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Pyrophanite

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Formula:
Mn2+TiO3
Colour:
Blood red, greenish yellow, brownish, blackish
Lustre:
Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
4.537
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1890 by Axel Hamberg from the Greek πΰρ, fire, and φαίνεσθαι, to appear, in allusion to its red color.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PyrophaniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.CB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
4.3.5.3

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.9.13

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
9 : Oxides of Ti

Physical Properties of PyrophaniteHide

Metallic, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Blood red, greenish yellow, brownish, blackish
Comment:
Orange in transmitted light
Streak:
Ochre yellow with greenish tinge
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=435 - 579 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0221} perfect; {1012} less perfect.
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.537 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.596 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PyrophaniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.481 nε = 2.210
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.271
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of PyrophaniteHide

Formula:
Mn2+TiO3
Common Impurities:
Fe,Zn

Crystallography of PyrophaniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.13948(7) Å, c = 14.2829(4) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.779
Unit Cell V:
326.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Fine scaly; tabular.

Type Occurrence of PyrophaniteHide

Other Language Names for PyrophaniteHide

German:Pyrophanit
Simplified Chinese:红钛锰矿
Spanish:Pirofanita

Relationship of Pyrophanite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
Hemleyite(Fe2+0.48Mg0.37Ca0.04Na0.04Mn2+0.03Al0.03Cr3+0.01)sum=1.00Si1.00O3Trig. 3 : R3
IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
Unnamed (Fe-Cr Oxide)FeCrO3Trig. 3 : R3
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite12 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Ancylite-(Ce)6 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Ancylite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Analcime6 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Analcime on mindat.org.
Catapleiite4 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Catapleiite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite3 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Domeykite2 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Domeykite on mindat.org.
Cuprite2 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Hedyphane2 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Hedyphane on mindat.org.
Sunstone2 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Sunstone on mindat.org.
Pectolite2 photos of Pyrophanite associated with Pectolite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
4.CB.05AuroantimonateAuSbO3
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu+2Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3Tet.
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe3+4Fe2+TiO9Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.5.1IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.2GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.4Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.3.5.5MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.9.1HongquiiteTiO
7.9.2RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.9.3AnataseTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.4BrookiteTiO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.5GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.6PerovskiteCaTiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.9.7KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
7.9.8TausoniteSrTiO3Iso. 4 3m
7.9.9CrichtoniteSr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.9.11Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19Hex.
7.9.12Yttrocrasite-(Y)(Y,Th,Ca,U)(Ti,Fe)2(O,OH)6Amor.
7.9.14IwakiiteMn2+Fe3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
7.9.15IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.16PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.17UlvöspinelFe2TiO4Iso.
7.9.18PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
7.9.19FreudenbergiteNa2(Ti,Fe)8O16Mon.
7.9.20KennedyiteFe2TiO5
7.9.21Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.9.22Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10Hex.
7.9.23Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
7.9.24CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.9.25Loveringite(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38Trig.
7.9.26Lindsleyite(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)2(Ti,Cr,Fe)18O38Trig.
7.9.27PrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
7.9.28Jeppeite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Fe)6O13Mon.
7.9.29AnkangiteBa(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
7.9.30Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
7.9.31LandauiteNaMnZn2(Ti,Fe)6Ti12O38Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PyrophaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hamberg (1890), Geol. För. Förh.: 12: 598.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 535-541.
Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 23: 491.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 volumes: 460.

