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Polhemusite

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Formula:
(Zn,Hg)S
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Greasy
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named in honor of Clyde Polhemus Ross, born Clyde Polhemus (1891–1965), American economic geologist with the United States Geological Survey who studied mercury deposits and the geology of Idaho. Clyde Ross Peak is also named after him.
This page provides mineralogical data about Polhemusite.


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Classification of PolhemusiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1978
2.CB.05c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.8.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.5.10

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl

Physical Properties of PolhemusiteHide

Adamantine, Greasy
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PolhemusiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Hg)S
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of PolhemusiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.71 Å, b = 14.74 Å
Unit Cell V:
0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of PolhemusiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian), Washington, D.C., USA, 145549.
Reference:
Leonard, B.F., Desborough, G.A. (1978) Polhemusite, a new Hg-Zn sulfide from Idaho. American Mineralogist: 63: 1153-1161.

Synonyms of PolhemusiteHide

Other Language Names for PolhemusiteHide

German:Polhemusit
Simplified Chinese:硫汞锌矿
Spanish:Polhemusita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Realgar1 photo of Polhemusite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu12VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.5.1CinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
3.5.2HypercinnabarHgSHex.
3.5.3MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.4ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
3.5.5TiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.6BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.5.7Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
3.5.8ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.5.9GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
3.5.11CarliniteTl2STrig. 3 : R3
3.5.12CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
3.5.13SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
3.5.14PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.5.15RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
3.5.16ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
3.5.17BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
3.5.18GalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.19RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.20InditeFeIn2S4

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PolhemusiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Leonard, B.F., Desborough, G.A. (1978) Polhemusite, a new Hg-Zn sulfide from Idaho. American Mineralogist: 63: 1153-1161.

Internet Links for PolhemusiteHide

Localities for PolhemusiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Latrobe municipality
      • Harford
R Bottrill, unpub.data
China
 
  • Hunan Province
    • Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Baojing Co.
Zhongqi Huang (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(3), 274-277
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Daliran, F. (2008): The carbonate rock-hosted epithermal gold deposit of Agdarreh, Takab geothermal field, NW Iran—hydrothermal alteration and mineralisation. Mineralium Deposita, 43, 383-404
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Costagliola P., Benvenuti M., Tanelli G., Cortecci G.,Lattanzi P., 1990. The barite-pyrite-iron oxides deposit of Monte Arsiccio (Apuan Alps). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 109: 267-277
Poland
 
  • Podkarpackie
    • Bieszczady Mts
      • Baligród District
Karwowski Ł. & Szełęg E. 2006: Zn-BEARING CINNABAR FROM RABE NEAR BALIGRÓD (BIESZCZADY MTS., OUTER CARPATIANS, SE POLAND). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstact Series 5, 53; Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 5, Szeged, 2006 p53
GAWEŁ A., 1970: Origin of realgar in the Flysch deposits of the environs of Baligród (Middle Carpathians). Miner. Polon., vol. 1: 7-16. KARWOWSKI, Ł. & SZEŁĘG, E. 2005: Cinnabar and arsenic sulphides association from Rabe near Baligród (Outer Carpathians, SE Poland). Preliminary report. Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers, 25: 318–322.
USA (TL)
 
  • Idaho
    • Valley Co.
      • Big Creek District
Amer.Min.(1978) 63, 1153-1161; Rocks & Min. 70:263
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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