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Aenigmatite

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About AenigmatiteHide

Formula:
Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Colour:
Velvet-black
Lustre:
Greasy
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From the Greek αίνιγμα ("aenigma"), "a riddle", alluding to the enigmatic, uncertain chemical composition of the mineral. Named in 1865 by Breithaupt.

Classification of AenigmatiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1865
Approval History:
Approved: IMA 1967 special procedure.
9.DH.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
H : Inosilicates with 4-periodic single chains, Si4O12
69.2.1a.1

69 : INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
2 : Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
14.9.34

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti

Physical Properties of AenigmatiteHide

Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Velvet-black
Comment:
in thin section, reddish brown to black.
Streak:
Reddish brown
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven

Optical Data of AenigmatiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.780 - 1.800 nβ = 1.800 - 1.820 nγ = 1.870 - 1.900
2V:
Measured: 27° to 55°, Calculated: 56° to 60°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090 - 0.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
single

Chemical Properties of AenigmatiteHide

Formula:
Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Common Impurities:
Al,Mn,Mg,Ca,K,Cl

Crystallography of AenigmatiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.415(1) Å, b = 10.840(1) Å, c = 8.931(1) Å
α = 105.107(4)°, β = 96.610(5)°, γ = 125.398(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.961 : 1 : 0.824
Unit Cell V:
746.8 ų
Morphology:
Crystals, prismatic after[001], to 10 cm; as irregular segregations.
Twinning:
By rotation (011) or about [010] of
the pseudomonoclinic cell; polysynthetic.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
A primary constituent in sodium-rich alkalic volcanics, pegmatites, and other silica-poor igneous rocks.

Type Occurrence of AenigmatiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mining Academy, Freiberg, Germany, 29166
Reference:
Breithaupt, J. F. A. (1865) Mineralogische studien. 29. Kölbingit. Ainigmatit. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung 24: 397-398

Synonyms of AenigmatiteHide

Other Language Names for AenigmatiteHide

Relationship of Aenigmatite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
KuratiteCa2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]Tric. 1 : P1
UM1991-29-SiO:FeMgNaNa4(Mg5Fe3+7)O4[Si9Fe3+3O36]
WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
FayaliteFe2+2SiO4
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
17 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
13 photos of Aenigmatite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
10 photos of Aenigmatite associated with AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
9 photos of Aenigmatite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
6 photos of Aenigmatite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
4 photos of Aenigmatite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
4 photos of Aenigmatite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
3 photos of Aenigmatite associated with LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
2 photos of Aenigmatite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DH.05LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.DH.10OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
9.DH.15HaradaiteSrVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.15SuzukiiteBaVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.20BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.20Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.25TaikaniteSr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2Mon.
9.DH.30KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
9.DH.35Balangeroite(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn2+)42Si16O54(OH)40Mon.
9.DH.35GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
9.DH.40DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
9.DH.40HøgtuvaiteCa4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
9.DH.40Makarochkinite(Ca,Na)4[Fe2+8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.45SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.50Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.55Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16Mon.
9.DH.60Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
9.DH.65HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
9.DH.65Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
9.DH.70JohninnesiteNa2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2Tric.
9.DH.75AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

69.2.1a.2DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
69.2.1a.3HøgtuvaiteCa4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.4KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
69.2.1a.5RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.6SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.7WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.8WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.9.1NatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
14.9.2LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.9.3LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.4DavaniteK2TiSi6O15Tric.
14.9.5KazakoviteNa6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)Trig.
14.9.6TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.7OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
14.9.8Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
14.9.9BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
14.9.10BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
14.9.11FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
14.9.14StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.17BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
14.9.18HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
14.9.19Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.23Chevkinite(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe,Mn)2(Ti,Fe)3[Si2O7]2O8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
14.9.25TisinaliteNa3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2OTrig.
14.9.26NeptuniteNa2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon. m : Bb
14.9.27ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon.
14.9.28Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
14.9.29AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
14.9.31LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.9.32BaratoviteKCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.9.35SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
14.9.36TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
14.9.37Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.9.38KoashviteNa6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Aenigmatite in petrologyHide

References for AenigmatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, J.F.A. (1865) Mineralogische Studien. 29. Kölbingit. Ainigmatit. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung: 24: 397-398.
Fleischer, M. (1964) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 49: 816-821.
Kelsey, C.H., McKie, D. (1964) The unit-cell of aenigmatite. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 986-1001.
Cannillo, E., Mazzi, F, Fang, J. H., Robinson, P.D., Ohya, Y. (1971) The crystal structure of aenigmatite. American Mineralogist: 56: 427-446.
Borley, G.D. (1976) Ænigmatite from an ægirine-riebeckite granite, Liruei Complex, Nigeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 595-598.
Jensen, B.B. (1996) Solid solution among members of the aenigmatite group. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 982-986.
Burt, D.M. (1994) Vector representation of some mineral compositions in the aenigmatite group, with special reference to hogtuvaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 449-457.
Kunzmann, T. (1999) The aenigmatite-rhönite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 743-756.
Grew, E.S., Halenius, U., Pasero, M. (2008) The crystal chemistry of aenigmatite revisited: electron microprobe data, structure refinement and Mossbauer spectroscopy of aenigmatite from Vesteroya (Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 983-991.
Raade, G. (2011): Chemistry of aenigmatite from Vesterøya, Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift: 46: 37-40 [http://www.nags.net/Mineralsymposium/2011/2011-Raade3.pdf]

