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Aenigmatite

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Formula:
Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
View Commodity Page:
Colour:
Velvet-black
Lustre:
Greasy
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From the Greek αίνιγμα ("aenigma"), "a riddle", alluding to the enigmatic, uncertain chemical composition of the mineral. Named in 1865 by Breithaupt.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AenigmatiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DH.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
H : Inosilicates with 4-periodic single chains, Si4O12
69.2.1a.1

69 : INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
2 : Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
14.9.34

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti

Physical Properties of AenigmatiteHide

Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Velvet-black
Comment:
in thin section, reddish brown to black.
Streak:
Reddish brown
Hardness:
5½ - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven

Optical Data of AenigmatiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.780 - 1.800 nβ = 1.800 - 1.820 nγ = 1.870 - 1.900
2V:
Measured: 27° to 55°, Calculated: 56° to 60°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.090 - 0.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
single

Chemical Properties of AenigmatiteHide

Formula:
Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
IMA Formula:
Na4(Fe2+10Ti2)O4[Si12O36]
Common Impurities:
Al,Mn,Mg,Ca,K,Cl

Crystallography of AenigmatiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.415(1) Å, b = 10.840(1) Å, c = 8.931(1) Å
α = 105.107(4)°, β = 96.610(5)°, γ = 125.398(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.961 : 1 : 0.824
Unit Cell V:
746.8 ų
Morphology:
Crystals, prismatic after[001], to 10 cm; as irregular segregations.
Twinning:
By rotation (011) or about [010] of
the pseudomonoclinic cell; polysynthetic.

Type Occurrence of AenigmatiteHide

Synonyms of AenigmatiteHide

Other Language Names for AenigmatiteHide

Relationship of Aenigmatite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
KuratiteCa2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]Tric. 1 : P1
UM1991-29-SiO:FeMgNaNa4(Mg5Fe3+7)O4[Si9Fe3+3O36]
WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
FayaliteFe2+2SiO4
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Eudialyte17 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Eudialyte on mindat.org.
Microcline13 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Astrophyllite10 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Astrophyllite on mindat.org.
Nepheline9 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Aegirine6 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Titanite4 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Titanite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Katophorite3 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Katophorite on mindat.org.
Lomonosovite3 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Lomonosovite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite2 photos of Aenigmatite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DH.05LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6FOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.DH.10OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
9.DH.15HaradaiteSrVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.15SuzukiiteBaVSi2O7Orth.
9.DH.20BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.20Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
9.DH.25TaikaniteSr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2Mon.
9.DH.30KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
9.DH.35Balangeroite(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn2+)42Si16O54(OH)40Mon.
9.DH.35GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
9.DH.40DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
9.DH.40HøgtuvaiteCa4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
9.DH.40Makarochkinite(Ca,Na)2Fe2+4Fe3+Ti[O2|BeAlSi4O18]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.40WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.DH.45SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.50Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DH.55Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16Mon.
9.DH.60Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
9.DH.65HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
9.DH.65Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
9.DH.70JohninnesiteNa2Mn2+9Mg7(OH)8[AsO4]2[Si6O17]2Tric.
9.DH.75AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10FTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

69.2.1a.2DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)Tric.
69.2.1a.3HøgtuvaiteCa4[Fe2+6Fe3+6]O4[Si8Be2Al2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.4KrinoviteNa2Mg4Cr3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric.
69.2.1a.5RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.6SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.7WelshiteCa4Mg9Sb3O4[Si6Be3AlFe2O36]Tric. 1 : P1
69.2.1a.8WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.9.1NatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
14.9.2LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.9.3LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.4DavaniteK2TiSi6O15Tric.
14.9.5KazakoviteNa6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)Trig.
14.9.6TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.7OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
14.9.8Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
14.9.9BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
14.9.10BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
14.9.11FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet.
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2O
14.9.14StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.17BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
14.9.18HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
14.9.19Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
14.9.23Chevkinite(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe,Mn)2(Ti,Fe)3[Si2O7]2O8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
14.9.25TisinaliteNa3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2OTrig.
14.9.26NeptuniteNa2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon. m : Bb
14.9.27ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon.
14.9.28Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
14.9.29AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
14.9.31LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.9.32BaratoviteKCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2Mon.
14.9.35SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
14.9.36TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
14.9.37Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.9.38KoashviteNa6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Aenigmatite in petrologyHide

