SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About PerrouditeHide

Pierre Perroud
Bright red
Adamantine, Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
6.6 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named by H. Sarp, W.D. Birch, P.F. Hlava, A. Pring, D.K. Sewell, and E.H. Nickel in 1987 in honor of Pierre Perroud (3 November 1943, Geneva, Switzerland - ) Professor at Collège Voltaire, Geneva, Switzerland, for his work on Cap Garonne minerals. Perroud also developed the first online mineral database, Athena.
Chemically related to hanauerite.

Classification of PerrouditeHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
C : With Cl, Br, I (halide-sulfides)

15 : Chlor-sulfides

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
5 : Sulphohalides

Physical Properties of PerrouditeHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Bright red
6.6 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PerrouditeHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.300 nβ = 2.400
Measured: 70°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 2.300
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r > v very strong
X= dark brownish red
Y= Yellow
Z= brownish-yellow

Chemical Properties of PerrouditeHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of PerrouditeHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.47 Å, b = 12.23 Å, c = 4.29 Å
a:b:c = 1.428 : 1 : 0.351
Unit Cell V:
917.5 ų
contact twinned 0hl?

Type Occurrence of PerrouditeHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Fibrous tufted aggregates
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidation zone of copper lead mine.

Synonyms of PerrouditeHide

Other Language Names for PerrouditeHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
18 photos of Perroudite associated with CapgaronniteAgHgClS
8 photos of Perroudite associated with OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
7 photos of Perroudite associated with IltisiteHgAgSCl
2 photos of Perroudite associated with ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Perroudite associated with ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Perroudite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Perroudite associated with CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
1 photo of Perroudite associated with SulphurS8
1 photo of Perroudite associated with ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
1 photo of Perroudite associated with ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.FC.Demicheleite-(I)BiSIOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.FC.05DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
2.FC.05Owensite(Ba,Pb)6(Cu,Fe,Ni)25S27Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
2.FC.10BartoniteK6Fe20S26STet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.FC.10ChlorbartoniteK6Fe24S26(Cl,S)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.FC.15aCorderoiteHg2+3S2Cl2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.FC.15dRadtkeiteHg2+3S2IClMon. 2/m : B2/m
2.FC.25Demicheleite-(Br)BiSBrOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.FC.25Demicheleite-(Cl)BiSClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.5.1CorderoiteHg2+3S2Cl2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
6.5.5RadtkeiteHg2+3S2IClMon. 2/m : B2/m
6.5.9DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
6.5.11DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PerrouditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sarp, H., Birch, W.D., Hlava, P.F., Pring, A., Sewell, D.K., Nickel, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap-Garonne, Var, France, and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1251-1256.
Mumme, W.G., Nickel, E.H. (1987) Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of perroudite: A mineral from Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1257-1262.
Keller, P., Lissner, F., Schleid, Th. (2005) Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: 181: 1-9.

Internet Links for PerrouditeHide

Localities for PerrouditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Am.Min.72: 1251-1256 (1987)
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Nickel, E. H. & Gartrell, B. J. (1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record 24, 203-216, 218.
      • Tom Price
J.Earth Sci. 32(3),311-321 (1985); Am.Min.72: 1251-1256 (1987)
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
SEM-EDS by Stefan Diller
Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analog of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91(11-12), 1909-1917.
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Maurizio Dini & Robert Jenkins collections; material analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter
France (TL)
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Sarp, H., Birch, W.D., Hlava, P.F., Pring, A., Sewell, D.K.B., and Nickel, E.H. (1987) Perroudite, a new sulfide-halide of Hg and Ag from Cap Garonne, Var, France and from Broken Hill, New South Wales, and Coppin Pool, Western Australia. American Mineralogist: 72: 1251-1256. Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Kirchheimbolanden
        • Mörsfeld
Lapis 2001(6), 40
      • Rockenhausen
        • Stahlberg
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
Witzke, T. & Hensel, H. (2000)
    • Neuwied
      • Dernbach
Krause, W., (1988): Perroudit und Karminit von der Grube "Schöne Aussicht" bei Dernbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 169-175
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58; N.V. Chukanov, R.K. Rastsvetaeva, S.M. Aksenov, I.V. Pekov, D.I. Belakovskiy, G. Blass, and G. Mohn (2013) Lahnsteinite, Zn4(SO4)(OH)6•3H2O, a new mineral species from the Friederichssegen Mine, Germany. Zap. Ross. Mineral. Obshch., 142, 39-46 (in Russian, English abstract). [Engl. transl.: Geology of Ore Deposits, 55, 663-668.]
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
  • Maluku Islands (Moluccas)
    • Maluku Province
      • Wetar Island
Mineralium Deposita (2005) 40: 76–99
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
• Keller, P., Lissner, F., Thomas Schleid, Th. (2005): Single-crystal structure determination of perroudite, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl2, from Tsumeb (Namibia), and its structural relationships to other sulfide halides of mercury and cinnabar. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 181, 1-9.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Košice Region
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
Georges Favreau collection
      • Tíjola
Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. y Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Albarracín
Calvo Sevillano, G., Calvo, M. and Viñals, J. (2011). Presencia en localidades españolas de perroudita, Hg5Ag4S5(I,Br)2Cl, un mineral "raro" que es probablemente frecuente. Macla, (15), 45-46.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2007): Corderoíta, Kenhsuíta, y Perroudita. Sulfohalogenuros de Mercurio de Chóvar, Castellón. Revista de Minerales. 3(3):46-49. Barcelona
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings Mining District
Southern California Micromounters Symposium 29 Jan 2010, Redlands, CA
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 22, 2019 22:35:47 Page generated: October 17, 2019 22:15:34
Go to top of page