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Parkerite

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Formula:
Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Pale bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Name:
For mineralogist/petrologist Robert Lüling Parker (1893-1973) of Zurich, Switzerland.
Comments: The name parkerite was given to mineral-G, a poorly and incompletely characterized species from S. Africa by Scholz (1937). The mineral was presented by Scholz as a nickel sulfide with a suggested formula of Ni2S3 or NiS2, and inexplicably without the Bi (51-64%) and Pb (~9%) being detected. In his study of the ore minerals of the Sudbury area, Michener (1940) noticed a nickel-bismuth sulfide mineral, which appeared to be a new species. The mineral was further investigated by Michener & Peacock (1943), who realized that although the composition and other data did not match that given by Scholz for parkerite, their X-ray powder data was in agreement with the data of Niggli for parkerite, which was appended to Scholz (1937). Rather than describing their mineral as a new species, they fully characterized and redefined it retaining the name parkerite on a specimen from the Frood mine, as well as using synthetic material, retaining the parkerite name given by Scholz (Michener & Peacock 1943). The Frood mine could not be specifically identified by Michener & Peacock at the time due to wartime restrictions. Additional data on parkerite from both type localities are given in Petruk et al. (1969). [Horváth 2003]
See also "lead-parkerite" and the chemically related bismutohauchecornite.
An Sb-bearing parkerite has been reported, too (Goryachev et al., 2004).


Classification of Parkerite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.BE.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
E : With Pb (Bi)
2.3.4.1

2 : SULFIDES
3 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
5.8.14

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
8 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni

Physical Properties of Parkerite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Pale bronze
Hardness (Mohs):
2

Chemical Properties of Parkerite

IMA Formula:
Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Parkerite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.06 Å, b = 8.08 Å, c = 11.45 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.369 : 1 : 1.417
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,023.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Parkerite

Relationship of Parkerite to other Species

2.BE.05Betekhtinite(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
2.BE.10Furutobeite(Cu,Ag)6PbS4
2.BE.15RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
2.BE.15ShanditePb2Ni3S2
2.BE.25Schlemaite(Cu,◻)6(Pb,Bi)Se4
2.BE.30PašavaitePd3Pb2Te2
5.8.1SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6
5.8.2UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12
5.8.3BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14
5.8.4BerthieriteFeSb2S4
5.8.5JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
5.8.6Parajamesonite
5.8.7GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
5.8.8IzoklakeitePb26.4(Cu,Fe)2(Sb,Bi)19.6S57
5.8.9MiharaitePbCu4FeBiS6
5.8.10Sakharovaite(Pb,Bi)4FeSb6S14
5.8.11ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
5.8.12TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
5.8.13BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8
5.8.15HauchecorniteNi9BiSbS8
5.8.16TellurohauchecorniteNi9BiTeS8
5.8.17LapieiteCuNiSbS3
5.8.18MückeiteCuNiBiS3
5.8.19VozhminiteNi4AsS2

Other Names for Parkerite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Parkerit
Spanish:Parkerita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Parkerite

Reference List:
SCHOLZ, D.L. (1937): The magmatic nickeliferous ore deposits of East Griqualand and Pondoland I. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 39, 83-212.

MICHENER, C.E. (1940): Minerals Associated with Large Sulphide Bodies of the Sudbury Type. Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.

MICHENER, C.E. & PEACOCK, M.A. (1943): Parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2) from Sudbury, Ontario: redefinition of the species. American Mineralogist 28, 343-355.

FLEET, M.E. (1973): The crystal structure of parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2). American Mineralogist 58, 435-439.

BROWER, W.S., PARKER, H.S. & ROTH, R.S. (1974): Re-examination of synthetic parkerite and shandite. Am. Mineral. 59, 296-301.

PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 610-612.

Goryachev, N. A.; Gamyanin, G. N.; Zayakina, N. V.; Popova, S. K.; Sidorov, V. A. (2004): The first find of Sb-parkerite in the Russian northeast. Doklady Earth Sciences 399A, 1260-1263.

