Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About PatróniteHide

Lead-gray on fresh surface, gray-black on exposed surface
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Antenor Rizo-Patrona (1866–1948) metallurgist of the Huaraucaca smelter, who discovered the ore.
This page provides mineralogical data about Patrónite.

Classification of PatróniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
C : M:S = 1:>2

16 : Miscellaneous

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of PatróniteHide

Lead-gray on fresh surface, gray-black on exposed surface

Chemical Properties of PatróniteHide


Crystallography of PatróniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.11 Å, b = 10.42 Å, c = 6.78 Å
β = 100.8°
a:b:c = 1.162 : 1 : 0.651
Unit Cell V:
840.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of PatróniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Massive and aggregates of columnar crystals

Synonyms of PatróniteHide

Other Language Names for PatróniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Minasragrite10 photos of Patrónite associated with Minasragrite on mindat.org.
Stanleyite2 photos of Patrónite associated with Stanleyite on mindat.org.
Retgersite2 photos of Patrónite associated with Retgersite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EC.05Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
2.EC.05SkutteruditeCoAs3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
2.EC.05Ferroskutterudite(Fe,Co)As3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PatróniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hewett, F. (1906) A new occurrence of vanadium in Peru. Engineering and Mining Journal: 82: 385-385.
Bravo (1906) Informaciones y Memorias Soc. Eng., Lima: 8: 171.
Hillibrand, W.F. (1907) Vanadium sulphide, patronite, and its mineral associates from Minasragra, Peru. American Journal of Science: 24: 141-151.
Hillebrand, W.F. (1907) The vanadium sulphide, patronite, and its mineral associates from Minasragra, Peru. Journal of the American Chemical Society: 29: 1019-1029.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 347.
Allmann, R., Baumann, I., Kutoglu, A., Roesch, H., Hellner, E. (1964) Die kristallstruktur des patronits V(S2)2. Naturwissenschaften: 51: 263-264.
Tudo, J. (1965) Sur l'étude du sulfate de vanadyle et de sa réduction par l'hydrogène sulfuré: les sulfures de vanadium. Revue de chimie minérale: 2: 53–117 (in French).
Kutoglu, A., Allmann, R. (1972) Strukturverfeinerung des Patronits, V(S2)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1972: 339-345.

Internet Links for PatróniteHide

Localities for PatróniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
Threader, V. M. (1965) The Mount Remus Prospect. UNPUBLISHED REPORT 1965/11
  • North Karelia
Peltola,Esko 1960. On the black schists in the Outokumpu region in eastern Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 192. 107 s.
  • Turkistan
    • Karatau Range
Bernard & Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
  • Pasco
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
Hewett, D. F. (1910) Vanadium Deposits in Peru. Transactions of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical Engineering 40:274-299
      • Huayllay District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 438, 498; Engineering and Mining Journal (1906): 82: 385.; Milton C, Evans H T, Johnson R G (1982) Dwornikite, (Ni,Fe)SO4·H2O, a member of the kieserite group from Minasragra, Peru. Mineralogical Magazine 46, 351-355; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Amur Oblast
Vakh, A. S., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Avchenko, O. V. (2009, March). The Berezitovy gold-base metal deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 1, pp. 253-255). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Nenets Autonomous Okrug
    • Yugorskii Peninsula
      • Pai-Khoi Range (Paikhoi; Pay Khoy)
        • Middle Silova-Yakha River
Koval'chuk, N.S., and Makeev, A.B. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 503-517.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 25, 2019 20:29:37 Page generated: March 24, 2019 07:34:43
Go to top of page