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Penkvilksite

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About PenkvilksiteHide

Formula:
Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Silky, Pearly, Dull
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
2.58
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named from the Lapp words "penk" and "vilkis", meaning "white" and "curly", because of its appearance.
This page provides mineralogical data about Penkvilksite.


Classification of PenkvilksiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1974
9.EA.60

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
A : Single nets of tetrahedra with 4-, 5-, (6-), and 8-membered rings
70.2.2.1

70 : INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
2 : Column or Tube Structures with Si2O7 dimers
14.10.28

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
10 : Silicates of Zr or Hf

Physical Properties of PenkvilksiteHide

Silky, Pearly, Dull
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:
Density:
2.58 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of PenkvilksiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.640 nβ = 1.646 nγ = 1.675
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of PenkvilksiteHide

Formula:
Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Na2TiSi4O11 · 2H2O

Crystallography of PenkvilksiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbcn
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.3721(5) Å, b = 8.7492(3) Å, c = 7.4020(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.871 : 1 : 0.846
Unit Cell V:
1,060.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001688PenkvilksiteMerlino S, Pasero M, Artioli G, Khomyakov A P (1994) Penkvilksite, a new kind of silicate structure: OD character, X-ray single-crystal (1M), and powder Rietveld (2O) refinements of two MDO polytypes American Mineralogist 79 1185-119319940293
0001689PenkvilksiteMerlino S, Pasero M, Artioli G, Khomyakov A P (1994) Penkvilksite, a new kind of silicate structure: OD character, X-ray single-crystal (1M), and powder Rietveld (2O) refinements of two MDO polytypes Data has been corrected according to the ICSD American Mineralogist 79 1185-119319940293
0010347PenkvilksiteCadoni M, Ferraris G (2008) Penkvilksite-2O: Na2TiSi4O11*2H2O Acta Crystallographica C64 i87-i902008synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of PenkvilksiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Acad. Sci. USSR, Moscow.
Reference:
Bussen, I.V., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Merkov, A.M., Nedorezova, A.P., Uspenskaya, E.I., Khomyakov, A.P. (1974) Penkvilksite, a new hydrous silicate of titanium and sodium.Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 217: 1161-1164

Synonyms of PenkvilksiteHide

Other Language Names for PenkvilksiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Penkvilksite associated with RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
5 photos of Penkvilksite associated with ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
3 photos of Penkvilksite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
1 photo of Penkvilksite associated with TerskiteNa4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EA.Bussyite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)3(Na,Ca)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH,F)34Mon. 2 : B2
9.EA.05CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
9.EA.05GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10Tet.
9.EA.05EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
9.EA.05WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10Tet.
9.EA.10EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20Tet. 4 2 2 : I4 2 2
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
9.EA.15Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2OTet.
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2OOrth.
9.EA.20MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2OMon.
9.EA.25DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15Tric.
9.EA.25DavaniteK2TiSi6O15Tric.
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14 · 6H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
9.EA.35ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2OMon.
9.EA.40OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EA.45NekoiteCa3Si6O15 · 7H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EA.50CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.EA.55PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
9.EA.60TumchaiteNa2Zr(Si4O11) · 2H2OMon.
9.EA.65NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.EA.70Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2OTric.
9.EA.75ZeravshaniteNa2Cs4Zr3[Si18O45]*2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EA.80Bussyite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)3(Na,H2O)6MnSi9Be5(O,OH)30F4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EA.85PlumbophyllitePb2Si4O10 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.10.1ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
14.10.2HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
14.10.3ZektzeriteLiNaZrSi6O15Orth.
14.10.4ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7Tric.
14.10.5VlasoviteNa2ZrSi4O11Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.10.6Keldyshite(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7Tric. 1 : P1
14.10.7GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
14.10.8TerskiteNa4ZrSi6O16 · 2H2OOrth.
14.10.9ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
14.10.10HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.11PetarasiteNa5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
14.10.12KhibinskiteK2ZrSi2O7Mon.
14.10.13WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)Hex.
14.10.14DalyiteK2ZrSi6O15Tric.
14.10.15KostyleviteK2Zr(Si3O9) · H2OMon.
14.10.16UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
14.10.17ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
14.10.18GeorgechaoiteNaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2OOrth. mm2
14.10.19GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7Mon.
14.10.20CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2OOrth.
14.10.21CalciohilairiteCaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.22ArmstrongiteCaZr[Si6O15] · 3H2OMon.
14.10.23Lemoynite(Na,K)2CaZr2Si10O26 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
14.10.24CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2OMon.
14.10.25BaghdaditeCa6Zr2(Si2O7)2O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.10.26LovozeriteNa2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2OMon.
14.10.27Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.10.29DarapiositeKNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
14.10.30BaziriteBaZr(Si3O9)Hex.
14.10.31KomkoviteBaZr[Si3O9] · 3H2OTrig.
14.10.32ZirsinaliteNa6(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Zr(Si6O18)Trig.
14.10.33Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PenkvilksiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bussen, I.V., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Merkov, A.M., Nedorezova, A.P., Uspenskaya, E.I., Khomyakov, A.P. (1974) Penkvilksite, a new hydrous silicate of titanium and sodium.Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 217: 1161-1164 (in Russian). English translation: Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. Earth Sciences Section: 217: 126-129.
Fleischer, M. (1975) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 340-341.
Merlino S., Pasero M., Artioli G., Khomyakov A.P. (1994) Penkvilksite, a new kind of silicate structure: OD character, X-ray single crystal (1M) and powder Rietveld (2O) refinements of two MDO polytypes. American Mineralogist: 79: 1185-1193.
Subbotin, V.V., et al. (2000) Tumchaite - a new mineral from carbonatites of the Vuoriyarvi alkali-ultrabasic massif, Murmansk Region, Russia. American Mineralogist: 85: 1516-1520.
Sherriff, B.L., Zhou, B. (2004) 29Si and 23Na MAS NMR spectroscopic study of the polytypes of the titanosilicate penkvilksite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1027-1035.
Cadoni, M., Ferraris, G. (2008) Penkvilskite-2O: Na2TiSi4O11·2H2O. Acta Crystallographica: C64: i87-i90.

Internet Links for PenkvilksiteHide

Localities for PenkvilksiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
YAKOVENCHUK, V.N., IVANYUK, G.YU., PAKHOMOVSKY, YA.A. & MEN’SHIKOV, YU.P. (2005): Khibiny. Published by Laplandia Minerals, Apatity. [penkvilksite-1M] p. 293.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Lovozersky District
      • Karnasurt Mountain
Bussen, I.V., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Merkov, A.M., Nedorezova, A.P., Uspenskaya, E.I., Khomyakov, A.P. (1974) Penkvilksite, a new hydrous silicate of titanium and sodium.Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 217: 1161-1164 (in Russian). English translation: Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. Earth Sciences Section: 217: 126-129.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Chukanov, N. V. (2009). The crystal structure and refined formula of mountainite, KNa2Ca2 [Si8O19 (OH)]⊙ 6 H2O. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 224(8), 389-396.; Pluth, J. J., Smith, J. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Semenov, E. I., Bram, A., Riekel, C., ... & Broach, R. W. (1997). Third-generation synchrotron x-ray diffraction of 6-μm crystal of raite,≈ Na3Mn3Ti0. 25Si8O20 (OH) 2⋅ 10H2O, opens up new chemistry and physics of low-temperature minerals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94(23), 12263-12267.; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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