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Raphael Pumpelly
Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Greenish black
Crystal System:
Named for its relationship to the the members of the pumpellyite group. The suffix was added in 1973 during a redefinition of the species.

Raphael Pumpelly [September 8, 1837 Owego, New York, USA – August 10, 1923 Newport, Rhode Island, USA] was an active mining consultant and was professor of Mining Science at Harvard University. He was appointed director of the New England branch of the United States Geological Survey in 1884.
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Classification of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
2 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
21 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Ca

Physical Properties of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Greenish black

Chemical Properties of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca2Fe2+Al2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O

Crystallography of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Crystal System:

Type Occurrence of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Other Language Names for Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Relationship of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
OkhotskiteCa2(Mn,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz9 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Quartz on
Calcite8 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Calcite on
Actinolite6 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Actinolite on
Epidote6 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Epidote on
Oligoclase5 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Oligoclase on
Clinozoisite-Epidote Series5 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Clinozoisite-Epidote Series on
Byssolite3 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Byssolite on
Apatite3 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Apatite on
Feldspar Group2 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Feldspar Group on
Hematite2 photos of Pumpellyite-(Fe2+) associated with Hematite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BG.XCyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aClinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05aEpidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce){CaCe}{MgAlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)FMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Niigataite{CaSr}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Mn3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{V3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05Epidote-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd){CaNd}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd){Mn2+Nd}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.10Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.BG.15SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20OkhotskiteCa2(Mn,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20ShuiskiteCa2MgCr2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2OMon.
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)Ca2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.20PoppiiteCa2(V3+,Fe3+,Mg)(V3+,Al)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)Ca2MgFe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.BG.35WiluiteCa19(Al,Mg)13(B,☐,Al)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(O,OH)10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nnc
9.BG.35ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9Tet. 4/m : P4/n
9.BG.35FluorvesuvianiteCa19(Al,Mg,Fe2+)13(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(F,OH)9Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)CaCe3Al2(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe2+,Al)(Si2O7)(SiO4)3(O,F)(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)Ce3CaMg2Al2Si2O15(OH)2FMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide · H2OMon. · H2OMon.,Mg)(Mn3+,Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OMon.{CaSr}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon. · H2OMon. · H2OMon. · 2H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.21.1EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.21.2Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.21.3Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.21.8Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zolotukhin, V.V., Vasil'yev, Y.R., Zyuzin, N.I. (1965) Iron-rich pumpellyite from the Noril'sk district and a new diagram from pumpellyites. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 165: 1156-1159. (in Russian)
Passaglia, E., Gottardi, G. (1973) Crystal chemistry and nomenclature of pumpellyites and julgoldites. The Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 219-223.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Mandarino, J.A., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 174-186.
Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J., Mandarino, J.A. (1983) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 68: 1248-1252.

Internet Links for Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

Localities for Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Lieser ravine
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Saualpe
      • Ladinger Spitze - Speikkogel area
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Bertrix
Dehove, J. (2006): Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Abtsteinach
        • Mackenheim
PETITJEAN collection
  • Thuringia
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Floh-Seligenthal
        • Schnellbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Wurzbach
      • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
        • Ward 38
          • Malad
Wise and Moller (1990) Occurrence of Ca-Fe silicate minerals with zeolites in basalt cavities at Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 2, pp. 875-883.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
          • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • San Vito
            • Idda Mt.
Astolfi M., Preite, D., Rizzo R., Stara P. (1999): Mineralien aus dem Granit von San Priamo, Sardinien
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Venzo, Z., Bittarello, E., Canal, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Gasparetto, P., Pegoraro, S., Toffolo, L., Tosato, F. (2017): La Cava di granito "Grisotto" in località Pralongo, Valle del Vanoi, Canal San Bovo. Trento. Micro, 15, 1-2017, 44-62.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Shizuoka prefecture
Sameshima, Teruhiko; Ono, Susumu (1994) Ferroaxinite and datolite from Mt. Nio, Shizuoka city, central Japan. Geosci.Repts.Shizuoka Univ.,20 (Mar.,1994),1−4
Alfredo Petrov - unpublished document (2007)
    • Chugoku Region
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Matsue City
          • Kitaura
Matsubara et al (1992) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 161.
  • Leiria District
    • Leiria
      • Monte Redondo
Rui Nunes May 2009
Republic of Macedonia
  • Prilep
Altherr, R., Soder, C., Meyer, H.-P., Ludwig, T., Böhm, M. (2017): Ardennite within a high-P/T metamorphic conglomerate near Vitoliste in the westernmost Vardar zone, Republic of Macedonia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, (in press).
Russia (TL)
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
            • Noril'sk
Dokl. Akad. Nauk. U.S.S.R., Earth. Sci. 165 136-139.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Torás
        • Mt. La Rocha de Piquer
Joan Rosell
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • Beith
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Builth Wells
BMS Database
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Bakhchisaray area
        • Trudolyubovka Village
Karpenko V., Ignatenko K. Babingtonite form the Pervomaiskii quarry in the Crimea // Novye dannye o mineralakh (New Data on Minerals), 1991, #37, 58 - 63 (in Russ.) Getling R.V. Datolith of the Bodrak area in the Crimea and some features of his genesis // ZVMO, 1960, vol. 89, #1, 102 - 106 (in Russ.)
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
Tsujimori, Tatsuki, Liou, Juhn G., and Coleman, Robert G., 2007, Finding of High-Grade Tectonic Blocks from the New Idria Serpentinite Body, Diablo Range, California: Petrologic Constraints on the Tectonic Evolution of a Tectonic Diapir, Geolgical Society of America Special Paperr 419, p. 67-80.
  • Maine
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
    • Somerset Co.
ef.: Dana 7:I:320; Rocks & Min.: 62:403-404. King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V 1, p.281
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg # 486
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