References for AenigmatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, J.F.A. (1865) Mineralogische Studien. 29. Kölbingit. Ainigmatit. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung: 24: 397-398.
Fleischer, M. (1964) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 49: 816-821.
Kelsey, C.H., McKie, D. (1964) The unit-cell of aenigmatite. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 986-1001.
Cannillo, E., Mazzi, F, Fang, J. H., Robinson, P.D., Ohya, Y. (1971) The crystal structure of aenigmatite. American Mineralogist: 56: 427-446.
Borley, G.D. (1976) Ænigmatite from an ægirine-riebeckite granite, Liruei Complex, Nigeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 595-598.
Jensen, B.B. (1996) Solid solution among members of the aenigmatite group. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 982-986.
Burt, D.M. (1994) Vector representation of some mineral compositions in the aenigmatite group, with special reference to hogtuvaite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 449-457.
Kunzmann, T. (1999) The aenigmatite-rhönite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 743-756.
Grew, E.S., Halenius, U., Pasero, M. (2008) The crystal chemistry of aenigmatite revisited: electron microprobe data, structure refinement and Mossbauer spectroscopy of aenigmatite from Vesteroya (Norway). European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 983-991.
Raade, G. (2011): Chemistry of aenigmatite from Vesterøya, Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift: 46: 37-40 [http://www.nags.net/Mineralsymposium/2011/2011-Raade3.pdf]

Internet Links for AenigmatiteHide

Localities for AenigmatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
Harris, C., Grantham, G.H. (1993): Geology and petrogenesis of the Straumsvola nepheline syenite complex, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. Geological Magazine, 130, 4, 513-532.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gowen Co.
      • Warrumbungle National Park
Duggan, M. B. (1988). Zirconium-rich sodic pyroxenes in felsic volcanics from the Warrumbungle Volcano, Central New South Wales, Australia. Mineral Mag, 52, 491ą496.
    • Nandewar Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy; Stolz 1986
    • Rous Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Interlaken
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Brazil
 
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
Cameroon
 
  • North Region
Ngounouno, I., Moreau, Ch., Deruelle, B., Demaiffe, D., Montigny, R. (2001): Petrologie du complexe alcalin sous-sature de Kokoumi (Cameroun), Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France; November 2001; vol. 172; no. 6; p. 675-686
  • South-West Region
    • Buea
      • Cameroon Mt
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Ostinsoe, E. A., 1960, Level Mountain, Northwestern British Columbia, University of British Columbia thesis.
Yagi, K., Souther, J. G. (1974): Aenigmatite from Mt. Edziza, British Columbia, Canada. American Mineralogist 59, 820-829
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
Martin, R F, Payette, C (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.; Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
\"Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences,\" G.J. Orris and R.I. Grauch, Open File Report 02-189, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2002.; GSC database locality No. 4100
GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991) Can, J, Earth Sci 28, 1653-1663.
      • Pic Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.91
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Canadian Micro Mineral Association (CMMA), 45 (6), 2
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80 ; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kajaani
      • Vuolijoki
Lindholm,O. & Anttonen, R. 1980. Geology of the Otanmäki mine. s. 25-33 in: Häkli, T.A. (toim.) Precambrian ores of Finland, 26th International Geological Congress, Paris 1980. Guide to excursions 078 A+C, Part 2 (Finland), Geological Survey of Finland.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.307); Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"] + Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Larsen, L. M. (1977). "Aenigmatites from the Ilímaussaq intrusion, south Greenland: Chemistry and petrological implications." Lithos 10(4): 257-270.
          • Qeqertaussaq Island
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
        • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages
Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.; Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.307)
Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
      • Nunarssuit Island
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
      • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Sermersooq
    • Kialineq Bay
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Szászvár
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Fleischer M. (1936): The formula of aenigmatite. Amer. Journ. Sci., ser. 5, 32, 343-348; Zies E.G. (1966): A new analysis of cossyrite from the Island of Pantelleria. Am. Mineral., 51, 200-205.
Foerstner H. (1881): Ueber Cossyrit, ein Mineral aus Liparit-laven der Insel Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 5, 4, 348-362; Soellner J. (1909): Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Cossyrits von Pantelleria. Zeits. Krist. Min., 46, 1, 518-562; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V. and Cundari, A. (1997) New mineral data from the kamafugite-carbonatite association: the melilitolite from Pian di Celle, Italy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61, 27-45.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    • Chugoku region
      • Shimane Prefecture
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Kenya
 
  • Rift Valley Province
J. Petrology (1969) 10 (3): 409-439.
Libya
 
  • Al Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Bongolava Region
      • Tsiroanomandidy District
Mukosi, Ndivhuwo Cecilia (2012): Petrogenesis of the Ambohiby Complex, Madagascar and the role of the Marion Hotspot Plume. Thesis (MSc)-Stellenbosch University, 2012
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malawi
 
Wooley (2001)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Colima
    • Mun. de Manzanillo
      • Revillagigedo Islands
Bohrson W. A., Reid M. R. (1997): Genesis of silicic peralkaline volcanic rocks in an oceanic island setting by crustal melting and open-system processes: Socorro Island, Mexico. Journal of Petrology, 38, 1137–1166.
Mongolia
 
  • Govi-Altay Aimag (Govi-Altai Aimag; Gobi-Altay Aimag)
    • Altai
Sokol, A.K. & 4 others (2007) Late accretion and lithification of chondritic parent bodies: Mg isotope studies on fragments from primitive chondrites and chondritic breccias: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42(7/8):1291-1308. (Jul/Aug2007).
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
G.M. Tsareva data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
New Zealand
 
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).; Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 96-106
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • North Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • South Island
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
      • South Aïr
J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang-gun
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Yanggang Province (Ryanggang Province)
    • Paektu Mountain (Baekdu Mountain; Mt Hakuto)
Suzuki, J. (1938) On a rock of nordmarkitic composition from Hakutou volcano, Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, 4, #1-2, 173-181.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Hamre
Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. 1965: Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Olso. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100; Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
Åsheim, A. (1994): Hamberg(itt). STEIN 21 (2), 117-119
    • Sandefjord
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Vesterøya
        • Auve
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-253
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65; Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
        • Framnes
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1833; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
Svein A. Berge collection; Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra Larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124; Raade, G. (2011): Chemistry of aenigmatite from Vesterøya, larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 37-40
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
    • Terceira Island
      • Angra do Heroísmo
Jeffery, A.J., Gertisser, R., Jackson, R.A., O'Driscoll, B., Kronz, A. (2016): PREPUBLICATION: On the compositional variability of dalyite, K2ZrSi6O15: a new occurrence from Terceira, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, 39 pp. (available on line since January 1, 2016).
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Sakhalin Island
        • Morotu (Morotsu; Morutu)
Grapes, R., Yagi, K., and Okumura, K. (1979) Aenigmatite, sodic pyroxene, arfvedsonite and associated minerals in syenites from Morotu, Sakhalin. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 69, 97–103.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
David Zakharov specimen
      • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
          • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
        • Koashva Mt
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Am Min 79:1011; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel Kartasov photo; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
      • Lovozero Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
Saint Helena
 
  • Ascension Island
C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick (1982) An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Mineralogical Magazine 46:421-425.
Mineralogical Magazine(1952) 29, 850-857
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Strathclyde
      • Beith
BMS Database
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
        • San Francisco Mountain
Robinson, Henry H. (1913), The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, AZ, USGS PP 76: 110-112.
azminerals.com
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 102; Laughlin, A.W., et al (1986), Hetromorphism and crystallization paths of katungites, Navajo volcanic field, AZ, USA, in J. Ross, et al (editor), Kimberlites and related rocks, vol. 1, Geol. Soc. Australia Spec. Pub. 14.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Santa Rosa
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59, 282; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 473.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59.
  • Hawaii
    • Maui Co.
      • Maui
Velde, D. (1978): An aenigmatite-richterite-olivine trachyte from Puu Koae, West Maui, Hawaii, American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, 771-778
  • Idaho
    • Owyhee Co.
      • De Lamar District
Mineralogical Record, Sep 1995
  • Maine
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
      • York
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    • Norfolk Co.
Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975 (37)
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001); Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
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