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Rhabdophane-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ce,La)(PO4) · H2O
Colour:
Brown, pale pink, yellowish-white; pale gray, fibers may be colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.77 - 4.01
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named in 1878 by William Garrow Lettsom from the Greek, ραβδοζ, a rod, plus φαιυεσθαι, to appear, in allusion to the bands characteristically exhibited in its spectrum, plus the suffix "-(Ce)" indicating the dominance of Ce over other REE in this species.
Rhabdophane Group.
The most common member in this group.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Approved
8.CJ.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
J : With only large cations
40.4.7.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
19.9.6

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc

Physical Properties of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Dull
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Brown, pale pink, yellowish-white; pale gray, fibers may be colourless in transmitted light.
Comment:
May be stained by iron oxides
Streak:
Colorless when pure
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.77 - 4.01 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.19 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.654 - 1.700 nε = 1.703 - 1.744
Birefringence:
0.050
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.049
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Colorless, E tan to light brown

Chemical Properties of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Ce,La)(PO4) · H2O
IMA Formula:
CePO4 · H2O

Crystallography of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P62 2 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.055(5) Å, c = 6.439(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.913
Unit Cell V:
277.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Occurs as incrustations, botryoidal, globular, or stalactitic forms with radial-fibrous structure. Short rod-like simple hexagonal crystals.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.09 (90)
4.41 (80)
3.51 (70)
3.03 (100)
2.83 (90)
2.16 (60)
1.865 (60)

Type Occurrence of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Varieties of Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Plumboan Rhabdophane-(Ce)A lead-bearing to -rich variety of rhabdophane-(Ce).
Often associated with pyromorphite or other lead minerals.

Relationship of Rhabdophane-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
Rhabdophane-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
Rhabdophane-(Y)YPO4·H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz7 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Serandite4 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Serandite on mindat.org.
Catapleiite4 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Catapleiite on mindat.org.
Parisite-(Ce)4 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Parisite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Natrolite4 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Microcline4 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite3 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Aegirine2 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Kupletskite2 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Kupletskite on mindat.org.
Albite2 photos of Rhabdophane-(Ce) associated with Albite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CJ.05StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.10Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
8.CJ.10Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OOrth.
8.CJ.15NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
8.CJ.15NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
8.CJ.20HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
8.CJ.25VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.30FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.35Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
8.CJ.40PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
8.CJ.40RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.45Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
8.CJ.45SmirnovskiteCaTh(PO4)2 · nH2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.50ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
8.CJ.50BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CJ.50PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2OMon. m
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · 2H2OMon.
8.CJ.55McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.60DorfmaniteNa2HPO4 · 2H2OOrth.
8.CJ.65SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/nnm
8.CJ.65BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2OTet.
8.CJ.70CatalanoiteNa2(HPO4) · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibca
8.CJ.75GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.85NingyoiteCaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.4.7.2Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
40.4.7.4Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
40.4.7.5Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
40.4.7.6Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.9.4Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
19.9.5Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.9Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
19.9.10Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.11Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.12Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.13KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lettsom (1878) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 3: 191 (as Rhabdophane).
Lecoq d Boisbaudran (1878) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 86: 1028 (as Rhabdophane).
Bertrand (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 58.
Hartley (1882) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 41: 210.
Hartley (1884) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 45: 167.
Lettsom (1882) Proceedings of the Crystallological Society, London: 105 (as Rhabdophane).
Mooney, R.C.L. (1950) X-ray diffraction study of cerous phosphate and related crystals I. Hexagonal modification. Acta Crystallographica, 3: 337-340
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 774 (as Rhabdophane).
American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 1065.
Walenta, K. (2003): Monokliner bleihaltiger Rhabdophan von der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 54, 405-409.

