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Britholite Group

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About Britholite GroupHide

Formula:
(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
REE includes Y.
X = F-, (OH)-, Cl-
A group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudo-hexagonal silicates with partially ordered M1 and M2 cations (Pasero et al 2010). The minerals of the britholite group are phosphorous -bearing silicates with apatite type structure and shows a complexity both chemical and structurally. Minerals in this group are among the most abundant and important REE-bearing minerals.


Classification of Britholite GroupHide

Notes:
IMA Approved Group Name

Pronounciation of Britholite GroupHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Chemical Properties of Britholite GroupHide

Formula:
(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X

REE includes Y.
X = F-, (OH)-, Cl-

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0011042Britholite-(Ce)Noe D C, Hughes J M, Mariano A N, Drexler J W, Kato A (1993) The crystal structure of monoclinic britholite-(Ce) and britholite-(Y) Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 206 233-2461993the Kipawa syenite gneiss complex0293
0011043Britholite-(Ce)Noe D C, Hughes J M, Mariano A N, Drexler J W, Kato A (1993) The crystal structure of monoclinic britholite-(Ce) and britholite-(Y) Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 206 233-2461993the Kipawa syenite gneiss complex0293
0011044Britholite-(Y)Noe D C, Hughes J M, Mariano A N, Drexler J W, Kato A (1993) The crystal structure of monoclinic britholite-(Ce) and britholite-(Y) Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 206 233-2461993Suishoyama, Japan0293
0011045Britholite-(Y)Noe D C, Hughes J M, Mariano A N, Drexler J W, Kato A (1993) The crystal structure of monoclinic britholite-(Ce) and britholite-(Y) Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 206 233-2461993Suishoyama, Japan0293
0002669Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Oberti R, Ottolini L, Della Ventura G, Parodi G C (2001) On the symmetry and crystal chemistry of britholite: New structural and microanalytical data American Mineralogist 86 1066-107520010293
0002670Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Oberti R, Ottolini L, Della Ventura G, Parodi G C (2001) On the symmetry and crystal chemistry of britholite: New structural and microanalytical data American Mineralogist 86 1066-107520010293
0018905Fluorbritholite-(Y)Pekov I V, Zubkova N V, Chukanov N V, Husdal T A, Zadov A E, Pushcharovsky D Y (2011) Fluorbritholite-(Y), (Y,Ca,Ln)5[(Si,P)O4]3F, a new mineral of the britholite group Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 188 191-1972011Lagmannsvik, Hamaroy, Nordland, Norway0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Synonyms of Britholite GroupHide

Other Language Names for Britholite GroupHide

Simplified Chinese:硅磷灰石
Traditional Chinese:矽磷灰石

Relationship of Britholite Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Apatite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and ...
Belovite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and trigonal phosphates with the M1 site split ...
Ellestadite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal sulphato-silicates with the ...
Hedyphane GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and ...
ParafiniukiteCa2Mn3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
VanackeritePb4Cd(AsO4)3ClTrig. 3 : P3
Group Members:
Britholite-(Ce) (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Britholite-(La) Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Britholite-(Y) (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Calciobritholite (Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Fluorbritholite-(Ce) (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Fluorbritholite-(Y) (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Fluorcalciobritholite (Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Tritomite-(Ce) Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
Tritomite-(Y) Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
UM2007-44-SiO:CaFREE (Ca,Ce)2(Nd,Y,Ce)3(SiO4,PO4)3(F,OH)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Britholite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pasero, M., Kampf, A. R., Ferraris, C., Pekov, I. V., Rakovan, J. and White, T. J. (2010): Nomenclature of the apatite supergroup minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 163-179.

Internet Links for Britholite GroupHide

Localities for Britholite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali
[Britholite-(Ce)] Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Amores Casals S, Bambi A C J M, Gonçalves A O, Melgarejo J C (2014) Mineral chemistry of pyrochlore from the Bonga Carbonatite (Huila, Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 195
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
[Britholite-(Ce)] L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
Argentina
 
