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Alum-(K)

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Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
1.757
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
The name is derived from "Alum" since this species is a member of the alum group; the -(K) suffix denotes that it is the K-dominant member of the group.
Alum Group.
Previously called potassium alum.


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Classification of Alum-(K)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CC.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.5.5.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
25.6.17

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of Alum-(K)Hide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
{111}, traces.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.757 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.753 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Alum-(K)Hide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Alum-(K)Hide

Formula:
KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O

Crystallography of Alum-(K)Hide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Morphology:
Crystals octahedral if precipitated from pure water solution; cubic from alkaline solutions. Commonly massive with a columnar or granular structure; stalactitic, mealy coatings.
Twinning:
On {111}, very rare.

Crystallographic forms of Alum-(K)Hide

Crystal Atlas:
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Potassiumalum no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.27 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Potassiumalum no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Synonyms of Alum-(K)Hide

Other Language Names for Alum-(K)Hide

Relationship of Alum-(K) to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Sulphur5 photos of Alum-(K) associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CC.AndychristyitePbCu2+Te6+O5(H2O)Tric. 1 : P1
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmedMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.50ZincblöditeNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.5.5.2Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
29.5.5.3Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
29.5.5.4Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmedMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Alum-(K)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 652.
Weisbach, Albin (1875) Synopsis mineralogical, systematische Übersicht des Mineralreiches. 78 pp., Freiberg: 9.
Klocke (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 2: 126.
Klocke (1880) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 56.
Klocke (1881) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 267.
Wulff (1881) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 5: 81.
Brauns (1883) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: II: 102.
Pfaff (1884) Sitzber. bayer. Ak. Wiss.: 255.
Soret (1884) Arch. sc. phys. nat. Genève: 12: 376.
Brauns (1885) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart.: I: 96.
Brauns (1891) Die opt. Anom. der Kristalle, Leiopzig.
Pockels (1892) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart., Beil.-Bd: 8: 217.
Groth (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 565.
Bauhans (1913) Verh. Nat. Ver. Heidelberg: 12: 319.
Beckenkamp (1913) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 51: 492.
Valeton (1921) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 56: 434.
Britton (1922) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 121: 982.
Friedel (1924) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 179: 796.
Spangenberg (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 61: 189.
Spangenberg (1928) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart. Beil.-Bd.: 57: 1197.
Alfani (1933) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 4: 395.
Wendekamm (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85, 169.
Lipson and Beevers (1935) Proceeding of the Royal Society, London: 148A: 664.
Frondel, C. (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 91.
Spangenberg and Baldermann-Fiola (1949) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatsh., Abt. A: 113.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 472-474.
Acta Crystallographica (1967): 22: 793.