Internet Links for AenigmatiteHide

Localities for AenigmatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
Harris, C., Johnstone, W. P., & Phillips, D. (2002). Petrogenesis of the Mesozoic Sistefjell syenite intrusion, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica and surrounding low-δ18O lavas. South African Journal of Geology, 105(3), 205-226.
Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
    • Victoria Land
Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. British Antarctic Expedition, 1910. National Antarctic Expedition, Natural History Reports, Geology, II, No 2. British Museum (Natural History), London, 109-150.
Ricci, C. A. (1997). The Antarctic Region: Geological Evolution and Processes; Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Siena, 1995. Terra Antartica Publ., 511-521
Harrington, H. J., Wood, B. L., McKellar, I. C., & Lensen, G. J. (1967). Topography and geology of the Cape Hallett-Tucker Glacier district, Antarctica. Bull. NZ. Geo!. Surv, 80, 100. Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62
Müller, P., Schmidt-Thomé, M., Kreuzer, H., Tessensohn, F., & Vetter, U. (1991). Cenozoic peralkaline magmatism at the western margin of the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Memorie della Societa Geologica Italiana, 46, 315-336.
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 128-133
Ricci, C. A. (1997). The Antarctic Region: Geological Evolution and Processes; Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences, Siena, 1995. Terra Antartica Publ., 511-521
Martin, A. P., Cooper, A. F., & Price, R. C. (2013). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic, alkalic volcanic lineages at Mount Morning, West Antarctica and their entrained lithospheric mantle xenoliths: Lithospheric versus asthenospheric mantle sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 122, 127-152.
      • Transantarctic Mountains
Martin, A. P., Cooper, A. F., & Dunlap, W. J. (2010). Geochronology of Mount Morning, Antarctica: two-phase evolution of a long-lived trachyte-basanite-phonolite eruptive center. Bulletin of Volcanology, 72(3), 357-371.
  • Western Antarctica
    • Marie Byrd Land
      • Ames Range
LeMasurier, W.E., Thomson, J.W., Baker, P.E., Kyle, P.R., Rowley, P.D., Smellie, J.L., Verwoerd, W.J. (1990) Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean, Volume 48. American Geophysical Union, pp. 280-282.
      • Executive Committee Range
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 195-198
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 199-202
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
      • Flood Range
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 229-233
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 221-224
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 221-224
Adie, R. J. (Ed.). (1972). Antarctic Geology and Geophysics. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 261-275
      • McCuddin Mountains
        • Mount Flint
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 212-215
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 6 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 169-174 LeMasurier, W. E., Choi, S. H., Hart, S. R., Mukasa, S., & Rogers, N. (2016). Reconciling the shadow of a subduction signature with rift geochemistry and tectonic environment in Eastern Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Lithos, 260, 134-153.
Australia
 
