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About ReichenbachiteHide

Dark green
Crystal System:
Named after its discovery locality.
May be intergrown with pseudomalachite.

Classification of ReichenbachiteHide

Approval Year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1

4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Physical Properties of ReichenbachiteHide

Dark green
3½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ReichenbachiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.782 nβ = 1.833 nγ = 1.867
Measured: 76° , Calculated: 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.085
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of ReichenbachiteHide


Crystallography of ReichenbachiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.186(2) Å, b = 10.684(2) Å, c = 4.461(2) Å
β = 92.31(1)°
a:b:c = 0.86 : 1 : 0.418
Unit Cell V:
437.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Lancet-shaped crystals.
SG P21/a

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000558ReichenbachiteAnderson J B, Shoemaker G L, Kostiner E, Ruszala F A (1977) The crystal structure of synthetic Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4, a polymorph of pseudomalachite American Mineralogist 62 115-12119770293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of ReichenbachiteHide

Synonyms of ReichenbachiteHide

Other Language Names for ReichenbachiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
13 photos of Reichenbachite associated with QuartzSiO2
11 photos of Reichenbachite associated with PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
6 photos of Reichenbachite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
5 photos of Reichenbachite associated with Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
2 photos of Reichenbachite associated with PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
2 photos of Reichenbachite associated with CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
2 photos of Reichenbachite associated with ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
1 photo of Reichenbachite associated with Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
1 photo of Reichenbachite associated with LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
1 photo of Reichenbachite associated with VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BD.05CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BD.05PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BD.10GatehouseiteMn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BD.15ParweliteMn10Sb2As2Si2O24Mon. m : Bb
8.BD.25LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BD.30CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2OTet.
19.2.8TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ReichenbachiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 115-121.
Sieber, N.H.W., Tillmanns, E. and Medenbach, O. (1987) Hentschelite, CuFe2(PO4)2(OH)2, a new member of the lazulite group, and reichenbachite, Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4, a polymorph of pseudomalachite, two new copper phosphate minerals from Reichenbach, Germany. American Mineralogist 72, 404-408.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 281.
Braithwaite, R. S. W. and Ryback, G. (1994): Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineral. Mag., 58, 449-454.
Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Popova, V.I. (2016): Hydrogen bonding and structural complexity in the Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4 polymorphs (pseudomalachite, ludjibaite, reichenbachite): combined experimental and theoretical study. Structural Chemistry, 27, 1715-1723.

Internet Links for ReichenbachiteHide

Localities for ReichenbachiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Museum Victoria collection
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
collected by J. Hlousek
DR Congo
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Frost, R.L., Reddy, B.J., Palmer, S.J., Keeffe, E.C. (2011) Structure of selected basic zinc/copper (II) phosphate minerals based upon near-infrared spectroscopy–Implications for hydrogen bonding. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78(3), 996-1003.;
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Vichy
        • Échassières
Patrice Queneau Collection
Kolitsch, U., Gröbner, J. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): Neufunde von Les Montmins, Allier, Frankreich. Lapis 34 (11), 24-32; 54 (in German).
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Bergstraße
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Gadernheim
Am Min 79:764-765.
          • Reichenbach
            • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
P Haas collection (specimen no. 72-170)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Sieber, N.H.W., Tillmanns, E. and Medenbach, O. (1987) Hentschelite, CuFe2(PO4)2(OH)2, a new member of the lazulite group, and reichenbachite, Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4, a polymorph of pseudomalachite, two new copper phosphate minerals from Reichenbach, Germany. American Mineralogist 72, 404-408.
            • Hohenstein
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
No reference listed
            • Teufelsstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
      • Hochtaunuskreis
        • Weilrod; Sterrmann, G. & Schäfer, T. (2016): Die Mineralien der Grube Silbergaut bei Emmershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 38-47 (in German).
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen District
      • Betzdorf-Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Vogtlandkreis
      • Bergen
T. Witzke (1994) Lapis 19(10), 36-39
  • Évora
    • Évora
      • Nossa Senhora da Tourega e Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe
Pedro Alves Collection and analytical data.
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Nossa Senhora da Conceição e São Bartolomeu
Braithwaite, R. S. W. and Ryback, G. (1994): Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 449-454.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Ľubietová
Hyršl, J. (1991): Three polymorphs of Cu5(PO4)2(OH) from Ľubietová, Czechoslovakia. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 6, 281-287.
Števko, M. and Sejkora, J. (2016) Nové nálezy sekundárnych minerálov na lokalite Ľubietová-Podlipa a Poniky-Drienok. Minerál, 24, 6, 524-532 (in Slovak).
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Okiep Copper District
        • Springbok
Leon Hupperichs collection
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Golpejas-Vega de Tirados
        • Golpejas Mining group
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Cheles
Cesar Menor-Salván
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
          • Clitters United Mines
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Ryback, G. (1994): Mineralogical Magazine 58, 449-454; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria Mining District
          • Mayer
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 7.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mountains
        • Lordsburg District
          • Lordsburg
            • Virginia District
Jerry Cone Collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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