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About PseudorutileHide

Crystal System:
Named for the relation to rutile.
Closely related to kleberite. Chemically, but not structurally, the Fe analogue of machiite and schreyerite. The Fe analogue of (the Mn dominant) UM2004-26-O:FeMnTi.

See also Arizonite (of Palmer).

Classification of PseudorutileHide


4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations

4 : A2B3O9

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Pronounciation of PseudorutileHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of PseudorutileHide

Reddish brown
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of PseudorutileHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of PseudorutileHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.37 Å, c = 4.61 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.321
Unit Cell V:
824.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000471PseudorutileGrey I E, Reid A F (1975) The structure of pseudorutile and its role in the natural alteration of ilmenite American Mineralogist 60 898-90619750293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of PseudorutileHide

Other Language Names for PseudorutileHide

Varieties of PseudorutileHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Pseudorutile associated with TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
1 photo of Pseudorutile associated with BixbyiteMn3+2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Unnamed (Auroantimonate)AuSbO3
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.13PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.14Jacobsite-QMn2+(Fe3+,Mn3+)2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.17UlvöspinelTiFe2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PseudorutileHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Teufer, G. and Temple, A.K. (1966) Pseudorutile, a new mineral intermediate between ilmenite and rutile in the natural alteration of ilmenite. Nature 211, 179–181. [177-189?]
Grey, I.E. and Reid, A.F. (1975) The structure of pseudorutile and its role in the natural alteration of ilmenite. American Mineralogist 60, 898-906.
Melcher, F. (1991) Fe-Ti-Oxide assemblages in the basal parts of the Central Alpine Brenner Mesozoic, Tyrol/Austria. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 197-212.
Grey, I.E., Watts, J.A., and Bayliss, P. (1994) Mineralogical nomenclature: pseudorutile revalidated and neotype given. Mineralogical Magazine: 58: 597-600.
American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 1077.

Internet Links for PseudorutileHide

Localities for PseudorutileHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Algiers Province
C. Hejny et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 957-967
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
          • Larsemann Hills (Larseman Hills)
Edward S. Grew, et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 29-245
Australia (TL)
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
MM (1994), 58, 597-600
  • Tasmania
    • King Island municipality
      • King Island
        • Naracoopa
Bottrill & Bacon in prep
  • Victoria
    • Northern Grampians Shire
      • Carapooee
W.D.Birch in Australian Journal of Earth Sciences (2007) 54 (609-628); Birch, W. D. (2008): Gem corundum from the St Arnaud district, Western Victoria, Australia. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 73-78.
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
Mills, S.J. (2004)
      • Wemen
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Fulpmes
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Northwest Region
    • Donga-Mantung
      • Nkambe
Tetsopgang, S., Koyanagi, J., Enami, M., and Kihara, K. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(3), 509-516.
  • Northwest Territories
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
  • Ontario
    • Parry Sound District
      • Chapman Township
T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
  • Québec
    • Montréal
GRICE, J.D. (1989) A Mineral Locality in Montreal City. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 109-114; 176-178.; TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. The Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Třebíč Area
Škoda, R., & Čopjaková, R. (2016). Neobvyklá Sn-mineralizace z NYF pegmatitu u Klučova; třebíčský masiv, moldanubikum. Geologické výzkumy na Moravě a ve Slezsku, 12.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Anhalt-Bitterfeld
      • Bitterfeld-Wolfen
        • Bitterfeld
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
  • Saxony
    • Leipzig District
      • Frohburg
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Diethensdorf (Claußnitz)
      • Halsbrücke
        • Hetzdorf
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
      • Königshain-Wiederau
H.-J. Bautsch, G. Rohde, P. Sedlacek & A. Zedler (1978) Kleberit – ein neues Eisen-Titan-Oxidmineral aus tertiären Sanden. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 6, 661-671.
  • North Aegean
Iliopoulos, I. and Katagas, C. (2004) Corundum bearing metabauxites from Ikaria Island (Greece): mineralogy and geochemistry. 10th G.S.G. Congress, 15‐17 April 2004, Thessaloniki, Greece (abstract).
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Miskolc District
      • Bükkszentkereszt
Gál P. (2014): Titán-, nióbium és tantálásványok a Bagolyhegyi Metariolit Formáció (Bükk) képződményeiben. TDK dolgozat, kézirat, ME
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Przygórze
          • Bolesław Mine
Ł. Kruszewski, PXRD and microprobe data
  • Pomeranian Voivodeship
    • Człuchów County
      • Przechlewo commune
        • Nowa Brda
Godyń, K., Muszyński, M. (2002) An unusual fraction of heavy minerals from the Lower Carboniferous of Western Pomerania (NW Poland). Mineralogia Polonica: 33(1): 35-52
  • Tambov Oblast
Patyk-Kara, N.G., Levchenko, E.N., Stekhin, A.I., Barsegyan, V.V., Bochneva, A.A., Chizhova, I.A., Andrianova, E.A., and Dubinchuk, V.T. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(3), 218-239.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
E. V. Sklyarov, D. P. Gladkochub, A. B. Kotov, A. E. Starikova, V. V. Sharygin, S. D. Velikoslavinsky, A. M. Larin, A. M. Mazukabzov, E. V. Tolmacheva, E. A. Khromova (2016): Genesis of the Katugin rare-metal ore deposit: Magmatism versus metasomatism. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology 10, 155–167.
  • Trenčín Region
    • Považská Bystrica District
      • Stupné
Uher, P., Ondrejka, M., Bačík, P., Broska, I. and Konečný, P. (2015): Britholite, monazite, REE-carbonates and calcite: products of hydrothermal alteration of allanite and apatite in A-type granite from Stupné, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. Lithos, 236-237, 212-225.
South Africa
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District
      • Papendorp
Macdonald, W.G., Rozendaal, A., and de Meijer, R.J. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 371-381.
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Park Co.
AmMin 84:754-763
  • New Jersey
    • Ocean Co.
  • Wisconsin
    • Sauk Co.
      • North Freedom Village
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
Andersen, A. K., Clark, J. G., Larson, P. B., & Donovan, J. J. (2017). REE fractionation, mineral speciation, and supergene enrichment of the Bear Lodge carbonatites, Wyoming, USA. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 780-807.
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