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Perroudite

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About PerrouditeHide

06930180014983885081704.jpg
Pierre Perroud
Formula:
Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
Colour:
Bright red
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
6.6 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by H. Sarp, W.D. Birch, P.F. Hlava, A. Pring, D.K. Sewell, and E.H. Nickel in 1987 in honor of Pierre Perroud (3 November 1943, Geneva, Switzerland - ) Professor at Collège Voltaire, Geneva, Switzerland, for his work on Cap Garonne minerals. Perroud also developed the first online mineral database, Athena.
Chemically related to hanauerite.


Classification of PerrouditeHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1986
First Published:
1987
2.FC.20c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
C : With Cl, Br, I (halide-sulfides)
2.15.5.1

2 : SULFIDES
15 : Chlor-sulfides
6.5.7

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
5 : Sulphohalides

Physical Properties of PerrouditeHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Bright red
Streak:
Reddish-orange
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{100}
Density:
6.6 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PerrouditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.300 nβ = 2.400
2V:
Measured: 70°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 2.300
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v very strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= dark brownish red
Y= Yellow
Z= brownish-yellow

Chemical Properties of PerrouditeHide

Formula:
Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2
IMA Formula:
Ag4Hg5S5(I,Br)2Cl2

Crystallography of PerrouditeHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.47 Å, b = 12.23 Å, c = 4.29 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.428 : 1 : 0.351
Unit Cell V:
917.5 ų
Morphology:
Prismatic
Twinning:
contact twinned 0hl?

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0001135PerrouditeMumme W G, Nickel E H (1987) Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of perroudite: A mineral from Coppin Pool, Western Australia American Mineralogist 72 1257-126219870293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Supergene zone

Type Occurrence of PerrouditeHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Fibrous tufted aggregates
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidation zone of copper lead mine.

Synonyms of PerrouditeHide

Other Language Names for PerrouditeHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
18 photos of Perroudite associated with CapgaronniteAgHgClS
8 photos of Perroudite associated with OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
7 photos of Perroudite associated with IltisiteHgAgSCl
2 photos of Perroudite associated with ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Perroudite associated with ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Perroudite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Perroudite associated with CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
1 photo of Perroudite associated with SulphurS8
1 photo of Perroudite associated with ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
1 photo of Perroudite associated with ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.FC.Demicheleite-(I)BiSIOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.FC.05DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
2.FC.05ThalfenisiteTl6(Fe,Ni,Cu)25S26ClIso.
2.FC.05Owensite(Ba,Pb)6(Cu,Fe,Ni)25S27Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
2.FC.10BartoniteK6Fe20S26STet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.FC.10ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.FC.15aArzakiteHg2+3S2(Br,Cl)2Mon.
2.FC.15aCorderoiteHg2+3S2Cl2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.FC.15cGrechishcheviteHg2+3S2(Br,Cl,I)2Tet.
2.FC.15aLavrentieviteHg2+3S2(Cl,Br)2Mon.
2.FC.15dRadtkeiteHg2+3S2IClMon. 2/m : B2/m
2.FC.15bKenhsuiteHg2+3S2Cl2Orth.
2.FC.20aCapgaronniteAgHgClSOrth.
2.FC.20bIltisiteHgAgSClHex.
2.FC.25Demicheleite-(Br)BiSBrOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.FC.25Demicheleite-(Cl)BiSClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.5.1CorderoiteHg2+3S2Cl2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
6.5.2ArzakiteHg2+3S2(Br,Cl)2Mon.
6.5.3LavrentieviteHg2+3S2(Cl,Br)2Mon.
6.5.4GrechishcheviteHg2+3S2(Br,Cl,I)2Tet.
6.5.5RadtkeiteHg2+3S2IClMon. 2/m : B2/m
6.5.6CapgaronniteAgHgClSOrth.
6.5.8ArdaitePb19Sb13S35Cl7Mon.
6.5.9DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
6.5.10RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2Tet.
6.5.11DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
6.5.12ThalfenisiteTl6(Fe,Ni,Cu)25S26ClIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PerrouditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sarp, H., Birch, W.D., Hlava, P.F., Pring, A., Sewell, D.K., Nickel, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap-Garonne, Var, France, and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1251-1256.
Mumme, W.G., Nickel, E.H. (1987) Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of perroudite: A mineral from Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1257-1262.
Keller, P., Lissner, F., Schleid, Th. (2005) Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: 181: 1-9.

Internet Links for PerrouditeHide

Localities for PerrouditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Am.Min.72: 1251-1256 (1987)
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Nickel, E. H. & Gartrell, B. J. (1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record 24, 203-216, 218.
      • Tom Price
J.Earth Sci. 32(3),311-321 (1985); Am.Min.72: 1251-1256 (1987)
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos mining district
        • Carrera Pinto
SEM-EDS by Stefan Diller
      • Las Animas Mining District
Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analog of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91(11-12), 1909-1917.
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
Maurizio Dini & Robert Jenkins collections; material analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter
France (TL)
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Sarp, H., Birch, W.D., Hlava, P.F., Pring, A., Sewell, D.K.B., and Nickel, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap Garonne, Var, France and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1251-1256. Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Georges FAVREAU collection
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersberg District
      • Kirchheimbolanden
        • Mörsfeld
Lapis 2001(6), 40
      • Nordpfälzer Land
        • Stahlberg
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
Witzke, T. & Hensel, H. (2000)
    • Rhein-Lahn District
      • Bad Ems-Nassau
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58; N.V. Chukanov, R.K. Rastsvetaeva, S.M. Aksenov, I.V. Pekov, D.I. Belakovskiy, G. Blass, and G. Mohn (2013) Lahnsteinite, Zn4(SO4)(OH)6•3H2O, a new mineral species from the Friederichssegen Mine, Germany. Zap. Ross. Mineral. Obshch., 142, 39-46 (in Russian, English abstract). [Engl. transl.: Geology of Ore Deposits, 55, 663-668.]
    • Westerwald District
      • Wirges
        • Dernbach
Krause, W., (1988): Perroudit und Karminit von der Grube "Schöne Aussicht" bei Dernbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 169-175
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Indonesia
 
  • Maluku Province
    • Wetar Island
Mineralium Deposita (2005) 40: 76–99
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
• Keller, P., Lissner, F., Thomas Schleid, Th. (2005): Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 181, 1-9.
Russia
 
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
P.M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Trebišov District
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
Georges Favreau collection
      • Tíjola
Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Albarracín
Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. and Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2007): Corderoíta, Kenhsuíta, y Perroudita. Sulfohalogenuros de Mercurio de Chóvar, Castellón. Revista de Minerales. 3(3):46-49. Barcelona
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mountains
        • Goodsprings Mining District
Southern California Micromounters Symposium 29 Jan 2010, Redlands, CA
 
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