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Benitoite Group

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About Benitoite GroupHide

This page provides mineralogical data about Benitoite Group.


Relationship of Benitoite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Bazirite BaZr(Si3O9)Hex.
Benitoite BaTi(Si3O9)Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Pabstite Ba(Sn,Ti)(Si3O9)Hex.
Wadeite K2Zr(Si3O9)Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Benitoite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hawthorne, F.C. (1987) The crystal chemistry of the benitoite group minerals and structural relations in
(Si3O9) ring structures. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987): 16-30.

Internet Links for Benitoite GroupHide

Localities for Benitoite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
[Benitoite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Western Australia
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
      • Ellendale
[Wadeite] Jaques, A.L., Lewis, J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The kimberlites and lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268 pages and maps.
[Wadeite] Jaques A.L., Lewis, J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin 132, 268 pages plus maps.
[Wadeite] Dept of Mines WA (1990), Geology and Mineral Resources of WA, GSWA, State Government of WA, 1990
[Wadeite] Jaques, A.L., Lewis, J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The kimberlites and lamproites of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin No. 132, 268 pages.
      • Fitzroy Crossing
[Wadeite] The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, 1986.
[Wadeite] Jaques, A.L., Lewis, J.D. & Smith C.B., (1986): The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Bulletin 132.
      • Noonkanbah Station
[Wadeite] Mineralogical Magazine 1939 25 : 373-387; Mineralogical Magazine 1984 48 : 263-266 Jaques, A.L. (2016): Major and trace element variations in oxide and titanate minerals in the West Kimberley lamproites, Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 110: 159-197; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12632 (2016); Jaques, A. L. (2017) The Walgidee Hills zoned lamproite intrusion, West Kimberley Province, Western Australia. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4489; Dept of Mines WA (1990), Geology and Mineral Resources of WA, GSWA, State Government of WA, 1990
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Lake Argyle area
[Wadeite] [MinRec 21:561]
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
[Wadeite] ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Wadeite] HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Moravské Budějovice
[Bazirite] Krmíček, L., Cempírek J., Havlín A., Přichystal A., Houzar S, Krmíčková M, Gadas P. (2011): Mineralogy and petrogenesis of a Ba–Ti–Zr-rich peralkaline dyke from Šebkovice (Czech Republic): Recognition of the most lamproitic Variscan intrusion. In: Lithos, 121 (2011), 75-86; Elsevier.; KRMÍČEK L. 2010: Pre-Mesozoic lamprophyres and lamproites of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Austria). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 38-46
India
 
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
[Wadeite] Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Japan
 
  • Niigata
    • Itoigawa City
      • Ohmi
        • Hashidate
[Benitoite] specimens in numerous japanese collections; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
[Benitoite] Hiroaki Tano specimen
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Saiki City
[Benitoite] Nishio-Hamane, D., Ogoshi, Y., & Minakawa, T. (2012). Miyahisaite, (Sr, Ca) 2Ba3 (PO4) 3F, a new mineral of the hedyphane group in the apatite supergroup from the Shimoharai mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107(3), 121-126; Ohe Rikosha specimen.
  • Tokyo
    • Nishi-Tama-gun
      • Okutama-cho
[Benitoite] Ohe Rikosha specimens, and collector labels.; http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=1969#a02; photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
[Bazirite] Pautov, L. A., Karpenko, V. Y., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2013) Baratovite-katayamalite Minerals from the Hodzha-achkan Alcaline Massif (Kirgizia). New Data on Minerals. 48:12-36
  • Issyk-Kul Oblast (Ysyk-Köl Oblast)
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
[Pabstite] Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2014, L.A. Pautov specimen
Mexico
 