  • San Luis Province
    • San Martín department
      • Las Chacras
[Britholite-(Ce)] Kyla M. Arden and Norman M. Halden (1999) Crystallization and alteration history of britholite in rare-earth-element-enriched pegmatitic segregations associated with the Eden Lake Complex, Manitoba, Canada Can Mineral, 37:1239-1253; Urbina Nilda, E., et al. "METALLOGENY OF THE SIERRAS PAMPEANAS OF SAN LUIS, ARGENTINA."
[Britholite-(Ce)] Lira, R., Viñas, N.A., Ripley, E.M. y Barbieri, M., 1999. El yacimiento de tierras raras, torio y uranio Rodeo de Los Molles, San Luis. En: Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini). Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 987-997.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Camden Co.
      • Mittagong Area Syenites
Andersen, T., Carr, P., & Erambert, M. (2012). Late-magmatic mineral assemblages with siderite and zirconian pyroxene and amphibole in the anorogenic Mt Gibraltar microsyenite, New South Wales, Australia, and their petrological implications. Lithos, 151, 46-56. Stevens, R. 1956. Observations on Mt Gibralter, N.S.W. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 90, 100-109. Jaques, A. L., Creaser, R. A., Ferguson, J., & Smith, C. B. (1985). A review of the alkaline rocks of Australia. Verhandelinge van die Geologiese Vereniging van Suid-Afrika, 88(2), 311-334.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
[Britholite-(Ce)] Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
[Britholite-(Ce)] Lottermoser, B. G. (1995): Rare earth element mineralogy of the Olympic Dam Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, Roxby Downs, South Australia; implications for ore genesis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1995, 371-384.; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
      • Poços de Caldas
[Britholite-(Ce)] Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
[Britholite-(Ce)] Chris D. Parkinson et al. , " Ultrahigh-pressure pyrope-kyanite granulites and associated eclogites in Neoproterozoic nappes of southeast Brazil", 2001, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, http://akmotoki.tripod.com/2001/Waseda/Cdp.html
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
[Tritomite-(Y)] Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
[Britholite-(Ce)] Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010) Major- and trace-element composition of REE-rich turkestanite from peralkaline granites of the Morro Redondo Complex, Graciosa Province, south Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine: 74(4): 645-658.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Kyla M. Arden and Norman M. Halden (1999) Crystallization and alteration history of britholite in rare-earth-element-enriched pegmatitic segregations associated with the Eden Lake Complex, Manitoba, Canada. Can. Mineral., 37, 1239-1253. [as "britholite-(Ce)"]
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • North Red Wine Pluton
Mitchell, R.H., Welch, M.D., Kampf, A.R., Chakhmouradian, A.K., Spratt, J. (2015): Barrydawsonite-(Y), Na1.5CaY0.5Si3O9H: a new pyroxenoid of the pectolite–serandite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 671-686.
[Britholite-(Ce)] GSC locality database
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
[Britholite-(Ce)] GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Northwest Territories
    • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
[Britholite-(Ce)] SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
[Britholite-(Ce)] D. Robert Pinckston, Dorian G. W. Smith (1995) Mineralogy of the Lake zone, Thor Lake rare-metals deposit, N.W.T., Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:516-532; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Ontario
[Tritomite-(Y)] Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
    • Haliburton County
      • Cardiff Township
[Tritomite-(Y)] D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
[Tritomite-(Y)] FRONDEL, C. (1961): Two yttrium minerals: spencite and rowlandite. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 576-581. JAFFE, H.W. & MOLINSKY, V.J. (1962): Spencite, the yttrium analogue of tritomite from Sussex Co., New Jersey. American Mineralogist 47, 9-25. JOENSUU, O.I. & INGAMELLS, C.O. (1966): Additional data on the composition of spencite. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 647-649.
    • Hastings County
      • Faraday Township
[Tritomite-(Y)] Rocks & Min.:59:206 & 210.; D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71; Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
    • Thunder Bay District
[Britholite-(Ce)] McLaughlin (1990)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
[Britholite-(Ce)] Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Côte-Nord
      • Sept-Rivières RCM
[Britholite-(Y)] Louise Corriveau (Date Modified: 2008-12-08) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny The Manitou district a Canadian iron oxide copper-gold deposit setting. Geological Survey of Canada
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
[Britholite-(Ce)] Liu, W. (1993): Fluid inclusion geochemistry and rare earth element distributions in the Oka carbonatite, Quebec. Electronic Theses and Dissertations. M.Sc. thesis, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, Paper 2128. 126 p.
[Britholite-(Ce)] GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Gold (1969) & Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1969) The Oka carbonatite and alkaline complex. Guidebook GAC/MAC Annual meeting 1969, 43-62.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov 2018
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Britholite-(Ce)] Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
          • Saint-Amable sill
[Britholite-(Ce)] Horváth Collection - confirmed by visual & XRD
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Sanming
      • Mingxi County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Qiang Wang, Zhenhua Zhao, Ping Jian, Zhiwei Bao, Xiaolin Xiong and Jinlong Ma (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(20), 2241-2247
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Huailai County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
[Britholite-(Y)] Chunliu Song, Bingkun Qiao and Jianhong Zhang (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(1), 19-24
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
[Britholite-(Ce)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
  • Shandong
    • Jining
      • Weishan County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.; Jingxiang, T., Ritian, Z., Yuechun, F., Xiuzhang, L., Hongyan, X., & Bingying, W. (2002). Geological characteristics and relation with rare earth elements of alkalic complex in Chishan of Shandong Province. Land Resour Shandong Province, 18(1), 21-25.
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan Yi
      • Dechang County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
      • Mianning County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
    • Panzhihua
      • Yanbian County
Lin, C., LIu, Y., Wang, Z., & Hong, W. (1995). Rare element and rare-earth element deposits of China. Mineral deposits of China, 3, 226-279.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
El Monsef, M. A., Salem, I., Slobodník, M., & Ragab, A. (2018). Fluid evolution of Au-Cu zones in Um Balad area, North Eastern Desert of Egypt: Implications from mineral chemistry and fluid inclusions. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 143, 321-338.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
        • Sokli carbonatite complex
[Britholite-(Ce)] AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
  • Ostrobothnia
[Britholite-(Ce)] Al-Ani Thair, Sarapää Olli and Torppa Akseli 2010. Petrography and Mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M42/2010/15
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Valkeakoski
[Britholite-(Y)] Siivola, J. (1975): The lanthanoid content of some minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 276, 1-17
  • Southwest Finland
    • Kimitoön (Kemiönsaari)
      • Kimitoön Island
[Britholite-(Y)] Jyrki Autio Collection. Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data.
[Britholite-(Y)] Ilkka Mikkola collection, identified with XRD and XRF.
    • Laitila
[Britholite-(Y)] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2019, Joel Dyer collection
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
[Britholite-(Ce)] https://www.mindat.org/locentry-523354.html; https://www.mindat.org/photo-116311.html
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
          • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher -See –Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, SB 33, 65-105, 1990
Germany/Belgium
 
