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Pucherite

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About PucheriteHide

Formula:
Bi(VO4)
Colour:
Reddish brown, dark reddish brown, greenish-brown, orange, yellowish brown; yellow-brown in transmitted light
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
6.69 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
for the type locality, the Pucher shaft, Wolfgang Mine, Schneeberg, Saxony, Germany
The orthorhombic polymorph of Clinobisvanite and Dreyerite.

An uncommon secondary mineral occurring as an alteration product of other bismuth minerals in the oxidized zones of some hydrothermal ore deposits or in zoned granitic pegmatites.


Classification of PucheriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.AD.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
38.4.6.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
4 : AXO4
21.3.11

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
3 : Vanadates of Al, rare earths, Pb, V or Bi

Physical Properties of PucheriteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Reddish brown, dark reddish brown, greenish-brown, orange, yellowish brown; yellow-brown in transmitted light
Streak:
Yellow
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, perfect
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
6.69 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PucheriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.410 nβ = 2.500 nγ = 2.510
2V:
Measured: 19° , Calculated: 34°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
marked to extreme

Chemical Properties of PucheriteHide

Formula:
Bi(VO4)

Crystallography of PucheriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.328 Å, b = 5.052 Å, c = 12.003 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.055 : 1 : 2.376
Unit Cell V:
323.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals equant to tabular {001}, often exhibiting curved faces and a marked composite structure; may be acicular. {111} striated parallel to the edge {001} {111}. Numerous forms, including {001}, {111}, {011}, and {112} may be present. As coatings of minute crystals; ocherous; massive.
Comment:
Space group = Pnca

Type Occurrence of PucheriteHide

Other Language Names for PucheriteHide

German:Pucherit
Simplified Chinese:钒铋矿
Spanish:Pucherita
Traditional Chinese:釩鉍礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz13 photos of Pucherite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Bismite9 photos of Pucherite associated with Bismite on mindat.org.
Schumacherite6 photos of Pucherite associated with Schumacherite on mindat.org.
Clinobisvanite6 photos of Pucherite associated with Clinobisvanite on mindat.org.
Bismutite6 photos of Pucherite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Cleavelandite6 photos of Pucherite associated with Cleavelandite on mindat.org.
Lepidolite6 photos of Pucherite associated with Lepidolite on mindat.org.
Elbaite3 photos of Pucherite associated with Elbaite on mindat.org.
Rubellite3 photos of Pucherite associated with Rubellite on mindat.org.
Petalite2 photos of Pucherite associated with Petalite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AD.05NahpoiteNa2HPO4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.10MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
8.AD.10WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.10ŠvenekiteCa(H2AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.15Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
8.AD.15Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2 2 : I41 2 2
8.AD.20Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.25BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
8.AD.30SchultenitePb(HAsO4)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AD.35Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35PretuliteSc(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Yb)Yb(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.45XimengiteBi(PO4)Trig.
8.AD.50Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.50Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
8.AD.50RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.50UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
8.AD.55TetrarooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Tet.
8.AD.60Chursinite(Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.65ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.3.1SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.2Alvanite(Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.3MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.3.4SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
21.3.5SatpaeviteAl12V4+2V5+6O37 · 30H2O
21.3.6VanaliteNaAl8V10O38 · 30H2OMon.
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.8ChervetitePb2(V2O7)Mon.
21.3.9MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.10DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.11ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m
21.3.11DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.12SchumacheriteBi3(VO4)2O(OH)Tric.
21.3.13NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
21.3.14Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
21.3.15Duhamelite(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)Orth.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in HCl with evolution of chlorine to a deep red solution, which turns green upon dilution and deposits a yellow basic chloride.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PucheriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Frenzel, A. (1871): Mineralogisches. 1. Pucherit.- Journal für praktische Chemie 4, 227-231.
Frenzel, A. (1872): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 514.
Websky (1872) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 245.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 755.
Cesàro (1905) Ac. Roy. Belgique, Bull.: 142.
Brögger (1906) Vidensk.-Selsk. Skr., Oslo, Math.-Nat. Kl. 1, no. 6: 76.
Schaller (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 228.
Doelter, C. (1918) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 3 [1]: 843.
Goldschmidt, V. (1920) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 6: 179.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 123.
Shannon (1923) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 62: Art. 9.
Jong and Lange (1936) American Mineralogist: 21: 809.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1050-1052.
Granzin, J. and D. Pohl (1984) Refinement of pucherite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 169, 289–294.

