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Riebeckite

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Emil Riebeck
Formula:
◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Riebeckite is defined as a member of the riebeckite group with Fe2+>Mg in the C2+ position and (OH) dominant in the W position.
Colour:
Usually black, also commonly light blue to blue-black, gray-blue, gray, brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For Emil Riebeck [June 11, 1853 Preuslitz, Germany - June 22, 1885), German explorer, ethnologist, and mineralogist. Noted author and field collector of artifacts.
Chemically closely related to arfvedsonite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of RiebeckiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DE.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
14.20.6

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
20 : Silicates of Fe and alkali metals

Physical Properties of RiebeckiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Usually black, also commonly light blue to blue-black, gray-blue, gray, brown
Streak:
Pale gray to bluish-grey.
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {110}
Fracture:
Splintery

Optical Data of RiebeckiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 - 1.698 nβ = 1.683 - 1.700 nγ = 1.685 - 1.706
2V:
Measured: 68° to 85°, Calculated: 62° to 78°
Birefringence:
0.008
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005 - 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X dark blue Z blue gray to yellow green

Chemical Properties of RiebeckiteHide

Formula:
◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

Riebeckite is defined as a member of the riebeckite group with Fe2+>Mg in the C2+ position and (OH) dominant in the W position.
IMA Formula:
◻Na2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ti,Mg,Al,Mn

Age informationHide

Age range:
Ediacaran : 551 Ma to 551 Ma - based on mindat.org data.

Crystallography of RiebeckiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.76 Å, b = 18.04 Å, c = 5.33 Å
β = 103.59°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.541 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
912.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Prismatic {110}, frequently very elongated. May be acicular, especially in late cavities. Sometimes is very acicular in fine-grained, light colored aggregates. Well-terminated crystals are uncommon.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.40 (100)
4.51 (20)
3.42 (10)
3.27 (10)
3.12 (60)
2.80 (20)
2.73 (40)
2.18 (20)
Comments:
ICDD 19-1061

Type Occurrence of RiebeckiteHide

Synonyms of RiebeckiteHide

Other Language Names for RiebeckiteHide

Relationship of Riebeckite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz45 photos of Riebeckite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Zircon15 photos of Riebeckite associated with Zircon on mindat.org.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)8 photos of Riebeckite associated with Bastnäsite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Astrophyllite8 photos of Riebeckite associated with Astrophyllite on mindat.org.
Smoky Quartz8 photos of Riebeckite associated with Smoky Quartz on mindat.org.
Anatase7 photos of Riebeckite associated with Anatase on mindat.org.
Rutile5 photos of Riebeckite associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Microcline4 photos of Riebeckite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Danalite4 photos of Riebeckite associated with Danalite on mindat.org.
Hydroastrophyllite4 photos of Riebeckite associated with Hydroastrophyllite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganocummingtonite☐{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richteriteK[CaNa][Mg5]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite[Na][Na2][Mn2+4(Fe3+)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.20.1EmeleusiteLi2Na4Fe2Si12O30Orth.
14.20.2AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.20.4WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
14.20.5TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.20.7 Ferri-anniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
14.20.8Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
14.20.9Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4

Fluorescence of RiebeckiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
If in fibrous form the fibers, if breathed in, can cause serious and irreversable lung damage. Avoid exposure to dust.

Riebeckite in petrologyHide

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)
Common component of (items highlighted in red)

References for RiebeckiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Addison, C.C., Addison, W.E., Neal, G.H., Sharp, J.H. (1962) Amphiboles. I. The oxidation of crocidolite. Journal of the Chemical Society: 1468-1471.
Hanisch, K. (1966) Messung des Ultrarot-Pleochroismus von Mineralien. VI. Der Pleochroismus des OH-Streckfrequenz in Riebeckit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 109-112.
Borg, I.Y. (1967) Optical properties and cell parameters in the glaucophane-riebeckite series. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15: 67-92.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1978) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles; VIII, The crystal structure and site chemistry of fluor-riebeckite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 187-194.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1983) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles.The Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 173-480.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for RiebeckiteHide

