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About PlumbonacriteHide

Crystal System:
For the chemical composition ('plumbo') and the pearly lustre ('nacre').
A grandfathered species which was formerly not approved as a mineral. It was redefined and revalidated by the IMA in June 2012, with a newly defined type locality.

Plumbonacrite is closely related to hydrocerussite, but has a different chemical composition (less carbonate), unit cell and space group (P-3c1, Weil et al., unpublished data; note that the space group given in Krivovichev & Burns, 2000, is incorrect).
Plumbonacrite is also closely related to somersetite.
Visually very similar to Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II) (a slag phase).

Plumbonacrite has a narrow stability field (Taylor & Lopata, 1984).

Classification of PlumbonacriteHide

Renamed by the IMA
Approval History:
Renamed by IMA: 2012

B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
E : With Pb, Bi

5 : Miscellaneous

Physical Properties of PlumbonacriteHide

3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PlumbonacriteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of PlumbonacriteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.092 Å, c = 24.923 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.741
Unit Cell V:
1784.3 ų
Thin hexagonal plates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.26 (8)
3.98 (3)
3.357 (7)
2.953 (4)
2.619 (10)
2.235 (4)
1.699 (5)
Similar to the data of hydrocerussite.

Type Occurrence of PlumbonacriteHide

Synonyms of PlumbonacriteHide

Other Language Names for PlumbonacriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rickturnerite3 photos of Plumbonacrite associated with Rickturnerite on mindat.org.
Mereheadite3 photos of Plumbonacrite associated with Mereheadite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BE.XAbellaiteNaPb2(CO3)2(OH)Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BE.20PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
5.BE.25Bismutite(BiO)2CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
5.BE.30KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BE.35BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PlumbonacriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cowley, J. M. (1956): Electron-diffraction study of the structure of basic lead carbonate, (PbCO3)2.Pb(OH)2. Acta Crystallographica 9, 391-396.
Katz, G. & Lefker, R. (1957): Crystallographic data. Basic lead carbonate, 2PbCO3.Pb(OH)2. Anal. Chem. 29, 1894.
Katz, G. & Reed, L. (1957): Unit cell and space group of basic lead carbonate. Acta Cryst. 10, 142.
Olby, J. K. (1966): Basic lead carbonates. J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 28, 2507-2512.
Haacke, D. F. & Williams, P. A. (1981): Stability of plumbonacrite. J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 43, 406.
Brooker, M. H., Sunder, S., Taylor, P. and Lopata, V. J. (1983): Infrared and Raman spectra and x-ray diffraction studies of solid lead(II) carbonates. Can. J. Chem. 61(3), 494-502.
Flemming, N. J.; Lopata, V. J.; Sanipelli, B. L.; Taylor, P. (1984): Thermal decomposition of basic lead carbonates: a comparison of hydrocerussite and plumbonacrite. Thermochim. Acta 81, 1-8.
Taylor, P. & Lopata, V. J. (1984): Stability and solubility relationships between some solids in the system PbO-CO2-H2O. Can. J. Chem. 62, 395-402.
Shoesmith, D. W.; Bailey, M. G. (1988): Anodic oxidation of lead in aqueous carbonate solutions. I. Film formation and dissolution at pH = 12. Can. J. Chem. 66, 2652-2657.
Shoesmith, D. W., Bailey, M. G. & Taylor, P. (1988): Anodic oxidation of lead in aqueous carbonate solutions. II. Film formation and dissolution in the pH range 9 to 14. Can. J. Chem. 66, 2941-2946.
Krivovichev, S. V., Burns, P. C. (2000): Crystal chemistry of basic lead carbonates. II. Crystal structure of synthetic "plumbonacrite". Mineralogical Magazine 64, 1069-1075.
Weil, M., U. Kolitsch & S. Krivovichev, unpublished data.
CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1282; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288 [revalidation]
Siidra, O., Nekrasova, D., Depmeier, W., Chukanov, N., Zaitsev, A. & Turner, R. (2018): Hydrocerussite-related minerals and materials: structural principles, chemical variations and infrared spectroscopy. Acta Crystallgraphica. B74, 182-195.

Internet Links for PlumbonacriteHide

Localities for PlumbonacriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Lempäälä
Kuikka, Antti (2014) Pirkkalan alueen kultaesiintymien malmimineralogia. Summary: Ore mineralogy of the gold deposits in the Pirkkala area Volyymi: 212, Julkaisusarja: Tutkimusraportti - Report of Investigation. Geologin Tutkimuskeskus.
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Ortenaukreis
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch (2000): An assemblage of lead compounds originated due to the influence of concrete from the Clara mine in Middle Black Forest. Erzgräber 14, 48-53. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Braubach
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • Fukushima
    • Tateiwa
Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S. and Hashimoto, E., 1997 in Bull. of the National Science Museum, Series C: Geology and Paleontology, v.23: p.27-33.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
S. Krivovichev (unpublished data)
  • England
    • Somerset
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46. ; CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1282; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288 [revalidation]
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
  • Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332.
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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