Cundari, A. (1973). Petrology of the leucite‐bearing lavas in New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 20(4), 465-492. Cundari, A., & Salviulo, G. (1989). Ti solubility in diopsidic pyroxene from a suite of New South Wales leucitites (Australia). Lithos, 22(3), 191-198. Cundari, A. (1989). East Australian leucitite suite. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand, 131-132. Ferguson, A. K., & Cundari, A. (1982). Feldspar crystallization trends in leucite-bearing and related assemblages. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 81(3), 212-218.
  • New South Wales
    • Ashburnham Co.
Middlemost, E. A. (1981). The Canobolas complex, NSW, an alkaline shield volcano. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 28(1-2), 33-49. Wellman, P., & McDougall, I. (1974). Potassium‐argon ages on the Cainozoic volcanic rocks of New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 21(3), 247-272.
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle National Park
Duggan, M. B. (1988). Zirconium-rich sodic pyroxenes in felsic volcanics from the Warrumbungle Volcano, Central New South Wales, Australia. Mineral Mag, 52, 491ą496.; Duggan, M. B. (1989). Northern New South Wales: Warrumbungle. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand, 121-122. Ghorbani, M. R., & Middlemost, E. A. (2000). Geochemistry of pyroxene inclusions from the Warrumbungle Volcano, New South Wales, Australia. American Mineralogist, 85(10), 1349-1367. Wellman, P., & McDougall, I. (1974). Potassium‐argon ages on the Cainozoic volcanic rocks of New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 21(3), 247-272.
    • Macquarie Co.
      • Port Macquarie
Johnson, R. W., Johnson, R. W., Knutson, J., & Taylor, S. R. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 124-125. Knutson, J. 1989. Comboyne. Knutson, J., & Green, T. H. (1975). Experimental duplication of a high-pressure megacryst/cumulate assemblage in a near-saturated hawaiite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 52(2), 121-132. McDougall, I., & Wilkinson, J. F. G. (1967). Potassium‐argon dates on some Cainozoic volcanic rocks from northeastern New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 14(2), 225-233. Wellman, P., & McDougall, I. (1974). Potassium‐argon ages on the Cainozoic volcanic rocks of New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 21(3), 247-272.
    • Nandewar Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy; Stolz 1986; Abbott, M. J. (1969). Petrology of the Nandewar volcano, NSW, Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 20(2), 115-134. Stipp, J. J., & McDougall, I. (1968). Potassium–argon ages from the Nandewar volcano, near Narrabri. New South Wales. Australian Journal of Science, 31(2), 84-85. Stolz, A. J. (1985). The role of fractional crystallization in the evolution of the Nandewar Volcano, north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Petrology, 26(4), 1002-1026. Johnson, R. W., Johnson, R. W., Knutson, J., & Taylor, S. R. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 117-119. Stolz, A.J. 1989. Nandewar. Wellman, P., & McDougall, I. (1974). Potassium‐argon ages on the Cainozoic volcanic rocks of New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 21(3), 247-272. Wellman, P., McElhinny, M. W., & McDougall, I. (1969). On the polar-wander path for Australia during the Cenozoic. Geophysical Journal International, 18(4), 371-395.
    • Rous Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy; Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.260 Johnson, R. W., Johnson, R. W., Knutson, J., & Taylor, S. R. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 114-115. Ewart, A., Stevens, N. C., & Ross, J. A. (1987). The Tweed and Focal Peak Shield Volcanoes, Southeast Queensland and Northeast New South Wales. Department of Geology, University of Queensland, Papers, 11 (Part 4), 1-82.
    • Wallace Co.
Mackenzie, D. E., & White, A. J. R. (1970). Phonolite globules in basanite from Kiandra, Australia. Lithos, 3(4), 309-317.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
Handbook of Mineralogy; Johnson, R. W. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 103-104. Knutson, J., 1989. Johnson, R. W., Johnson, R. W., Knutson, J., & Taylor, S. R. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press. Wellman, P. (1978). Potassium-argon ages of Cainozoic volcanic rocks from the Bundaberg, Rockhampton and Clermont areas of eastern Queensland, 89, 59-64.
    • Sunshine Coast Region
Bryan, W. B., & Stevens, N. C. (1973). Holocrystalline pantellerite from Mount Ngun-Ngun, Glass House Mountains, Queensland, Australia. American Journal of Science, 273(10), 947-957. Cohen, B. E., Vasconcelos, P. M., & Knesel, K. M. (2007). 40Ar/39Ar constraints on the timing of Oligocene intraplate volcanism in southeast Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 105-125. Ewart, A., & Grenfell, A. T. (1985). Cainozoic volcanic centres in southeastern Queensland: with special reference to the Main Range, Bunya Mountains, and the volcanic centres of the northern Brisbane coastal region.Department of Geology, University of Queensland, Papers, 11 (part 3), 1-57. Stevens, N.C. 1989. Glass Houses.
Ewart, A., & Grenfell, A. T. (1985). Cainozoic volcanic centres in southeastern Queensland: with special reference to the Main Range, Bunya Mountains, and the volcanic centres of the northern Brisbane coastal region.Department of Geology, University of Queensland, Papers, 11 (part 3), 1-57. Ewart, A. (1982). Petrogenesis of the Tertiary anorogenic volcanic series of Southern Queensland, Australia, in the light of trace element geochemistry and O, Sr and Pb isotopes. Journal of Petrology, 23(3), 344-382. Bryan, W. B., & Stevens, N. C. (1973). Holocrystalline pantellerite from Mount Ngun-Ngun, Glass House Mountains, Queensland, Australia. American Journal of Science, 273(10), 947-957. Ewart, A., Baxter, K., & Ross, J. A. (1980). The petrology and petrogenesis of the Tertiary anorogenic mafic lavas of southern and central Queensland, Australia—possible implications for crustal thickening. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 75(2), 129-152.
Bryan, W. B., & Stevens, N. C. (1973). Holocrystalline pantellerite from Mount Ngun-Ngun, Glass House Mountains, Queensland, Australia. American Journal of Science, 273(10), 947-957. Ewart, A., Baxter, K., & Ross, J. A. (1980). The petrology and petrogenesis of the Tertiary anorogenic mafic lavas of southern and central Queensland, Australia—possible implications for crustal thickening. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 75(2), 129-152. Ewart, A., & Grenfell, A. T. (1985). Cainozoic volcanic centres in southeastern Queensland: with special reference to the Main Range, Bunya Mountains, and the volcanic centres of the northern Brisbane coastal region.Department of Geology, University of Queensland, Papers, 11 (part 3), 1-57. Cohen, B. E., Vasconcelos, P. M., & Knesel, K. M. (2007). 40Ar/39Ar constraints on the timing of Oligocene intraplate volcanism in southeast Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 54(1), 105-125.
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Interlaken
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Victoria
    • Macedon Ranges Shire
Ewart, A., Chappell, B. W., & Le Maitre, R. W. (1985). Aspects of the mineralogy and chemistry of the intermediate‐silicic Cainozoic volcanic rocks of eastern Australia. Part 1: Introduction and geochemistry. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32(4), 359-382. Dasch, E. J., & Millar, D. J. (1977). Age and strontium‐isotope geochemistry of differentiated rocks from the newer Volcanics, MT Macedon Area, Victoria, Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 24(3-4), 195-201. Edwards, A. B. (1938). The Tertiary volcanic rocks of central Victoria. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 94(1-4), 243-320. Ewart, A. (1985). Aspects of the mineralogy and chemistry of the intermediate‐silicic Cainozoic volcanic rocks of eastern Australia. Part 2: Mineralogy and petrogenesis. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32(4), 383-413. Ferguson, A. K. (1978). A mineralogical investigation of some trachytic lavas and associated pegmatoids from camel's hump and turritable falls, central Victoria. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 25(3-4), 185-197. Wellman, P. (1974). Potassium‐argon ages on the Cainozoic volcanic rocks of eastern Victoria, Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 21(4), 359-376. Knutson, J., & Nicholls, I. A. (1989). Macedon–Trentham. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand, 136-137.
Belarus
 