Localities for RiebeckiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Atakor volcanic massif
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
  • Salta
    • Iruya Department
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 163.
    • La Poma department
      • Cobres
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Alcoota Station
Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
R. Wally Johnson, ‎Jan Knutson, ‎Stuart Ross Taylor - 1989 Intraplate Volcanism: In Eastern Australia and New Zealand. edited by R. Wally Johnson, Jan Knutson, Stuart Ross Taylor, Australian Academy of Science
    • Mount Isa City Shire
Mineralium Deposita 44 (2009) 11-40.; Andy Wilde, Alex Otto, John Jory, Colin MacRae, Mark Pownceby, Nick Wilson and Aaron Torpy (2013) Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models. Minerals, 3(3), 258-283
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Ameroo Hill
Gov't.Geol.Recon.Map(1954).
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Tom Price
Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Hagemann, S.G., and Folkert, S.L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 784-789.
Miyano, T., Klein, C. (1983): Conditions of Reibeckite Formation In The Iron Formation Of The Dales Gorge Member, Hamersley Group, Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 517-529
http://www.mininglegacies.org/mines/west-aust/wittenoom/
Ayres, D. E. (1972). Genesis of iron-bearing minerals in banded iron formation mesobands in the Dales Gorge Member, Hamersley Group, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1214-1233.; Takashi M., Miyano S. (1982): Ferri-Annite From The Dales Gorge Iron Formation, Wittenoom Area, Western Australia, American Mineralogist (December 1982):67:1179-1194
        • Wittenoom Gorge
Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Silicates and their paragenesis in the Brockman Iron Formation of Wittenoom gorge, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 66(2), 281-292.
        • Yampire Gorge
http://www.mininglegacies.org/mines/west-aust/wittenoom/
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
Lascelles, D. F. (2006): Economic Geology 101, 1359-1376.
West Angelas Closure Plan February 2015 FDMS No. RTIO-HSE-0228290
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Wallareenya Station
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I., (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Kolbnitz
Walter, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2015): 1918) Bastnäsit-(Ce) aus dem Riekengraben, Reißeckgruppe. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Gloggnitz
        • Schlossberg
Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (1998); Exel, R. (1993)
Kolitsch, U. & Slama, M. (2016): Zur Mineralogie des niederösterreichischen Anteils des Semmering-Basistunnels: ein erster Bericht. Der Steirische Mineralog 31, 20-27 (in German).
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Chapare Province
      • Alto Chapare District
        • Cristalmayu subdistrict
          • Cristalmayu
            • Cristalmayu valley
Amer.Min. (1993) 78, 433-436 (Dubious ID; more likely magnesioriebeckite)
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Velasco Province
No reference listed
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • Presidente Figueiredo
Horbe, M. A., Horbe, A. C., Costi, H. T., & Teixeira, J. T. (1991). Geochemical characteristics of cryolite-tin-bearing granites from the Pitinga mine, northwestern Brazil—a review. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40(1), 227-249.
A. C. Bastos Neto, V. P. Pereira, L. H. Ronchi, E. F. de Lima and J. C. Frantz (2009): The world-class Sn, Nb, Ta, F (Y, REE, Li) deposit and the massive cryolite associated with the albite-enriched facies of the Madeira A-type granite, Pitinga mining district, Amazonas State, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1329-1357.; Horbe, A. M. C., & da Costa, M. L. (1999). Geochemical evolution of a lateritic Sn–Zr–Th–Nb–Y–REE-bearing ore body derived from apogranite: the case of Pitinga, Amazonas—Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1), 339-351.; Sighnolfi, G., Costi, H. T., Horbe, A. M. C., Borges, R. M. K., Dall'agnol, R., & Rossi, A. (2008). Mineral chemistry of cassiterites from Pitinga Province, Amozonian Craton, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 30(4), 775-782
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
http://acd.ufrj.br/geologia/posgrad/area1_d.htm
    • Ubá
Pinto, C. P. (1996). Petrologia de gnaisses alcalinos da Serra da Mantiqueira em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Boletim IG-USP. Publicação Especial, (18), 21-23.
  • Pernambuco
http://www.unb.br/ig/sigep/sitio111/sitio111english.pdf
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305.
    • Newfoundland
      • St. Lawrence
Norman Wilson collection; Teng, H.H. and Strong, D.F., 1976, Geology and Geochemistry of the St. Lawrence Peralkaline Granite and Associated Fluorite Deposits, Southeast Newfoundland: Can Jour. Earth Sci., v. 113, pp. 1374-1385. Van Alstine, R. E. 1948, Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Lawrence Area, Burin Peninsula, Newfoundland; Newfoundland Geological Survey Bulletin No. 23, St. John’s, Newfoundland, 1948.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm.; Badham 91978), Davidson (1978 & 1983)
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
R.C. Boehner, "Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia", N.S. Dept. Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5, 1986.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Nunavut
    • Ellesmere Island
Wooley, A (1987) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Vol.1
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol24/AM24_382.pdf
RIEBECKITE IN QUARTZ VEINS FROM THE MICHIPICOTEN DISTRICT, ONTARIO J. E. Hawley (1937) AM Vol22, pg.1099
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol22/AM22_1099.pdf
Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
    • Cochrane District
      • Moosonee Township
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Timmins area
        • Macklem Township
Reiner Mielke
    • Hastings Co.
      • Wollaston Township
Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
    • Peterborough Co.
      • Methuen Township
McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
    • Sudbury District
      • I.R.6
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI41I06SW00056
      • Lackner Township
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Thunder Bay District
Currie (1980)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
        • Schefferville
Carl M. Lesher (1978) Mineralogy and petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation near Ardua Lake, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 15:480-500
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Bancroft & Howard (1923)
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R., & Jébrak, M. (2016) Evolution ofMontviel alkaline-carbonatite complex by coupled fractional crystallization, fluid mixing and metasomatism — Part II: Trace element and Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry ofmetasomatic rocks: implications for REE-Nb mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 1163-1162.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Daxin Co.
Zhao Zhenhua and Tu Guangzhi (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of Strata-bound Deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 281-305
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Qiqihaer Prefecture
      • Greater Hinggan Mts (Greater Khingan Mts)
Xiaoshi Ding, Ge Bai, Zhongxian Yuan, and Luren Sun (1981): Geological Review 46(5), 459-466
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Tu Guangchi and Wang Kaiyi (1997) in: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol.9, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 83-90.
Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Tu Guangchi and Wang Kaiyi (1997) in: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol.9, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 83-90.; Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
    • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
        • Baerzhe complex
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, Zhenhua Zhao, Yong Luo, Xueyuan Yu, Ningbo Li, and Hecai Niu (2011): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 41(6), 1689-1704; Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Shandong Province
    • Jining Prefecture
      • Weishan Co.
Wu, C., Yuan, Z., and Bai, G. (1996): Rare earth deposits in China. In: Jones, A.P., Wall, F., and Williams, C.T. (Eds.): Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, origin and ore deposits. The Mineralogical Society Series, Vol. 7. Chapman & Hall (London).
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
      • Mianning Co.
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
      • Xichang Co.
Yuquan Zhang and Yingwen Xie (1997): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 40(1), 104-112
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Yanbian Co.
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Akesu Co. (Aksu Co.; Aqsu Co.)
Lifei Zhang, Wenbo Jiang, Chunjing Wei, and Shenbao Dong (1999): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 42 (3), 233-239.
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Qitai Co. (Gucheng Co.; Guqung Co.)
        • Sabei intrusion
Yuping Su, Hongfeng Tang, Sylvester, P.J., Congqiang Liu, Wenjun Qu, Guangshun Hou, and Feng Cong (2007): Geochemical Journal 41, 341-357
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Fuwen Chen, Huaqin Li, Hong Cai, Houqun Liu, and Hailiang Chang (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 91-97
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
M. Hassaan, A. El-Mezayen, Mervat S. Hassan, T. Ramadan and H. El-Desoky (2009) On the Metamorphism of Hafafit Sillimanite-bearing Pelitic Schists, Nubian Shield: Geochemical and Mineralogical Contributions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(1): 229-253
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Juuka
Sotka, P. 1984. Juuka, Panjavaara: Ce-La-Sr-mineraalien esiintyminen karbonaattijuonissa. Outokumpu OY raportti 070/4312 08A/PMS/1984.
  • Lapland Region
    • Enontekiö
Hytönen, Kai; Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki-Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 169-180.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kajaani
      • Vuolijoki
Hytönen, Kai, Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the alkaline gneisses of Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki- Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 164-180.
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
Bonin, B., Grelou-Orsini, C., Vialette, Y. (1978): Age, origin and evolution of the anorogenic complex of Evisa (Corsica): A K-Li-Rb-Sr study. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 65, 425-432; http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crystals_of_black_riebeckite_in_alkaline_pegmatite,_near_%C3%89visa_%28Corsica,_France%29.jpg
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Molines-en-Queyras
M.S. self collected in 2014
      • Saint-Véran area
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Franconian Forest
        • Hof
          • Gattendorf
Leon Hupperichs collection
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Pélla Prefecture
      • Edessa
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Évvoia Prefecture
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos,V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas, (2012): Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece). TECTONICS, VOL. 31, TC2006
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.288-289); Petersen Ole V.,Secher K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pagg.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
Semenow, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group, American Mineralogist, Vol. 52, 1762-1769
Upton, B.J.G. , Hill, P.G., Johnsen, O. & Petersen, O.V. (1978): Emeleusite: a new LiNaFeIII silicate from south Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 31-34
      • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Northeast Greenland National Park
    • J.V.Jensen Land
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Hungary
 
