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Phlogopite

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About PhlogopiteHide

Formula:
KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Colour:
Brown, gray, green, yellow, or reddish brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
2.78 - 2.85
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1841 by Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt from the Greek φλογωποζ "phlogopos" for "resembling fire", in allusion to the red tint of the original specimens.
Mica Group. Biotite-Phlogopite Series.
The hydroxyl analogue of Fluorophlogopite and the magnesium analogue of Hendricksite. Also, generally the micas on the Phlogopite end (magnesium end) of the Biotite-Phlogopite Series, including Phlogopite, Fluorophlogopite, Eastonite, and Hendricksite.

A wide-spread member of the mica group occurring especially in crystalline, dolomitic marbles associated with spinel, diopside and members of the chondrodite group. Redefined as the OH end-member by the IMA Mica Subcommittee in 1998.

May alter to vermiculite.


Classification of PhlogopiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1998
9.EC.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.2b.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
16.8.6

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
8 : Aluminosilicates of Mg and alkalis

Physical Properties of PhlogopiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
sub-metallic on cleavage
Colour:
Brown, gray, green, yellow, or reddish brown
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {0001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
2.78 - 2.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.79 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhlogopiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.530 - 1.573 nβ = 1.557 - 1.617 nγ = 1.558 - 1.618
2V:
Calculated: 16° to 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028 - 0.045
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v distinct
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= yellow
Y=Z= brownish red, green, yellow

Chemical Properties of PhlogopiteHide

Formula:
KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Mn,Ba,Cr,Na,Ti,Ni,Zn,Ca,Li,Rb,H2O

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Paleoproterozoic to Neogene : 2030 ± 30 Ma to 13 Ma - based on 92 recorded ages.