  • Mogilev Region
    • Babruysk District
Levitskiy, V. I., Solodilova, V. V., Zavadich, N. S., Pavlova, L. A., & Levitskiy, I. V. (2018, July). Genetic Nature of Mineralization with Native and Intermetallic Compounds in the Bobruisk Ring Structure (Republic of Belarus). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 481, No. 1, pp. 857-861). Pleiades Publishing.
Brazil
 
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
Cameroon
 
  • North Region
    • Bénoué
      • Ngong
Ngounouno, I., Moreau, Ch., Deruelle, B., Demaiffe, D., Montigny, R. (2001): Petrologie du complexe alcalin sous-sature de Kokoumi (Cameroun), Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France; November 2001; vol. 172; no. 6; p. 675-686
  • Southwest Region
    • Fako
      • Buea
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Ostinsoe, E. A., 1960, Level Mountain, Northwestern British Columbia, University of British Columbia thesis.
Yagi, K., Souther, J. G. (1974): Aenigmatite from Mt. Edziza, British Columbia, Canada. American Mineralogist 59, 820-829
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
Martin, R.F. and Payette, C. (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.; Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
\"Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences,\" G.J. Orris and R.I. Grauch, Open File Report 02-189, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2002.; GSC database locality No. 4100
GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Northwest Territories
    • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991) Can, J, Earth Sci 28, 1653-1663.
      • Pic Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.91
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Canadian Micro Mineral Association (CMMA), 45 (6), 2
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80 ; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Chengde County
Zhang, Z., Zhang, H., Shao, J. A., Ying, J., Yang, Y., & Santosh, M. (2012). Guangtoushan granites and their enclaves: Implications for Triassic mantle upwelling in the northern margin of the North China Craton. Lithos, 149, 174-187.
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan Yi
      • Mianning County
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
      • Xichang County
Shellnutt, J. G., Jahn, B. M., & Dostal, J. (2010). Elemental and Sr–Nd isotope geochemistry of microgranular enclaves from peralkaline A-type granitic plutons of the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Lithos, 119(1-2), 34-46. Shellnutt, J. G., & Iizuka, Y. (2011). Mineralogy from three peralkaline granitic plutons of the Late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (SW China): evidence for contrasting magmatic conditions of A-type granitoids. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23(1), 45-61.
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
Shellnutt, J. G., & Iizuka, Y. (2011). Mineralogy from three peralkaline granitic plutons of the Late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (SW China): evidence for contrasting magmatic conditions of A-type granitoids. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23(1), 45-61. Shellnutt, J. G., & Jahn, B. M. (2010). Formation of the Late Permian Panzhihua plutonic-hypabyssal-volcanic igneous complex: implications for the genesis of Fe–Ti oxide deposits and A-type granites of SW China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289(3-4), 509-519. Shellnutt, J. G., & Zhou, M. F. (2007). Permian peralkaline, peraluminous and metaluminous A-type granites in the Panxi district, SW China: their relationship to the Emeishan mantle plume. Chemical Geology, 243(3-4), 286-316. Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House. Zhong, H., Zhu, W. G., Hu, R. Z., Xie, L. W., He, D. F., Liu, F., & Chu, Z. Y. (2009). Zircon U–Pb age and Sr–Nd–Hf isotope geochemistry of the Panzhihua A-type syenitic intrusion in the Emeishan large igneous province, southwest China and implications for growth of juvenile crust. Lithos, 110(1-4), 109-128. Zhong, H., Campbell, I. H., Zhu, W. G., Allen, C. M., Hu, R. Z., Xie, L. W., & He, D. F. (2011). Timing and source constraints on the relationship between mafic and felsic intrusions in the Emeishan large igneous province. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(5), 1374-1395. Zhou, M. F., Robinson, P. T., Lesher, C. M., Keays, R. R., Zhang, C. J., & Malpas, J. (2005). Geochemistry, petrogenesis and metallogenesis of the Panzhihua gabbroic layered intrusion and associated Fe–Ti–V oxide deposits, Sichuan Province, SW China. Journal of Petrology, 46(11), 2253-2280.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.307); Petersen Ole V., Secher K. (1985) Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 p..
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"] + Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Larsen, L. M. (1977). "Aenigmatites from the Ilímaussaq intrusion, south Greenland: Chemistry and petrological implications." Lithos 10(4): 257-270.
Bertil Otter collection & photo,photo-795849
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.307)
Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
        • Nunarssuit Island
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
        • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Sermersooq
Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm]
      • Kialineq Bay
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Pedersen, A. K., Engell, J., & Rønsbo, J. G. (1975). Early Tertiary volcanism in the Skagerrak: New chemical evidence from ash-layers in the mo-clay of northern Denmark. Lithos, 8(4), 255-268. Rønsbo, J. G., Pedersen, A. K., & Engell, J. (1977). Titan-aegirine from early Tertiary ash layers in northern Denmark. Lithos, 10(3), 193-204.
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Kajaani