  • Vas Co.
    • Vas Hill
      • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
India
 
  • Karnataka
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2040-2057
Israel
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Bard
Ch. Wagner and D. Velde, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 173-187.
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Bellino
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Chisone Valley
        • Pragelato
          • Troncea Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Germanasca Valley
        • Prali
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Susa Valley
        • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
        • Oulx
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Mergozzo
Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York, page 284.
Jamaica
 
  • Saint Thomas Parish
    • Union Hill
Geol. Soc. of America Bulletin, V 97, N 1, pp. 48-60, 1986.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Itoigawa City
          • Ohmi
            • Hashidate
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
Hashimoto, M. (1974); Mem. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, 7:19-24
Hashimoto, M. (1974) Memoirs of the National Science Museum, 7, 19-24.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kochi City
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1989) Manganbabingtonite from Mitani, Kochi City, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 15, #3, 81-89.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Kazakhstan. In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 71-88). Springer Netherlands.
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Kazakhstan. In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 71-88). Springer Netherlands.
  • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
    • Berkuty
Kenya
 
  • Eastern Province
    • Makueni District
      • Umba Valley Region
        • Sultan Hamud
Campell Smith, W., Hey, M.H. and Kempe, D.R.C. (1968): Riebeckite from near Sultan Hamud, Machalcos District, Kenya. Mineralogical Magazine 36, 1164-1167. [http://www.minersoc.org/pages/Archive-MM/Volume_36/36-284-1164.pdf]
  • Rift Valley Province
    • Hell’s Gate National Park
Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Manandriana District
M. Arligue photo and specimen
Malawi
 
  • Chitipa District
    • Songwe Complex
Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Wooley (2001)
  • Zomba District
Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Mauritania
 
  • Trarza Region
Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Pico Etero District
Levinson, A.A. (1962) Beryllium-fluorine mineralization at Aguachile Mountain, Coahuila, Mexico. American Mineralogist, 47, 67-74.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Brandberg Area
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
New Zealand
 
Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 96-106
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • North Island
    • Auckland
      • Auckland City
Searle, E. J. (1958) A note on the formation of native iron and other effects associated with contact of basalt and carbonized wood at Auckland, New Zealand. New Zealand Jour. Geol. Geophys. 1 (3).
  • South Island
    • West Coast (Westland)
Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 473-482
White, A.J.R. (1962) Aegirine-riebeckite schists from South Westland, New Zealand. J. Petrol., 3, 38-48.
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
      • South Aïr
J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
Nigeria
 
  • Plateau State
    • Jos Plateau
OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
      • Younger ring complex
Wooley (2001) p.242
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
Norway
 
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Nordmarka
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo.
Raade, R. (2005): Gjerdingen-ekeritten, en unik mineralforekomst. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift nr. 30, p. 18.
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen Complex
Kresten, P. & Morgan, V. (1986): Fenization at the Fen complex, southern Norway. Liyhos: 29:27-42
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
        • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
        • Slevolden
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
Knut Eldjarn Collection
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
Larsen, K. E. & Andersen, F. (2009): Mineralforekomster i den østlige delen av Siljan-Hvarnes plutonkompleks, sørvestre Vestfold. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift, 41: 54-63
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6105
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Kristiansen, R.(2005): Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Berverksmuseum Skrifter 30:21-29
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6273 ( Ex- Svein A Berge collection 1989)
    • Nøtterøy
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 2806
    • Sandefjord
      • Fokserød
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, K. E. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): An unique mineral suite in a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 35-44
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Lahellefjorden
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1782
      • Vesterøya
        • Framnes
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV. Granater. NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24.
        • Vindal
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Tjøme
      • Færder
Andersen, F. (2017): Pegmatittganger og mineraler på Hoftøya og Langøya ved Færder i Ytre Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 69-75
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Gogołów-Jordanów Massif
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
Portugal
 
  • Portalegre District
    • Alter do Chão
Martins da Pedra collection
Réunion Island
 
  • Piton des Neiges Massif
    • Cirque de Cilaos
      • Bras de Cilaos
Jean-Marie Lièvre collection.
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p20
    • Tuva Republic
no reference
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Kostomuksha
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
    • Komi Republic
      • Timan Range
Mordberg, L.E., Stanley, C.J., and Germann, K. (2001): Mineralogical Magazine 65(1), 81-101.
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Uthungulu District
USGS Open File report 02-189
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
      • Musina (Messina)
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Pomfret
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 238;
  • Northern Cape Province
Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
    • Pixley ka Seme District
M. Arliguie and Van King specimens.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Antequera
Juan Miguel Jiménez analyses; Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA County Council 318 pp 1 map
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
Floor, P. (1967): Petrology of an aegirine-riebeckite gneiss-bearing part of the Hesperian massif. The Galineiro and surrounding area, Vigo, Spain. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen 36, 1-204.; Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
      • Vigo
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Arjeplog
      • Jäkkvik
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Linth Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Maloja
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
      • Sils im Engadin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Found by F. Vanini, analyzed by J. Brugger
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Breil-Brigels
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
  • Uri
    • Schächen Valley
      • Klausen pass area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
    • Seedorf
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 349.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wendron & Falmouth District
        • Falmouth
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; A. Hall (1982) The Pendennis Peralkaline Minette. Mineralogical Magazine 45:257-266.
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
No reference listed
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
    • Outer Hebrides
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockall#Geology
Ukraine
 
