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Rauvite

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About RauviteHide

Formula:
Ca(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
Colour:
Purplish black, grayish black, pale orange-yellow, brownish red, brownish yellow-orange
Lustre:
Adamantine, Waxy
Specific Gravity:
2.92
Name:
Named by Frank L. Hess in 1922 from the chemical symbols of its presumed constituents: RAdium, Uranium and Vanadium.
A rare and questionable mineral species occurring in the oxidized zones of U-V ores in Colorado Plateau-type deposits.


Classification of RauviteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
4.HB.40

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
H : V[5,6] Vanadates
B : Uranyl Sorovanodates
47.4.4.1

47 : VANADIUM OXYSALTS
4 : Vanadium Bronzes
21.4.9

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
4 : Vanadates of U, Mn, Fe or Ni

Physical Properties of RauviteHide

Adamantine, Waxy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Purplish black, grayish black, pale orange-yellow, brownish red, brownish yellow-orange
Streak:
Olive-brown, yellow-brown
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.92 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of RauviteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
n = 1.88 - 1.95
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of RauviteHide

Formula:
Ca(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca(UO2)2V10O28 · 16H2O

Crystallography of RauviteHide

Morphology:
Microcrystalline; a hardened gel-like precipitate in massive botryoidal crusts and thin coatings.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.7 (100)
5.83 (10)
3.87 (20)
3.49 (40)
2.95 (50)
2.62 (30)
2.22 (10)
Comments:
ICDD 8-288

Type Occurrence of RauviteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Fissure fillings or impregnations in sandstone.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
HArvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #134565. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #95060, R5715.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Shinarump sandstone
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for RauviteHide

German:Rauvit
Spanish:Rauvita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fervanite1 photo of Rauvite associated with Fervanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.HB.05CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.05Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.10SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.15CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.HB.15FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.HB.15FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)Tet.
4.HB.20MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2OTric.
4.HB.20VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(V2O8)(OH) · 11H2OMon.
4.HB.25MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.HB.25TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
4.HB.30StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OOrth.
4.HB.35UvaniteU6+2V5+6O21 · 15H2O (?)Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.4.1UvaniteU6+2V5+6O21 · 15H2O (?)Orth.
21.4.2Vanuranylite(H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 4H2O
21.4.3StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OOrth.
21.4.4CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.5Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.6SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.7MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.8TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
21.4.10FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.11MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2OTric.
21.4.12VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(V2O8)(OH) · 11H2OMon.
21.4.13CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.14FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)Tet.
21.4.15Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
21.4.16Santafeite(Na,Ca,Sr)12(Mn2+,Fe3+,Al,Mg)8Mn4+8(VO4)16(OH,O)20 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.17PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.4.18BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
21.4.19ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.20HeyitePb5Fe2+2(VO4)2O4Mon.
21.4.21MounanaitePbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.4.22SchubneliteFe3+VO4 · H2OTric.
21.4.23FervaniteFe3+4V5+4O16 · 5H2OMon.
21.4.24KazakhstaniteFe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2OMon.
21.4.25Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2OMon.
21.4.26Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
21.4.27KolovratiteNixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RauviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hess, F.L. (1922): 1) Uranium-bearing asphaltic sediments of Utah. 2) New and known minerals from the Utah-Colorado Carnotite region. Engineering and Mining Journal - Press, 114, 272-276.
Hess, F.L. (1924) U.S. Geological Survey Bull. 750D: 68.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1058.
Weeks, A.D. and M.E. Thompson (1954) Identification and occurrence of uranium and vanadium minerals from the Colorado Plateaus. U.S. Geological Survey Bull.
1009-B, 34–35.
U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1036-G (1956): 128.
Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological
Survey Bull. 1064: 263–264.

Internet Links for RauviteHide

Localities for RauviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Prince Edward Island
ROSE, E.R. (1973) Geology of vanadium and vanadiferous occurrences. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Reports. 27, 130p.
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Budleigh Salterton
Kemp, A.J., Palmer, M.R., and Ragnarsdottir, K.V. (1994) The uranium-thorium and rare earth element geochemistry of reduction nodules from Budleigh Salterton, Devon. Proceedings of the Ussher Society, Volume 8, Part 3, 214-218.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
USGS PP538
      • Monument Valley
        • Yazzi Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 294, 352; Finnell, T.L. (1957), Structural control of uranium ore at the Monument No. 2 mine, Apache Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 52: 25-35; Weeks, A.D., et al (1955), Navajoite, a new vanadium oxide from AZ, Am.Min.: 40: 207-212; Frondel, C. (1958), Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 264; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 115, 117; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
    • Navajo Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Mystery Valley
            • Monument No. 1 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, Irving J. & Thaden (1963), USGS Bull. 1103, Geology & Uranium-Vanadium Deposits of the Monument Valley Area Apache and Navajo Counties, Arizona: 68, 135; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352; Witkind, I.J. (1961), The uranium-vanadium ore deposit at the Monument No. 1-Mitten No. 2 mine, Monument Valley, Navajo Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1107-C: 219-242; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
  • Colorado
    • Mesa Co.
      • Uravan District
        • Calamity Mesa
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Montrose Co.
      • Gypsum Valley
Excalibur Mineral Corporation
      • Uravan District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
Am Min (1964) 49:1511-1526
        • Paradox Valley
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; USGS Bull 1042F
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Van King
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Gypsum Valley District
Amended Technical Report on Energy Fuels Resources Corporation’s Willhunt Property
  • New Mexico
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • San Juan Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
USGS Bull 1063F
    • Fall River Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Bull 1063D; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp345-349
        • Craven Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
          • Ridge Runner mine
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
USGS Bull 1063F
        • Red Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"; USGS Bull 1009G
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1058.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 992, 1056, 1058; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp285-297
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • Gateway District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Thompsons District (S. E. Thomsons)
        • The Poison Strip
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Sevier Co.
      • Antelope Range
        • Henry District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
      • Northern Black Hills District
USGS Bull 1082J
Mineral and/or Locality  
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