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Polydymite

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About PolydymiteHide

Formula:
Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, light gray, or steel gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From the Greek πολνς, many, and διδνμος, twin, because it was observed in twinned forms.

Classification of PolydymiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.7

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.11.4

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of PolydymiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Violet gray, copper red, light gray, or steel gray
Streak:
Black gray
Hardness:
4½ - 5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of PolydymiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of PolydymiteHide

Formula:
Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Common Impurities:
Fe,Co

Crystallography of PolydymiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.48 Å
Unit Cell V:
851.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of PolydymiteHide

Synonyms of PolydymiteHide

Other Language Names for PolydymiteHide

Varieties of PolydymiteHide

Cobaltoan PolydymiteA cobalt-bearing variety of polydymite.

Relationship of Polydymite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
JoegoldsteiniteMnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
KalininiteZnCr2S4
LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4Iso.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Violarite10 photos of Polydymite associated with Violarite on mindat.org.
Pentlandite9 photos of Polydymite associated with Pentlandite on mindat.org.
Calcite8 photos of Polydymite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Millerite2 photos of Polydymite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Polydymite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite2 photos of Polydymite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.
Siegenite1 photo of Polydymite associated with Siegenite on mindat.org.
Cobaltite1 photo of Polydymite associated with Cobaltite on mindat.org.
Annabergite1 photo of Polydymite associated with Annabergite on mindat.org.
Serpentine Subgroup1 photo of Polydymite associated with Serpentine Subgroup on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg2FeSn3S8Tet.
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.1.1LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso.
2.10.1.2CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.3FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.4TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.5BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.6SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
2.10.1.9TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.10.1.10GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.11DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.12InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.13KalininiteZnCr2S4
2.10.1.14Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
2.10.1.15Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.16Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.17MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4Iso.
2.10.1.20CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth.
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PolydymiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zambonini (1916): Riv. min.: 47.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 262-265.
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 733-739.
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1036-1043.