Lindholm,O. & Anttonen, R. 1980. Geology of the Otanmäki mine. s. 25-33 in: Häkli, T.A. (toim.) Precambrian ores of Finland, 26th International Geological Congress, Paris 1980. Guide to excursions 078 A+C, Part 2 (Finland), Geological Survey of Finland.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Szászvár
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Prakasam District
Leelanandam, C. (1989). The Prakasam alkaline province in Andhra Pradesh, India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 34, 25-45. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1980). Ocellar lamprophyres from the Purimetla alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. QJ Geol. Ming. Metall. Soc. India, 52(2), 77-79. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1983). The Purimetla alkaline pluton. Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Quart. Jour. Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India (presently Indian Jour. Geol.), 55, 14-30. Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1981). The aenigmatite-bearing alkaline rocks from the Prakasam and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 50(7), 320-321. Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1986). A PETROCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE PURIMETLA ALKALINE PLUTON, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA-PRADESH, INDIA. NEUES JAHRBUCH FUR MINERALOGIE-ABHANDLUNGEN, 156(1), 99-119.
Leelanandam, C. (1989). The Prakasam alkaline province in Andhra Pradesh, India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 34, 25-45. Leelanandam, C., & Srinivasan, T. P. (1986). Occurrence of ocellar lamprophyres in the Settupalle alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 55(9), 474-476. Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1981). The aenigmatite-bearing alkaline rocks from the Prakasam and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 50(7), 320-321. Srinivasan, T. P., & Ratnakar, J. (1982). Occurrence of nepheline syenite within quartz syenite of Settupalle, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 51(7), 354-355. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., Bhattacharya, A., & Kinny, P. D. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rifting and Pan-African continental collision in SE India: evidence from the Khariar alkaline complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(4), 434-456.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S.K. 2000 Neoproterozoic magmatism of the Malani Igneous Suite western Rajasthan, Indian. Geological Survey of India, Special Publications, 55, 319-332. Bhushan, S. K., & Chittora, V. K. (1999). Late Proterozoic bimodal volcanic assemblage of Siwana subsidence structure, Western Rajasthan, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 53, 433-452. Dhar, S., Frei, R., Kramers, J. D., Nagler, T. F., & Kochhar, N. (1996). Sr, Pb and Nd isotope studies and their bearing on the petrogenesis of the Jalor and Siwana complexes, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 48(2), 151-160. Eby, G. N., & Kochhar, N. (1990). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Malani igneous suite, North Peninsular India. J. Geol. Soc. India, 36(2), 109-130. Maheshwari, A., Coltorti, M., Rajput, S. K., & Verma, M. (2009). Geochemical characteristics, discrimination and petrogenesis of Neoproterozoic peralkaline granites, Barmer District, SW Rajasthan, India. International Geology Review, 51(12), 1103-1120. Singh, A. K., & Vallinayagam, G. (2009). Radioactive element distribution and rare-metal mineralization in anorogenic acid volcano-plutonic rocks of the Neoproterozoic Malani Felsic Province, Western Peninsular India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 73(6), 837-853. Singh, A. K., Singh, R. B., & Vallinayagam, G. (2006). Anorogenic Acid Volcanic rocks in the Kundal area of the Malani Igneous Suite, Northwestern India: geochemical and petrogenetic studies. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(4), 544-557.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Fleischer M. (1936): The formula of aenigmatite. Amer. Journ. Sci., ser. 5, 32, 343-348; Zies E.G. (1966): A new analysis of cossyrite from the Island of Pantelleria. Am. Mineral., 51, 200-205.
Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V. and Cundari, A. (1997) New mineral data from the kamafugite-carbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61, 27-45.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Kitashitara County
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    • Shinshiro city
Kuno, H. (1960). High-alumina basalt. Journal of petrology, 1(1), 121-145. SAWAI, M., & SHIMAZU, M. (1979). A trachyte dike in the northern part of Shidara area, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 74(2), 68-78.
  • Shimane Prefecture
    • Oki District
      • Okinoshima
        • Oki Islands
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.145 Tomita, T. (1936). Geology of Dogo, Oki islands in the Japan sea. Shanghai Sci Inst, Sec. 2, 2, 37-146. UCHIMIZU, M. (1966). Geology and petrology of alkali rocks from Dogo, Oki Islands. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. 2, 16, 85-159. Nagasawa, H. (1973). Rare-earth distribution in alkali rocks from Oki-Dogo Island, Japan. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 39(4), 301-308. Nakamura, E., Campbell, I. H., McCulloch, M. T., & Sun, S. S. (1989). Chemical geodynamics in a back arc region around the Sea of Japan: implications for the genesis of alkaline basalts in Japan, Korea, and China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 94(B4), 4634-4654. Nakamura, E., McCulloch, M. T., & Campbell, I. H. (1990). Chemical geodynamics in the back-arc region of Japan based on the trace element and Sr Nd isotopic compositions. Tectonophysics, 174(3-4), 207-233.
Kenya
 
