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Argutite

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About ArgutiteHide

Formula:
GeO2
Hardness:
6 - 7
Specific Gravity:
6.28 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
Name:
Named after the type locality.

Classification of ArgutiteHide

Approved
First published:
1983
4.DB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
4.4.1.7

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
7.11.14

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of ArgutiteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Hardness:
6 - 7 on Mohs scale
Density:
6.28 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ArgutiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Reflectivity:
400 nmR=14.8%
420 nmR=13.7%
440 nmR=12.6%
460 nmR=11.6%
480 nmR=11.2%
500 nmR=11.0%
520 nmR=11.0%
540 nmR=11.0%
560 nmR=11.0%
580 nmR=10.9%
600 nmR=10.9%
620 nmR=10.9%
640 nmR=10.9%
660 nmR=10.9%
680 nmR=11.0%
700 nmR=11.0%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 14.8%.
Colour in reflected light:
Light grey
Comments:
The optical properties are very close to those of cassiterite.

Chemical Properties of ArgutiteHide

Formula:
GeO2
Common Impurities:
Zn,Mn,Fe

Crystallography of ArgutiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P42/mnm
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.3975 Å, c = 2.8625 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.651
Unit Cell V:
55.36 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals are showing {111}, {100} and {101}
Twinning:
Occasionally, on {101}

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0008431ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-58220000293
0008432ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-58220004.2293
0008433ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-58220006.2293
0008434ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-58220008.9293
0008435ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-582200010.4293
0008436ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-582200010.5293
0008437ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-582200016.1293
0008438ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-582200020.3293
0008439ArgutiteHaines J, Leger J M, Chateau C, Pereira A S (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 27 575-582200025293
0009164ArgutiteBaur W H (1956) Uber die verfeinerung der kristallstrukturbestimmung einiger vertreter des rutiltyps: TiO2, SnO2, GeO2 und MgF2 Acta Crystallographica 9 515-52019560293
0009405ArgutiteBaur W H, Khan A A (1971) Rutile-type compounds. VI. SiO2, GeO2 and a comparison with other rutile-type structures Acta Crystallographica B27 2133-21391971synthetic0293
0019240ArgutiteBolzan A A, Fong C, Kennedy B J, Howard C J (1997) Structural studies of rutile-type metal dioxides Acta Crystallographica B53 373-3801997synthetic0293
0010475ArgutiteRosales I, Juarez-Arellano E A, Magana C R, Bucio L, Orozco E (2007) Incorporation of vanadium(V) into the rutile-type phase of GeO2: the solid solution Ge0.74V0.21[box]0.05O2 Acta Crystallographica E63 i99-i1012007synthetic0293
0011759ArgutiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Rutile structure Crystal Structures 1 239-44419630293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.11 Å(100)
2.399 Å(60)
1.620 Å(50)
1.3045 Å(20)
1.5546 Å(18)
1.3004 Å(18)
2.199 Å(16)
Comments:
Recorded on material from the type locality

Type Occurrence of ArgutiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Subhedral crystals to 20 µm, included in sphalerite
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In a zinc deposit formed in metamorphosed lower Paleozoic sediments
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Johan, Z., Oudin, E., Picot, P. (1983) Analogues germanifères et gallifères des silicates et oxydes dans les gisements de zinc des Pyrénées centrales, France; argutite et carboirite, deux nouvelles espèces minérales. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 97-119.

Synonyms of ArgutiteHide

Other Language Names for ArgutiteHide

German:Argutit
Spanish:Argutita

Relationship of Argutite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
ParatelluriteTeO2Tet.
PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
PyrolusiteMn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
StishoviteSiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4Tet.
UM2000-35-O:FeNbScTaTi(Sc,Fe2+,Fe3+,Mn)(Ti,Sn,Zr)1.5(Nb,Ta,W)1.33O8