Internet Links for Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Rhabdophane-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Birch, W. D., ed. (1999): The minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council and Museum of Victoria, Broken Hill, Australia, 289 pp.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Grand Halleux
Loeber, A. (2005). "La carrière de Hourt, Grand Halleux, Province de Luxembourg, Belgique." Magazine du 4M, 26(255), 5-7; Dehove, J. and Hubert, F. (2006). "Nouvelles découvertes à Hourt." Magazine du 4M, 27(263), 9-11.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    • Ústí Region
      • Most
        • Hora Svaté Kateřiny (Sankt Katharinaberg; Halleberg; Katterberg)
Breiter, Karel, Copjakova, Renata, and Skoda, Radek, 2009, The Involvement of F, CO2, and As in the Alteration of Zr-Th-REE-bearing Accessory Minerals in the Hora Svaté Kateřiny A-type Granite, Czech Republic, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 1375-1398.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdek-Místek
Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
    • Olomouc Region
      • Prostějov
Škoda R., Čopjakova R. 2006: Authigenic REE mineralsfrom greywackes of the Drahany Uplands, Czech Republic and their significance for diagenetic processes. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 28, 208-210
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
PERINET F. (2014) - Minéraux des terres rares de Marsanges (Haute Loire). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs N° 123 pp. 18-22
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Asprières
Leconte J., Hatert F., Grégoire L., (2016) - Bréziès, Asprières, Aveyron, France - Micromonteurs, p. 106-107
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Belendorff, K. (1986): Lapis 11 (3), 27-28.
      • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1979): Chukhrovit-(Ce) und Rhabdophan-(Ce) aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Chem. Erde, 38, 331-39. (in German); Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. & BAYERL, R. (1995): Die Mineralien der Silber-Antimon-Vererzungen der Grube Clara im Zeitraum 1993 bis 1995. - Erzgräber 9 (2), 61-77.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Sparneck
          • Reinersreuth
            • Großer Waldstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Meier, S. (2002): Seltene Phosphatmineralien aus dem Fichtelgebirge und der Oberpfalz. Lapis 27 (2), 32-34
        • Weißenstadt
          • Rudolfstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Spessart
        • Waldaschaff
Lorenz, J., Schmitt, R., Hahn, W. (2007): Rhabdophan und Cuprobismutit von der Barytgrube "Pauline" in Waldaschaff im Spessart, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 41-54
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
[Hentschel, G., (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
[Hentschel, G., (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
[Hentschel, G., (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
            • Wingertsberg
[Hentschel, G., (1983): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Halle
      • Petersberg
Jahn, S. (2007): Der Petersberg bei Halle a. d. Saale. Mineralien-Welt 18(6), 16-41.
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
Hungary
 
  • Győr-Moson-Sopron Co.
    • Soproni Mts
      • Sopron-Brennbergbánya
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Sopron
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sarroch
- Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Saga Prefecture
Takai, Y. and Uehara, S. (2012) Rhabdophane-(Y), YPO4·H2O, a new mineral in alkali olivine basalt from Hinodematsu, Genkai-cho, Saga Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 110-113.
Malawi
 
  • Zomba District
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Iveland
      • Birkeland
Neumann (1985) : Norges mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
      • Skripeland
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68,p. 117.
  • Østfold
    • Halden
      • Idd
        • Aspedammen
R. Kristiansen (1974, pers. com.); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 117
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District
Kajdas, B., Michalik, M. (2011): Formation of secondary REE-bearing minerals during grusification of Karkonosze granite. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 108-109
      • Podgórzyn commune
Kajdas, B., Michalik, M. (2011): Formation of secondary REE-bearing minerals during grusification of Karkonosze granite. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 108-109
Portugal
 
  • Viseu District
    • São Pedro do Sul
      • Manhouce
Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Polar Yakutia
S.M. Kravchenko data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[AmMin 85:1844]; Pekov, I. V., & Nikolaev, A. P. (2007) Minerals of the Pegmatites and Hydrothermal Assemblages of the Koashva Deposit.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Alluaiv Mt
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Chukanov, N. V., Ermolaeva, V. N., Pekov, I. V., Sokolov, S. V., Nekrasov, A. N., & Sokolova, M. N. (2005). Raremetal mineralization connected with bituminous matters in late assemblages of pegmatites of the Khibiny and Lovozero massifs. New Data Minerals, 40, 80-95.
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
N.V. Chukanov, I.V. Pekov, A.E. Zadov, S.V. Krivovichev, P.C.Burns, Yu. Schneider (2001): Organovaite-Mn,K2Mn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4·6H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral from the Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 46­53; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
P.M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
        • Seidozero Lake
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mikhailova, J.A., and Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 451-456.
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 735-746 (2005)
        • Suoluaiv Mt
Mikhail Uchitel' data
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
            • Svetlyi
Igor Savin's data
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Austell District
        • Tywardreath
No reference listed
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Art Smith (2001) Mineral News, 17, #11.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Hanson, S.L., et al (1999) Rocks and Minerals, 74, 184
www.uwrf.edu/~wc01/rhabdophane.htm
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