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Paulkerrite

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Paul Francis Kerr
Formula:
K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Colour:
Colorless to very light yellow-brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.36
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by Donald Peacor, Pete Dunn, and William Simmons in honor of Paul Francis Kerr [January 12, 1897 Helmet, California, USA - February 27, 1981 Chicago, Illinois, USA], professor of mineralogy, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.
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Classification of PaulkerriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1984
8.DH.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
H : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 < 1:1
42.11.21.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
19.8.24

19 : Phosphates
8 : Phosphates of Al and other metals

Physical Properties of PaulkerriteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless to very light yellow-brown
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{100} perfect
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PaulkerriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.591 - 1.598 nβ = 1.615 - 1.624 nγ = 1.639 - 1.643
2V:
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 78° to 88°
Birefringence:
0.045
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.048
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Parallel, XYZ = cba
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of PaulkerriteHide

Formula:
K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
IMA Formula:
KMg2TiFe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O

Crystallography of PaulkerriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbca
Setting:
Pbca
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.497 Å, b = 20.751 Å, c = 12.442 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.506 : 1 : 0.6
Unit Cell V:
2,710.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Nearly colorless equant to nearly equant flattened crystals with simple forms: {010}, {100}, and {111}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.3 (90)
7.46 (80)
6.20 (100)
3.75 (40)
3.13 (70)
2.872 (40)

Type Occurrence of PaulkerriteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Flattened to equant transparent nearly colorless to very light yellowish brown 0.2 mm crystals
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Secondary phosphate mineralization in a granite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of PaulkerriteHide

Other Language Names for PaulkerriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Phosphosiderite5 photos of Paulkerrite associated with Phosphosiderite on mindat.org.
Leucophosphite2 photos of Paulkerrite associated with Leucophosphite on mindat.org.
Benyacarite2 photos of Paulkerrite associated with Benyacarite on mindat.org.
Nsutite2 photos of Paulkerrite associated with Nsutite on mindat.org.
Strengite1 photo of Paulkerrite associated with Strengite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DH.05MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2OOrth. mm2 : Pba2
8.DH.10LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DH.10Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
8.DH.10TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15KeckiteCaMn2+Fe3+2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DH.15Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
8.DH.15Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(MnMnMn){Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
8.DH.15Kaluginite(Mn2+,Ca)MgFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth.
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaFeFe){Ca}{Fe2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)NaFe3+Mg2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(NaMnMg){Na}{Mn3+}{Mg2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DH.15Jahnsite-(CaMgMg){Ca}{Mg}{Mg2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
8.DH.20Manganosegelerite(Mn2+,Ca)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.DH.20OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.DH.20SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
8.DH.20WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
8.DH.20JuonniiteCaMgSc(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth.
8.DH.25CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DH.25KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
8.DH.25MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
8.DH.25ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
8.DH.30ArseniosideriteCa2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DH.30KolfaniteCa2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
8.DH.30MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DH.30PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DH.30RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
8.DH.30Sailaufite(Ca,Na,☐)2Mn3+3(AsO4)2(CO3)O2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DH.35MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2OOrth.
8.DH.35Benyacarite(H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.DH.40XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DH.45MahnertiteNaCu3(AsO4)2Cl · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.DH.50AndyrobertsiteKCdCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2OMon.
8.DH.50CalcioandyrobertsiteKCaCu5(AsO4)4(H2AsO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DH.55EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(PO4)21(OH)7 · 26H2OMon. 2/m
8.DH.60BouazzeriteBi6(Mg,Co)11Fe3+14(AsO4)18(OH)4O12 · 86H2OMon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.11.21.2MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2OOrth.
42.11.21.4Benyacarite(H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.8.1MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
19.8.2BrazilianiteNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.8.3WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.8.4TancoiteLiNa2Al(PO4)(HPO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.8.5Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
19.8.6TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.8.7Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
19.8.8FrancoanelliteK3Al5(PO4)2(HPO4)3 · 12H2OTrig.
19.8.9GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.8.10AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2OOrth.
19.8.11OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.8.12MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.8.14FoggiteCaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
19.8.15GatumbaiteCaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
19.8.16CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.8.17Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2OMon.
19.8.19LehiiteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
19.8.20Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2OTet.
19.8.21EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(PO4)21(OH)7 · 26H2OMon. 2/m
19.8.22KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
19.8.23MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2OOrth.

Fluorescence of PaulkerriteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PaulkerriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 875.
Peacor, Donald R., Dunn, Pete J., and Simmons, William, 1984, Paulkerrite, a New Titanium Phosphate from Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 15: 303-306.
Canadian Mineralogist (1997): 35: 707-712.
Schnorrer, G. & Tetzer, G. (2005): Paulkerrite, K(Mg,Mn)2Fe2Ti[(OH)3|(PO4)4]×15H2O from Folgosinho quarry in Portugal, an additional locality for this rare compound. Aufschluss 56, 258-260. (in German).

Internet Links for PaulkerriteHide

Localities for PaulkerriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Dolní Bory
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Plößberg
DILL, H.G. & WEBER, B. (2009) „Angelardit“ – Eine Verwachsung von Eisen- und Titanphosphat. Ein neuer Fund von Paulkerrit in Pegmatit von Plößberg/ Oberpfalz. Geologische Blätter Nordost-Bayern, 59, 87-94.
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Schnorrer, G. & Tetzer, G. (2005): Paulkerrite, K(Mg,Mn)2Fe2Ti[(OH)3|(PO4)4]×15H2O from Folgosinho quarry in Portugal, an additional locality for this rare compound. Aufschluss 56, 258-260. (in German)
Lapis 15(7/8), 12 (1990)
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
USA (TL)
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Hillside
          • Bagdad Mine area
Peacor, D., et al., Paulkerrite, a new titanium phosphate from AZ, Min.Rec.: 15: 303-307(1984); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 323
Mineral and/or Locality  
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