  • Kajiado County
Nash, W.P., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hohnson, R.W. (1969) The Mineralogy and Petrology of Mount Suswa, Kenya. Journal of Petrology, 10:3, 409-439.
  • Meru County
Baker, B.H. (1967) Geology of the Mount Kenya area. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department, Report No. 79, 78 pp.; Price, R.C., Johnson, R.W., Gray, C.M., and Frey, F.A. (1985) Geochemistry of phonolites and trachytes from the summit region of Mt. Kenya. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 89, 394–409.
Libya
 
  • Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
Madagascar
 
  • Bongolava
    • Tsiroanomandidy District
      • Ambatolampy Commune
Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Anorotsangana
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
      • Antsirabe
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Mulanje
Woolley, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Colima
    • Manzanillo Municipality
      • Revillagigedo Islands
Bohrson W. A., Reid M. R. (1997): Genesis of silicic peralkaline volcanic rocks in an oceanic island setting by crustal melting and open-system processes: Socorro Island, Mexico. Journal of Petrology, 38, 1137–1166.
Mongolia
 
  • Govi-Altai Province
    • Altai District
Sokol, A.K. & 4 others (2007) Late accretion and lithification of chondritic parent bodies: Mg isotope studies on fragments from primitive chondrites and chondritic breccias: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(7/8):1291-1308. (Jul/Aug2007).
  • Khovd Province
    • Myangad District
G.M. Tsareva data
Kempe, U., Möckel, R., Graupner, T., Kynicky, J., & Dombon, E. (2015). The genesis of Zr–Nb–REE mineralisation at Khalzan Buregte (Western Mongolia) reconsidered. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 602-625.
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
New Zealand
 
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • Bay of Plenty Region
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106. ; Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F., & Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 74(1-2), 75-87. Buck, M. D., Briggs, R. M., & Nelson, C. S. (1981). Pyroclastic deposits and volcanic history of Mayor Island. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 24(4), 449-467. Ewart, A., Taylor, S. R., & Capp, A. C. (1968). Geochemistry of the pantellerites of Mayor island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 17(2), 116-140. Houghton, B. F., Weaver, S. D., Wilson, C. J., & Lanphere, M. A. (1992). Evolution of a quaternary peralkaline volcano: Mayor Island, New Zealand. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 51(3), 217-236. Stevenson, R. J., Briggs, R. M., & Hodder, A. P. W. (1993). Emplacement history of a low-viscosity, fountain-fed pantelleritic lava flow. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 57(1-2), 39-56.
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • Canterbury Region
    • Christchurch City
Barley, M. E., Weaver, S. D., & De Laeter, J. R. (1988). Strontium isotope composition and geochronology of intermediate—silicic volcanics, Mt Somers and Banks Peninsula, New Zealand. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 31(2), 197-206. Hoke, L., Poreda, R., Reay, A., & Weaver, S. D. (2000). The subcontinental mantle beneath southern New Zealand, characterised by helium isotopes in intraplate basalts and gas-rich springs. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64(14), 2489-2507. Price, R. C., & Taylor, S. R. (1980). Petrology and geochemistry of the Banks peninsula volcanoes, South Island, New Zealand. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 72(1), 1-18. Sewell, R.J. & Weaver, S.D. 1989. South Island. Johnson, R. W., Johnson, R. W., Knutson, J., & Taylor, S. R. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 162-169. Sewell, R. J., Hobden, B. J., & Weaver, S. D. (1993). Mafic and ultramafic mantle and deep crustal xenoliths from Banks Peninsula, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 36(2), 223-231. Stipp, J. J., & McDougall, I. (1968). Geochronology of the Banks peninsula volcanoes, New Zealand. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 11(5), 1239-1258. Timm, C., Hoernle, K., Van Den Bogaard, P., Bindeman, I., & Weaver, S. (2009). Geochemical evolution of intraplate volcanism at Banks Peninsula, New Zealand: interaction between asthenospheric and lithospheric melts. Journal of Petrology, 50(6), 989-1023.
  • New Zealand Outlying Islands
    • Campbell Island group
Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
  • Otago Region
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
      • East Otago Volcanic Province
Turner, F.J. & Verhoogen, J. 1960. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. McGraw-Hill, New York. Coombs, D. S., & Wilkinson, J. F. G. (1969). Lineages and fractionation trends in undersaturated volcanic rocks from the East Otago volcanic province (New Zealand) and related rocks. Journal of petrology, 10(3), 440-501. Price, R. C., & Chappell, B. W. (1975). Fractional crystallisation and the petrology of Dunedin Volcano. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 53(3), 157-182. Coombs, D. S., Adams, C. J., Roser, B. P., & Reay, A. (2008). Geochronology and geochemistry of the Dunedin Volcanic Group, eastern Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 51(3), 195-218.; Turner, F.J. & Verhoogen, J. 1960. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. McGraw-Hill, New York. Coombs, D. S., & Wilkinson, J. F. G. (1969). Lineages and fractionation trends in undersaturated volcanic rocks from the East Otago volcanic province (New Zealand) and related rocks. Journal of petrology, 10(3), 440-501. Price, R. C., & Chappell, B. W. (1975). Fractional crystallisation and the petrology of Dunedin Volcano. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 53(3), 157-182. Coombs, D. S., Adams, C. J., Roser, B. P., & Reay, A. (2008). Geochronology and geochemistry of the Dunedin Volcanic Group, eastern Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 51(3), 195-218.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
Tulloch, A. J., Kimbrough, D. L., & Waight, T. E. (1994). The French Creek granite, north Westland, New Zealand-Late Cretaceous A-type plutonism on the Tasman passive margin. In Tasman Sea conference (pp. 65-66). Waight, T. E., Weaver, S. D., Ireland, T. R., Maas, R., Muir, R. J., & Shelley, D. (1997). Field characteristics, petrography, and geochronology of the Hohonu Batholith and the adjacent Granite Hill complex, North Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 40(1), 1-17. Tulloch, A. J., & Nathan, S. (1990). Spinel harzburgite xenoliths in alkali basalt and camptonite from North Westland and southeast Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33(4), 529-534.
Niger
 