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knute Eldjarn
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Kangerluarsuk Fjord
Borst, Anouk M. et al (2014) Eudialyte decomposition and fractionation of REE and HFSE in the kakortokites of the Ilímaussaq Complex, South Greenland. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Danoe, M., Soerensen, H. (1959): An examination of the rare minerals from the Nepheline Syenites of south west Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 162, Nr.5, Reitzels Forlag, Koebenhavn
        • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
Friis, H. (2016). First occurrence of moskvinite-(Y) in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland–implications for rare-earth element mobility. Mineralogical Magazine, 80(1), 31-41.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Karup-Møller, S. & Rose-Hansen, J. (2017): Alteration of steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, (in press).
        • Tunulliarfik Fjord
[Britholite-(Ce)] Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.179)
[Britholite-(Ce)] Winther, C. (1901): Britholite, a new mineral. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24, 190-196; Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
[Britholite-(Ce)] Collection of NHM, Vienna
Guinea
 
  • Conakry Region
[Britholite-(Ce)] Parodi, G.C., Chevrier, V. (2004) New discoveries in nephelinites from Los island (Republic of Guinea). 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie: 16(2).; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Parodi, G.C., Perchiazzi, N. (2012) Crystal Chemistry of Minerals of the Wöhlerite Group from the Los Archipelago, Guinea. The Canadian Mineralogist: 50(3): 593-609.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
[Britholite-(Ce)] Nagy, G., (2003): Nacareniobsite in Phonolites in the Mecsek Mts. (Hungary) - Second occurrence in the world, Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract series 1, Szeged 2003
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
[Britholite-(Ce)] Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
      • Malani Igneous Province
[Britholite-(Ce)] F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.; Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Kerman County
Milton, D. J. (1977). Qal’eh hasan ali maars, central Iran. Bulletin Volcanologique, 40(3), 201-208.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
D'Antonio, M., Civetta, L., Orsi, G., Pappalardo, L., Piochi, M., Carandente, A., ... & Isaia, R. (1999). The present state of the magmatic system of the Campi Flegrei caldera based on a reconstruction of its behavior in the past 12 ka. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 91(2-4), 247-268. D'antonio, M., Civetta, L., & Di Girolamo, P. (1999). Mantle source heterogeneity in the Campanian Region (South Italy) as inferred from geochemical and isotopic features of mafic volcanic rocks with shoshonitic affinity. Mineralogy and Petrology, 67(3-4), 163-192. Deino, A. L., Orsi, G., de Vita, S., & Piochi, M. (2004). The age of the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff caldera-forming eruption (Campi Flegrei caldera–Italy) assessed by 40Ar/39Ar dating method. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 133(1-4), 157-170. De Vivo, B., Rolandi, G., Gans, P. B., Calvert, A., Bohrson, W. A., Spera, F. J., & Belkin, H. E. (2001). New constraints on the pyroclastic eruptive history of the Campanian volcanic Plain (Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology, 73(1-3), 47-65. Di Vito, M., Lirer, L., Mastrolorenzo, G., & Rolandi, G. (1987). The 1538 Monte Nuovo eruption (Campi Flegrei, Italy). Bulletin of Volcanology, 49(4), 608-615. Di Renzo, V., Arienzo, I., Civetta, L., D'Antonio, M., Tonarini, S., Di Vito, M. A., & Orsi, G. (2011). The magmatic feeding system of the Campi Flegrei caldera: architecture and temporal evolution. Chemical Geology, 281(3-4), 227-241. Di Vito, M. A., Isaia, R., Orsi, G., Southon, J. D., De Vita, S., d'Antonio, M., ... & Piochi, M. (1999). Volcanism and deformation since 12,000 years at the Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 91(2-4), 221-246. Fowler, S. J., Spera, F. J., Bohrson, W. A., Belkin, H. E., & De Vivo, B. (2007). Phase equilibria constraints on the chemical and physical evolution of the Campanian Ignimbrite. Journal of Petrology, 48(3), 459-493. Fedele, L., Insinga, D. D., Calvert, A. T., Morra, V., Perrotta, A., & Scarpati, C. (2011). 40 Ar/39 Ar dating of tuff vents in the Campi Flegrei caldera (southern Italy): toward a new chronostratigraphic reconstruction of the Holocene volcanic activity. Bulletin of Volcanology, 73(9), 1323-1336. Guidoboni, E., & Ciuccarelli, C. (2011). The Campi Flegrei caldera: historical revision and new data on seismic crises, bradyseisms, the Monte Nuovo eruption and ensuing earthquakes (twelfth century 1582 AD). Bulletin of volcanology, 73(6), 655-677. Melluso, L., De'Gennaro, R., Fedele, L., Franciosi, L., & Morra, V. (2012). Evidence of crystallization in residual, Cl–F-rich, agpaitic, trachyphonolitic magmas and primitive Mg-rich basalt–trachyphonolite interaction in the lava domes of the Phlegrean Fields (Italy). Geological Magazine, 149(3), 532-550. Orsi, G., Civetta, L., D'Antonio, M., Di Girolamo, P., & Piochi, M. (1995). Step-filling and development of a three-layer magma chamber: the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff case history. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 67(4), 291-312. Pappalardo, L., Civetta, L., d'Antonio, M., Deino, A., Di Vito, M., Orsi, G., ... & Piochi, M. (1999). Chemical and Sr-isotopical evolution of the Phlegraean magmatic system before the Campanian Ignimbrite and the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff eruptions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 91(2-4), 141-166. Pappalardo, L., Piochi, M., d’Antonio, M., Civetta, L., & Petrini, R. (2002). Evidence for multi-stage magmatic evolution during the past 60 kyr at Campi Flegrei (Italy) deduced from Sr, Nd and Pb isotope data. Journal of Petrology, 43(8), 1415-1434. Pappalardo, L., Ottolini, L., & Mastrolorenzo, G. (2008). The Campanian Ignimbrite (southern Italy) geochemical zoning: insight on the generation of a super-eruption from catastrophic differentiation and fast withdrawal. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 156(1), 1-26. Peccerillo, A. (2005). Plio-quaternary volcanism in Italy (Vol. 365). New York: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Ricci, T., Barberi, F., Davis, M. S., Isaia, R., & Nave, R. (2013). Volcanic risk perception in the Campi Flegrei area. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 254, 118-130. Rosi, M., & Sbrana, A. (1987). Petrography. Quaderni de La Ricerca Scientifica, 9(114), 60-80. Scarpati, C., Perrotta, A., Lepore, S., & Calvert, A. (2013). Eruptive history of Neapolitan volcanoes: constraints from 40Ar–39Ar dating. Geological Magazine, 150(3), 412-425. Selva, J., Orsi, G., Di Vito, M. A., Marzocchi, W., & Sandri, L. (2012). Probability hazard map for future vent opening at the Campi Flegrei caldera, Italy. Bulletin of volcanology, 74(2), 497-510. Signorelli, S., Vaggelli, G., Francalanci, L., & Rosi, M. (1999). Origin of magmas feeding the Plinian phase of the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption, Phlegrean Fields (Italy): constraints based on matrix-glass and glass-inclusion compositions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 91(2-4), 199-220. Signorelli, S., Vaggelli, G., Romano, C., & Carroll, M. (2001). Volatile element zonation in Campanian Ignimbrite magmas (Phlegrean Fields, Italy): evidence from the study of glass inclusions and matrix glasses. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 140(5), 543-553.
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Ercolano
[Britholite-(Ce)] Orlandi, P., Perchiazzi, N., & Mannucci, G. (1989). First occurrence of britholite-(Ce) in Italy (Monte Somma, Vesuvius). European Journal of Mineralogy, 1, 723-725
[Britholite-(Ce)] luigi chiapino
          • Somma Vesuviana
[Britholite-(Ce)] Russo, M., and Punzo, I. (2004) I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Tipografia Fantigrafica s.r.l., Cremona, 320 pp.
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
[Britholite-(Ce)] Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
      • Campagnano di Roma
[Britholite-(Ce)]
      • Magliano Romano
Antonio Borrelli Collection
      • Sacrofano
Cámara, F., Bellatreccia, F., Ventura, G. D., Gunter, M. E., Sebastiani, M., & Cavallo, A. (2012). Kircherite, a new mineral of the cancrinite-sodalite group with a 36-layer stacking sequence: Occurrence and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 97(8-9), 1494-1504.
    • Viterbo Province
[Britholite-(Ce)] American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 1066–1075, 2001
[Britholite-(Ce)] Della Ventura, G., Williams, C.T., Cabella, R., Oberti, R., Caprilli, E., Bellatreccia, F. (1999) Britholite-hellandite intergrowths and associated REE-minerals from the alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy): petrological implications bearing on REE mobility in volcanic systems. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 843-854; Della Ventura, G. (2002) Ciprianite, mottanaite-(Ce) e hellandite-(Ce): tre nuovi minerali scoperti nel Lazio e revisione sistematica del gruppo dell'hellandite. Il Cercapietre, 1-2; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista02/testo/02A01.html; Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Cámara, F., Della Ventura, G. (1999) Crystal structure of non-metamict Th-rich hellandite-(Ce) from Latium (Italy) and crystal chemistry of the hellandite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921.
[Britholite-(Ce)] "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)". Although not analysed, the suffix -(Ce) has been attributed because all analytical data on britholites from other localities of the Vico volcanic complex show that the mineral is cerium dominant.
      • Vetralla
[Britholite-(Ce)] "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
[Britholite-(Ce)] Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
[Britholite-(Ce)] Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
[Britholite-(Ce)] Gianfranco Ciccolini Collection
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
[Britholite-(Y)] Hata, S. (1938) Abukumalite [britholite-(Y)], a new mineral from pegmatites of Iisaka, Fukushima prefecture. Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo, 34, 1018-1023.
    • Date District
      • Kawamata
[Britholite-(Y)] Nagashima, K., Nakao, K., Wakita, H., & Kato, A. (1971). Chemical Studies of Minerals Containing Rarer Elements from the Far East District. LXIV. Abukumalite from Fusamata, Kawamata-machi, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 44, 867-869.
        • Iizaka Village (Iisaka)
[Britholite-(Y)] Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo, 34, 1018-1023.; Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Nakatsugawa City
      • Hirukawa
[Britholite-(Y)] ex-Okamoto collection, now (2015) on display at Hakusekikan museum, Hirukawa.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Khromtau
[Britholite-(Ce)] Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • North Kazakhstan Region
    • Timiryazev
[Britholite-(Ce)] Handbook of Mineralogy
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
[Fluorcalciobritholite] Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
Libya
 
  • Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
Madagascar
Kieft, C & Burke, E.A.J. (1970): La britholite, un mineral nouveau pour Madagascar. Compte Rendu de la Semaine Géologique Madagascar, 101-103
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
[Britholite-(Ce)] Wolfgang Hampel (2011) and Guillaume Estrade (University of Toulouse, 2011)
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Machinga
[Britholite-(Ce)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mongolia
 
  • Khovd Province
    • Myangad District
[Britholite-(Ce)] G.S. Ripp data; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
Kovalenko, V. I., Tsaryeva, G. M., Goreglyad, A. V., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Troitsky, V. A., Hervig, R. L., & Farmer, G. (1995). The peralkaline granite-related Khaldzan-Buregtey rare metal (Zr, Nb, REE) deposit, western Mongolia. Economic Geology, 90(3), 530-547.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), specimens selfcollected in 1990
  • Ömnögovi Province
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
[Britholite-(Ce)] Ripp, G. S.; Karmanov, N. S.; Kanakin, S. V.; Doroshkevich, A. G.; Andreev, G. V. (2005): Cerium britholite from the Mushugai ore deposit (Mongolia). Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 134, 90-103. (in Russian) ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Midelt Province
      • Midelt Cercle
        • Aït Oufella Caïdat
          • Amersid
[Britholite-(Ce)] Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang County
      • Nam-myon
        • Chonma-ri
          • Songna-san
[Britholite-(Ce)] Takubo, J. (1941) Journal of the Chemical Society of Japan, 62, 8.
  • North Pyongan Province
    • Chongju
http://www.ctia.com.cn/TungstenNews/Print.asp?ArticleID=90677
Norway
 