Internet Links for PyrophaniteHide

Localities for PyrophaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 155-168 (2004)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Mount Barker
          • Nairne
Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • St Salvator
        • Moschitzberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
  • Styria
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Kleinwöllmiß
Bernhard, F. (2011)
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • Glashütten
SEM-EDS, Franz Bernhard, 2007
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kalwang
        • Langteichengraben (Lange Teichen)
Schäffer, U. & Tarkian, M. (1984): Die Genese der stratiformen Sulfidlagerstätte Kalwang (Steiermark), der Grünsteinserie und einer assoziierten silikatreichen Eisenformation. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 33, 169-186.
    • Neumarkt
      • Dürnstein
Taucher, J. (1995)
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Serra do Navio
Bello, Rosa M. S.,1978, Condições de Metamorfismo de Buritirama and Serra do Navio
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
Encyclopedia of Mins., 2nd. ed.: 706.; Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Itatiaia
elluso, L., Guarino, V., Lustrino, M., Morra, V., De' Gennaro, R. (2016): The REE- and HFSE-bearing phases in the Itatiaia Alkaline Complex (Brazil), and geochemical evolution of feldspar-rich felsic melts. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12839&sid=298fa3a883df3b6a74caf0dae5778cc7 (2016)
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
  • Nova Scotia
    • Guysborough Co.
Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database
  • Nunavut
    • Mallery Lake
Turner, W.A., Richards, J.P., Nesbitt, B.E., Muehlenbachs, K., and Biczok, J.L. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 442-457.
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Le Val-Saint-François RCM
        • Saint-Cyr
Trzcienski, W E, Jr (1987) Studies in the Sterrett mine area, Eastern Townships, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2015
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[MinRec 10:103, 19:325, 19:327, 21:331, 21:333]
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
          • Saint-Amable sill
HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Jin'an District
        • Kuai'an
Suwa, K., Enami, M., Hiraiwa, I., and Yang, T. (1987): Mineralogy and Petrology 36, 111-120
  • Hunan Province
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Yuanfang Xiao (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(3), 18-20; Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Shiguang Wang, Baofu Han, Dawei Hong, Baoliang Xu, and Yayun Sun (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(4), 373-383
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Pardubice Region
Žák L.: Find of pyrophanite and melanophlogite in Chvaletice (E. Bohemia). Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1967, 12, 4, 451-452.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kuhmo
      • Näätäniemi
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
    • Ranua
Mutanen, T. 2010. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen "Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II " toiminnasta 2002-2005.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • La Bourboule
Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 68, 117- 123 (1979)
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Pyrénées-Atlantiques
      • Aramits
        • Ance
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
MONCHOUX P., FONTAN F., DE PARSEVAL P., MARTIN R. F., WANG R. C. (2006) - Igneous albitite dikes in orogenic lherzolithes, Western Pyrénées, France: A possible source for corundum and alkali feldspar xenocrysts in basaltic terranes. I. Mineralogical Asssociations. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 44, pp. 817-842.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Perseil, E. A. (1967): Manganese mineralization of the Upper Devonian in Las Cabesses (Ariege). Comptes Rendus du Congres National des Societes Savantes, Section des Sciences 91 (Part 2), 313-321.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Nabias
European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Saint-Véran area
TUDURI Johan (2001) Minéralisations cuprifères syn-orogéniques dans les schistes lustrés des Alpes occidentales. Exemple de la mine de cuivre des Clausis (Saint-Véran, France)
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
[Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987], [Minealien Welt 1/93:14]
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Semenow, E.I. (1969): Mineralogy of the Ilimaussaq alkaline massif (South Greenland), 165 pp, Moscow: Nauka (in Russian); Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Guinea
 