Internet Links for Alum-(K)Hide

Localities for Alum-(K)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
Saravia, T.S. (1960) Geografia de la Provincia de Jujuy. (Jujuy provincial government, publications advisory commission, No. 3)
  • San Juan
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L., Lara, R. y Mas, G., 1996. Kalinita y boyleita. Sulfatos secundarios del Área Valle del Cura; San Juan. 3ra Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, UNLP. Publicación 5: 63-66.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein
      • Dürrnberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cerro Huañaquino
      • El Molino
Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Daniel Campos Province
      • San Pablo de Napa
[www.hedegaard.com]; Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Xingren Co.
Acta Mineral. Sinica: 21(3):271-277, in Chinese, English abs.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Dubá (Dauba)
        • Medonosy
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
      • Mnichovo Hradiště
        • Branžež
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Jičín (Jitschin; Gitschin)
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    • Liberec Region
      • Turnov
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Zell am Harmersbach
        • Biberach
Aufschluss 1984(1), 1-5
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Arzberg Iron mines
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Graf, H.-W. (1996): Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 7 (2), 55-64. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; http://www.mg-mineralien-fossilien.de/?Rpage=sauerland/?Rpage=letmathe1.html
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Palatinate
      • Hauenstein
        • Wilgartswiesen
Frenzel, Gerhard (1964): Im Buntsandstein des Pfälzerwaldes, Aufschluss 15, 175-200
  • Saarland
    • Saar coal mining area
      • Saarbrücken
        • Dudweiler (Duttweiler)
H. Schneider: "Saarland", Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 84, Borntraeger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 1991
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
EDX and XRD confirmed by Dr. Th. Witzke, ex Rüger-collection
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld
      • Garnsdorf
Handbook of Mineralogy
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Komló
Geoda 2007/1
      • Pécs
Lovász & Szabó (2014)
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
Own collecting and analysed(2005)
Geoda,2005
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
            • Miseno
Scacchi A. (1849): Memorie geologiche sulla Campania. Memoria 3a. Esame delle sostanze che si formano presso i fumaroli della Regione Flegrea. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. Napoli, 8, 317-335.
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Stoppani F.S., Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Lipari Island
            • Pianoconte
Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo [sic!] e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari - ME). MICRO (località), 1/2006, 51-54.
            • Quattropani
Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo [sic!] e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari - ME). MICRO (località), 1/2006, 51-54.
          • Vulcano Island
Cossa, A. (1881): Allume potassico dell'isola di Vulcano. In: Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia (1875-1880). Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino, Tip. V. Bona, Torino, pages 208-221; Jervis, G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
            • Porto Levante
Cossa, A. (1881): Allume potassico dell'isola di Vulcano. In: Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia (1875-1880). Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino, Tip. V. Bona, Torino, pages 208-221; Jervis, G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (2003): Handbook of Mineralogy. Volume 5: borates, carbonates, sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, Arizona, 813 pp.; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
                • Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu)
Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Garavelli, A., Grasso, M.F., Vurro, F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta, 39, 251-261; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
COSSA A. (1881) : Ricerche chimiche e microscopiche su roccie e minerali d'Italia. Allume potassico dell'Isola Vulcano. - Regia Stazione Agraria Sperimentale di Torino - Tip. V. Bona.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Monterotondo Marittimo
Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., Casini, A., Costantini, A. & Pagani, G. (2015). Minerali: bellezze della natura nel Parco delle Colline Metallifere. Pacini Editore, Pisa, 266 pp.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Vergemoli
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Orlandi, P. (2011) Volaschioite: a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Brizzi G., Ciselli I, Santucci A. (1985) - Le Cetine di Cotorniano: storia e mineralogia - Riv. Miner. Ital., 9(1): 1-12; 9(2): 55-64; 9(3): 89-99; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Hishikari mine (Hishikari gold mine)
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
          • Kuchierabu Island (Kuchinoerabu Island)
Alfredo Petrov collection; July 2008 field trip.
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
L. Kruszewski specimen
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Nowy Kościół
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Kłodzko District
      • Lewin Kłodzki commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
      • Nowa Ruda (Neurode)
        • Słupiec Mine (John Mine)
Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Lewińska-Preis, L., Kita, A. (2014): Composition of water located in the coal waste dumps in Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 46
    • Lubań District
Berg G. 1935: Erläuterungen zu Blatt Lauban. Geol. Karte v. Preussen und benachbarten deutschen Ländern 1:25 000. Lief 333. Preuss. Geol. Landesanst. Berlin
    • Lwówek District
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Środa Śląska district
      • Miękinia commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Strzegom-Sobótka Massif
      • Jawor District
        • Bolków commune
          • Stare Rochowice
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Strzelin District
      • Kondratowice commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ciepłowody commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
        • Srebrna Góra
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
    • Złotoryja District
      • Świerzawa commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
  • Opolskie
    • Głubczyce District
      • Głubczyce commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
      • Kietrz commune
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Yongyang-gun
Rutgers College Geological Museum specimens
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
Erik Vercammen collection
UK
 
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • South Darley
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
    • Dorset
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
    • North Yorkshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 473.
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
      • South Rim
        • Orphan District
          • Grand Canyon Village
Anatoly Kasatkin analyses
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve
        • Nortonville
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124pp.: 473; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 82.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
Dana 7: I: 143; Dana 7: II: 473.; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District; Calico-Daggett area)
          • Calico
California State University, Desert Studies Consortium (2000), Between the Basins: Exploring the Western Mojave & Southern Basin, Range Province (April 2000). ; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Banner District
        • Banner
Donnelly, Maurice (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Julian district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Report 30; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 293; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Colorado
    • Delta Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Indiana
    • Carroll Co.
      • Deer Creek
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Floyd Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
    • Montgomery Co.
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
Erd, R. C. and S.S. Greenburg (1960) Minerals of Indiana. Indiana Geological Survey Bulletin 18 73pp
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Alum District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis; confirmed ID); Nevada Bureau of Mines & Geology (1983), "A Mineral Inventory of the Esmeralda-Stateline Resource Area, Las Vegas District, Nevada," NBMG Open File Report 83-11
      • Silver Peak District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ohio
    • Scioto Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Summit Co.
      • Cuyahoga Falls
        • Cuyahoga Gorge Park
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Twinsburg township
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Martic Township
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Min. Soc. of PA, Inc.: 65; Gordon, S. G. (1922), Mineralogy of PA: 146; Montgomery, Arthur (Jan, 1963), "Gordon's PA Min. List," in PA Mins. (PM), PM (3), Keystone Newsletter
    • Schuylkill Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the PA List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 59, 65-66; Downey, W. F., Jr. (1974), "Geol. Conditions in Burning Anthracite-NE PA," Geol. Soc. Am. Abstracts w. Programs, Vol. 5(1):19-20;
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg 480.
  • Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Antelope Range
        • Henry District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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