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About PhilipsburgiteHide

(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Bright emrald green
3 - 4
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named for the town of Philipsburg, Montana, USA, near the type locality.
The arsenate analogue of kipushite.

Classification of PhilipsburgiteHide

First Published:

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
A : With small (and occasionally larger) cations

2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg

Physical Properties of PhilipsburgiteHide

Bright emrald green
Pale green
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
None Observed
None observed
4.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhilipsburgiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.729 nβ = 1.774 nγ = 1.775
Measured: 17° , Calculated: 16°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.046
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
r < v
Y=Z mediam green, X pale green

Chemical Properties of PhilipsburgiteHide

(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of PhilipsburgiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.33 Å, b = 9.2 Å, c = 10.69 Å
β = 96.92°
a:b:c = 1.34 : 1 : 1.162
Unit Cell V:
1,203.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
2.559 (100)
4.05 (90)
12.2 (80)
2.666 (60)
1.534 (60)
3.405 (50)
6.21 (40)

Type Occurrence of PhilipsburgiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M41000
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 161201.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Ramik, R.A., Sturman, B.D., Zeihen, L.G. (1985) Philipsburgite, a new copper zinc arsenate hydrate related to kipushite, from Montana. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 255-258.

Synonyms of PhilipsburgiteHide

Other Language Names for PhilipsburgiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz14 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Quartz on
Veszelyite5 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Veszelyite on
Duftite4 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Duftite on
Cornwallite3 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Cornwallite on
Zálesíite3 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Zálesíite on
Chrysocolla2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Chrysocolla on
Lavendulan2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Lavendulan on
Mixite2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Mixite on
Azurite2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Azurite on
Cornubite1 photo of Philipsburgite associated with Cornubite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DA.05BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.05MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.10RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DA.10ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GreifensteiniteCa2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon.
8.DA.10AtencioiteCa2Fe2+3Mg2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10RuifrancoiteCa2(◻,Mn)2(Fe3+,Mn,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GuimarãesiteCa2Be4Zn5(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DA.15UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
8.DA.20WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.25TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2OHex.
8.DA.30Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DA.35Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
8.DA.40SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DA.45GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
8.DA.50Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.3.1AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
20.3.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.3KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.4LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.3.5WarikahniteZn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.3.6KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.7StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.9AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.3.10ProsperiteCa2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2OMon.
20.3.11GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.3.12ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
20.3.13O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.3.14JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.3.15Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
20.3.16Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.18LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.19Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.20OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.3.21FahleiteCaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2OOrth.
20.3.22KeyiteCu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of PhilipsburgiteHide

None observed

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhilipsburgiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Ramik, R.A., Sturman, B.D., Zeihen, L.G. (1985) Philipsburgite, a new copper zinc arsenate hydrate related to kipushite, from Montana. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 255-258.
Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1277-1282.
Olmi, F., Sabelli, C., Brizzi, G. (1988) Agardite-(Y), Gysinite-(Nd) and other rare minerals from Sardinia. The Mineralogical Record: 19: 305-310.
Ciesielczuk, J., Janeczek, J., Dulski, M., Krzykawski, T. (2016) Pseudomalachite-cornwallite and kipushite-philipsburgite solid solutions: chemical composition and Raman spectroscopy. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 555-569.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. (2016)

Internet Links for PhilipsburgiteHide

Localities for PhilipsburgiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
          • Schwaz
            • Ringenwechsel District
              • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.;
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
Vrtiška L., Sejkora J., Malíková R. (2016) Philipsburgit z Krásna u Horního Slavkova, Slavkovský les (Česká republika); Philipsburgite from Krásno near Horní Slavkov, Slavkovský les Mts. (Czech Republic);. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 24, 2, 243-251.
Vrtiška L., Sejkora J., Malíková R. (2016) Philipsburgit z Krásna u Horního Slavkova, Slavkovský les (Česká republika); Philipsburgite from Krásno near Horní Slavkov, Slavkovský les Mts. (Czech Republic);. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 24, 2, 243-251
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1994): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (XI). - Mineralien-Welt 5 (3), 53-55.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
[MinRec 19:308-309]
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
  • Oshikoto Region (Otjikoto Region)
    • Tsumeb
Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal de Almería
        • Del Cura Ravine
José Miguel Sola ;; Jose M. Sola collection; Jose M Sola collection
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Cerdanya
Xavi Ortiz Collection
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Gwinear-Gwithian
        • Fraddam
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Hilary
Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
No reference listed
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
          • Potts Gill
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
BMS Database
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
[MinRec 17:342, 23:482]; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
[Mineralogical Record 29:177]
          • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
        • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Rick Dalrymple Collection
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
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