lapis 34 (5), 41-46.
Turkey
 
  • Manisa Province
    • Kula District
Richardson-Bunbury, J. M. (1996). The Kula volcanic field, western Turkey: the development of a Holocene alkali basalt province and the adjacent normal-faulting graben. Geological Magazine, 133(3), 275-283. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Holness, M. B., & Bunbury, J. M. (2006). Insights into continental rift-related magma chambers: Cognate nodules from the Kula Volcanic Province, Western Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 153(3-4), 241-261. Güleç, N. (1991). Crust–mantle interaction in western Turkey: implications from Sr and Nd isotope geochemistry of Tertiary and Quaternary volcanics. Geological Magazine, 128(5), 417-435. Grützner, T., Prelević, D., & Akal, C. (2013). Geochemistry and origin of ultramafic enclaves and their basanitic host rock from Kula Volcano, Turkey. Lithos, 180-181, 58-73. Alıcı, P., Temel, A., & Gourgaud, A. (2002). Pb–Nd–Sr isotope and trace element geochemistry of Quaternary extension-related alkaline volcanism: a case study of Kula region (western Anatolia, Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 115(3-4), 487-510. Aldanmaz, E. (2002). Mantle source characteristics of alkali basalts and basanites in an extensional intracontinental plate setting, western Anatolia, Turkey: implications for multi-stage melting. International Geology Review, 44(5), 440-457.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Grade-Ruan
        • Ruan Minor
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 58 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"];
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Botallack Mine
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
B.G.J. Upton et al. , Journal of the Geological Society, 1998, V 155, N° 5, pp 813-828.
    • Highland
      • Eilean á Chèo
Jour. Conf. Abstracts 5: 939 (2000)
      • Loch Duich
Paul Render
    • South Ayrshire
http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/gcrdb/GCRsiteaccount2415.pdf
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Emirate of Fujairah
Ziegler, U., Stoessel, F., & Peters, T. J. (1991). Meta-carbonatites in the metamorphic series below the Semail Ophiolite in the Dibba Zone, Northern Oman Mountains. In Ophiolite genesis and evolution of the oceanic lithosphere (pp. 627-645). Springer, Dordrecht. Ziegler, U., Stoessel, F., & Peters, T. J. (1991) Isotopic (Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd) and geochemical studies of the metamorphosed volcanic rocks in the metamorphic series below the Semail ophiolite in the Dibba Zone (United Arab Emirates). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen Zürich, 71, 19-33.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 322; Kempton, P.D. (1983), Petrography and geochemistry of amphibolite peridotites from Geronimo volcanic field, SE AZ (abstract), Geol. Soc. Amer. Abs. with Progs: 14: 528.
    • Gila Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 322; Frey, F.A. & M. Prinz (1978), Ultramafic inclusions from San Carlos, AZ: Petrologic and geochemical data bearing on their petrogenesis, Earth & Planet. Sci. Letters: 38: 129-176.
        • San Carlos
Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, American Mineralogist: 65: 306-312
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Lakeshore
www.mineralsocal.org
      • Twin Lakes
        • Lower Twin Lake
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 147.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
      • Jurupa Valley
        • Jurupa Mountains
MinRec 15:273-290
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Fort Irwin
Allen, Robert D. & Henry C. Kramer (1955), Hornblende in diorite pegmatite near Camp Irwin, San Bernardino Co., California: American Mineralogist: 40: 527-529; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 66; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 401.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Dorchester Mining District
        • Taylor Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Jackson Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Routt Co.
      • Northern Park Range
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
Schooner, Richard. (1961): The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii County
      • Hamakua District
Specimens field collected in 1983 by Kent England, ID by William S. Wise.
  • Maine
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Phippsburg
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
    • Somerset Co.
Anderson, 1991. Maine Mineral Localities, 2nd ed.
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Rockville
Min Rec 36:4 pp 435-446
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.105202
      • Chelmsford
Cook, 1974.
    • Worcester Co.
      • Bolton
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597)
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
  • Montana
USGS Bull 1674A
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Amherst
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
Dunn(1995):Pt3:457.
          • Franklin Marble
Van King
Collected- David Bernstein 2010
      • Hardyston Township
        • Rudeville
Pete Dunn (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey p.457; 454
      • Sparta Township
        • Franklin Marble
John Cianciulli, ID by optics
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Jefferson Co.
Child, 1890. Gazetteer of Jefferson County, N. Y
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Highlands
        • Fort Montgomery
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 72.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 63.
Glenn Rhein
http://departments.colgate.edu/geology/research/Rader&Peck06.pdf
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 71.