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Argutite associated with SphaleriteZnS
1 photo of Argutite associated with BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DB.05CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05PyrolusiteMn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4Tet.
4.DB.05TugarinoviteMoO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.05Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
4.DB.10ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10OrdoñeziteZnSb2O6Tet.
4.DB.15bAkhtenskiteε-Mn4+O2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.DB.15cNsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2Hex.
4.DB.15aParamontroseiteV4+O2Orth.
4.DB.15aRamsdelliteMn4+O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.20Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
4.DB.25IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8Mon.
4.DB.25Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8Orth.
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.25SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.25Yttrocolumbite-(Y)Y(U4+,Fe2+)Nb2O8
4.DB.25Calciosamarskite(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8Mon.
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)(Yb,Y,U,Th,Ca,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O8Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30Sanmartinite(Zn,Fe)WO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.30KrasnoselskiteCoWO4Mon.
4.DB.30HeftetjerniteScTaO4Mon. 2/m
4.DB.30HuanzalaiteMgWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6Orth.
4.DB.35Qitianlingite(Fe,Mn)2(Nb,Ta)2WO10Orth.
4.DB.35Magnocolumbite(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.40FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8Mon.
4.DB.40LithiotantiteLiTa3O8Mon.
4.DB.40LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8Mon.
4.DB.40TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8Mon.
4.DB.40WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.DB.40FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8Mon.
4.DB.40WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
4.DB.45TivaniteV3+TiO3(OH)Mon.
4.DB.50Carmichaelite(Ti,Cr,Fe)[O2-x(OH)x]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.55AlumotantiteAlTaO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.60Biehlite((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.4.1.1RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.4.1.2IlmenorutileTet.
4.4.1.3Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
4.4.1.4PyrolusiteMn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.4.1.5CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.4.1.6PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.4.1.9StishoviteSiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOxTet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.15BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.21LithargePbOTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ArgutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Baur, W.H. (1956) Über die Verfeinerung der Kristallstrukturbestimmung einiger Vertreter des Rutiltyps: TiO2, SnO2, GeO2 und MgF2. Acta Crystallographica: 9: 515-520.
Baur, W.H., Khan, A.A. (1971) Rutile-type compounds. IV. SiO2, GeO2 and a comparison with other rutile-type structures. Acta Crystallographica: B27: 2133-2139.
Johan, Z., Oudin, E., Picot, P. (1983) Analogues germanifères et gallifères des silicates et oxydes dans les gisements de zinc des Pyrénées centrales, France; argutite et carboirite, deux nouvelles espèces minérales. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 97-119. [in French]
Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 406-412.
Yamanaka, T., Ogata, K. (1991) Structure refinement of GeO2 polymorphs at high pressures and temperatures by energy-dispersive spectra of powder diffraction. Journal of Applied Crystallography: 24: 111-118.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 21.
Bolzan, A.A., Fong, C., Kennedy, B.J., Howard, C.J. (1997) Structural studies of rutile-type metal dioxides. Acta Crystallographica: B53: 373-380.
Haines, J., Léger, J.M., Chateau, C., Pereira, A.S. (2000) Structural evolution of rutile-type and CaCl2-type germanium dioxide at high pressure. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 575-582.

Internet Links for ArgutiteHide

Localities for ArgutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Couflens
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
        • Ustou
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Saint-Gaudens
        • Argut-Dessous
Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt.(1983) 31, 97-119
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
        • Bagnères-de-Luchon
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
        • Melles
Cugerone, A., Cenki-Tok, B., Chauvet, A., Le Goff, E., Bailly, L., Alard, O., & Allard, M. (2018). Relationships between the occurrence of accessory Ge-minerals and sphalerite in Variscan Pb-Zn deposits of the Bossost anticlinorium, French Pyrenean Axial Zone: Chemistry, microstructures and ore-deposit setting. Ore Geology Reviews, 95, 1-19.
        • Saint-Béat
          • Plan-du-Rey
            • Couledoux
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147; Cugerone, A., Cenki-Tok, B., Chauvet, A., Le Goff, E., Bailly, L., Alard, O., & Allard, M. (2018). Relationships between the occurrence of accessory Ge-minerals and sphalerite in Variscan Pb-Zn deposits of the Bossost anticlinorium, French Pyrenean Axial Zone: Chemistry, microstructures and ore-deposit setting. Ore Geology Reviews, 95, 1-19.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
        • Lourdes
F. Aye, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, G. Pouit : "Quelques exemples d'apport de la minéralogie à la connaissance et à la recherche des gîtes minéraux" , Bull. Mineral. , 1978, 101, 139-147
Namibia
 
Baturin, G.N., Dubinchuk, V.G. (2003) The Composition of Phosphatized Bones in Recent Sediments. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 38(3), 265-274.
Romania
 
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
        • Tolovanu
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp. Hîrtopanu, P. (1997): Tolovanu manganese mine. In: Nedelcu, L., Moga, C., Podasca, I., Hirtopanu, P. (Eds.), Crystalline zone of the East Carpathians (Northern Bistrița Mts.): Structure, lithostratigraphy, metamorphism and metallogeny. Valea Putnei-Valea Bistriței. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy: 78 (Suppl. 2): 25-34
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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