Internet Links for PolydymiteHide

Localities for PolydymiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332 .
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
Naldrett, A.J. (2004): Magmatic Sulfide Deposits. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York)(2004):740
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Ostwald, J (1978) Linnaeite series minerals from the Kalgoorlie district, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Mar 1978) Vol.42 pp.93-98.
          • Juan complex
In the collection of Brent Thorne
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Nickel, E. H.; Hallbert, J. A.; Halligan, R. (1979): Unusual nickel mineralization at Nullagine, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 26, 61-71. ; Am Min 73:11-12 p 1496
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Bardoc
Ostwald, J.(1978): Linnaeite series Minerals from the Kalgoorlie District Western Australia, Mineralogical magazine (Mar 1978):42: 93-98
J. Just and C.E. Feather, Am. Min., June 1978, Vol. 42, p. 278.
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291 pages. Baensch, A. (2000) The Mineralogy of the Massive Sulphides in the High Grade Silver Swan Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposit. With an emphasis on the distribution of arsenic and cobalt mineralisation. BSc. thesis, Curtin University of Technology, 225 pages.
    • Kondinin Shire
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Economic Geology; October 1981; v. 76; no. 6; p. 1686-1697
    • Menzies Shire
      • Queen Victoria Springs Nature Reserve
        • Mulga Rocks U prospects
Douglas GB, Gray DJ, Butt CRM (1993) Geochemistry, mineralogy and hydrogeochemistry of the ambassador multi-element lignite deposit, Western Australia. Rep no. 108 Min Energ Res Inst West Aust. p 85
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No.2 pp.55-71.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Brunn an der Wild
        • Dietmannsdorf an der Wild
Kolitsch, U. & Schillhammer, H. (2018): 2094) Aragonit, Chromit, Dolomit, Gips, Jarosit, Magnetit, Polydymit, Pyrop, Pyrrhotin-5C, ein Talnakhit-Gruppenmineral(?) und ein Nickelsilikat aus dem Serpentinitbruch bei Dietmannsdorf an der Wild im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 236-238 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
      • Drosendorf-Zissersdorf
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1937) Amesit(?), Baryt, Bornit, Chalkopyrit, Chromit, Hercynit, Hollingworthit, Ilmenit, Irarsit, Klinochlor, Laurit, Magnetit, Millerit, Pentlandit, Polydymit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Rutil, Sperrylith, Spinell, Violarit und Xenotim-(Y)(?) von Wolfsbach im nördlichen Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 246-249 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Fusch valley
        • Brennkogel area
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2018): 2080) Annabergit, Aragonit, Arseniosiderit(?), Chalkopyrit, Galenit, Hörnesit, ein Mineral der Kaolinitgruppe, Limonit, Polybasit, Polydymit, Pyrrhotin, Scheelit, Zn-Tetraedrit, Vaesit, Violarit und Zincochromit von der Brennkogel-Nordflanke, Fuschertal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 216-218 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
            • Schwarzleo District
R.Poeverlein (2016)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
C.Auer (2016)
            • Vogel Alp
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Province
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E. (2014): Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-Cu-PGE
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .; Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16, p.53
Kidd & Haycock (1935).
Lang,A.H (1952) Canadian Deposits of Uranium and Thorium. Geological Survey of Canada. Economic Geology Series No.16
  • Nova Scotia
    • Victoria Co.
Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database and the primary references therein.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
MDI41I06NW00012
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; SHORT, M.N. & SHANNON, E.V. (1930): Violarite and other nickel sulphides. American Mineralogist 15, 1-22.
      • Drury Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Wisner Township
Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., McDonald, A.M. & Good, D.J. (2017) Insights into the extreme PGE enrichment of the W Horizon, Marathon Cu-Pd deposit, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Canada: Platinum-group mineralogy, compositions and genetic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 90:723-747.
      • Hagey Township
R.J. Traill 1983; Jas. E. Thomson and S. A. Ferguson, W. G. Q. Johnston, E. G. Pye, W. S. Savage, and Robert Thomson (1957) Metal Resources Circular No. 2 OF THE ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF MINES Copper, Nickel, Lead, and Zinc Deposits in Ontario (Revised to February, 1957)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Montmagny RCM
        • St-Fabien-de-Panet
Econ Geology (1993)88:123-138
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
        • Mont-Albert
Seguin, M.K. (1973) The stability of gaspeite in inert atmospheres and in air. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 26-32.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Yukon Geological Survey
      • St Cyr Range
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 561-564.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Gannan
      • Luqu Co.
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
  • Guizhou
    • Zunyi
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Coveney, R.M., Grauch, R.I., and Murowchick, J.B. (1993), In: Reddy, R.G., and Weizenbach, R.N. (eds): The minerals, metals and materials society, Proceedings of the Paul E. Queneau International Symposium "Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, Nickel and Cobalt", 369–375; Guangdi Zhang, Jiuling Li, Qunyao Xiong, Feng Qi, and Mingguo Zhen (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(4), 377-386
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Zuxiang Yu, Shuren Lin, Bao Zhao, Qingsong Fang, and Qishun Huang (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Zuxiang Yu (1982): Bull. Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 4, 78–81
    • Handan
      • Wu'an Co.
Jianmin Zheng, Jingwen Mao, Maohong Chen, Guangdong Li, and Changyong Ban (2007): Geological Bulletin of China 26(2), 150-154
  • Heilongjiang
    • Mudanjiang
      • Dongning Co.
赵玉锁, 杨立强, 卿敏, 闫家盼, 郭晓东, 朝银银, ... & 王景瑞. (2014). 硫镍钴矿———一种新发现的载金矿物. 地质学报, 88(8), 1485-1493.
  • Hunan
    • Zhangjiajie
      • Cili Co.
Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
  • Shaanxi
    • Baoji
      • Taibai Co.
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377; Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, and Xiaofeng Li (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(2), 241-252
    • Hanzhong
      • Lüeyang Co.
        • Tongchang ore field
Runsheng Han, Shichang Jin, Congqiang Liu, Yuan Li, and Deyun Ma (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(4), 11-15, 40
      • Mian Co.
Zhang Benren, Chen Dexing, and Hu Yikeng (1986): Journal of China University of Geoscience 11(4), 351-365; Ruiting Wang, Ying He, Zhongli Tang, Dongsheng Wang, and Minwu Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 1041-1044
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
          • Mengyin Kimberlite field
            • Changma Kimberlite belt
              • Wangcun deposit
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334.
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Yanyuan Co.
Lizhu Li, Zhigang Zhao, Jinliang He, and Zexiang Yang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 269-280
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Li Chaoyang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 508-527.
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
        • Zoigê Uranium ore field
Chengjiang Zhang and Youliang Chen (2010): Geology and Prospecting 46(3), 434-441
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Zhuangzhi Qian, Tao Sun, Zhongli Tang, Changyi Jiang, Ke He, Mingzhe Xia, and Jianzhong Wang (2009): Geological Review 55(6), 873-884
Yuechen Li, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, Chenze Pan, Qigui Mao, and Andao Du (2006): Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(1), 245-251; Yan Sun, Yuanfu Xiao, Wei Feng, Fahui Xiong, and Zhiqiang Zhao (2009): Geology in China 36(4), 871-877
  • Yunnan
    • Qujing
      • Zhanyi Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
Schwarzenbach, E. M., Gazel, E., & Caddick, M. J. (2014). Hydrothermal processes in partially serpentinized peridotites from Costa Rica: evidence from native copper and complex sulfide assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(5), 1-21.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Šluknov
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
  • North Ostrobothnia
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Häkli, T. A., Vuorelainen, Y. and Sahama, Th. G. (1965): Kitkaite (NiTeSe), a new mineral from Kuusamo, northeast Finland. American Mineralogist. 50: 581-586
    • Taivalkoski
Jupperi Aarre 1997. The magnetite gabbro and related Mustavaara vanadium ore deposits in the Porttivaara layered intrusion north-eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 288
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Bad Münstereifel
        • Mutscheid
          • Hummerzheim
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1990): Ramsbeck - Neue Minerale aus dem ehemaligen Blei-Zink-Erzrevier des Sauerlandes, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41 (4), 211-218
    • Siegerland
      • Hilchenbach
        • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Siegen
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Adenau
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Aremberg
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Dümpelfeld
          • Lückenbach
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick. PhD Thesis, Univ. Göttingen, 347 pp. (in German).
        • Fuchshofen
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
      • Altenahr
        • Hönningen
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Kirchsahr
          • Plittersdorf
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
        • Lind
- Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
    • Altenkirchen
      • Betzdorf-Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
        • Schutzbach
Min Mag 43 (1980), 733; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Bürdenbach
No reference listed
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Wissen
        • Voßwinkel
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Reppke, V. (1993): Varistische und postvaristische Buntmetallmineralisationen in der östlichen Eifel (Linksrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Ein mineralogischer und bergbauhistorischer Überblick.- Dissertation Univ. Göttingen: 347 S. (in German).
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Vas
    • Vas Hill
      • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
WDS: Norbert Zajzon
Iran
 