          • Edenite Hill
Van King
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, 42-43
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003NE/finalprogram/abstract_51113.htm
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.46
        • Edwards
Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
      • Magnetite Mining District
B.F. Leonard and A.F. Buddington (1964) Ore deposits of the St. Lawrence County magnetite district, northwest Adirondacks, New York. USGS Professional Paper 377
      • Russell Township
Grew, E.S., Yates, M.G. and deLorraine, W. (1990) Serendibite from the Northwest Adirondack Lowlands, in Russell, New York, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 133-136.
    • Warren Co.
      • Johnsburg
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
  • North Carolina
Stapor, Frank W.Jr and Flaisher, Chris, Mar, 2006, Altered Amphibolite Hypotheisis for the origin of Todd- type Chlorite Bodies in the Ashe Formation , North west North Carolina: Evidence from Amphibole Mineralogy and Pargentic Sequence
Stapor, Frank W. Jr and Flaisher, Chris, Mar , 2006, Altered Amphibolite Hypotheisis for the origin of Todd- type Chlorite Bodies in the Ashe Formation, North west North Carolina : Evidence from Amphibole Mineralogy and Pargentic Sequence, Earth Sciences, Tennessee Technological University
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.Mcsween,Jr, American Mineralogist,Vol.68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina,pg # 324
    • Davie Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,America Journal Of Science,Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
    • Haywood Co.
Anderson,Eric Douglas and Moecher,David P.,(2009) Formation of high -pressure metabasites in the southern Appalachian Blue Ridge via taconic continental subduction beneath the Laurentian margin: Tectonic Vol.28 Issue 5,Oct 2009
    • Mecklenburg Co.
McSween Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephen R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-MetaGabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284,April/May,1984,P.437-461
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Bakersville
Page,F.Zeb,Essene,E.J and Mukasa,S.B (2004) Quartz Exsolution In Clinopyroxene Is Not Proof Of Ultra-High Pressures:Evidence From Phase Equilibria And Eclogite From The Eastern Blue Ridge,Southern Applachians,USA
Page,F. Zeb,Essene,E.J and Mukasa.S.B (2004) Quartz Exsolution In Clinopyroxene Is Not Proof Of Ultra-High Pressures:Evidence From Phase Equilibria And Eclogite From The Eastern Blue Ridge ,Southern Appalachians,USA
    • Rowan Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science, Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
Stapor, Frank,W.Jr, and Flaisher,Chris, Mar, 2006, Altered Amphibolite Hypotheisis for the orgin of Todd - type Chlorite Bodies in the Ashe Formation Northwest North Carolina : Evidence from Amphibole Mineralogy and Pargentic Sequence, Earth Sciences, Tennessee Technological University
      • Zionville
Anderson,Eric Douglas and Moecher, David P. (2009) Formation Of High -Pressure Metabasites In The Southern Appalachian Blue Ridge via Taconic Continental Subduction Beneath The Laurentian Margin: Tectonic Vol. 28 (5) October
  • Pennsylvania
    • Monroe Co.
      • Bossardsville
Jeremy Zolan Collection
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C.E. (1972) Minerals of Rhode Island. Department of Geology, University of Rhode Island, 83 pages.
      • Providence
        • Manton
American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 496-498
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • State Game Lodge area
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
Schulze, D. J., Flemming, R. L., Shepherd, P. H., & Helmstaedt, H. (2014). Mantle-derived guyanaite in a Cr-omphacitite xenolith from Moses Rock diatreme, Utah. American Mineralogist, 99(7), 1277-1283.
    • Utah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Orleans & Lamoille Cos.
      • Lowell & Eden
Levitan, Denise et al. (2009): Mineralogy of mine waste at the Vermont Asbestos Group mine, Belvidere Mountain, Vermont. American Mineralogist 94(7):1063-1066.
  • Virginia
    • Henry Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Louisa Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Colville Indian Reservation
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Conconully Mining District
        • Conconully
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Oroville Mining District
        • Oroville
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.44
Vietnam
 
  • Yên Bái Province
Hauzenberger, Ch.A., Walter, F., Hofmeister, W., Phan Tien, D. & Kienzl, N. (2005): Mineralogical, petrological and crystallographic investigations of two amphiboles from ruby and spinel bearing marbles, Luc Yen, Province Yen Bai, Vietnam. In: Hofmeister, W. et al. (ed): Proceedings of the third international workschop on gem-materials and modern analytical methods. Hanoi, Vietnam. 3-8; http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-69925.html
      • An Phu (Anfu)
Patureau, J. (2011): Un minéralogiste et collectionneur francais á Luc Yen, Vietnam. La Régne Minéral.99, 39-48
Min Rec 2007 38:443-453; Fernando Pires photo & specimen
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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