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Plombièrite

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Formula:
[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
Colour:
White to pink to red-brown
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Name after the locality. Redefined by IMA in 2014, according to new nomenclature for the Tobermorite Supergroup.
An unclassified member of the Tobermorite Supergroup. Plombièrite is the most hydrated phase belonging to the Tobermorite supergroup. It has a basal spacing of 14 Å, and is therefore often called 'Tobermorite-14 Å'.

The structure of plombièrite contains composite layers, consisting of infinite sheets of (CaO7) polyhedra, to both sides of which dreier single chains of (SiO4) tetrahedra are attached, running along the b axis. Those layers are stacked along the c axis and linked by additional calcium ions and water molecules which occupy cavities between the layers (Bonaccorsi et al., 2005).
A very similar structure is expected for Riversideite.
Two natural polytypes are known: Plombièrite-4O and Plombièrite-2M.


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Classification of PlombièriteHide

Approved
Notes:
Renamed by the IMA
Approval History:
Renamed by IMA: 2014
9.DG.08

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
72.3.2.3

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
14.5.26

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca

Physical Properties of PlombièriteHide

Colour:
White to pink to red-brown
Streak:
White

Optical Data of PlombièriteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of PlombièriteHide

Formula:
[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
IMA Formula:
Ca5Si6O16(OH)2 · 7H2O

Crystallography of PlombièriteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Plombièrite-2MPlombièrite-4O
  
Monoclinic Orthorhombic 
2 - Sphenoidal 
  
  
a = 6.735 Å, b = 7.425 Å, c = 27.987 Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 123.25°
a = 11.2 Å, b = 7.3 Å, c = 56 Å
a:b:c = 0.907 : 1 : 3.769a:b:c = 1.534 : 1 : 7.671
V 1,399.56 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 4,578.56 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
  

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.48 (wb)
3.17 (msb)
3.01 (msb)
2.81 (ms)
2.07 (w)
1.83 (ms)
1.67 (w)

Type Occurrence of PlombièriteHide

Synonyms of PlombièriteHide

Other Language Names for PlombièriteHide

Relationship of Plombièrite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
Tobermorite GroupTobermorite group compounds are well known in the cement industry.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Scawtite4 photos of Plombièrite associated with Scawtite on mindat.org.
Xonotlite3 photos of Plombièrite associated with Xonotlite on mindat.org.
Vesuvianite2 photos of Plombièrite associated with Vesuvianite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Plombièrite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Hydroxylellestadite1 photo of Plombièrite associated with Hydroxylellestadite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric.
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

72.3.2.1Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
72.3.2.2Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
72.3.2.4RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
72.3.2.5OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
72.3.2.6TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36Mon.
72.3.2.7NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
72.3.2.8OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
14.5.2Wollastonite-7TCaSiO3
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon.
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.5KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)Orth.
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4Mon.
14.5.7BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
14.5.8HatruriteCa3(SiO4)OTrig.
14.5.9RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]Tric.
14.5.10DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
14.5.12XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
14.5.13FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
14.5.17KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
14.5.18OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric.
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PlombièriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 735-736.
American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 1038.
McConnell, J.D.C. (1954): The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite and plombierite. Mineralogical Magazine 30, 293-305.
Mineralogical Magazine (1992): 56: 353.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1995): 124: 36.
Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Kampf, A.R. (2005): The crystal structure of tobermorite 14 Å (plombièrite), a C-S-H phase. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 88, 505-512.
Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495

Internet Links for PlombièriteHide

Localities for PlombièriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
        • Weld River district
Analyses in prep, R Bottrill
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Postl, W., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1775) Magnesiochromit, Phillipsit-Ca, Chabasit-Ca und Vertumnit sowie eine Ergänzung zur Phase Ca3Ti(Fe,Al)2O8 (= Shulamitit) in einem Ca-reichen Xenolith aus dem Basaltsteinbruch in Klöch, Steiermark. Pp. 172-174 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Handan Prefecture
      • She Co.
Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1986): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 32(2)
France (TL)
 
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1858) 46, 1088
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 1983
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Bakony Mts
        • Sümegprága
Kónya-MÁFI,2008
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Zalahaláp
Kónya-MÁFI,2008
Israel
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183; Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Yamakita
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Alfredo Petrov collection
Romania
 
  • Brașov Co.
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Harghita Co.
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Sergey Vasiliev
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
        • Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)
A. E. Zadov data
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Asbest
[World of Stones 2:93 p35]; Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
Zadov, A. E.; Grabezhev, A. I.; Pertsev, N. N.; Chukanov, N. V.; Pribavkin, S. V. (2006): Tobermorite-plombierite metasomatites of the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit, Middle Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 407A, 495-497. ; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
Nawaz, R. (1977). A second occurrence of killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 546-548.
      • Larne
McConnell, J. D. C. (1954). The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite, and plombierite. Mineral. Mag, 30(224), 293-304.
McConnell, J. D. C. (1955). The hydration of larnite (fi-Ca2SiO~) and bredigite (al-Ca2Si04) and the properties of the resulting gelatinous mineral plombierite.
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Ardnamurchan
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 1-15.
    • Strathclyde
      • Isle of Mull
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 92-106.
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
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