  • Dnipropetrovs'k Oblast' (Dnepropetrovsk Oblast')
    • Ukrainian Shield
L. N. Kogarko, V. A. Konova, M. P. Orlova, A. R. Woolley (1995) Ukraine in Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World pp 49-58
  • Kirovohrad Oblast' (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast')
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
ДУБИНА, А. В., КРИВДИК, С. Г., МИТРОХИН, А. В., СОБОЛЕВ, В. Б., ВИШНЕВСКИЙ, А. А., & ГРЕЧАНОВСКАЯ, Е. Е. (2014). РЕДКОМЕТАЛЛЬНАЯ МИНЕРАЛИЗАЦИЯ И ГЕНЕЗИС ЖИЛЬНЫХ ЩЕЛОЧНЫХ СИЕНИТОВ ПЕНИЗЕВИЧСКОГО РУДОПРОЯВЛЕНИЯ (КОРОСТЕНСКИЙ АНОРТОЗИТ-РАПАКИВИГРАНИТНЫЙ ПЛУТОН). МІНЕРАЛОГІЧНИЙ ЖУРНАЛ, 36(1), 12-25.
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
Am Min 69:106-199
          • Cholmondeley Sound
            • Dora Bay
Barker, J.C., and Mardock, C.L., 1990, Rare-earth-element-and yttrium-bearing pegmatite dikes near Dora Bay, southern Prince of Wales Island: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report OFR 19-90, 41 p
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
        • San Francisco Mountain
Robinson, Henry H. (1913), The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, AZ, USGS PP 76: 110-112.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 355.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
H. Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Garnet Hill
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
      • West Belt
        • New Melones Dam
Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
    • El Dorado Co.
      • West Belt
        • Shingle Springs District
          • Mount Aigare
Nash, J. Thomas (1988) Geology and geochemistry of gold deposits of the Big Canyon area, El Dorado County, California USGS Bull 1854.
Pelletier, 1962. Mineral Species & Localities of Marin County
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503, 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 403.; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70.; Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
        • Round Valley
Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
Ernst, W.G. (1965) Mineral paragenesis in Franciscan metamorphic rocks, Panoche Pass, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 887; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
USGS Bulletin 2160
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • Mount Hamilton
            • San Antonio Valley
Am Min 69:200-206
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
Coleman, R.G. & D.E. Lee (1963), Glaucophane-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Cazadero area, California: Journal of Petrology: 4: 260; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.; Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.
      • Healdsburg
Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 56-57; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 56-57; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
          • Hood Mountain Regional Park
            • Mount Hood
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70, 309; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393, 404.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Tonyville
Durrell, C. (1940a), Metamorphism in the southern Sierra Nevada, northeast of Visalia, California: California Department of Geology Sci. Bulletin: 25: 93; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Jacksonville District
          • Hog Mountain
Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157: 82; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
      • Rosita District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • El Paso Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
American Mineralogist (1936): 20: 319-333
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gross, E. and Heinrich, E., 1966, Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa Area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado. II. Pegmatites, American Mineralogist, v. 51, p. 299-323.
reference: "Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado II. Lamprophyres and Mineral Deposits" By E. B. Gross and E. WM. Heinrich - The American Mineralogist, Vol 51, Sept-Oct, 1966
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Fremont Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels; USGS Bull 2192
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • McClure Mountain Complex
Am. Min. 51:1088-1106
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Garfield Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS Bull 2192
    • Rio Blanco Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Teller Co.
      • Crystal Peak area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
West, D. P., Bradley, D., & Coish, R. (2016). The Litchfield pluton in south-central Maine: Carboniferous alkalic magmatism in northern New England, USA. Atlantic Geology, 52, 169-187.
      • West Gardiner
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
      • Shapleigh
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
      • York
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Sykesville
Mines of the Washington D.C Area
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Dale, Thomas Nelson (1908): The Chief Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI (USGS Bulletin 354).
P Cristofono collection , 2009
P. Cristofono collection, 2011
      • Lynn
Dale, T. N. (1910). Supplementary Notes on the Commercial Granites of New England (in Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bulletin 470).
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
    • Norfolk Co.
      • Milton
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 284.