Internet Links for PucheriteHide

Localities for PucheriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Umberatana
Confirmed by Peter Elliot
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Benambra
        • Morass Creek gorge
Mineralogical Record: 29: 164.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W. (1974) Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO₄, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39:308, 847-849. Report of the Department of Mines for the State of Western Australia for the Year 1942, pp 84-85.
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Shaw River District
Pegmatites of Western Australia; Mark I Jacobson, Mark A Calderwood, Benjamin A Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
    • Menzies Shire
      • Comet Vale
Grguric, B. A., Pring, A., Bevan, A. W. R. and Downes, P. J. (2006): The minerals of Comet Vale, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 9-23.
      • Menzies
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Karara Conservation Reserve
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I., (2007). Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Sandstone Shire
      • Sandstone
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 248
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth.
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Holleton Goldfield
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 237
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conceição do Mato Dentro
      • São José de Brejaúba
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; Mineralogical Record: 32: 416.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
A. V. Voloshin, Y. A. Pakhomovskii, V. I. Stepanov, and E. N. Tyusheva (1983): Natrobistantite (Na,Cs)Bi(Ta,Nb,Sb)4O12 - New mineral from granite pegmatites. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal: 5(2): 82-86.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
        • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
Lapis 2002(7/8), 46
    • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
      • Slavkovský Les Mtn
Sejkora, J., Srein, V., Ridkosil, T. (1998): The occurrences of pucherite at lolacity of Smrkovec near Marianské Lazné and Jachymov. Bull.Mineral.-Petrol.Nar.Muz.(Praha), 6, 238-241
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44; KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47; Gröbner, J., Kolitsch, U. und Bayerl, R. (2005): Interessante Uranmineralien im Stinkspat der Grube Clara. Lapis 30 (10), 34-39; 90; Gröbner, J., Bayerl, R. und Kolitsch, U. (2006): Weitere Beobachtungen zu den Uran- und Vanadium-Paragenesen der Grube Clara aus den Jahren 2002, 2004 und 2005. Erzgräber 20, 1-10
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
          • Hohenstein
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Eibenstock
        • Sosa
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 756; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051..
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schneeberg District
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
          • Siebenschlehen Mine (Shaft 10)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Schlegel, L., Kleeberg, R. & Meisser, N. (1996): Lapis 21(9), 37-41.
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
M Adelt collection
A. Frenzel (1871): Mineralogisches. 1. Pucherit.- Journal für praktische Chemie 4, 227-231; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051.
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
  • Thuringia
    • Bad Lobenstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Ishikawa-gun
          • Ishikawa town (Ishikawa-machi)
Miyawaki et al (1999) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 25, 59-64.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Antsirabe II District
        • Ibity Commune
          • Sahatany Valley
Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18
      • Betafo District
        • Mahaiza Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871.
        • Tritriva Commune
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p 156
      • Faratsiho District
        • Miandrarivo Commune
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Fandriana District
        • Tsarazaza Commune
          • Vorondolo massif
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1520
    • Haute Matsiatra Region
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
        • Tsaratanana Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Atsinanana Region
      • Brickaville District
        • Lohariandava Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
USA
 
  • California
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
            • Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim)
Mark Mauthner
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World, p.386.
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
Fisher, J. (1999), The Katerina Mine, A Morganite And Kunzite bearing Pegmatite In The Pala District, San Diego County, California. Rocks & Minerals, May.
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38.
            • Vanderberg Mine (MS 5391; Naylor Rock; Naylor-Vanderburg mine; Sickler group; Vandenburg mine; Vanderburg mine)
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38.
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1051; Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 325.
Jahns, R.H. and Wright, L.A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 38; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 325-326.
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123; Mineralogical Magazine (1996), 60: 387-388
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
Mineralogical Record: 21(5): 484.; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
Mineral and/or Locality  
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