IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About PilseniteHide

1½ - 2½
Crystal System:
Named after the type locality, Nagybörzsöny (original German name: Deutsch-Pilsen), Hungary.
This page provides mineralogical data about Pilsenite.

Classification of PilseniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S

6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of PilseniteHide

1½ - 2½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PilseniteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of PilseniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.451(1) Å, c = 41.888(5) Å
a:c = 1 : 9.411
Unit Cell V:
718.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.68 (m)
3.25 (vs)
2.36 (s)
2.22 (s)
1.998 (s)
1.833 (s)
1.485 (s)

Type Occurrence of PilseniteHide

Other Language Names for PilseniteHide

Simplified Chinese:叶碲铋矿

Relationship of Pilsenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold1 photo of Pilsenite associated with Gold on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)HideéiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3méite-BBi4Te2STrig.,Se)3Trig. 3m : R3m,Te,S)4Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PilseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yamana, K., K. Kihara, and T. Matsumoto (1979) Bismuth tellurides: BiTe and Bi4Te3. Acta Crystallogr. B35, 147-149.
Ozawa, T. and H. Shimazaki (1982) Pilsenite redefined and wehrlite discredited. Proc. Japan Acad., 58, Ser. B, 291–294 (in English). [Abs. in: American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 215.].
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C. J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 665-708.

Internet Links for PilseniteHide

Localities for PilseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
    • Vardenis
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Western Australia
    • Boddington Shire
      • Boddington
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Montana Oblast
Dimitrova, D. et al. (2006): Bulgar. Acad. Sci. Annual Report No. 12, 19-32
  • British Columbia
    • Vernon Mining Division
      • Vernon
Richard Gunter Collection
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1297-1327
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Beatty Township
Ann P.Sabina (2000), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 57, p.124
Dana's New Mineralogy
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Garson Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xixia Co.
Liu Yulin (2002): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 38(4), 531-534.
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
        • Qinling Mine
Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289-309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Jianping Co.
Liyan Zhang (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(8), 34-39
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Weihai Prefecture
        • Rushan Co.
          • Rushan ore field
Baoshan Liu and Jun Lu (2006): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 30(4); Jianchao Liu, Xufen Li, Yafei Liu, Bangyao Wang, Naizhe Mi, and Xue Zhang (2010): Geological Bulletin of China 29(9), 1319-1328
  • Shanxi Province
    • Yuncheng Prefecture
      • Yuanqu Co.
        • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Jiulong Co.
Xiaogang Wang, Gen Chen, and Yunfeng Yan (2010): Modern Mining 11(11), 44-48
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Zhimin, Z., & Yali, S. (2013). Direct Re-Os dating of chalcopyrite from the Lala IOCG deposit in the Kangdian copper belt, China. Economic Geology, 108(4), 871-882.
Zhimin Zhu, Lingxi Zeng, Jiayun Zhou, Liping Luo, Jiabiao Chen, and Bing Shen (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 485-495
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Xiangcheng Bao (1994): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 15(1), 53-57
Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Dobříš (Doberschisch)
      • Nový Knín
Jiri Sejkora (2009) Journal of Geosciences, 54, #1, 73-82.
    • Příbram District
      • Psí hory gold district
        • Mokrsko
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník
Fojt, B., Hauk, J., Kotrba, Z.: Mineralogie zlata a doprovodných minerálů ze Zlatého chlumu u Jeseníku. Věstník ÚÚG, 1988, 63, 2.
Dominican Republic
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Maimón
Torró, L., Proenza, J. A., Melgarejo, J. C., Alfonso, P., de Pablo, J. F., Colomer, J. M., ... & Chávez, C. (2016). Mineralogy, geochemistry and sulfur isotope characterization of Cerro de Maimón (Dominican Republic), San Fernando and Antonio (Cuba) Lower Cretaceous VMS deposits: formation during subduction initiation of the Proto-Caribbean lithosphere within a fore-arc. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 794-817.
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
Kojonen K: K., Isomäki O.-P. 2005. PGEE-minerals and tarkianite (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8 a new mineral species from Hitura mine, Nivala, Central Finland. 10th International Platinum Symposium: Platinum-group elements from genesis to benefication and enviromental impact, August 6-11 , 2005 Finland.; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Akaa
Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
  • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
    • Svaneti District
Kekelia, S.A., Kekelia, M.A., Kuloshvili, S.I., Sadradze, N.G., Gagnidze, N.E., Yaroshevich, V.Z., Asatiani, G.G., Doebrich, J.L., Goldfarb, R.J., and Marsh, E.E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 369-386.; Kekelia, S., Kekelia, M., Gagnidze, N., Popkhadze, N., Mshvenieradze, I., Lobzhanidze, K., & Kharazishvili, G. (2017). Svaneti Gold Occurence (Kirar-Abakuri Ore Knot) and its Genesis. Bull. Georg. Natl. Acad. Sci, 11(2).
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kilkís Prefecture
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Hungary (TL)
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
Das Mohs'sche Mineralsystem (1853) p. 121; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Quarona
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Varallo Sesia
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Frizzo, P., Peruzzo, L., Dellantonio, E. (2010): The copper-wolfram deposit of Bedovina (Trento, Italy). Geo.Alp, 7, 55-70. []
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chino City
Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Kazumi Yokoyama, Masako Shigeoka, Akira Harada, Takashi Yamada, Kazuko Kawashima, Koichi Shimizu, Hiroshi Miyajima (2010) Bi-Te minerals from the Mukaidani mine, Chino City, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. (Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan)
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Prokof’ev, V.Y., Zorina, L.D., Kovalenker, V.A., Akinfiev, N.N., Baksheev, I.A., Krasnov, A.N., Yurgenson, G.A., and Trubkin, N.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 31-68.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Ferenc Š., 2004: Nové výskyty minerálov telúru v západnej časti Slovenského rudohoria. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 317-322. (in Slovak)
  • Košice Region
    • Michalovce Co.
Bálintová-Števková T., Števko M., Ozdín D., Bakos F. (2014) Pilsenit z Poruby pod Vihorlatom, Vihorlatské vrchy (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 22, 2, 308-310 (in Slovak with English abstract).
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Sandfors
No reference listed
T. Wikström, thesis from Stockholm University
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Dolgellau Gold Belt
        • Bontddu
BMS Database
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Mukachivskyi Raion
      • Il'kivtsy
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City District (Lake District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Ouray Co.
      • San Juan Mts
        • Ouray District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Georgia
    • Haralson Co.
Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Virginia
    • Carroll Co.
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
        • Gossan Lead District
          • Fries
Callahan,J.E., Craig,J.R and Bean,W.C.,1994,Telluride mineral occurrences in the southeastern United States:Geological Society of America,Southeastern Section,Abs,with Programs,v.24,n.2,p.6
  • Navoiy Viloyati (Navoi)
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406; Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 24, 2018 01:37:21 Page generated: June 18, 2018 00:55:29
Go to top of page