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
SiO240,72 %
Al2O317,05 %
Fe2O31,68 %
FeO2,73 %
MnO0,02 %
MgO24,18 %
TiO21,04 %
CaO1,19 %
Na2O0,55 %
K2O6,74 %
F0,96 %
H2O+3,38 %
H2O-0,06 %
Total:95 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Ianakafy, Ianakafy, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascarvon Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
2Dangreyong lake, Nyima Co., Nagchu Prefecture, Tibet, ChinaZhao, Z. D., Mo, X. X., Nomade, S., Renne, P. R., Zhou, S., Dong, G. C., ... & Liao, Z. L. (2006). Post-collisional ultrapotassic rocks in Lhasa block, Tibetan Plateau: Spatial and temporal distribution and its' implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22(4), 787-794.
3West Qinling, Li County, Longnan, Gansu, ChinaYu, X. H., Mo, X. X., Flower, M., Su, S. G., & Zhao, X. (2001). Cenozoic kamafugite volcanism and tectonic meaning in west Qinling area, Gansu province. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 17(3), 366-+.
4Dvůr Králové Sill, Trutnov District, Hradec Králové Region, Czech RepublicUlrych, J., Povondra, P., Pivec, E., Rutšek, J., Bendl, J., & Bilik, I. (1996). Alkaline ultramafic sill at Dv?r Králové nad Labem, eastern Bohemia: petrological and geochemical constraints. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol, 40, 53-79.
5Tsumo mine, Masuda City, Shimane Prefecture, JapanSinger, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2009) Sediment-Hosted Zinc-Lead Deposits of the World-Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252, 1-62.
6Jharia Coalfield, Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, IndiaKent, R. W., Kelley, S. P., & Pringle, M. S. (1998). Mineralogy and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of orangeites (Group II kimberlites) from the Damodar Valley, eastern India. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 313-323.
7Erongo Mountains, Karibib, Erongo Region, NamibiaWigand, M., Schmitt, A. K., Trumbull, R. B., Villa, I. M., Emmermann, R. (2004) Short-liived magmatic activity in an anorogenic subvolcanic complex: 40Ar/39Ar and ion microprobe U-Pb zircon dating of the Erongo, Damaraland, Namibia. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 130 (3-4) 285-305.
8  "  "  "  "
9  "  "  "  "
10Kjakebeinet and Muren, Queen Maud Land, Eastern Antarctica, AntarcticaLuttinen, A. V., Zhang, X., & Foland, K. A. (2002). 159 Ma Kjakebeinet lamproites (Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica) and their implications for Gondwana breakup processes. Geological Magazine, 139(5), 525-539.
11Keliyang, Tashiku'ergan Co., Kashi Prefecture, Xinjiang, ChinaGuo, K. Y., Zhang, C. L., Zhao, Y., Dong, Y., & Wang, A. (2003). 40Ar-^ 39Ar dating of lamproite along south margin of the Tarim platform and its geologic significance. Chinese Journal of Geology, 38(4), 532-534.
12Black Ball Head Pipe, West Cork, Cork County, Munster, IrelandQuinn, D., Meere, P. A., & Wartho, J. A. (2005). A chronology of foreland deformation: Ultra-violet laser 40Ar/39Ar dating of syn/late-orogenic intrusions from the Variscides of southwest Ireland. Journal of Structural Geology, 27(8), 1413-1425.
13Seblyavr Massif, Kolsky District, Murmansk Oblast, RussiaOrris, G. J., Grauch, R. I. (2002) Rare Earth element mines, deposits, and occurenes. USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 1-174.
14Perunthol-Kakkaponnu, Pathanapuram, Kollam District, Kerala, IndiaRajesh, V. J., Arima, M., & Santosh, M. (2004). Dunite, glimmerite and spinellite in Achankovil Shear Zone, South India: implications for highly potassic CO2-rich melt influx along an intra-continental shear zone. Gondwana Research, 7(4), 961-974.
15Miary phlogopite mine, Bekitro, Bekily, Androy, MadagascarLeutwein, F. (1964 ): Étude géochimique et géochronologique d'un cristal de phlogopite de Miary prés Bekily. In Battistini, R. (Préface) Comptes rendus de la Semaine géologique 1964: Semaine géologique de Madagascar. Tananarive: Imprimerie nationale, 1964. p. 95-97
16Nkumbwa Hill Carbonatite, Isoka, Isoka District, Muchinga Mountains, Muchinga Province, ZambiaOrris, G. J., Grauch, R. I. (2002) Rare Earth element mines, deposits, and occurenes. USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 1-174.
17Norseman, Dundas Shire, Western Australia, AustraliaRobey, J. V. A., Bristow, J. W., Marx, M. R., Joyce, J., Danchin, R. V., & Arnott, F. (1989). Alkaline ultrabasic dikes near Norseman, Western Australia. Kimberlites and Related Rocks Volume 1: Their Composition, Occurrence, Origin and Emplacement, 383-391.
18Krishna lamproite field, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, IndiaRao, N. C., Miller, J. A., Pyle, D. M., & Madhavan, V. (1996). New Proterozoic K? Ar ages for some kimberlites and lamproites from the Cuddapah Basin and Dharwar Craton, South India: evidence for non-contemporaneous emplacement. Precambrian Research, 79(3-4), 363-369.
19Kortejärvi Carbonatite, Pudasjärvi, North Ostrobothnia, FinlandKresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65.
20Siilinjärvi Carbonatite Intrusion, Siilinjärvi, Northern Savonia, FinlandPuustinen, K. (1972). Richterite and actinolite from the Siilinjarvi carbonatite complex, Finland. Bull Geol Soc Finland, 44, 83-86.

Crystallography of PhlogopiteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Phlogopite-1MPhlogopite-1MdPhlogopite-2M1Phlogopite-3T
    
Monoclinic  Monoclinic Trigonal 
2/m - Prismatic 2/m - Prismatic3 2 - Trapezohedral
B2/m  B2/b P31 2 1
C2/m  C2/c  
a = 5.3078(4) Å, b = 9.1901(5) Å, c = 10.1547(8) Å
β = 100.08(1)°

a = 5.3273(2) Å, b = 9.2231(3) Å, c = 20.1964(8) Å
β = 95.121(2)°
a = 5.3235(2) Å, c = 30.188(2) Å
a:b:c = 0.578 : 1 : 1.105 a:b:c = 0.578 : 1 : 2.19a:c = 1 : 5.671
V 487.69 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
 V 988.37 ųV 740.90 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
2   