  • Agadez
    • Aïr Mountains
      • South Aïr
J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang County
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Ryanggang Province
    • Samjiyon City
      • Paektu Mountain
Suzuki, J. (1938) On a rock of nordmarkitic composition from Hakutou volcano, Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, 4, #1-2, 173-181.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Hamre
Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. 1965: Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Olso. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenslandet
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Langesundsfjorden
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100; Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
Åsheim, A. (1994): Hamberg(itt). STEIN 21 (2), 117-119
    • Sandefjord
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Østerøya
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1991.
Grew, E.S., Halenius, U., Pasero, M. (2008): The crystal-chemistry of aenigmatite revisited: electron microprobe data, structure refinement and Moessbauer spectroscopy of aenigmatite from Vesteroya (Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 983-991.
        • Auve
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-253
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65; Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
        • Framnes
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1833; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
Svein A. Berge collection; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra Larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124; Raade, G. (2011): Chemistry of aenigmatite from Vesterøya, larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 37-40
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Milne Bay Province
Smith, I. E. M. (1976). Peralkaline rhyolites from the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea. In Volcanism in Australasia (pp. 275-285). Elsevier Amsterdam. Smith, I. E. M., & Compston, W. (1982). Strontium isotopes in Cenozoic volcanic rocks from southeastern Papua New Guinea. Lithos, 15(3), 199-206.
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
      • Ribeira Grande
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
    • Terceira Island
      • Angra do Heroísmo
Jeffery, A.J., Gertisser, R., Jackson, R.A., O'Driscoll, B., Kronz, A. (2016): PREPUBLICATION: On the compositional variability of dalyite, K2ZrSi6O15: a new occurrence from Terceira, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, 39 pp. (available on line since January 1, 2016).
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
David Zakharov specimen; Arzamastsev, A. A., Bea, F., Arzamastseva, L. V., & Montero, P. (2006). Proterozoic Gremyakha-Vyrmes Polyphase Massif, Kola Peninsula: An example of mixing basic and alkaline mantle melts. Petrology, 14(4), 361-389.
    • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
      • Koashva Mt
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Am Min 79:1011; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel Kartasov photo; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    • Lovozersky District
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Oymyakonsky District
Litasov, K. D., & Podgornykh, N. M. (2017). Raman spectroscopy of various phosphate minerals and occurrence of tuite in the Elga IIE iron meteorite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 48(11), 1518-1527.; Sharygin, V.V. (2020) Mineralogy of Silicate-Natrophosphate Immiscible Inclusion in Elga IIE Iron Meteorite. Minerals 10, 437.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Sakhalin Island
      • Morotu (Morotsu; Morutu)
Grapes, R., Yagi, K., and Okumura, K. (1979) Aenigmatite, sodic pyroxene, arfvedsonite and associated minerals in syenites from Morotu, Sakhalin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 69, 97–103.
Saint Helena
 
  • Ascension Island
C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick (1982) An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Mineralogical Magazine 46:421-425.
Mineralogical Magazine(1952) 29, 850-857
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Ha'il Region
Stuckless, J. S., Hedge, C. E., Wenner, D. B., & Nkomo, I. T. (1985). Isotopic studies of postorogenic granites from the northeastern Arabian Shield, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. United States Geological Survey, Open File Report 85-126. Aleinikoff, J. N., & Stoeser, D. B. (1988). Zircon morphology and U-Pb geochronology of seven metaluminous and peralkaline post-orogenic granite complexes of the Arabian Shield, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (No. 88-604). US Geological Survey. du Bray, E.A. & Stoeser, D.B. 1985. Reconnaisance Geology of the Al Hufayr Quadrangle, Sheet 27/41A, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. United States Geological Survey, Open-File Report 85-14. Harris, N. B. W. (1985). Alkaline complexes from the Arabian Shield. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 3(1-2), 83-88.
Stuckless, J. S., Hedge, C. E., Wenner, D. B., & Nkomo, I. T. (1985). Isotopic studies of postorogenic granites from the northeastern Arabian Shield, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. United States Geological Survey, Open File Report 85-126. Quick, J. E. (1983). Reconnaissance geology of the Ghazzalah quadrangle, sheet 26/41 A, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. US Geological Survey, Open-File Report 83-331.
  • Medina Region
    • Ithnayn and Kura Lava Fields
Baker, P. E., Brosset, R., Gass, I. G., & Neary, C. R. (1973). Jebel al Abyad: a recent alkalic volcanic complex in western Saudi Arabia. Lithos, 6(3), 291-314. Roobol, M. J., & Camp, V. E. (1991). Geological map of the Cenozoic lava fields of Harrats Khayba. Ithnayen and Kurs, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 1:250000 Geoscience Map GM-131 (and Explanatory Notes), Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Directorate General of Mineral Resources of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah.
Aleinikoff, J. N., & Stoeser, D. B. (1988). Zircon morphology and U-Pb geochronology of seven metaluminous and peralkaline post-orogenic granite complexes of the Arabian Shield, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (No. 88-604). US Geological Survey. Pellaton, C. 1985. Geologic map of the Miskah quadrangle, sheet 24F, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 1:250000 Geoscience Map GM-99C (and Explanatory Notes). Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Deputy Ministry for Mineral Resources of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah.
  • Tabuk Region
Harris, N. B. W., & Marriner, G. F. (1980). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of a peralkaline granite complex from the Midian Mountains, Saudi Arabia. Lithos, 13(4), 325-337. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.192
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
South Korea
 
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Ulleung County
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map); Harumoto, A. (1970). Volcanic rocks and associated rocks of Utsuryoto Island (Japan Sea). 京都大学理学部地質学鉱物学教室春本篤夫教授退官記念事業, 39. Kim, Y. K. (1985). Petrology of Ulreung Island, Korea—Part 1. Geology. J. Japan. Assoe. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 80, 128-135. KIM, K. (1985). Petrology of Ulreung islands, Korea-Part 2, Petrography and bulk chemical composition. J. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 80, 292-303. Kim, Y.K. 1986. Magmatic differentiation in the volcanic rocks from Ulreung Island, Korea. Journal of the Japanese association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, Sendai, 81, 165-180. Kim, Y. K., & Fujimaki, H. (1987). Plutonic inclusions and olivines in high-K volcanics from Ulreung island, Korea. Mineralogy and Petrology, 37(2), 117-136. Kim, G. B., Cronin, S. J., Yoon, W. S., & Sohn, Y. K. (2014). Post 19 ka BP eruptive history of Ulleung Island, Korea, inferred from an intra-caldera pyroclastic sequence. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76(4), 802. Machida, H., & Arai, F. (1983). Extensive ash falls in and around the Sea of Japan from large late Quaternary eruptions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 18(1-4), 151-164.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Monduli District
Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
Turkey
 