Dale, 1908. The Chief Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI (USGS Bulletin 354)
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Chief Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI (USGS Bulletin 354)
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Chief Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI (USGS Bulletin 354)
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
      • Sharon
Warren, C. H. and Powers, Sidney (1914). Geology of the Diamond Hill - Cumberland District in Rhode Island - Massachusetts. (Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 25:435-476).
www.mass.gov/dcr/parks/borderland/geology.htm
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Marquette iron range
        • Humboldt Township
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Palmer
Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
        • Republic
Rocks & Min.: 58:112.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
George T. Mason, Jr., and Arndt, Raymond E., 1996, Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-20, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
      • Sullivan
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Montana
    • Garfield Co.
Am Min 60:566-573
    • Madison Co.
      • Ruby Range
Immega, I. P. and Klein, C. (1976) Mineralogy and petrology of some metamorphic Precambrian iron-formations in southwestern Montana. American Mineralogist, 61, 1111-1144.
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite District
        • McDermitt caldera
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Mineral Basin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Bartlett
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Conway
        • North Conway
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Effingham
No reference listed
      • Hale's Location
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Coos Co.
      • Kilkenny
No reference listed
No reference listed
Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Lincoln
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • New Jersey
    • Somerset Co.
      • Bernards Township
Kent, B.P. and Butkowski, B. (2000): Minerals of the Millington Quarry, Somerset County, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record, 31: 410.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Andover Township
Dana 6: 1065.
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
USGS Prof. Paper 318 (1959); USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Torrance Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 19349
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, 42-43 (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Trainer, 1942).
  • North Carolina
    • Ashe Co.
Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 1, North and South America,- Woolley,A,R,-1987
    • Caswell Co.
Ackermann, Rolf V., Schlische, Roy W., Patino, Lina C., and Johnson, Lois A., 2003, "A Lagerstatte of Rift-Related Tectonic Structures from the Solite Quarry, Dan River - Danville Rift Basin", in Peter M. Letourneau and Paul E. Olsen (editors), The Great Rift Valleys of Pangea in Eastern North America, volume 1, p. 118-133.
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Spruce Pine
    • Pitt Co.
      • Fountain
Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II - Silicates - Bafertisite (localities)
  • Oklahoma
    • Kiowa Co.
      • Lugert
R&M 72:4 pp 252-264
  • Oregon
    • Coos Co.
Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
    • Lincoln Co.
McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Berks Co.
      • Birdsboro
        • Gickerville (Gibralter)
    • Chester Co.
      • Warwick Township
        • St. Peters
Mineralogical Record, 25(2),pp:105-120.
  • Rhode Island
Hermes,O.D and Zartman,R.E.,(1985) Late Proterozoic and Devonian Plutonic Terrance Within The Avalon Zone of Rhode Island:Geological Society of America Bulletion,v.96,p.272-282
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Michael W. Kieron collection
  • South Carolina
    • Greenville Co.
Mineralogical Record, Vol 1, No. 3, p. 97
  • Texas
    • El Paso Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
      • Conklin
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
JL Jerden Jr (2001) Origin of Uranium Mineralization at Coles Hill Virginia (USA) and its Natural Attenuation within an Oxidizing Rock-Soil-Ground Water System
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.49,51; American Mineralogist, V.58, p. 874
  • Wisconsin
    • Jackson Co.
Kimball, K & F. Spear (1984,) Metamorphic Petrology of the Jackson County Iron Formation, Wisconsin, Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 605-619. Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals: 73(6): 378 - 399
Am.Jour.Sci. vol. 23, ser.4 (1907)
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Weidman S., and V. Lenher, 1907, "Marignacite, a New Variety of Pyrochlore from Wausau, Wis.", American Journal of Science, vol. 23, Series 4, p. 287-292.
  • Wyoming
    • Fremont Co.
      • South Pass-Atlantic City District
        • Atlantic City
James Cheshire collection
Venezuela
 
  • Amazonas
Greta J. Orris and Richard I. Grauch (2002) Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences. USGS Open File Report 02-189; U. S. Geological Survey; Corporacion Venezolana de Guayana. (1993) Geology and mineral resource assessment of the Venezuelan Guayana Shield. USGS Bulletin: 2062; Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 213.
Yemen (TL)
 
  • Adan Governorate
Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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