  • Isfahan
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Bagheri, H., Moore, F., Shamsipour, R., Noghrehian, M., & Romanko, A. Reactivation and polyphase mineralization in Anarak area, Central Iran.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Mt. Motta
Bedognè, F. (2011). Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 40-45
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G.A., Vinci, A., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Brizio, P., Bracco, R., Baralis, L., Desor, J., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018): Arseniati, arseniuri e altre novità di Pira Inferida - Fenugu Sibiri, Gonnosfanadiga, Sud Sardegna. Micro, 16, 110-156 (in Italian with abstracts in English, French and German).
Japan
 
  • Fukuoka prefecture
    • Tagawa-gun
      • Kawara
        • Sannotake mine
Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
  • Gunma
    • Tano District
      • Oniishi-machi (Onishi-machi)
Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
  • Mie
    • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Saitama
    • Chichibu City
      • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan"
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Lhou, M., & Jung, H. Genesis of Co-Ni mineralizations during serpentinisation process in Bou Azzer ore deposits, the Neoproterozoic ophiolite of Bou Azzer El Graara (Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Abstracts AGU joint assembly Montreal
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
Drüppel, K., Wagner, T., Boyce, A.J. (2006) Evolution of sulfide mineralization in ferrocarbonatite, Swartbooissdrif, NW Namibia: constraints from mineral chemistry and sulfur isotopes. Can. Mineral., 44, 877-894.
        • Orotumba
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
North Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo
Kolitsch, U., Đorđević, T., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T., Boev, I., Boev, B. (2018): Supergene mineralogy of the Lojane Sb-As-Cr deposit, Republic of Macedonia: Tracing the mobilization of toxic metals. Geologica Macedonica 32, 95-117.
Poland
 