  • Agder
    • Vennesla
      • Øvrebø
Richard Dale photo & specimen, id nr 372585; Griffin, W.L., Nilssen, B. & Jensen, B.B. (1979): Britholite-(Y) and its alteration: Reiarsdal, Vest-Agder, south Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 59: 265-271
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Drag
        • Eivollen
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T., Müller, A. Olerud, S, & Thorsen, Ø. (2017) Pegmatites of the Tysfjord-Hamarøy area, northern Norway. in Müller et. al. (2017) Norwegian pegmatites ! Tysfjord-Hamarøy, Evje-Iveland, Langesundsfjord. Geological society of Norway Geological Guides 6-2017: 3-47.
        • Lapplægeret
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Narvik
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
[Britholite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection (1979)
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1992.
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1991.
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
[Britholite-(Ce)] Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
[Tritomite-(Ce)] RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R060046, Mindat-Photo id 311382
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, 483-489
        • Barkevik area
          • Kjeøya
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge observation 1991
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge observation in field 1978
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection (find 1975)
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Weibye, P. C. (1850): Neue Mineralien aus Norwegen, beschrieben von P.H. [sic!] Weibye; analysirt von N.J. Berlin, K.A. Sjögren und J.B. von Borck (Erster Theil). [1.Tritomit, 2. Katapleiit, 3.Atheriasit, 4. Eudnophit.], Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff), 79: 299-304
        • Stokkøya
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, 483-489
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge observation 1992
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, 483-489
        • Vesle Arøya
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71
      • Malerød
[Britholite-(Ce)] Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
        • Klåstad
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
        • Stålaker
[Britholite-(Ce)]
      • Tvedalen
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge observation 1990
[Britholite-(Ce)] Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
[Britholite-(Ce)] Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection and observation , found on dump mai 2019
[Britholite-(Ce)] Collection of Peter Andresen; Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-3631
[Britholite-(Ce)] Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A.Berge observation 1988
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-1381)
    • Sandefjord
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt : 3 (1): 10-12
      • Østerøya
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection and observation july 1993
        • Yxney
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
      • Vesterøya
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection
[Britholite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-5171)
[Britholite-(Ce)] Svein A. Berge collection
[Britholite-(Ce)] Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 124
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
[Britholite-(Ce)] Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
[Tritomite-(Ce)] Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Bassebu
[Britholite-(Ce)] Peter Andresen collection.
      • Langangen
[Britholite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. & Åsheim, A. (1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3 (1), 9-12.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
      • Slevolden
[Britholite-(Ce)] Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
    • Skien
      • Kilebygda
[Britholite-(Y)] Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68(p. 124)
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel
[Britholite-(Ce)] Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
      • Ribeira Grande
Ternes, B. (1999): Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24 (1), 20-42
[Britholite-(Y)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection, july 2019
Romania
 
