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Robinsonite

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About RobinsoniteHide

Formula:
Pb4Sb6S13
Colour:
Lead-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.7
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1951 by Leonard Gascoigne Berry, Joseph John Fahey, and Edgar Herbert Bailey in honor of Stephen Clive Robinson (1911-1981), Canadian mineralogist, Geological Survey of Canada, and former Professor of Mineralogy, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. Robinson synthesized the compound in 1947 (Robinson 1948) before the mineral was found in nature.
The structure as in case of, e.g., boulangerite, jamesonite, and zinkenite, comprises interconnected SbS3 groups.


Classification of RobinsoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HC.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.6.16.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.17

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of RobinsoniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-gray
Streak:
Gray
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of RobinsoniteHide

Formula:
Pb4Sb6S13
Common Impurities:
Bi

Crystallography of RobinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Setting:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 23.642(4) Å, b = 3.9761(6) Å, c = 24.420(4) Å
β = 93.808(3)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 5.946 : 1 : 6.142
Unit Cell V:
2,290.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Non-standard space-group setting I2/m.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.74 (60)
3.51 (100)
3.50 (90)
3.26 (60)
3.06 (50)
2.91 (100)
2.88 (70)
2.82 (70)
Comments:
ICDD 19-703

Type Occurrence of RobinsoniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Low temperature hydrothermal deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for RobinsoniteHide

German:Robinsonit
Simplified Chinese:纤硫锑铅矿
Spanish:Robinsonita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrite2 photos of Robinsonite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Robinsonite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Limonite1 photo of Robinsonite associated with Limonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.05aSartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HC.05aTwinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
2.HC.05dVeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb32As40S92Mon. 2 : P21
2.HC.05eDalnegroite(Tl4Pb2)(As12Sb8)S34Tric. 1 : P1
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
2.HC.10dRayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6Mon.
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S14(S3)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60ClTric. 1 : P1
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Fluorescence of RobinsoniteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Raman bands connected with stretching and bending of the SbS3 groups are between 350 and 175 cm-1
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RobinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
ROBINSON, S.C. (1948): Studies of mineral sulphosalts, XIV - artificial sulphantimonides of lead. Contributions to Canadian Mineralogy, University of Toronto Studies, Geological Series No. 42, 54-70.
BERRY, L.G., FAHEY, J.J. & BAILEY, E.H. (1952): Robinsonite, a new lead antimony sulfide. American Mineralogist 37, 438-446.
JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario - Part 2. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213.
J. L. Jambor and G. R. Lachance (1968): Bismuthian robinsonite. Can. Mineral. 9, 426-428.
PETROVA, I.V., KAPLUNNIK, L.N., BORTNIKOV, N.S., POBEDIMSKAYA, E.A. & BELOV, N.V. (1972) Crystal structure of synthetic robinsonite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. 241, 88-90.
Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 321-335.
JAMBOR, J.L. & PLANT, A.G. (1976): The composition of lead sulphantimonide, robinsonite. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 415-417.
Acta Crystallographica (1990): C46: 527-531.
Franzini M., Orlandi P., Pasero M.(1992): Morphological, chemical and structural study of robinsonite (Pb4Sb6S13) from Apuan Alps, Italy. Acta Vulcanol., 2, 231-235.
Pruseth, K. L., Mishra, B., Bernhardt, H. J. (1998): Solid solution in synthetic zinkenite, robinsonite and meneghinite in the system Cu2S-PbS-Sb2S3. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 207-213.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (2003): 179(3): 295-310.
Makovicky, Emil, Tonci Balic-Zunic, Ljiljana Karanovic, Dejan Poleti, Jaroslav Pršek (2004): Structure refinement of natural robinsonite, Pb4Sb6S13: cation distribution and modular description: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte 2004: 49-67.
Kharbish, S. & Jeleň, S. (2016): Raman spectroscopy of the Pb-Sb sulfosalts minerals: Boulangerite, jamesonite, robinsonite and zinkenite. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 85, 157-166.

Internet Links for RobinsoniteHide

Localities for RobinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Senftenberg
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1764) Robinsonit vom Pegmatit von der Königsalm, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 164-165 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 357-361
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nelson Mining Division
      • Salmo
Encyclopedia of Mins., 2nd. ed.:448.; Harris D C, