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Pyrope

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Formula:
Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Colour:
Blood red, orange red, purple red, pink, black red, colorless.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.582
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From the Greek "pyropos", "fiery-eyed", in allusion to the red hue.
Type Locality:
Dimorph of:
Garnet Group.
Almandine-Pyrope Series, Knorringite-Pyrope Series, Pyrope-Grossular Series.

Occurs predominantly in ultrabasic igneous rocks.

Pure end-member pyrope is colorless! (but rare).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Pyrope.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PyropeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AD.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.4.3a.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
16.7.1

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
7 : Aluminosilicates of Mg

Physical Properties of PyropeHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Blood red, orange red, purple red, pink, black red, colorless.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
7½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed
None
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.582 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of PyropeHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of PyropeHide

Formula:
Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mn,Ca

Crystallography of PyropeHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.45 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,501.12 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of PyropeHide

Synonyms of PyropeHide

Other Language Names for PyropeHide

Dutch:Pyroop
German:Vogesit
Hungarian:Pirop
Italian:Piropo
Lithuanian:Piropas
Polish:Pirop
Russian:Пироп
Simplified Chinese:镁铝榴石
Slovak:Pyrop
Spanish:Vogesita
Swedish:Pyrop
Traditional Chinese:鎂鋁榴石
Ukrainian:Піроп

Varieties of PyropeHide

Chromian PyropeA chrome-rich variety of pyrope.
RhodoliteOriginally a rose-red gem variety of Pyrope. Current usage has extended the name to any pink garnet in the almandine-pyrope series with most of the occurrences in the almandine compositional field. True pyrope does occur at the "type" locality described b...
Titanian PyropeA Ti variety of Pyrope associated with kimberlites.
UmbaliteOriginally described from Umba River (Umba Valley), Tanga Region, Tanzania in 1978.

Relationship of Pyrope to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Bitikleite Group
BlythiteMn2+3Mn3+2[SiO4]3
Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
IrinarassiteCa3Sn2Al2SiO12 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso.
KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
KhohariteMg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
Menzerite-(Y){(Y,REE),(Ca,Fe2+)}3{(Mg,Fe2+),(Fe3+,Al)}2[SiO4]3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
SkiagiteFe2+3Fe3+2[SiO4]3
SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
UM1984-37-SiO:CrMnMn2+3(Cr3+,Mn3+)2Si3O12
UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chromian Diopside7 photos of Pyrope associated with Chromian Diopside on mindat.org.
Rutile6 photos of Pyrope associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Ilmenite4 photos of Pyrope associated with Ilmenite on mindat.org.
Olivine4 photos of Pyrope associated with Olivine on mindat.org.
Diopside4 photos of Pyrope associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Quartz3 photos of Pyrope associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Kaersutite3 photos of Pyrope associated with Kaersutite on mindat.org.
Diamond2 photos of Pyrope associated with Diamond on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Pyrope associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Enstatite2 photos of Pyrope associated with Enstatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon.
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso.
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30Coffinite(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4xTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet.
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4Mon.
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.4.3a.2AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
51.4.3a.3SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
51.4.3a.4KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
51.4.3a.5MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
51.4.3a.6Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.7.2SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
16.7.3Sapphirine-1A(Mg,Al,Fe2+)8[(Al,Si,Fe3+)6O18]O2Tric. 1 : P1
16.7.4MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.7.5KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
16.7.6Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.7.7SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
16.7.8AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
16.7.9Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.7.10Baumite(Mg,Al,Mn,Zn,Fe)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Pyrope in petrologyHide

References for PyropeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1797) Untersuchung des böhmischen Granats, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 16-21.
Novak, G.A., Gibbs, G.V. (1971) The crystal chemistry of the silicate garnets. American Mineralogist: 56: 791.
Kolesnik, Y.N., Nogteva, V.V., Paukov, I.Y. (1977) The specific heat of pyrope at 13 to 300 K and the thermodynamic parameters of some natural varieties of garnet. Geochemistry International 1977: 126-133.
Richet, P., Bottinga, Y. (1984) Anorthite, andesine, wollastonite, diopside, cordierite, and pyrope thermodynamics of melting, glass transitions, and properties of the amorphous phases. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 67: 415-432.
Rossman, G.R., Rauch, F., Livi, R., Tombrello, T.A., Shi, C.R., Zhoi, Z.Y. (1988) Nuclear reaction analysis of hydrogen in almandine, pyrope and spessartine garnets. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 4: 172-178.
Hofmeister, A.M., Chopelas, A. (1991) Thermodynamic properties of pyrope and grossular from vibrational spectroscopy. American Mineralogist: 76: 880-891.
Armbruster, T., Geiger, C.A., Lager, G.A. (1992) Single-crystal X-ray structure study of synthetic pyrope almandine garnets at 100 and 293 K. American Mineralogist: 77: 512-521.
Pavese, A., Artioli, G., Moze, O. (1998) Inelastic neutron scattering from pyrope powder: experimental data and theoretical calculations. European Journal of Mineralogy: 1: 59-70.
Wang, L., Essene, E.J., Zhang, Y. (1999) Mineral inclusions in pyrope crystals from Garnet Ridge, Arizona, USA; implications for processes in the upper mantle. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 135: 164-178.
Gwanmesia, G.D., Liu, J., Chen, G., Kesson, S., Rigden, S.M., Liebermann, R.C. (2000) Elasticity of the pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) - majorite (MgSiO3) garnets solid solution. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 445-452.
Kolesov, B.A., Geiger, C.A. (2000) Low-temperature single-crystal Raman spectrum of pyrope. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 645-649.
Wang, L., Essene, E.J., Zhang, Y. (2000) Direct observation of immiscibility in pyrope-almandine-grossular garnet. American Mineralogist: 85: 41-46.
Li, L., Long, H., Raterron, P., Weidner, D. (2006) Plastic flow of pyrope at mantle pressure and temperature. American Mineralogist: 91: 517-525.

Internet Links for PyropeHide

Localities for PyropeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Lunda Norte Province
    • Cambulo City Council
      • Calonda
Khar'kiv, A. D., Levin, V. I., Mankenda, A., & Safronov, A. F. (1992). The Camafuca-Camazambo kimberlite pipe of Angola, the largest in the world. International Geology Review, 34(7), 710-719.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Lunda Sul Province
    • Catoca kimberlite field
Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • American Highland
      • Grove Mts
Lu Feng, Masaaki Miyahara, Toshiro Nagase, Eiji Ohtani, Sen Hu, Ahmed El Goresy, Yangting Lin (2011) Shock Conditions and Formation Mechanism of Akimotoite-Pyroxene Glass Assemblages in the Grove Mountains (GRV) 052082. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
    • Enderby Land
      • Napier Complex
        • Tula Mts
Grew, E. (1982): Osumilite in the Sapphirine-Quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica:…., American Mineralogist, Vol. 67, pp. 762-787
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
Ex Papachacra Minerals
  • Jujuy
    • Rinconada Department
Zappettini, E. O. (1999). Zafiros aluvionales de la Puna, Jujuy. Recursos minerales de la República Argentina. Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales. SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 1847-1849, Buenos Airs, Argentina.
Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Macquarie Co.
      • Port Macquarie
Mineralogical Magazine 67 (2003) 609-624.
    • Yungnulgra Co.
      • White Cliffs
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 293-322.
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
MM 1999, 321-9
    • McKinlay Shire
      • Maronan Station
Judy Rowe Collection
    • South Burnett Region
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Moolawatana Station
Noble (1983), Catalogue of Minerals of South Australia
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Carrieton
www.flindersdiamonds.com / reports
        • Cradock
Tappert, R., Foden, J., Stachel, T., Muehlenbachs, K., Tappert, M., & Wills, K. (2009). The diamonds of South Australia. Lithos, 112, 806-821.
    • Olary Province
      • Pandappa
Reference: Keeling J. et al.MESA Journal 39, 30-33, Oct 2005
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Carnarvon Shire
      • Middalya Station
WAMEX Database 2000
      • Wandagee Station
Department of Mines Western Australia (1990), Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Department of Mines Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia, 1990
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
      • Fitzroy Crossing
Fetherston, J, Stocklmayer, S, Stocklmayer, V(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Kiwirrkurra community
www.meteoric.com.au
    • Leonora Shire
Kiviets, G. B., Phillips, D., Shee, S. R., Vercoe, S. C., Barton, E. S., Smith, C. B., & Fourie, L. F. (1998). 40Ar/39Ar dating of yimengite from Turkey Well kimberlite, Australia: the oldest and the rarest. Ext. Abstr. In 7th International Kimberlite Conference (pp. 432-434).
      • Yakabindie Station (Kathleen Valley)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007.
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kachana Station
The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, 1986.
      • Lake Argyle area
Nickel, E., Grey, I., Madsen, I.(1987): Lucasite (Ce) a New Mineral from Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1987):72: 1006-1010; Kubel, S. Argyle Diamond Mine–Geology and Mining of the AK1 Pipe, Kimberley region, Northwest Australia.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Saualpe
      • Ladinger Spitze - Speikkogel area
Mottana, A., Church, W.R., and Edgar, A.D. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 338-346.
  • Lower Austria
    • Mostviertel
      • Dunkelstein Forest
peter neschen collection
          • Gansbach
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
          • Hessendorf
Niedermayr, G. (2004): 1381) Beryll und Zirkon vom Hohen Stein bei Oberarnsdorf, Dunkelsteiner Wald. Pp. 244-245 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2005): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIII. Carinthia II, 194./114, 217-257.
        • Paudorf
          • Meidling
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 323-342.
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Wachau
      • Dürnstein
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Waldviertel
      • Gars am Kamp
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Gressenberger, H. (2017): Exkursion Waldviertel. VLMF Vereinsnachrichten Nr. 69, 9-12.
      • Irnfritz-Messern
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1940) Diopsid, Enstatit, Hercynit, Magnetit und Pyrop von Klein-Ulrichschlag (Drösiedl) bei Irnfritz-Messern, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. P. 251 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
      • Klein-Pöchlarn
        • Ebersdorf (Lehen-Ebersdorf)
Martin Slama (2006)
      • St Leonhard am Hornerwald
        • Dürrenberg (Dürnberg)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 323-342.
      • St Oswald
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Straß im Straßertale
        • Wiedendorf
Kolitsch, U. & Schillhammer, H. (2016): 1984) Anthophyllit, Chromit, Kyanit und Pyrop vom Saugraben bei Wiedendorf, Straß im Straßertale, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 228-229 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
"Aus der Tiefe der Vulkane", Fritz-Jandl-Postl (2011)
    • Gleinalpe (Gleinalm)
Taucher, J. & Hollerer, C. E. (2015): Über einige Mineralien aus dem Gleinalmtunnel, 2. Röhre, Südvortrieb, Steiermark, Österreich. Der Steirische Mineralog, 29, 44-46.
Botswana
 
  • Central District
    • Orapa
Anashkin, S., Bovkun, A., Bindi, L., Garanin, V., & Litvin, Y. (2013). Kudryavtsevaite, Na3MgFe3+ Ti4O12, a new kimberlitic mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(3), 327-334.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Coromandel district
      • Bagagem River valley
      • Douradinho River valley
Andrade, K. E., and Chaves, M. L. S. C., 2009, Geologia e a redistribuição sedimentary pós-Cretácica dos depósitos diamantíferos da região ao sul fe Coromandel (MG): Geonomos, v. 17, no. 1, p. 27-36.
      • St. Inácio River valley
Chaves, M. L. S. C., 2012, Kimberlito Vargem-1 (Coromandel;, MG): bulk sample confirma mineralização diamantifera: Revista Escola Minas, Ouro Preto, v. 65, no. 4, p. 509-511.
    • Itanhomi
    • São José da Safira
Rruff project, under pyrope
Chris D. Parkinson et al. , " Ultrahigh-pressure pyrope-kyanite granulites and associated eclogites in Neoproterozoic nappes of southeast Brazil", 2001, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, http://akmotoki.tripod.com/2001/Waseda/Cdp.html
Chris D. Parkinson et al. , " Ultrahigh-pressure pyrope-kyanite granulites and associated eclogites in Neoproterozoic nappes of southeast Brazil", 2001, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, http://akmotoki.tripod.com/2001/Waseda/Cdp.html
Canada
 
  • Alberta
Eccles, D. R., Heaman, L. M., Luth, R. W., and Creaser, R. A., (2004). Petrogenesis of the Late Cretaceous northern Alberta kimberlite province. Lithos 76: 435-459.
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
Minfile 082FNW259
  • Northwest Territories
    • Camsell Lake
http://aaa.wustl.edu/Work/pdf_files/diamonds2.pdf
    • Contwoyto Lake
Journal of Petrology 40:79-104
Harrison Cookenboo (1996) Ranch Lake Kimberlite In The Central Slave Craton: The Mantle Sample The Gangue Mineral Deposits Division, GAC 52:12-13
    • Lac de Gras
Mundt, J. The EKATI–Kimberlite–Diamond–Mine in Canada.
  • Nunavut
    • Somerset Island
The Canadian Mineralogist; December 1994; v. 32; no. 4; p. 815-823
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp.24l-250 (1980)
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 65, No. 22, pp. 4243–4255, 2001
Roger H. Mitchell (1979) Mineralogy of the Tunraq kimberlite Somerset Island NWT Canada. in Kimberlites, diatremes, and diamonds: their geology, petrology, and geochemistry By Francis R. Boyd, Henry O. A. Meyer pp161-171.
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
K. D. Watson, G. S. W. Bruce, and L. B. Halladay (1978) Kimberlitic dyke in Keith Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:97-102
Ontario Mines and Minerals division MDI system; R. H. Mitchell (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:591-595
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Ville Marie
James St John, 2014, https://www.flickr.com/photos/jsjgeology/14637305027
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Mitchell, R.H. and Letendre, J.P.L. (2003) Mineralogy and petrology of kimberlite from Wemindji, Québec. Eighth International Kimberlite Conference, Program Abstract: 120.; Zurevinski, Shannon; Mitchell, Roger.(2011) Highly evolved hypabyssal kimberlite sills from Wemindji, Quebec, Canada: insights into the process of flow differentiation in kimberlite magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology. Vol. 161 Issue 5, p765-776.
      • Nunavik
        • Ungava
          • Abloviak fjord
Sebastian Tappe, Stephen F. Foley, Bruce A. Kjarsgaard, Rolf L. Romer, Larry M. Heaman, Andreas Stracke, George A. Jenner, Between carbonatite and lamproite—Diamondiferous Torngat ultramafic lamprophyres formed by carbonate-fluxed melting of cratonic MARID-type metasomes, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 72, Issue 13, 1 July 2008, Pages 3258-3286
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Qianshan Co.
The Island Arc, April 1998, V 7, N 1-2, pp. 135-141.
      • Yuexi Co.
Zongzhu Han, Qilin Yuan, and Xingtu Sheng (1989): Acta Petrologica Sinica 11(4), 22-33; Yilin Xiao, Hoefs, J., van den Kerkhof, A.M., Fiebig, J., and Yongfei Zheng (2000): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 139, 1-16
    • Lu'an Prefecture
      • Shou Co.
Am. Min. , V 90, pp. 801-813, 2005 / Journal of Petrology, June 2004, V 45, N° 6, pp. 1125-1145.
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Mingxi Co.
        • Gaiyang
Qiu Zhili, Wu Fuyuan, Yu Qingyuan, Xie Liewen, and Yang Shufeng (2005): Chinese Science Bulletin 50(22), 2602-2611.
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ding'an Co.
      • Penglai
Hausel, W.D., and Sutherland, W.M.: Gemstones of the World, Wyoming State Geological Survey.
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
Peixue Tian, Qingsong Fang, Keqiao Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 241-245
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Yi Li and Youbin Liang (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(8), 21-25
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
Jinsheng Wei, Zili Zheng, and Sisong Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica (2), 184-186
        • Zhimafang
Jinjie Yu, Pingan Wang, Jianping Huang, Hui Wang, and Xiaofeng Li (2006): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 31(4), 520-526
Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Zheng, J.P. (2004): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 147, 21-31.
    • Nanjing Prefecture
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 68
    • Suzhou Prefecture
      • Suzhou City
Mineralogical Magazine , June 2004, V. 68, N° 3, pp. 443-453.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Lijian Qi, Zuojun Tang, Xinbiao Lu, Mouchun He, Fan Zhang, and Qing Miao (1999): Journal of Gems & Gemmology 1(3)
            • Toudaogou (incl. Pipes No. 51; 68 & 74)
http://www.es.mq.edu.au/GEMOC/Abstrfull98/Zhang981.htm
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haibei Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gangca Co. (Gangcha Co.)
Zhang, G., Zhang, L., Song, S., Niu, Y., and Wang, Q. (2006): Eos Trans. AGU, 87(36), West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suppl., Abstract V32A-03.
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Shuguang Song, Lifei Zhang, Yaoling Niu, Li Su, Ping Jian, Dunyi Liu (2005): Earth and Planetary Science Letters 234, 99-118.
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Weihai Prefecture
        • Rongcheng Co.
Science, Vol. 278, 24 Oct. 1997, pp. 701-707.
    • Linyi Prefecture
      • Fei Co.
Weiguo Zhong, Dengshi Zhou, Jitai Liu, Xiaoping Cheng, and Lihua Xie (2003): Shandong Geology 19(1), 43-49
      • Tancheng Co.
http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-16/1160979523d1588.html
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
          • Mengyin Kimberlite field
            • Changma Kimberlite belt
              • Wangcun deposit
Dong Zhenxin (1998): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 17(1), 29-43.
    • Rizhao Prefecture
      • Lanshan District
http://dunite.mr.nsysu.edu.tw/m02%20Liou-modified.doc
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Baxoi Co. (Basu Co.)
Shaoli Sha, Yaowu Xie, Yingming Chen, Lanjie Xiluo, Xuelong Liu, Na Zhang, and Chengxing Jiang (2009): Geology in China 36(6), 1302-1311
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Qiemo Co. (Qerqen Co.; Cherchen Co.)
        • Jianggalesayi area
Zhang, J.X. et al. (2001): Lithos 56, 187-206.
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Yunshuai Li, Jianxin Zhang, Shengrong Li, Shengyao Yu, Jianghua Gong, and Yihui Lin (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 2073-2092
    • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
      • Bachu Co. (Maralbexi Co.; Maralbeshi Co.)
        • Wajiertage
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Mercaderes
Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Czech Republic (TL)
Danas System of Mineralogy 4th ed
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kolín (Kolin; Köln an der Elbe)
Doubek, Z. (1996): Zaniklá lokalita granátu a sférolitického křemene hvězdovce od Bohouňovic u Červených Peček. - Minerál 1996/6, str. 388-390, nakl. M.Bohatý, Brno.
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Fišera, M., Paděra, K.: Pyrope from Karlov at Kutná Hora (Czechoslovakia). Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1977, vol. 21, nos. 3-4, s. 193-198.
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
        • Dolní Kalná
S.ŠIMKO
Moravec, B.: Zajímavé nerosty z granátových náplavů v Podkrkonoší. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10 č. 4, s. 262-268.; Pasava, J., Malec, J., Griffin, W. L., & González Jiménez, J. M. (2015). Re–Os isotopic constraints on the source of platinum-group minerals (PGMs) from the Vestřev pyrope-rich garnet placer deposit, Bohemian Massif.
    • Liberec Region
      • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P., Holub F. X.: Malá Jizerská louka, klasické naleziště drahokamové asociace. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 25-40. and Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P.: Klasická lokalita Malá Jizerská louka. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 4, s. 251 - 262.
    • South Bohemia Region
      • České Budějovice (Budweis)
Welser, P.: Unikátní výskyt ortopyroxenitu u Bohouškovic nedaleko Křemže. Minerál, 2007, 15, 2, 132-135.
Čech, V., Koutek, J.: Geologické a genetické poměry ložisek železné a niklové rudy u Křemže v jižních Čechách. Sborník St. geol. úst. ČSR, 1946, sv. 13,
          • Holubov
Čech, V., Koutek, J.: Geologické a genetické poměry ložisek železné a niklové rudy u Křemže v jižních Čechách. In Sborník Státního geologického ústavu Československé republiky, svazek 13. Praha: Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, 1946. s. 1-22.
Zikeš, J.: Minerály Křemžské kotliny. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 1, s. 21-24.
      • Písek
J. Kotkova, S.L. Hartley, M. Fisera, Eur J. Mineral., 1997, Vol. 9, N. 5, pp. 1017-1033
    • Ústí Region
      • Bílina (Bilin)
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
Rost R.: Doplňky k mineralogii pyropových štěrků v Českém středohoří. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1962, 7, 4, 407-417.
      • Litoměřice
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Tschechien/Usti%2C%20Region%20%28%DAsteck%FD%20kraj%29/Litomerice%2C%20Bezirk/T%26%23345%3Beb%EDvlice
      • Třebenice (Trebnitz)
Seifert, A.V., Vrana, S. (2005): Bohemian garnet, Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol. 80, 113-124; Rost R.: Doplňky k mineralogii pyropových štěrků v Českém středohoří. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1962, 7, 4, 407-417.
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; SEIFERT AV, VRÁNA S, (2005) Bohemian garnet. Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol 80, No 2, pages 113 - 124
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Moravský Krumlov
Kudrjavceva, G. P., Paděra, K.: Mineralogie spinelidů v ariègitech moravského moldanubika. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1980, roč. 25, č. 4, s. 415-420.
      • Oslavany
        • Mohelno
Němec, F., 1937: Mineralogie, petrografie a geologie okolí Mohelna. Monografie hadce (monografie hadce). – In: Archiv Svazu pro ochranu přírody a domoviny v zemi Moravskslezské, Brno, 49-112.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 2003.
      • Námešť nad Oslavou
Kudrjavceva, G. P., Paděra, K.: Mineralogie spinelidů v ariègitech moravského moldanubika. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1980, roč. 25, č. 4, s. 415-420.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kasaï (Kasaï-Occidental)
Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
O´Brien Hugh,Tyni Matti 2005 Eastern Finland kimberlite province. Fifth international dyke conference 31.7-3.8. 2005 Rovaniemi, Finland
Hölttä, P. & Paavola, J. 1988.The Varpaisjärvi-Iisalmi area. In: Pajunen, M. (toim.) International Geological Correlation Programme. Project 235 "Metamorphism and Geodynamics". Excurcion in Finland 15.6.-19.6.1988. Geologian tutkimuskeskus opas 21, 13-18.
  • Lapland Region
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
  • Northern Finland Region
No reference listed
  • Southwestern Finland Region
Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Allègre
        • Fix-Saint-Geneys
          • Vernassal
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jeldemine/listes%20mineraux.html File not found - an unbelievable occurrence for pyrope-dominant garnet. Data needed.
D. Coffrant, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 70-78.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Todtmoos
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Straubing
Harald G. Dill, Detlev Klosa, Gustav Steyer, The “Donauplatin”: source rock analysis and origin of a distal fluvial Au-PGE placer in Central Europe, Miner Petrol (2009) 96:141–161.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
      • Waidhaus
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Quakenack, K.-H. (1967): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 14, 204-223.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
      • Daun
        • Dreis
Frechen, J., Kristallisation, Mineralbestand, Mineralchemismus und Förderfolge der Mafitite vom Dreiser Weiher in der Eifel, N. Jb. Min., Mh., 205-225, 1963
      • Niederzissen
        • Glees
Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
Frenzel, A. (1874 ): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen. Leipzig, Wilh. Engelmann
      • Seiffen
        • Deutschneudorf
          • Oberlochmühle
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
      • Zöblitz
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
Schmädicke, E., and Evans, B.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 57-74.
    • Mittweida
      • Greifendorf
H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Kiel
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Ghana
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Birim diamond field
Stachel, T., and Harris, J.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 336-352.
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Grønland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Diamond exploration in West Greenland – the Qaamasoq prospect. in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 184.
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Sukoró
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Diósjenő
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
      • Wajrakarur kimberlite field
        • Kalyandurg cluster
Rao, N. C., & Srivastava, R. K. (2009). Petrology and geochemistry of diamondiferous Mesoproterozoic kimberlites from Wajrakarur kimberlite field, Eastern Dharwar craton, southern India: genesis and constraints on mantle source regions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 157(2), 245-265.
www.mpgovt.nic.in/mineralresources/
  • Tamil Nadu
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, MARCH I970, VOL. 37;555-560
Israel
 
  • Haifa District
Howard Coopersmith, Vered Toledo, John Ward, Michiel De Wit, R Spaggiari, Emmanuel Fritsch: "Geology and Exploration of Gem Deposits at Mt. Carmel, Northern Israel: Natural Moissanite, Sapphire, Ruby & Diamond."
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
[MinRec 23:434]
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Scalve Valley
        • Schilpario
Capitanio A. (2000): Il Ferro della Val di Scalve. Ferrari Grafiche Clusone (Bg), 159 pp
    • Como Province
Antonio Bertolini - ALTO LARIO OCCIDENTALE, GRAVEDONA (CO) - rivista mineralogica italiana, vol.1, 1994, pg. 73-76]
- Antonio Bertolini (1994): ALTO LARIO OCCIDENTALE, GRAVEDONA (CO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, vol. 1, 73-76.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
[MinRec 27:303]
      • Po Valley
        • Martiniana Po
- Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio", Ed., Alba, 366 pp.
      • Varaita Valley
        • Brossasco
European Journal of Mineralogy (2003), 15, 167-176
Piccoli, G.C. (2002). Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 366 pp.
        • Venasca
          • Isasca valley
Paolo Bozio data
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antrona Valley
          • Montescheno
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Orani
Conti-Vecchi, G., Stara, P. (1991): Minerali della Sardegna. Edizioni Della Torre, 275 pp.
Conti - Vecchi, G., Stara, P., (1991) :Minerali della Sardegna.Della Torre editore.Cagliari, 276 pp.
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • Olbia
Gamboni, A., Gamboni, T. (2006): Gallura, tesori nel granito, i minerali delle pegmatiti granitiche. Webber Editore, Sassari, 190 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Passiria Valley (Passeier Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Ultimo Valley (Ulten Valley)
        • Auerberg valley
          • Seefeld Alp
Grisotto, M., Grisotto, L. & Glasow, El. (2016): Pyrop und Bronzit aus dem Ultental, Südtirol. Lapis, 41 (10), 55-58; 86 (in German).
Tumiati, S., Carbonin, S., Mair, V., & Russo, U. (2006). Dissakisite-(La). Nuova specie dalla Val d'Ultimo, Alto Adige. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(4), 244-247.
    • Trento Province
      • Non Valley
        • Brez
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
        • Rumo
          • Lavazzè Valley
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Valdagno
        • Novale
          • Contrada Rossati di Sotto
Carraro A., Visonà D., Nimis P., Boscardin M. (2007): I granati delle Fosse di Novale. Studi e Ricerche, Associazione Amici del Museo, Museo Civico "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, 13, 14, 79-89.; Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi F., Boscardin M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Samani-gun
        • Samani-cho
E. Takazawa et al. , Journal of Petrology, V 40, N 12, December 1999, pp. 1827-1851.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Shikokuchuo City
        • Doi
Masutomi Museum specimen, Kyoto
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
    • Prirechnoye
      • Lake Kumdikol (Lake Kumdykol'; Ozero Kumdykol')
Geology : Online Forum / Geology, Vol. 30, Issue 10, pp. 947-950, Oct. 2002.
Kenya
 
  • Rift Valley Province
    • Turkana District
      • Lodwar
http://www.cigem.ca/353.html
Korea
 
Sadanaga & Bunno (1973)
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Naryn Oblast
E.Ya. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of gems, p. 63
Lesotho
 
  • Butha-Buthe District
American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1833-1840.
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Androy Region
      • Bekily District
        • Ambahita Commune
          • Color-changing Garnet Mining Area
K. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (2000): Farbwechselnde Granate aus Madagascar. LAPIS 26 (6): 46-48
    • Southwestern Region
      • Ampanihy District
        • Fotadrevo Commune
Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Mauritania
 
  • Tiris Zemmour Region
    • Tenoumer area
http://www.rexmining.be/rdmc/Pressroom/1999/1999_06_29_E.htm; Rex Diamond Mining Corp. Investors Brief; .
    • Touajil area
Investors Brief, Rex Diamond Mining Corp. Ltd.
Mongolia
 
  • Arhangay Aimag
    • Hangai highland
      • Tariat
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mozambique
 
  • Niassa Province
Martins da Pedra.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Otago
      • Kakanui
Railton, G. L. and Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin #104 (1990).; Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
Dealerlist of Torgeir T. Garmo, Steinsenteret,Lom 2009
      • Brokelandsheia
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Norwegen/Aust-Agder%2C%20Provinz/Gjerstad/Brokelandsheia
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Overntjern
Nordrum, F.S. (2006): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2005-2006. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 33: 56-62
  • Møre og Romsdal
    • Haram
      • Fjørtoft Island
van Roermund, H.L.M., Carswell, D. A., Drury, M. R and Heijboer, T.C. (2002): Microdiamonds in a megacrystic garnet websterite pod from Bardane on the island of Fjørtoft, western Norway: Evidence for diamond formation in mantle rocks during deep continental subduction. Geology. 30: 959-962
    • Herøy
      • Gurskøy
Lapen, T. J., Medaris, L.G. Jr., Beard, B.L. & Johnson, C.M. (2009): The Sandvik peridotite, Gurskøy, Norway: Three billion years of mantle evolution in the Baltica lithosphere. Lithos. 109,145–154
    • Midsund
      • Oterøy (Otrøya; Otterøy)
Hysingjord, J. (1967): Edel granat fra Otterøy ved Molde. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 255 (Årbok 1967): 5-9
    • Norddal
      • Tafjord
Carswell, D.A. (1968): Picritic magmaresidual dunite relationships in garnet peridotite at Kalskaret near Tafjord, South Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 19, 97-124. (Table 1a)
    • Vanylven
      • Almklovdalen
Augsten, R. (2014): Peridot-das "grüne Gold" vom Nordfjord. Lapis. 39 (11), 12-20.
Banno, S. & Mori, T. (1976): Compositional gradient in interstitial hornblende from a Norwegian garnet websterite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 56, 309-314 (table 1)
Augsten, R. (2014): Peridot-das "grüne Gold" vom Nordfjord. Lapis. 39 (11), 12-20.
Augsten, R. (2014): Peridot-das "grüne Gold" vom Nordfjord. Lapis. 39 (11), 12-20.
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Hemne
Nordrum, F.S. (2009): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2008-2009. STEIN 36 (2), 6-17
  • Troms
    • Tromsø
Bøe, P. (1997): Eklogittfjellet Tromsdalstind. STEIN 24 (2), 48-49
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kłodzko District
      • Bystrzyca Kłodzka commune
Majka, J., Klonowska, I., Kośmińska, K. (2015): Phase equilibria and metamorphic evolution of the UHP kyanite-bearing eclogite from Międzygórze, northern Bohemian Massif. Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 70
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
Portugal
 
  • Lisbon District
    • Sintra
      • Belas
Analyzed - Rui Nunes 2009; Palácios, T. (1985) - Petrologia do Complexo vulcânico de Lisboa. Tese Doutoramento Univ. Lisboa, 260 p.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Alakit-Markha
Sobolev, N. V., Logvinova, A. M., Zedgenizov, D. A., Yefimova, E. S., Taylor, L. A., Promprated, P., ... & Zinchuk, N. N. (2003). Mineral inclusions in diamonds from Komsomolskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya pipes, Yakutia: Evidence for deep lithospheric heterogeineties in Siberian craton [ext. abs.]. In 8th International Kimberlite Conference, Extented Abstracts Vol., FLA0141.
Sobolev, N. V., Logvinova, A. M., Zedgenizov, D. A., Yefimova, E. S., Taylor, L. A., Promprated, P., ... & Zinchuk, N. N. (2003). Mineral inclusions in diamonds from Komsomolskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya pipes, Yakutia: Evidence for deep lithospheric heterogeineties in Siberian craton [ext. abs.]. In 8th International Kimberlite Conference, Extented Abstracts Vol., FLA0141.
Egorov, K. N., Koshkarev, D. A., & Karpenko, M. A. (2008, October). Mineralogical-geochemical criteria of diamond potential of kimberlites in the Yubileinaya multiphase Pipe (Yakutia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1137-1141). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
        • Daldyn
Patchen, A. D., Taylor, L. A., & Pokhilenko, N. (1997). Ferrous freudenbergite in ilmenite megacrysts: A unique paragenesis from the Dalnaya kimberlite, Yakutia. American Mineralogist, 82(9), 991-1000.; Bulanova, G. P., Griffin, W. L., Kaminsky, F. V., Davies, R., Ryan, C. G., Andrew, A. S., ... & Zahkarchenko, O. D. (2000). Diamonds from Zarnitsa and Dalnaya kimberlites (Yakutia): Their nature, growth history, and lithospheric mantle source. EDITED BY ANITA S. ANDREW PHILIP K. SECCOMBE, 21.
Boyd, F.R., Pokhilenko, N.P., Pearson, D.G., Mertzman, S.A., Sobolev, N.V., and Finger, L.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 228-246.
Bulanova, G. P., Griffin, W. L., Kaminsky, F. V., Davies, R., Ryan, C. G., Andrew, A. S., ... & Zahkarchenko, O. D. (2000). Diamonds from Zarnitsa and Dalnaya kimberlites (Yakutia): Their nature, growth history, and lithospheric mantle source. EDITED BY ANITA S. ANDREW PHILIP K. SECCOMBE, 21.
      • Mirny
Van King; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1885
      • Nakyn kimberlite field (Nakynsky kimberlite field)
A.V. Tolstov, V.A. Minin, V.B. Vasilenko, L.G. Kuznetsova, A.N. Razumov, A new body of highly diamondiferous kimberlites in the Nakyn field of the Yakutian kimberlite province, Russian Geology and Geophysics, Volume 50, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 162-173
Sobolev, N., Kaminsky, F., Griffin, W., Yefimova, E., Win, T., Ryan, C., and Botkunov, A. (1997) Mineral inclusions in diamonds from the Sputnik kimberlite pipe, Yakutia. Lithos: 39: 135-157.
      • Upper Muna kimberlite field (Verkhnemunsky)
Ashchepkov I.V., Vladykin N.V., Rotman A.Y., Afanasiev V.P., Logvinova A.M. , Kuchkin A.S., Palessky V.S., Nikolaeva I.A., Saprykin A.I., Anoshin G.N., Khmel'nikova O.S. () Variations of the mantle mineralogy and structure beneath Upper - Muna kimberlite field. pp 170-186.
Ashchepkov I.V., Vladykin N.V., Rotman A.Y., Afanasiev V.P., Logvinova A.M. , Kuchkin A.S., Palessky V.S., Nikolaeva I.A., Saprykin A.I., Anoshin G.N., Khmel'nikova O.S. () Variations of the mantle mineralogy and structure beneath Upper - Muna kimberlite field. pp 170-186.
Ashchepkov I.V., Vladykin N.V., Rotman A.Y., Afanasiev V.P., Logvinova A.M. , Kuchkin A.S., Palessky V.S., Nikolaeva I.A., Saprykin A.I., Anoshin G.N., Khmel'nikova O.S. () Variations of the mantle mineralogy and structure beneath Upper - Muna kimberlite field. pp 170-186.
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Arkhangel'skaja Oblast'
      • Zimny Bereg District
        • Zimny Bereg kimberlite field
          • Verkhotina occurrence
Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Rubanova, E. V., Palazhchenko, O. V., & Garanin, V. K. (2009). Diamonds from the V. Grib pipe, Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, Russia. Lithos, 112, 880-885.
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Loukhi
          • Tedino
            • Dyadino lake
P.M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár Co.
      • Kokava nad Rimavicou
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Solomon Islands
 
  • Malaita Province
    • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
SHIRAISHI and Eiji OHTANI (2007) “Raman spectroscopic study of a garnetite xenolith from Malaita, Southwest Pacific”. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 102, 337-345.
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 16-34
Somaliland
 
  • Hargeisa (Hargeysa)
The 1995 ICA World Gemstone Mining Report/Part 1 ICA Gazette
South Africa
 
  • Free State Province
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 213-230.
    • Xhariep District
      • Jagersfontein
Tsai, H. M., Meyer, H. O., Moreau, J., & Milledge, H. J. (1979). Mineral inclusions in diamond: premier, Jagersfontein and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa, and Williamson mine, Tanzania. Kimberlites, Diatremes, and Diamonds: Their Geology, Petrology, and Geochemistry, 16-26.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Francis Baard District
In the collection of Brent Thorne
Currie, J. (1897). On Apophyllite from Cape Colony. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 7(3), 252-253.
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Gordonia District
        • Lime Acres
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (Historical Archives), V 110, N 1, March 1992, pp. 133-138.
Minerals of South Africa
Sri Lanka
 
  • Central Province
Gem mining in highly metamorphosed sedimentary rocks 115 km NE of Colombo. Produces 35% of the island's gemstones. Gems & Gemology 1986, 22 (2), 80-95
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
  • Uva Province
    • Moneragala District
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Landwasser Valley
        • Davos
          • Wolfgang
Peters, T. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 65-75.
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
        • Camp Valley
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Riviera
      • Bellinzona
        • Gorduno
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 315.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
    • Longido
      • Muriatata hills
Yang, Xiao-wen; Zhang, Liang-ju; Jia, Zong-yong (2012): Mineral composition characters and prospect of Longido red corundum deposit in Tanzania. Guilin Ligong Daxue Xuebao 32, 173-178 (in Chinese).
  • Tanga Region
Gems and Gemology, Volume 28 p 149
Thailand
Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Fife
UKJMM 27:30
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
http://ukrmineral.org/sites/default/files/u5/vyshnev14.pdf; Vyshnevskyi Oleksii (2015) CHROMIAN ALLANITE-(Ce): THE FIRST FINDING IN KIMBERLITES.  Mineralogical Journal (Ukraine)
  • Kirovohrad Oblast' (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast')
O.K.Babynin, A.G.Marchenko, Yu.F.Marchenko (2006) Object B3. Klyntsivske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD Field trip.
USA
 
  • Alabama
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 344; Gregory, H.E. (1917), Geology of the Navajo Country-A reconnaissance of parts of AZ, NM, & UT, USGS PP 93; Gavasci, A.T. & P.F. Kerr (1968), Uranium emplacement at Garnet Ridge, Econ.Geol.: 63: 859-876; Switzer, G. (1977), Composition of garnet xenocrysts from three kimberlite pipes in AZ and NM, in B. Mason (ed.), Mineral sciences investigations, 1974-1975, Smithsonian Contr. Earth Sci.: 19: 1-21; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 94.
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138; Kiersch, G.A. (1955), Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservation, Arizona-Utah, Univ. of AZ: 90-94; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Garnet, in AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 180, USGS Bull..871; Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, AZ Dept. of Mines & Min. Resources, Min. Rpt. 4.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Dinnehotso
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 102, 260; Williams, H. (1936), Pleiocene volcanics of the Navajo-Hopi country, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull.: 47: 111-172; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits in the Monument Valley area, Apache & Navajo Cos., AZ, USGS Bull. 1103: 54-60; Watson, K.D. & D.M. Morton (1969), Eclogite inclusions in kimberlite pipes at Garnet Ridge, northeastern AZ, Am.Min.: 54: 267-285; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 94; Min.Rec.: 32:211.
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 12:315]
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
Rruff project specimen # R050446
    • Gila Co.
No reference listed
    • Pima Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 106; Pilkington, H.D. (1961), A mineralogic investigation of some garnets from the Catalina Mountains, Pima Co., AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 117-122.
  • Arkansas
    • Pike Co.
      • Murfreesboro
Dunn, D. 2002. Xenolith Mineralogy and Geology of the Prairie Creek Lamproite Province, Arkansas; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:308-310
  • California
    • Los Angeles Co.
Dudley, P.P. (1968) Glaucophane schists and associated rocks of the Tiburon Peninsula. (abstract) Dissert. Abst., Sec. B, Science and Engineering: 29(1): 247-248; Dudley, P.P. (1969) Electron microprobe analyses of garnets in glaucophane schists and associated eclogites. American Mineralogist: 54: 1140; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 496.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Russian River District
          • Jenner
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393; http://geology.about.com/library/bl/images/bleclogite.htm
    • Tulare Co.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jackson Co.
      • Pearl District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Larimer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
[MinRec 13:207]
    • Park Co.
      • Lake George
No reference listed
  • Connecticut
    • New London Co.
Jarnot & Jarnot (2004): "Gem almandine from Colchester, Connecticut", The 31st Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2004, pp13-14.
        • Westchester
Jarnot & Jarnot (2004): "Gem almandine from Colchester, Connecticut", The 31st Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2004, pp13-14.
  • Georgia
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Lumpkin Co.
      • Frogtown Gap
Rocks & Min.: 64:200.
  • Kansas
    • Riley Co.
Am Min 67:223-233
Am Min 67:223-233
Am Min 60:675-680; Zeitner (1956), Midwest Gem Trails
  • Kentucky
    • Elliott Co.
Anderson (1994) Kentucky Geol. Survey Ser. XI Spec. Pub 20; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Maryland
    • Howard Co.
      • Davis
reported by Ostrander and Price(1940) but not seen in in dumps by Bernstein (1980)
  • Massachusetts
    • Worcester Co.
      • Sturbridge
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State (Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press). Chapter: "Massachusetts Mineral Localities."
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Felch
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Foster City
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Waucedah
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Lake Ellen
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Mansfield
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Menominee Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Loretto
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
    • Judith Basin Co.
      • Little Belt Mts
        • Yogo District
http://www.eos.ubc.ca/personal/groat/sapphires.htm
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Hanover
No reference listed
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • White Signal District
NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • McKinley Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Red Lake volcanic field
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • San Miguel Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Santa Fe Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Tompkins Co.
      • Ithaca
Kay, S. M., Snedden, W. T., Foster, B. P., and Kay, R. W., 1983. Upper Mantle and Crustal Fragments in the Ithaca Kimberlites. Journal of Geology (91), pages 277-290.
      • Portland Point
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Warren Co.
      • North River
Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America, Vol. 2, pp 189-190.
  • North Carolina
Pratt,Joseph Hyde,1933,Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina, American Mineralogist Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
    • Ashe Co.
      • Jefferson
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
    • Buncombe Co.
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.118749-00
    • Burke Co.
      • Brindletown
Rocks & Min.:60:86.
Rocks & Min.: 60: 86.
      • Cedar Valley
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
    • Haywood Co.
      • Waynesville
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
    • Macon Co.
      • Alarka
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data fromthe Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina
U.S Bureau of Mines /Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
USGS Bull 1042G
        • Ellijay District
          • Franklin
EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
      • Mason Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Hidden and Pratt (1898), American Journal of Science, fourth series, v. 6, p. 294.
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24
Gems and Minerals of America-Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Pratt,Joseph Hyde,1933,Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
  • Pennsylvania
    • Fayette Co.
      • Masontown
Smith, R.C. and Barnes, J.H. (2006) Blue Gray by Day and Pinkish Purple by Night: Pennsylvania's Pyrope Garnets. Pennsylvania Geology: 36(4), 2-10.; Schulze, D. J., & Hearn, B. C. (2016). Mantle Xenocrysts from the Masontown, Pennsylvania Kimberlite: an Ordinary Mantle with Si-enriched Spinel. The Canadian Mineralogist 53:767-773
    • Indiana Co.
      • Dixonville
        • Tanoma Coal Mine
Bikerman, Michael et al. (1997). New Phlogopite K-Ar Dates and the Age of Southwestern Pennsylvania Kimberlite Dikes.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Bluff
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
R&M 68:1 p20-33
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Schulze, D. J., Flemming, R. L., Shepherd, P. H., & Helmstaedt, H. (2014). Mantle-derived guyanaite in a Cr-omphacitite xenolith from Moses Rock diatreme, Utah. American Mineralogist, 99(7), 1277-1283.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
Morrill & Chaffee, 1957. VT Mines & Mineral Localities.
Child, 1884: Gazetteer and Business Directory of Windham Co., Vermont
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • San Juan Co.
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Skagit Co.
      • Cascade District
        • Cascade Pass
Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part I, Nonmetalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
  • Wisconsin
    • Kenosha Co.
      • Kenosha
Carlson, S. & G. Adams (1998) The diamondiferous Six-Pak Ultramafic Lamprophyre Diatreme, Kenosha, Wisconsin, U.S.A.: 43rd. Institute on Lake Superior Geology Abst. with Programs: 11-12.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
Rocks & Minerals 76:382-383
    • Carbon Co.
      • Seminoe Mountains District
W. Dan Hausel (1994) Economic Geology of the Seminoe Mountains Mining District, Carbon County, Wyoming. Wyoming Geological Survey Report of Investigation 50.
    • Laramie Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:387
    • Sweetwater Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:389
Rocks & Minerals 76:390
Venezuela
 
  • Bolívar
Canadian Mineralogist (2000) Vol. 38, pp. 1347-137
      • Quebrada Grande River
Nixon, P. H., & Condliffe, E. (1989). Yimengite of K–Ti metasomatic origin in kimberlitic rocks from Venezuela. Mineralogical Magazine. 53:305-309
    • Santa Elena de Uairen
NEWMAN, José Albino et al. Mineralogicalcharacterization of the diamond of the alluvial placer from Icabaru River, Santa Elena de Uairén, Bolivar State, Venezuela. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 472-480.
Vietnam
 
  • Kon Tum Province
Pham Van Long, Gaston Giuliani, Virginie Garnier, Daniel Ohnenstetter (2004) Gemstones in Vietnam. The Australian Gemmologist Volume 22, Number 4, October–December 2004
Zambia
 
  • Eastern Province
The 1995 ICA World Gemstone Mining Report/Part 1 ICA Gazette
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Beitbridge District
Kopylova, M.G., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 129, 366-384.
Mercury
 
Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
Mineral and/or Locality  
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