Crystallographic forms of PhlogopiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Phlogopite no.100 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Phlogopite no.127 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Phlogopite no.128 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000024PhlogopiteHendricks S B, Jefferson M E (1939) Polymorphism of the micas with optical measurements American Mineralogist 24 729-77119390293
0000025PhlogopiteHendricks S B, Jefferson M E (1939) Polymorphism of the micas with optical measurements American Mineralogist 24 729-77119390293
0000026PhlogopiteHendricks S B, Jefferson M E (1939) Polymorphism of the micas with optical measurements American Mineralogist 24 729-77119390293
0000077PhlogopitePabst A (1955) Redescription of the single layer structure of the micas American Mineralogist 40 967-97419550293
0000114PhlogopiteSteinfink H (1962) Crystal structure of a trioctahedral mica: Phlogopite American Mineralogist 47 886-88919620293
0001810PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001811PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001812PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001813PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001814PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001815PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001816PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001817PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001818PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001819PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001820PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001821PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0001822PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Saccani E, Vaccaro C (1996) Crystal chemistry and petrologic significance of Fe3+-rich phlogopite from the Tapira carbonatite complex, Brazil American Mineralogist 81 913-92719960293
0002225PhlogopiteHawthorne F C, Teertstra D K, Cerny P (1999) Crystal-structure refinement of a rubidian cesian phlogopite American Mineralogist 84 778-78119990293
0002917PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002918PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002919PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002920PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002921PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002922PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002923PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002924PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002925PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002926PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0002928PhlogopiteRedhammer G J, Roth G (2002) Single-crystal structure refinements and crystal chemistry of synthetic trioctahedral micas KM3(Al,Si)4O10(OH)2, where M = Ni, Mg, Co, Fe, Al American Mineralogist 87 1464-147620020293
0003534PhlogopiteComodi P, Fumagalli P, Montagnoli M, Zanazzi P F (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications American Mineralogist 89 647-65320040.0001293
0003535PhlogopiteComodi P, Fumagalli P, Montagnoli M, Zanazzi P F (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications American Mineralogist 89 647-65320041.2293
0003536PhlogopiteComodi P, Fumagalli P, Montagnoli M, Zanazzi P F (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications American Mineralogist 89 647-65320043.2293
0003537PhlogopiteComodi P, Fumagalli P, Montagnoli M, Zanazzi P F (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications American Mineralogist 89 647-65320045293
0003538PhlogopiteComodi P, Fumagalli P, Montagnoli M, Zanazzi P F (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications American Mineralogist 89 647-65320046293
0004002PhlogopiteMesto E, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Ottolini L (2006) An electron microprobe analysis, secondary ion mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray diffraction study of phlogopites from Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy: Consideration of cation partioning American Mineralogist 91 182-1902006Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004003PhlogopiteMesto E, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Ottolini L (2006) An electron microprobe analysis, secondary ion mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray diffraction study of phlogopites from Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy: Consideration of cation partioning American Mineralogist 91 182-1902006Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004004PhlogopiteMesto E, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Ottolini L (2006) An electron microprobe analysis, secondary ion mass spectrometry and single crystal X-ray diffraction study of phlogopites from Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy: Consideration of cation partioning American Mineralogist 91 182-1902006Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004291PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004292PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004293PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004294PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004295PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004296PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004297PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004298PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004302PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004303PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004304PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004305PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004306PhlogopiteLaurora A, Brigatti M F, Mottana A, Malferrari D, Caprilli E (2007) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas in alkaline and subalkaline volcanic rocks: A case study from Mt. Sassetto (Tolfa district, Latium, central Italy) American Mineralogist 92 468-4802007Mt. Sassetto, Tolfa district, Latium, Italy0293
0004525PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004526PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004527PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004528PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004529PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004530PhlogopiteMatarrese S, Schingaro E, Scordari F, Stoppa F, Rosatelli G, Pedrazzi G, Ottolini L (2008) Crystal chemistry of phlogopite from Vulture-S. Michele Subsynthem volcanic rocks (Mt. Vulture, Italy) and volcanological implications Mt. Vulture, Italy American Mineralogist 93 426-4372008Masseria Saraceno pyroclastic flow, Vulture-San Michele Subsynthem,0293