  • Bitlis Province
    • Ahlat District
Aydar, E., Gourgaud, A., Ulusoy, I., Digonnet, F., Labazuy, P., Sen, E., ... & Tolluoglu, A. U. (2003). Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 123(3-4), 301-312. Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2007). Comment on “Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): The most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey” by 189–211. Chemical Geology, 245(1-2), 120-129. Çubukçu, H. E., Ulusoy, I., Aydar, E. R. K. A. N., Ersoy, O., Şen, E. R. D. A. L., Gourgaud, A., & Guillou, H. (2012). Mt. Nemrut volcano (Eastern Turkey): temporal petrological evolution. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 209, 33-60. Özdemir, Y., Karaoğlu, Ö., Tolluoğlu, A. Ü., & Güleç, N. (2006). Volcanostratigraphy and petrogenesis of the Nemrut stratovolcano (East Anatolian High Plateau): the most recent post-collisional volcanism in Turkey. Chemical Geology, 226(3-4), 189-211. Pearce, J. A., Bender, J. F., De Long, S. E., Kidd, W. S. F., Low, P. J., Güner, Y., ... & Mitchell, J. G. (1990). Genesis of collision volcanism in Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 44(1-2), 189-229. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van I: evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past> 400,000 years. Bulletin of volcanology, 75(5), 714. Sumita, M., & Schmincke, H. U. (2013). Impact of volcanism on the evolution of Lake Van II: temporal evolution of explosive volcanism of Nemrut Volcano (eastern Anatolia) during the past ca. 0.4 Ma. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 253, 15-34. Ulusoy, İ., Labazuy, P., Aydar, E., Ersoy, O., & Çubukçu, E. (2008). Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal research, 174(4), 269-283. Ulusoy, İ., Çubukçu, H. E., Aydar, E., Labazuy, P., Ersoy, O., Şen, E., & Gourgaud, A. (2012). Volcanological evolution and caldera forming eruptions of Mt. Nemrut (Eastern Turkey). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 245, 21-39. Yılmaz, Y., Güner, Y., & Şaroğlu, F. (1998). Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centres of the East Anatolia. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 85(1-4), 173-210.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North Ayrshire
      • Beith
BMS Database
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
        • San Francisco Mountain
Robinson, Henry H. (1913), The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, AZ, USGS PP 76: 110-112.
azminerals.com
      • Navajo volcanic field
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 102; Laughlin, A.W., et al (1986), Hetromorphism and crystallization paths of katungites, Navajo volcanic field, AZ, USA, in J. Ross, et al (editor), Kimberlites and related rocks, vol. 1, Geol. Soc. Australia Spec. Pub. 14.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59, 282; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 473.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
Velde, D. (1978): An aenigmatite-richterite-olivine trachyte from Puu Koae, West Maui, Hawaii, American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 771-778
  • Idaho
    • Owyhee Co.
      • De Lamar Mining District
Mineralogical Record, Sep 1995
  • Maine
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
      • York
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Norfolk Co.
Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mountains
USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975 (37)
Yemen
 
  • Aden Governorate
Cox, K. G., Gass, I. G., & Mallick, D. I. J. (1970). The peralkaline volcanic suite of Aden and little Aden, South Arabia. Journal of Petrology, 11(3), 433-462. Cox, K. G., Gass, I. G., & Mallick, D. I. J. (1969). The evolution of the volcanoes of Aden and Little Aden, South Arabia. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 124, 283-308. Dickinson, D. R., Dodson, M. H., Gass, I. G., & Rex, D. C. (1969). Correlation of initial87Sr/86Sr with Rb/Sr in some Late Tertiary volcanic rocks of South Arabia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 6(1), 84-90.
Dickinson, D. R., Dodson, M. H., Gass, I. G., & Rex, D. C. (1969). Correlation of initial87Sr/86Sr with Rb/Sr in some Late Tertiary volcanic rocks of South Arabia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 6(1), 84-90. Cox, K. G., Gass, I. G., & Mallick, D. I. J. (1970). The peralkaline volcanic suite of Aden and little Aden, South Arabia. Journal of Petrology, 11(3), 433-462. Cox, K. G., Gass, I. G., & Mallick, D. I. J. (1969). The evolution of the volcanoes of Aden and Little Aden, South Arabia. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 124, 283-308. Manasse, E. (1908). Rocce eritree e di Aden della collezione Issel. Stab. tip. succ. ff. Nistri, 24, 53-204.
  • Hadhramaut Governorate
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
  • Lahij Governorate
Dickinson, D. R., Dodson, M. H., Gass, I. G., & Rex, D. C. (1969). Correlation of initial87Sr/86Sr with Rb/Sr in some Late Tertiary volcanic rocks of South Arabia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 6(1), 84-90. Gass, I. G., & Mallick, D. I. J. (1968). Jebel Khariz: an Upper Miocene strato-volcano of comenditic affinity on the South Arabian coast. Bulletin Volcanologique, 32(1), 33-88.
 
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