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Barioperovskite

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About BarioperovskiteHide

Synthetic BaTiO3 is a very important ferroelectric ceramic. Barioperovskite is an oxide single perovskite with second order Jahn-Teller distortions.

Compare the unnamed Ba titanates: Unnamed (Ba titanate I), Unnamed (Ba titanate II), Unnamed (Ba titanate III).



Classification of BarioperovskiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2007
First Published:
2008
4.CC.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
4.3.3.4

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3

Chemical Properties of BarioperovskiteHide

Formula:
BaTiO3

Crystallography of BarioperovskiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Amm2
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.9874 Å, b = 5.6751 Å, c = 5.6901 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.703 : 1 : 1.003
Unit Cell V:
128.76 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.018 (18)
2.845 (30)
2.830 (100)
2.316 (20)
2.312 (23)
2.009 (28)
1.639 (19)
1.415 (15)

Type Occurrence of BarioperovskiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Micro- to submicro-inclusions in a host of amorphous material contained within hollow, tublar inclusions in benitoite.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA, no. NMNH 174513
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BarioperovskiteHide

Other Language Names for BarioperovskiteHide

Relationship of Barioperovskite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Benitoite1 photo of Barioperovskite associated with Benitoite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CC.AllendeiteSc4Zr3O12Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.Yttriaite-(Y)Y2O3Iso.
4.CC.05ChrombismiteBi16CrO27Tet.
4.CC.10FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
4.CC.15GrossiteCaAl4O7Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CC.20ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
4.CC.25YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
4.CC.30LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CC.30NatroniobiteNaNbO3Mon.
4.CC.30PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.CC.30MegawiteCaSnO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pban
4.CC.35Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
4.CC.35MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.CC.35TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
4.CC.35Isolueshite(Na,La)NbO3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
4.CC.40CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)Trig.
4.CC.40LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40Mathiasite(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)2 (Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
4.CC.40SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Cleusonite(Pb,Sr)(U4+,U6+)(Fe2+,Zn)2(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38Trig. 3
4.CC.45DiaoyudaoiteNaAl11O17Hex.
4.CC.45HawthorneiteBaMgTi3Cr4Fe2+2Fe3+2O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45LindqvistitePb2Mn2+Fe16O27Hex.
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
4.CC.45YimengiteK(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)12O19Hex.
4.CC.45HaggertyiteBaFe2+4Fe3+2Ti5MgO19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45NežilovitePbZn2Mn4+2Fe3+8O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BatiferriteBaTi2Fe3+8Fe2+2O19Hex.
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.45BarioferriteBaFe3+12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.CC.50Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
4.CC.55ZenzénitePb3Fe4Mn3O15Hex.
4.CC.60Mengxianminite (of Huang et al.)(Ca,Na)3(Fe,Mn)2Mg2(Sn,Zn)5Al8O29

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.3.1PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.3.3.2LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.3.3.3Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
4.3.3.4LueshiteNaNbO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.3.3.5TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BarioperovskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ma, C. and Rossman, G.R. (2008) Barioperovskite, BaTiO3, a new mineral from the Benitoite Mine, California. American Mineralogist: 93: 154-157.
D. S. Keeble and P. A. Thomas (2009): On the tetragonality of the room-temperature ferroelectric phase of barium titanate, BaTiO3. J. Appl. Cryst.: 42: 480-484

Internet Links for BarioperovskiteHide

Localities for BarioperovskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Tanaka, T. and Okumara, K. (1977) Ultrafine barium titanate particles in the Allende meteorite. Geochemical Journal, 11, 137-145; Ma, C. and Rossman, G.R. (2008) Barioperovskite, BaTiO3, a new mineral from the Benitoite Mine, California. American Mineralogist: 93: 154-157.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Santa Rita Peak
IMA website - Proposals approved in January 2007
Mineral and/or Locality  
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