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Aggteleki Mts
Zajzon, N., Váczi, T., Fehér, B., Takács, Á., Szakáll, S. and Weiszburg, T. G. (2013): Pyrophanite pseudomorphs after perovskite in Perkupa serpentinites (Hungary): a microtextural study and geological implications. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 611-623.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Vizianagaram District
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
  • Maharashtra
    • Bhandara District
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 558-60
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Koraput District
Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., and Sahoo, R.K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 79-93.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Saint-Marcel
Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Balestra, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bracco, R. (2011): Su alcune novità mineralogiche liguri caratterizzate dal SIUK dell'AMI. Micro, 2/2011, 46-53
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp. Bedognè, F. (2011) Microminerali della Valmalenco. Nuove segnalazioni e aggiornamenti. Riv. Mineral. It., 35, 1, 40-45.
          • Torre di Santa Maria
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Chisone Valley
        • Usseaux
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
      • Susa Valley
        • Salbertrand
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
      • Impruneta
Prosperi, B., Batacchi, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Ceccantini, L. (2013): Ercinite, perovskite, pirofanite e nuove segnalazioni dalle ofioliti dell' Impruneta, Firenze. Micro, 1/2013, 32-38-
Batacchi, C., Capperi, M., Cosci, C., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Prosperi, B., Borselli, G., Fassina, B., Ceccantini, L. (2015): Secondo ritrovamento mondiale di hylbrownite e altre nuove identificazioni nelle serpentiniti di Impruneta, Toscana. Micro, 1/2015, 40-51
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Pezzotta, F., & Guastoni, A. (2007). Hambergite, helvite e pirofanite nelle pegmatiti elbane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2007, 166-168.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
          • Shidara-cho
Yamada collection (Crystal World, Japan)
      • Gifu Prefecture
Donald E. Lee (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Tottori Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
        • Iwakuni City
Lee, D. E. (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
Lee, D. E. (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
        • Kudamatsu City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Fumitoshi HIROWATARI (1961) Minerals and Their Paragenetic Relations of the Manganese Deposits of Fukumaki Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.12:565-572
        • Kuga-gun
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Lee, D. E. (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 60.
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Midori City
          • Seta
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Hiroaki Tano specimen
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasama City
          • Iwama
Nishikubo collection
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
          • Awano
Sueno, S., Matsuura, S., Bunno, M., & Kurosawa, M. (2002). Occurrence and crystal chemical features of protoferro-anthophyllite and protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite from Cheyenne Canyon and Cheyenne Mountain, USA and Hirukawa-mura, Suisho-yama, and Yokone-yama, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 127-136.
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Hiroaki Tano collection; Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kizugawa City
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan); Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Iga City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Ritto City
Hitoshi Momoi (1964) Mineralogical study of rhodonites in Japan, with special reference to contact metamorphism. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
      • Wakayama Prefecture
        • Naga-gun
          • Afuzu-mura
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Hiroaki Tano specimen
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.; Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Iwaizumi-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Tanohata-mura
            • Tanohata mine
Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Miyajima, H., Suzuki, Y., ... & Ishibashi, T. (2010). Momoiite and nagashimalite from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science C, 36, 1-6.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Amami-Oshima Island
          • Yamato-son (Yamato village)
Momoi, H. (1964) Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 73-78.
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
        • Kiura mine (Shin-Kiura mine; Kiura emery mine)
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Kyuuragi-machi
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Ikata (Sadamisaki Peninsula)
http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=803
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Kent.htm; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
L.A. Pautov data
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Zomba District
Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English)
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Landsverk
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 66
    • Iveland
      • Birkeland
Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 66
Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 66
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Hamre
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 66.
Raade, G. (2010): Chemical composition of acmite/aegirine intergrowths from Rundemyr, Eiker. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 43: 29-34
  • Nordland
    • Rana
Grauch et al. (1994): Høgtuvaite, a new beryllian member of the aenigmatite group fom Norway, with x-ray data on aenigmatite. Canadian Mineralogist. 32: 439-448.
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum.Skrift 38: 5-28
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
Werner, R. (2003). Vinteren '92/'93- Et lite tilbakeblikk. STEIN 30 (3), 24-27
      • Nordmarka
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo.
Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1982): Gjerdingen. Fundstelle seltener Mineralien in Norwegen. LAPIS 7, 9-15
      • Øståsen
        • Surka
Kvamsdal, L.O. (1993): Noen mineraler fra nordmarkitten mellom Roa og Maura. STEIN 20 (1), 30-45
Werner, R. (1993): Om synchysitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4),221-226
  • Rogaland
    • Sokndal
Gierth, E. & Krause, H. (1973): Die Ilmenitlagerstätte Tellnes (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 359-402; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 66
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Selje
      • Liset
Smith, D.C., Kechid, S-A. and Rossi, G. (1986): Occurrence and properties of lisetite, CaNa2Al4Si4O16, a new tectosilicate in the system Ca-Na-Al-Si-O. American Mineralogist. 71: 1372-1377
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
      • Langangen
        • Kokkersvold E18 roadcuts
Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R., Friis, H., Rowe, R., Poirier, G.G., Selbekk, R.S., Cooper, M.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Ferrochiavennite, a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51: 285-296
        • Slevolden
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Risøya
Svein A.Berge observation 1992
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo.( p. 85)
  • Vest-Agder
    • Lyngdal
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 66
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
Bergstøl (1972, p. 237); Neumann (1985, p. 66).; Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42
        • Farris
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P. (1966b): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no.35. The first occurences of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 335-348
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (Micro # 3380)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Svein A Berge observation 1992
        • Barkevik area
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68: p. 66
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42 + Neumann (1985, p. 66).
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42
Segalstad, T.V. & Larsen, A.O.(1978): Chevkinite and perrierite from the Oslo region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63,499-505
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42 + Neumann (1985, p. 66).
        • Vesle Arøya
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Tvedalen
Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    • Sandefjord
      • Vesterøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp; Berge, S.A., Larsen, K.E. & Andersen, F. (2011): Buer, Vesterøya, Sandefjord- en typelokalitet for et nytt mineral. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 49-56
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Maramureș Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
[MinRec 32:42]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107.
Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
          • Suoluai River Valley
            • Kuamdespakhk Mt
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Kurganovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
      • Ust'-Koksa district
Vera N. Smol'yaninova data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Bystrý Potok
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Dobšiná (Dobschau; Topschau)
Putiš M., Koppa M., Snárska B., Koller F., Uher P., 2012: The blueschist-associated perovskite-andradite-bearing serpentinized harzburgite from Dobšiná (the Meliata Unit), Slovakia. J. Geosci. 57, 4, 221-240.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Minerals of South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Minerals of South Africa
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Gangwon-do (Kangwon-do; Gang'weondo)
    • Yeonwha
      • Yeonwha Mine
Econ Geol (1993) 88:855-872
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
Ahijado A. (1992) Características mineralógicas de una sövita pirofanítica de la Pta. del Peñón Blanco, Fuerteventura, Canarias. Geogaceta 12 pp- 81-82
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • Tenerife
Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, vol. III num. 5
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
(Kjell Gatedal); Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.;
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2): 14-42
  • Östergötland
    • Finspång
      • Doverstorp ore field
Zakrzewski et al (1982): Canadian Mineralogist 20, 281-290
  • Uppland
    • Östhammar
      • Dannemora
Åberg, F. (2015) Mineralogical Study of Manganese Bearing Skarn Minerals and Manganese Content in Magnetite in the Dannemora Skarn Iron Ore Deposit. Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Hamberg, A. (1890): Mineralogische studien. 10. Über pyrophanit, eine mit dem titaneisen isomorphe verbindung der zusammensetzung MnTiO3, von Harstigen. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 12, 598-604; RRUFF ID: R070211
Dana 7:I:539.
  • Västergötland
    • Svenljunga
      • Överlida
Kjellman (analyst)
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Kjell Gatedal
    • Lindesberg
Holtstam, D. (1997): Barian magnetoplumbite from Mangruvan, Örebro, Sweden. GFF 119, 17-19.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Starlera Valley
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 315.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Zinal
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Rhiw
Smith, W.C. & Claringbull, G.F. (1947): Pyrophanite from the Benallt Mine, Rhiw, Carnarvonshire. Mineralogical Magazine 28, 108-110.; Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
    • Semail Ophiolite
      • Khawr Fakkan Massif (Khor Fakkan)
        • Bani Hamid area
E. Gnos et al., Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 251-261.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Horvath collection visual id. ; Min News (2000) 16:6 pp 1-5,9
No reference listed
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • Spenceville District
        • Limekiln
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 41; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 173.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • La Plata District (Winfield District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT & Southeastern NY State, p.229, 235; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Georgia
    • Jackson Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Idaho
    • Boise Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Custer Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Elmore Co.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
[MinRec 24:196]
  • Maine
    • Aroostook Co.
      • T3 R9 WELS
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
      • TD R2 WELS
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
    • York Co.
      • Newfield
        • Straw Hill
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1 and 2, with updates by Van King.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (1999) Primary, agpaitic and deuteric stages in the evolution of Accessory Sr, REE, Ba and Nb-mineralization in nepheline-syenite pegmatites at Pegmatite Peak, Bearpaw Mts., Montana, Mineral. Petrol., 67: 85-110.
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Gillis Range
Mineralogical Record: 30: 277-292.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Craig, J.R., et al: Canadian Mineralogist:23:491-494 (1985); Valentino, A.J., et al: Economic Geology:85:1941-1946; Dunn(1995):Pt4:603.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
[MinRec 12:171]
  • Oklahoma
    • Dewey Co.
McCoy, T.J., Ehlmann, A.J. & Moore, C. B. (1997) The Leedey, Oklahoma, Chondrite: Fall, petrology, chemistry and an unusual Fe,Ni-FeS inclusion: Meteoritics 32(1): 19-24. (Jan 1997).
  • South Carolina
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
Speer, J.Alexander.,(1987) Evolution of magmatic AFM mineral assemblages in granitoid rocks :The hornblende+melt = biotite reaction in the Liberty Hill pluton, South Carolina :American Mineralogist,Vol. 72, pg. 863-878 ,1987
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Tushar Mts
        • Cottonwood Creek
          • Mount Baldy District
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1932-1952
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
Rocks & Minerals 77:5 pp320-325
    • Suffolk Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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