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Poldervaartite

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About PoldervaartiteHide

Formula:
CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Colour:
colourless, milky white, pink-white
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
2.91
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For Arie Poldervaart (1918-1964), petrologist, Columbia University, New York.
The Ca-dominant analogue of Olmiite.

Most (all?) "poldervaartites" seem to be olmiites, see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-104499.html.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Poldervaartite.


Classification of PoldervaartiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1992
9.AF.90

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
78.1.8.1

78 : Unclassified Silicates
1 : Miscellaneous

Pronounciation of PoldervaartiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of PoldervaartiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Vitreous on fractures
Colour:
colourless, milky white, pink-white
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
2.91(2) g/cm3 (Measured)    2.9 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PoldervaartiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.634 nβ = 1.640 nγ = 1.656
2V:
Measured: 63° to 65°, Calculated: 64°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= colorless
Y= light gray
Z= bluish gray

Chemical Properties of PoldervaartiteHide

Formula:
CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
IMA Formula:
Ca(Ca,Mn)(SiO3OH)(OH)
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,H2O

Crystallography of PoldervaartiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbca
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.398(1) Å, b = 9.139(2) Å, c = 10.535(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.028 : 1 : 1.153
Unit Cell V:
904.83 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Prismatic, sheaves

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
In massive manganese ore.

Type Occurrence of PoldervaartiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
American Museum Natural History, New York T100728

Synonyms of PoldervaartiteHide

Other Language Names for PoldervaartiteHide

Relationship of Poldervaartite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Poldervaartite associated with BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
6 photos of Poldervaartite associated with OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
6 photos of Poldervaartite associated with XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
1 photo of Poldervaartite associated with JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
1 photo of Poldervaartite associated with ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AF.BarwooditeMn2+6Nb5+(SiO4)2O3(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.AF.30MagnesiostauroliteMg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.30ZincostauroliteZn2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.55SonoliteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AF.65RibbeiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn2+6(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Hex.
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.
9.AF.75WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Fluorescence of PoldervaartiteHide

Deep red in SW

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PoldervaartiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Day, Y., Harlow G.E., and McGhie, A.R. (1993) American Mineralogist, 78, 1082-1087.
New Minerals (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.
Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.

Internet Links for PoldervaartiteHide

Localities for PoldervaartiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
South Africa (TL)
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Amer.Min.(1993) 78, 1082-1087; von Bezing, L. & Gutzmer, J. (1994): Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (II). Mineralien-Welt, 5(5), 41-59. Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2001): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Kalahari-Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 26(10), 32-42; Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2002): Spectacular Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Rocks & Minerals, 77(2), 94-107.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
No reference listed
• Cairncross, B., Gutzmer, J. & Pretorius, A. (2002): Spektakulärer Neufund: Poldervaartit aus der N'Chwaning II - Mine, Kalahari, Südafrika. Lapis, 27(5), 30-34; Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.. Pagano et al (2008) Mineralogical Record 39:373-381
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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