0004547PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004548PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004549PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004550PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004551PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004552PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004553PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004554PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004555PhlogopiteVentruti G, Zema M, Scordari F, Pedrazzi G (2008) Thermal behavior of a Ti-rich phlogopite from Mt. Vulture (Potenza, Italy): An in situ X-ray single-crystal diffraction study American Mineralogist 93 632-6432008trioctahedral mica, Cava St. Antonia, Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0004636PhlogopiteNazzareni S, Comodi P, Bindi L, Safonov O G, Litvin Y A, Perchuk L L (2008) Synthetic hypersilicic Cl-bearing mica in the phlogopite-celadonite join: a mulitmethodical characterization of the missing link between di- and tri- octahedral micas at high pressures American Mineralogist 93 1429-14362008synthetic0293
0017712PhlogopiteZema M, Ventruti G, Lacalamita M, Scordari F (2010) Kinetics of Fe-oxidation/deprotonation process in Fe-rich phlogopite under isothermal conditions American Mineralogist 95 1458-14662010Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0017713PhlogopiteZema M, Ventruti G, Lacalamita M, Scordari F (2010) Kinetics of Fe-oxidation/deprotonation process in Fe-rich phlogopite under isothermal conditions American Mineralogist 95 1458-14662010Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0017714PhlogopiteZema M, Ventruti G, Lacalamita M, Scordari F (2010) Kinetics of Fe-oxidation/deprotonation process in Fe-rich phlogopite under isothermal conditions American Mineralogist 95 1458-14662010Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0017715PhlogopiteZema M, Ventruti G, Lacalamita M, Scordari F (2010) Kinetics of Fe-oxidation/deprotonation process in Fe-rich phlogopite under isothermal conditions American Mineralogist 95 1458-14662010Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0017716PhlogopiteZema M, Ventruti G, Lacalamita M, Scordari F (2010) Kinetics of Fe-oxidation/deprotonation process in Fe-rich phlogopite under isothermal conditions American Mineralogist 95 1458-14662010Mt. Vulture, Potenza, Italy0293
0020820PhlogopiteScordari F, Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E (2012) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas-2M_1 from Bunyaruguru kamafugite (southwest Uganda) American Mineralogist 97 430-4392012southwest Uganda0293
0020821PhlogopiteScordari F, Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E (2012) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas-2M_1 from Bunyaruguru kamafugite (southwest Uganda) American Mineralogist 97 430-4392012southwest Uganda0293
0020822PhlogopiteScordari F, Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E (2012) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas-2M_1 from Bunyaruguru kamafugite (southwest Uganda) American Mineralogist 97 430-4392012southwest Uganda0293
0020823PhlogopiteScordari F, Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E (2012) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas-2M_1 from Bunyaruguru kamafugite (southwest Uganda) American Mineralogist 97 430-4392012southwest Uganda0293
0020824PhlogopiteScordari F, Schingaro E, Lacalamita M, Mesto E (2012) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas-2M_1 from Bunyaruguru kamafugite (southwest Uganda) American Mineralogist 97 430-4392012southwest Uganda0293
0019915PhlogopiteSchingaro E, Lacalamita M, Scordari F, Mesto E (2013) 3T-phlogopite from Kasenyi kamafugite (SW Uganda): EPMA, XPS, FTIR, and SCXRD study American Mineralogist 98 709-7172013Kasenyi kamafugite, southwest Uganda0293
0005597PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O, OH, F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999Silver Crater mine, Ontario, Canada0293
0005598PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O,OH,F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999Silver Crater mine, Ontario, Canada0293
0005599PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O, OH, F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999White Well, Australia0293
0005600PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O, OH, F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999White Well, Australia0293
0005601PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O, OH, F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999White Well, Australia0293
0005602PhlogopiteRussell R L, Guggenheim S (1999) The crystal structures of near-end-member phlogopite at high temperatures and heat-treated Fe-rich phlogopite: The influence of the O, OH, F site The Canadian Mineralogist 37 711-7201999White Well, Australia0293
0005744PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005745PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005746PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil T-O3 given as 1.663, but I compute 1.647 The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005747PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005748PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005749PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005750PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005751PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0005752PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Medici L, Poppi L, Vaccaro C (2001) Crystal chemistry of trioctahedral micas - 1M from the Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil The Canadian Mineralogist 39 1333-13452001Alto Paranaiba Igneous Province, Southeastern Brazil0293
0006494PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006495PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006496PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006497PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006498PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006499PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
0006500PhlogopiteBrigatti M F, Poppi L (1993) Crystal chemistry of Ba-rich trioctahedral micas-1M European Journal of Mineralogy 5 857-87119930293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Contact and regional metamorphic limestones and dolomites, ultramafic rocks