Internet Links for Parkerite

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https://www.mindat.org/min-3122.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Parkerite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E., 2014. Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-CuPGE deposit, Hope, B.C. In: Geological Fieldwork 2013, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 2014-1, pp. 141-156.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Slave Lake
Badham, J. P. N. and Muda, M. M. Z, 1980, Mineralogy and Paragenesis of Hydrothermal Mineralizations in the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, Economic Geology, 75:1220-1238.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Denison Township
Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada,
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer (1989) Canadian Mineralogist 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Springer, G. (1989): Chlorine-bearing and other uncommon minerals in the Strathcona deep copper zone, Sudbury District, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 311-313
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
SCHOLZ, D.L. (1937): The magmatic nickeliferous ore deposits of East Griqualand and Pondoland I. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 39, 83-212. MICHENER, C.E. (1940): Minerals Associated with Large Sulphide Bodies of the Sudbury Type. Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario. MICHENER, C.E. & PEACOCK, M.A. (1943): Parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2) from Sudbury, Ontario: redefinition of the species. American Mineralogist 28, 343-355. FLEET, M.E. (1973): The crystal structure of parkerite (Ni3Bi2S2). American Mineralogist 58, 435-439. PETRUK, W., HARRIS, D.C. & STEWART, J.M. (1969): Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 610-612.
      • Snider Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
Dana's New Mineralogy
          • Casey Township
Canadian Mineralogist (1969): 9: 597-605.; Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 108-139; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
Dana's New Mineralogy
China
 
  • Beijing Municipality
    • Yanqing Co.
Chengmu Fan and Chongyao Cao (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(3), 234-242
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Hunan Province
    • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
      • Cili Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Baoji Prefecture
      • Taibai Co.
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252; Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jinping Co.
Wang, C., and Zhou, M.-F. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41(8), 771-783
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Zhanyi Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Zhejiang Province
    • Shaoxing Prefecture
      • Yuecheng District
        • Lizhu ore field (Lichu ore field)
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Horní Slavkov uranium ore district
Sejkora J., Litochleb J., Susser C.: Výskyt parkeritu v uranovém rudním revíru Horní Slavkov (Česká republika). Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 29-32.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Letovice (Lettowitz)
Fojt B., Dobeš P., Malý K., Škoda R., 2008 : Ore minerals from dolomitic veins in the serpertinite rocks of the letovice crystalline complex . Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 93, 3-18
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
Kojonen K: K., Isomäki O.-P. 2005. PGEE-minerals and tarkianite (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8 a new mineral species from Hitura mine, Nivala, Central Finland. 10th International Platinum Symposium: Platinum-group elements from genesis to benefication and enviromental impact, August 6-11 , 2005 Finland.; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
        • Schönbrunn
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Singhbhum District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasama City
          • Iwama
Haruna, Makoto et al. (2002) Mineralogical and oxygen isotope constraints on the origin of the contact-metamorphosed bedded manganese deposit at Nagasawa, Japan. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 1069-1089.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov collection; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Geology of Ore Deposits (2009) 50:755-762
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Pechengsky District
Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
South Africa (TL)
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Am Min 59 (1974), 296; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Mijas
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
      • Ojén
        • Ojén lherzolite massif
Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Loscos
Lopez Ciriano,A. Yuste Oliete,A.y Fernandez Nieto,C. (1997). Aspectos estructurales y mineralógicos de los filones polimetálicos de Loscos (norte de Teruel, Cadena Ibérica Oriental). Boletin de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 20, 89-114.
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
Bjärnborg, K. (2009): The copper sulphide mineralization of the Zinkgruvan deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. Examensarbeten i Geologi vid Lunds Universitet- Bergrundsgeologi NR 24,1-6
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.25 p.19; UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
Vietnam
 
  • Son La Province
    • Bac Yen District
      • Ban Phuc
Can Min 39, (2), 2001, 573-589
Mineral and/or Locality  
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