  • Baja California
    • Tres Pozos
[Bazirite] American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
[Bazirite] P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
[Wadeite] Lapis 42 (3) (2017) p. 10 ['Steckbrief Wadeit']
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
[Benitoite] Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
[Wadeite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
[Wadeite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Wadeite] P.M. Kartashov data; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[Wadeite] PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
[Wadeite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
        • Marchenko Peak
[Wadeite] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Rasvumchorr Mt
        • Rasvumchorr Mine
[Wadeite] P.M. Kartashov data
[Wadeite] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Wadeite] Ferraris, G., Ivaldi, G., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Zubkova, N. V., & Pekov, I. V. (2001). The crystal structure of delindeite, Ba2 {(Na, K,□) 3 (Ti, Fe)[Ti2 (O, OH) 4Si4O14](H2O, OH) 2}, a member of the mero-plesiotype bafertisite series. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(5), 1307-1316
[Wadeite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kovdor Massif
[Wadeite] [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
[Wadeite] Pekov. I.V. (2000) Lovozero massif. publ. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 428.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Wadeite] [Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
          • Ditmar stream
[Wadeite] Vorob'yev E.I., Konev A.A., Malyshonok Yu.V., Afonina G.F., Sapozhnikov A.N. [Воробьев Е.И., Конев А.А., Малышонок Ю.В., Афонина Г.Г., Сапожников А.Н.] (1984): Tausonite SrTiO3 - a new mineral of the perovskite group [Таусонит SrTiO3 - новый минерал из группы перовскита]. Zapiski VMO [Записки ВМО], 113, 1, 86-89 (in Russian); Vorob'yev E. I., Konev A.A., Malyshonok Yu.V., Afonina G.F., Sapozhnikov A.N. (1984): Tausonite, SrTiO3, a new mineral of the perovskite group. International Geology Review, 26(4), 462-465; Konev A.A., Vorob'yev E.I., Lazebnik K.A. [Конев А.А., Воробьев Е.И., Лазебник К.А.] (1996): The mineralogy of the Murun alkaline massif [Минералогия Мурунского щелочного массива]. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, 221 pp. (in Russian); Pekov I. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 369 p.p.
          • Sirenevyi Kamen' Deposit
[Wadeite] Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Swartruggens
[Wadeite] Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 76 Issue 1-2 (2002) pp 1-19; Hammond, A. L., & Mitchell, R. H. (2002). Accessory mineralogy of orangeite from Swartruggens, South Africa. Mineralogy and Petrology, 76(1-2), 1-19.
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Jumilla
      • La Celia
[Wadeite] E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
[Bazirite] http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
UK
 
[Bazirite] Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Outer Hebrides (Na h-Eileanan Siar)
[Bazirite] Rep. Inst. geol. Sci.(1973), 123.; J. R. Hawkes, R. J. Merriman, R. R. Harding, and D. P. F. Darbyshire (1975), Rep. Inst. Geol. Sci., no. 75/1, 11-51.; B. R. Young, J. R. Hawkes, R. J. Merriman, and M. T. Styles (1978) Bazirite, BaZrSi3O9, a new mineral from Rockall Island, Inverness-shire, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 42, 35-40; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, 42, 169-177.;
[Bazirite] Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
[Benitoite] Barwood, H (1995), Benitoite and Joaquinite in Arkansas, Min.News: 11(5):2, 5.
[Benitoite] EDS id Chris Stefano
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
[Bazirite] [MinRec 33:161]; Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39:1053-1058.
[Bazirite] Walstrom, Robert, personal communication to Mr. Gail E. Dunning.
          • Rush Creek
[Bazirite]
[Bazirite] Marek Patus
    • Kern Co.
      • Lost Hills (Lost Hill)
[Benitoite] Reed, Ralph Daniel & J.P. Bailey (1927), Subsurface correlation by means of heavy minerals: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin: 11: 363; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 288; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 466, 484.
[Benitoite] Reed, Ralph Daniel & J.P. Bailey (1927), Subsurface correlation by means of heavy minerals: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin: 11: 363; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
[Benitoite] [MinRec 30:414]
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
[Benitoite] William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-816.
[Benitoite] Pabst, Adolf (1978) Zur morphologie des taramellits. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 25: 245-256; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 465-466, 467; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 358-373; Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
          • Santa Rita Peak
[Benitoite] Louderback, George Davis & Walter C. Blasdale (1909), Benitoite, its mineralogy, paragenesis and mode of occurrence: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 5: 331; Louderback, George Davis & Walter C. Blasdale (1907), Benitoite, a new California gem mineral, with chemical analysis by Walter C. Blasdale: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 5: 149-153; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 372, 466; Wise, W.S & Gill, R.H. (1977): Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452.
[Benitoite] www.benitoitemine.com
[Benitoite] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
[Pabstite] Gross, Eugene Bischoff & John E.N. Wainwright (1964), Barium-tin-titanium silicate having the benitoite structure (abstract): Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section Meeting Program, Seattle, March 1964: 36; Gross, E.B., Wainwright, J.E.N., and Evans, B.W. (1965) Pabstite, the tin analogue of benitoite. American Mineralogist: 50: 1164-1169; Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 3-10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
[Bazirite] Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
  • Kansas
    • Woodson Co.
Mitchell, Roger H. and Chakhmouradian (1999):Sr-Bearing Perovskite and Loparite from Lamproite and Agpaitic Nepheline Syenite Pegmatites (Canadian Mineralogist 37:99-112).
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
[Benitoite] Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
[Wadeite] Rocks & Minerals 76:390
[Wadeite] Barton, M. & van Bergen, M. J. 1981. Green Clinopyroxenes and Associated Phases in a Potassium-Rich Lava from the Leucite Hills, Wyoming. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 77: 101-114.
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