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Ramsbeckite

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Formula:
(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Colour:
Green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of RamsbeckiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1984
7.DD.60

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.4.9.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.5.5

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Pronounciation of RamsbeckiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of RamsbeckiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Green
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of RamsbeckiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.675 nγ = 1.680
2V:
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.045
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of RamsbeckiteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O

Crystallography of RamsbeckiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.06 Å, b = 15.57 Å, c = 7.1 Å
β = 90.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.031 : 1 : 0.456
Unit Cell V:
1,775.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Comment:
Space group P21/a. Unit-cell parameters are slightly variable, depending on Cu:Zn ratio: a = 16.088–16.110, b = 15.576–15.602, c = 7.102–7.112 A, β = 90.0-90.27°.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.090 (100)
4.40 (12)
3.549 (25)
3.254 (13)
3.244 (11)
3.232 (12)
1.776 (20)

Type Occurrence of RamsbeckiteHide

Synonyms of RamsbeckiteHide

Other Language Names for RamsbeckiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Schulenbergite12 photos of Ramsbeckite associated with Schulenbergite on mindat.org.
Linarite6 photos of Ramsbeckite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Serpierite3 photos of Ramsbeckite associated with Serpierite on mindat.org.
Posnjakite3 photos of Ramsbeckite associated with Posnjakite on mindat.org.
Brochantite1 photo of Ramsbeckite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Chalcophyllite1 photo of Ramsbeckite associated with Chalcophyllite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RamsbeckiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist(1987): 72: 225.
Effenberger, H. (1988): Ramsbeckite, (Cu,Zn)15(OH)22(SO4)4.6H2O: Revision of the chemical formula based on a structure determination. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1988): 38-48.
American Mineralogist(1989): 74: 505.

Internet Links for RamsbeckiteHide

Localities for RamsbeckiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Styria
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
Schebesta, K. (1992): Schlackenminerale aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Lapis 17 (2), 19-30; 50.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Auzat
Remy Ph. (2003), La mine du Couloumier, Auzat (Ariège), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 9-12
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Jean Claude Dol
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Caixas
        • Fontcouverte
BERBAIN, C., FAVREAU, G. & MORENO, C. (2010): Mas Vicenç, Fontcouverte, Caixas (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 20-25.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Sommerkahl
No reference listed
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Grane Reservoir
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
      • Lautenthal
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Heckmann, H. & Schertl, H.-P. (1990): Der Niederbergische Erzbergbau und seine Mineralien. Emser Hefte, 11 (2), 2-40.
      • Velbert
Lapis 1988(1), 13-35
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Mh., 1985, 550-556; N. Jb. Mineral. Mh., 1988, 38-48.
    • Siegerland
      • Burbach
Leon Hupperichs Collection
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
        • St Johann
added by Frank de Wit
    • Hunsrück
      • Hermeskeil
        • Hockweiler
Marko Burkhardt collection
      • St Goar
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Thalfang
        • Etgert
http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1625&Itemid=214
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
    • Taunus
      • St Goarshausen
        • Wellmich
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Grünhain-Beierfeld
          • Beierfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
GEODA 2007/1
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
      • Servette-Chuc mining complex
Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry, 47, 317-340.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus and Guspini municipalities
Preite, D., & Zuanel, A. (2007). Montevecchio: storia, miniere e minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (4), 230-246.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Orlandi, P., & Gelosa, M. (2007). Argentiera della Nurra. I minerali di alterazione della miniera di sfalerite e galena argentifera. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (1), 22-31. ; Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Frassilongo
          • Roveda
Single-crystal X-ray diffraction at Perugia University
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Chinellato Matteo
      • Piombino
Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Orlandi P. & Perchiazzi N.(1989): Ramsbeckite, (Cu,Zn)15(OH)22(SO4)4.6H2O, a first occurrence for Italy from "La Veneziana" mine, Valle dei Mercanti, Vicenza. European Journal of Mineralogy 1, 147-9; Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A. & Toniolo, E. (2009). I minerali del Monte Trisa (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2009, 160-179.
American Mineralogist, 85 :231–235
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
          • Zuccanti Valley
Saccardo D., Benincasa E., Malferrari D., Medici L., 2002. I minerali di Monte Cengio (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 42-47.
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Osaka Prefecture
        • Minoh (Minoo)
          • Onsen-cho
Chigaku-Kenkyu 50:137-159 (2001)
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Ohnishi, M., Okada, H., Fujiwara, T. (2011) Ramsbeckite from Haiyama quarry in Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 33-36.
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Activity report 1998 of the Musée d'histoire naturelle de Luxembourg
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Brusturi
G.Koller 2008-2009; ;
Slovenia
 
  • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
Trajanova, M. & Zorz, Z. (2013): The abandoned Remshnig mine, occurrence of rare minerals; Palaeozoic or Tertiary ore mineralization? Berichte Geol. B.-A., 99, 11th Workshop on Alpine Geological Studies & 7th IFAA, 90-91.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
Schmutz, L., Graeser, S., Eichin, R., Stöcklin, D., Rüegg, H.R. & Duggelin, M. (1982): Kupfer-Sekundärmineralien aus der Schweiz, Teil 1. Urner Mineralienfreund, 20, 1-24. [as "Unnamed Cu-Zn Sulphate"; for details see text in http://www.mindat.org/min-45872.html).]
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Harrowbarrow & Prince of Wales Mines (Calstock United Tin and Copper Mines)
Steve Rust
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
        • Roughton Gill
Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
        • Back of Ecton
UKJMM 15
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database
      • Cwmrheidol
        • Ystumtuen
No reference listed
      • Llangynfelyn
        • Tre-Taliesin
BMS Database
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Cwmystwyth
S.Rust Collection
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database, UKJMM 17
      • Ysgubor-y-coed
        • Furnace
BMS Database, UKJMM No18
    • Powys
      • Llangynog
S.Rust collection
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050295
  • New Hampshire
    • Coos Co.
      • Gorham
L. Rantos collection (Athens, Greece); A. Plante collection; B. Janules collection; Scott Whittemore collection; et.al.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Lower Providence Township
        • Audubon
          • Perkiomen Mines
[MinRec 18:131-132]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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