Synonyms of PhlogopiteHide

Other Language Names for PhlogopiteHide

Basque:Flogopita
Catalan:Flogopita
Dutch:Flogopiet
Galician:Flogopita
Japanese:金雲母
Polish:Flogopit
Portuguese:Flogopita
Simplified Chinese:金云母
Spanish:Flogopita

Varieties of PhlogopiteHide

Barium-PhlogopiteA barian Phlogopite with 1 and more % BaO.
BarytbiotiteMica group. A barian variety of Phlogopite (not Biotite).
Originally reported from Schelingen, Kaiserstuhl, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Chrome PhlogopiteA Cr-bearing phlogopite.
Chromium-bearing PhlogopiteA chromium-bearing phlogopite.
Fluorian PhlogopiteA F-bearing variety of phlogopite.
Iron-bearing PhlogopiteMuch so-called Biotite is actually Ferroan Phlogopite.
Manganese-bearing PhlogopiteA manganese-bearing variety of phlogopite.
Titanian phlogopiteA variety of phlogopite containing titanium.
Zinc and Manganese-bearing PhlogopiteFrom peralkaline phonolites of Ukraine, in a groundmass together with hendricksite. Has some tainiolite component in composition.

Relationship of Phlogopite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
FluoranniteKFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2Mon.
FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
152 photos of Phlogopite associated with CalciteCaCO3
55 photos of Phlogopite associated with DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
46 photos of Phlogopite associated with PyriteFeS2
45 photos of Phlogopite associated with LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
32 photos of Phlogopite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4
27 photos of Phlogopite associated with RubyAl2O3
27 photos of Phlogopite associated with QuartzSiO2
26 photos of Phlogopite associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
26 photos of Phlogopite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
21 photos of Phlogopite associated with Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.BalestraiteKLi2V5+Si4O12Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.9.EC.VoloshiniteRb(LiAl1.51.5)(Al0.5Si3.5)O10F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteNaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(Si3Al)O10F2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteKMn2+3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)Orth.
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O (?)Mon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)Mon.
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.2b.3AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.4TetraferrianniteKFe2+3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.5SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.6HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.8PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
71.2.2b.9TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
71.2.2b.11NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.12Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.13Sodium PhlogopiteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
71.2.2b.14Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2b.15PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
71.2.2b.16EphesiteNaLiAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.8.1PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.8.3NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.8.4Ferrierite
16.8.5YagiiteNaMg2(AlMg2Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Phlogopite in petrologyHide

References for PhlogopiteHide

Reference List:
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Yoder, H.S., Eugster, H.P. (1954) Phlogopite synthesis and stability range. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 6, 157-185.
Yoder, H.S., jr. (1957): Experimental studies on micas: A synthesis. Clays and Clay Minerals 6, 42-60.
Chaussidon, J. (1970) Stretching frequencies of structural hydroxyls of hectorite and K-depleted phlogopite as influenced by interlayer cation and hydration. Clays and Clay Minerals: 18: 139-149.
Hazen, R.M., Burnham, C.W. (1973): The crystal structure of one-layer phlogopite and annite. American Mineralogist: 58: 889-900.
Yoshii, M., Togashi, Y., Maeda, K. (1973) On the intensity changes of basal reflections with relation to barium content in manganoan phlogopite and kinoshitalite. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan: 24: 543-550.
Dawson, J.B. and Smith, J.V. (1975) Chemistry and origin of phlogopite megacrysts in kimberlite. Nature: 253: 336–338.
Robert, J.-L. (1976) Phlogopite solid solutions in the system K2O-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O: Chemical Geology: 17: 195-212.
Hazen, R.M., Finger, L.W. (1978) The crystal structures and compressibilities of layer minerals at high pressure. II. Phlogopite and chlorite. American Mineralogist: 63: 293-296.
Gaspar, J.C., Wyllie, P.J. (1982) Barium phlogopite from the Jacupiranga carbonitite, Brazil. American Mineralogist: 67: 997-1000.
Guggenheim, S., Kato, T. (1984) Kinoshitalite and Mn phlogopites: trial refinements in subgroup symmetry and further refinement in ideal symmetry. Mineralogical Journal: 12: 1-5.
Hiroi, Y., Harada-Kondo, H., Ogo, Y. (1992) Cuprian manganoan phlogopite in highly oxidized Mineoka siliceous schists from Kamogawa, Boso Peninsula, central Japan. American Mineralogist: 77: 1099.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 sub-volumes: 646.
Rieder, M., Cavazzani, G., D'Yakonov, Y.S., Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A., Gottardi, G., Guggenheim, S., Koval, P.V., Müller, G., Neiva, A.M.R., Radaslovich, E.W., Robert, J.-L., Sassi, F.P., Takeda, H., Weiss, Z., Wones, D.R. (1998) Nomenclature of the micas. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 905-912.
Comodi, P., Fumagalli, P., Montagnoli, M., Zanazzi, P.F. (2004) A single-crystal study on the pressure behavior of phlogopite and petrological implications. American Mineralogist: 89: 647-653.

Internet Links for PhlogopiteHide

Localities for PhlogopiteHide

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