  • Harghita
[Britholite-(Ce)] Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
[Britholite-(Ce)] P.M. Kartashov data
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym
[Britholite-(Ce)] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 290; Min Mag 31 (1957), 455; P.M. Kartashov data; Kasatkin, A. V., Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., Polekhovsky, Y. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. The mineralogy of the historical Mochalin Log REE deposit, South Urals, Russia. Part I. New gatelite-group minerals ferriperbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Fe 3+ Al 2 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2, and perbøeite-(La),(CaLa 3)(Al 3 Fe 2+)[Si 2 O 7][SiO 4] 3 O (OH) 2. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-35.
    • Vishnevye Mountains
[Britholite-(Ce)] http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
  • Irkutsk Oblast
[Britholite-(Ce)] The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
  • Khabarovsk Krai
[Britholite-(Y)] Alekseev, V. I., & Marin, Y. B. (2015). Composition and evolution of accessory mineralization of Li–F granites in the Far East as indicators of their ore potential. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(8), 635-644.
    • Verkhnebureinsky District
      • Verkhnii Mel'gin River
        • Turana Range
          • Chekunda Town
[Britholite-(Ce)] I.I. Kupriyanova Mineralogy of Chergilen rare earth deposit,- Moscow,1962, p.211, PhD dissertation.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
[Britholite-(Ce)] Kalyago, E. K. & Lapin, A. V. (1990): Britholite from metasomatites of the Kiisk alkaline massif (Enisei Ridge). Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 119, 107-110. (in Russian.)
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Britholite-(Ce)] Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
    • Belye Tundry Massif
[Britholite-(Y)] Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2007): Fluorthalénite-(Y) and crystalline britholite-(Y) in a pegmatite of the Belye Tundry alkali granite massif, Kola Peninsula [Фторталенит-(Y) и кристаллический бритолит-(Y) в пегматите щелочно-гранитного массива Белые тундры, Кольский полуостров]. Mineralogy in the whole space of this word. Proceedings of IV Fersman Scientific Session. Apatity, 4-6 June 2007 [Минералогия во всем пространстве сего слова. Труды IV Ферсмановской научной сессии. Апатиты, 4-6 июня 2007]. K & M, Apatity, 174-177; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
    • Khibiny Massif
[Britholite-(Ce)] Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
      • Kihlman Mountain
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
        • East slope
[Fluorcalciobritholite] European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
[Britholite-(Ce)] Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
[Britholite-(Ce)] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
      • Keivy Mountains
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
[Britholite-(Y)] Lunts, A.Ya. [Лунц, А.Я] (1972) Mineralogy, geochemistry and origin of the rare-earth pegmatites of alkaline granites, north-western USSR [Минералогия, геохимия и генезис редкоземельных пегматитов щелочных гранитов Северо-Запада СССР]. Nedra [Недра], Moscow, 176 pp. (in Russian).
[Britholite-(Y)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
[Britholite-(Y)] No reference listed
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data; Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9; D. R. Zozulya, L. M. Lyalina, Ye. E. Savchenko (2015): Britholite ores of the Sakharjok Zr–Y–REE deposit, Kola Peninsula: Geochemistry, mineralogy, and formation stages. Geochemistry International, 53, 892-902.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Polar Yakutia
      • Cherskii range system
        • Selennyakh range
          • Tommot river
[Britholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
    • Sangilen Upland
[Britholite-(Ce)] Kapustin Yu.L. (1989) Cerite and ternebohmite from fenites of alkaline massifs of Tuva, - Zapiski VMO, 118(4), p. 47-56 (in Rus.)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
      • Pinciná
[Tritomite-(Y)] Huraiová M., Konečný P., 2006: U-Pb-Th datovanie a chemické zloženie monazitu v xenolitoch syenitu a pincinitu z vrchno miocénneho maaru pri obci Pinciná (Lučenecká kotlina). Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 38, 141-150.
  • Trenčín Region
    • Považská Bystrica District
      • Stupné
[Britholite-(Y)] Uher, P., Ondrejka, M.: Britolit-(Y): Neskoromagmatický akcesorický minerál Y-REE z granitu A-typu v Stupnom při Považskej Bystrici, Pieninské bradlové pásmo (severozápadné Slovensko). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 224-229.; Uher, P., Ondrejka, M., Bačík, P., Broska, I. and Konečný, P. (2015): Britholite, monazite, REE-carbonates and calcite: products of hydrothermal alteration of allanite and apatite in A-type granite from Stupné, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. Lithos, 236-237, 212-225.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Giebel, R.J., Gauert, C.D.K., Marks, M.A.W., Costin, G., and Markl, G. (2017) Multi-stage formation of REE minerals in the Palabora Carbonatite Complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 102, 1218-1233.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
[Britholite-(Ce)] Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
[Britholite-(Y)]
[Britholite-(Ce)] Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
[Britholite-(Ce)] Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District Municipality
      • Piketberg
[Britholite-(Ce)] Rozendaa, A., & Boshoff, R. (2012). Rare Earth Element Mineralogy and its Recovery from the Neoproterozoic Riviera W–Mo Deposit, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 605-612). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon Province
[Britholite-(Ce)] Jitsutaro Takubo (1941) Investigation of Minerals Containing Rarer Elements. On Lessingite found in Heiko, Kogen-do, Korea. Nippon Kagaku Kaishi. 62 (8): 730-732. doi.org/10.1246/nikkashi1921.62.730 [in Japanese]
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju City
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
[Britholite-(Ce)] P.M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
[Britholite-(Ce)] Ковальчук, Н. С., & Шумилова, Т. Г. (2014). Редкоземельная и циРконий-ниобиевая минеРализация в алмазсодеРжащих каРбонатитах о. ФуэРтевентуРа (испания). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (10 (238)).
Ahijado et al (2005) Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, #1-2, 107-127.
[Britholite-(Ce)] - Mangas J., Perez F.J., Marín A.,Reguilón R.M.(1996) Minerales de tierras raras en las carbonatitas del Complejo Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Geogaceta, 20(7) pp. 1511-1513.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Albacete
      • Hellín
Benito, R., López-Ruiz, J., Cebriá, J. M., Hertogen, J., Doblas, M., Oyarzun, R., & Demaiffe, D. (1999). Sr and O isotope constraints on source and crustal contamination in the high-K calc-alkaline and shoshonitic Neogene volcanic rocks of SE Spain. Lithos, 46(4), 773-802. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-4937(99)00003-1 Alietti, E., Brigatti, M. F., Capedri, S., & Poppi, L. (1994). The roedderite-chayesite series from Spanish lamproites: crystal-chemical characterization. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 655-662. https://doi.org/10.1180.minmag.1994.058.393.16 Venturelli, G., Capedri, S., Di Battistini, G., Crawford, A., Kogarko, L. N., & Celestini, S. (1984). The ultrapotassic rocks from southeastern Spain. Lithos, 17, 37-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(84)90005-7
[Britholite-(Ce)] E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
  • Community of Madrid
[Britholite-(Ce)] Prado-Herrero, P. et al. (2009): First find of Kristiansenite in Spain: Comparison with the type specimen by non-descriptive techniques. Estudos Geológicos 19 (2): 135-139
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Strand, U.(1999): Meddelande om Nytt mineral för Sverige. Jinshajiangit fån Norra Kärr, Gränna, samt något om fluorbritolit-(Ce). STEIN 26 (2), 38-39
  • Östergötland County
    • Ödeshög
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] RRUFF ID: R070412; Natural History Museum Stockholm collection inventory # 19690101
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Holtstam D., Kolitsch U. and Andersson U. (2005) Västmanlandite-(Ce) - a new lanthanide- and F-bearing sorosilicate mineral from Västmanland, Sweden: description, crystal structure, and relation to gatelite-(Ce). European Journal of Mineralogy 17, 129-142.
      • Röberg ore field
[Fluorbritholite-(Y)] Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
      • Smörberg ore field
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Holtstam, D., Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 45, 1073-1114
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
[Fluorbritholite-(Y)] Holtstam, D. & Andersson, U.B. (2007): The REE minerals of the Bastnäs-type deposits, South-Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 1073-1114
Turkey
 