  • Subcarpathian Voivodeship
    • Tarnobrzeg City Co.
Karwowski, L. & Burek, W. (2003): Sulphides association conected (sic !) with hauerite occurences in Badenian Claystones near Tarnobrzeg. Polskie Towarystwo Mineralogiczne- Pracwe Specjalne [Mineralogical Society of Polen- Special Papers]. 22, 105-107
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
Hîrtopanu P., Udubaşa G., Scott P., Hârtopanu I. (2004) Uranium sulphide mineralisation in the Bistriţa Mts., East Carpathians, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:108-111
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Uchalinsky District
Zabotina M, Belogub E, Novoselov K, Palenova E, Martesheva A, Blinov I (2014) Mineralogy of ores from the Ganeevskoe gold deposit associated with berisites and listvenites (Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 96
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E.M., Gritsenko, Y.D., and Ponomarenko, A.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 755-762.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Monche-Tundra
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
Murzin, V. V., & Sazonov, V. N. (1999). Gold-Bearing Mineral Assemblages in the Copper and Iron Skarn Deposits of the Tur'insk-Auerbakhovsk Ore Field and Their Formation Condition (the Urals, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 41, 308-321.
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
Murzin, V. V., & Sazonov, V. N. (1999). Gold-Bearing Mineral Assemblages in the Copper and Iron Skarn Deposits of the Tur'insk-Auerbakhovsk Ore Field and Their Formation Condition (the Urals, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 41, 308-321.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Kodar–Udokan district
        • Udokan
Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Slovenské Rudohorie Mts
Ferenc, Š., Uher, P., Spišiak, J., Šimonová, V. (2016): Chromium- and nickel-rich micas and associated minerals in listvenite from the Muránska Zdychava, Slovakia: products of hydrothermal metasomatic transformation of ultrabasic rock. Journal of Geosciences: 61: 239-254; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13130 (2016)
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 231 pp.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Junge, M., Oberthür, T., & Melcher, F. (2014). Cryptic variation of chromite chemistry, platinum group element and platinum group mineral distribution in the UG-2 chromitite: an example from the Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology, 109(3), 795-810.
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Vryburg
Cloete, M., Hart, R. J., Cloete, H. C. C., McDonald, I., & Andreoli, M. A. G. (2001). Inclusions from the Morokweng Impact Melt Sheet, South Africa: Possible Fragments of a Palaeometeorite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, A41.
South Korea
 
  • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
    • Gwancheon city (Kwancheon)
Song, Y., Moon, H. S., & Chon, H. T. (1995). New occurrence and characterization of Niserpentines in the Kwangcheon area, Korea. Clay Minerals, 30(3), 211-224.
Song, Y., Moon, H. S., & Chon, H. T. (1995). New occurrence and characterization of Niserpentines in the Kwangcheon area, Korea. Clay Minerals, 30(3), 211-224.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Sierra Alpujata
I. S. Oen, C. Kieft, E.A.J. Burke, A.B. Westerhof : "Orcelite and associated minerals in the Ni-Fe-As-S system in chromitites and orthopyroxenites of Nebral, Malaga, Spain", Bull. Minéral., 1980, 103, 198-208
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Lanzuela
Viñals, J., Calvo, M. (2006): Lanzuela. Teruel, Spain. Ullmanite, Bottinoite and Polydydimite. Mineral Up, vol. I, 1. 58-60.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill District
        • Gold Hill
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Rocks & Min.: 16:413; 22:205.; American Mineralogist 28:257-271
  • Illinois
    • Hancock Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Garvin, P.L., Tribbey, E.G. (2005) The minerals of west-central Illinois. The Mineralogical Record, 36:5, 421-431.
      • Plymouth
Min Rec 36:5 pp 421-431
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Dracut
Fairbanks, Ernest E. (1923). Notes on Massachusetts Minerals (American Mineralogist 8:130)
  • Missouri
    • Crawford Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Iron Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Bixby
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992); U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
Min News 5:3 p6
    • Reynolds Co.
Leach, D. L., Viets, J. B., Foley-Ayuso, N., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Mississippi Valley-type Pb-Zn deposits. Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 95-831.
        • Ellington
Rocks & Min.: 64:22&26.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • West Fork
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
    • Washington Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
Lapis 17(1), 15-23 (1992)
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3-4
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland Central
    • Bindura District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Shamva District
Handbook of Mineralogy
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