  • Malatya Province
    • Darende District
Leo, G. W., Marvin, R. F., & Mehnert, H. H. (1974). Geologic framework of the Kuluncak-Sofular area, east-central Turkey, and K-Ar ages of igneous rocks. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 85(11), 1785-1788. Ozgenc, I. (1999). Carbonatite-hosted fluorite and britholite mineralization at Sofular area, Malatya, Turkey. In Mineral deposits: processes to processing. Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial SGA Meeting and the Tenth Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium (pp. 663-666). Özgenç, İ., & İlbeyli, N. (2009). Geochemical constraints on petrogenesis of Late Cretaceous alkaline magmatism in east-central Anatolia (Hasançelebi-Başören, Malatya), Turkey. Mineralogy and Petrology, 95, 71-85.
UK
 
[Britholite-(Y)] Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Highland
      • Eilean á Chèo
[Britholite-(Y)] Fluid Evolution and The Formation and Alteration of Allanite in Skarn from the Beinn an Dhubaich Granite Aureole, Skye Martin Smith & Paul Henderson Jour. Conf. Abstracts 5: 939 (2000)
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
[Britholite-(Ce)] Morozewicz, J. (1904) Uber Beckelit ein Cero-Lantano-Didymo-Silicat vom Calcium. Bull. Inter. Acad. Sci. Cracovie. 1904 : 485-492.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
[Britholite-(Ce)] L. N. Kogarko, V. A. Konova, M. P. Orlova, A. R. Woolley (1995) Ukraine in Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World pp 49-58
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
[Britholite-(Ce)] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/magcov.htm
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
[Britholite-(Ce)]
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
[Britholite-(La)] Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Minerlogical Record 48:755-777
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown Mining District
[Britholite-(Ce)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Jamestown
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Philip Persson material; Stern, C., Allaz, J., Raschke, M., Cortes, S. and Persson, P. (2013): Proterozoic fluorbritholite-bearing REE-Rich hydrothermal veins from near Jamestown, Colorado. Rocky Mountain Section - 65th Annual Meeting (15-17 May 2013). Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 45, No. 5, p.41
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Charles Stern, Jeremy Ross, Julien Allaz, Markus B. Raschke, Lang Farmer, Alexandra Skewes (2016) Role of liquid immiscibility in formation of F- and REE-rich segregations in aplite veins near Jamestown, Colorado, USA. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
[Britholite-(Ce)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Fremont Co.
[Britholite-(Y)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
[Britholite-(Ce)] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Massachusetts
    • Norfolk Co.
      • Quincy
[Britholite-(Ce)]
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Republic
[Britholite-(Y)] "Mines and Minerals of Michigan's Iron Country," Ramon S. Demark. Rocks & Minerals, March 2000.
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
[Britholite-(Ce)] USGS Open File report 2010-5220
  • Montana
    • Chouteau Co.
      • Highwood Mountains
W. P. Nash, Lawrence M. Monson, (1987) "Shonkin Sag laccolith; A differentiated alkaline intrusion, Highwood Mountains, Montana", Rocky Mountain Section of the Geological Society of America, Stanley S. Beus
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Bottle Creek Mining District
[Britholite-(Y)] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Byram Township
        • Cranberry Lake
[Tritomite-(Y)] A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser(1978).
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
[Britholite-(Ce)] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
      • Kingsland Granite Company Quarry (Petrick Quarry)
[Britholite-(Y)] Arthur Smith, Frank Roberts, Denise Bicknell (2008) Mineral News, 24, #1, 6-7.
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Châu Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
[Fluorbritholite-(Ce)] Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
 
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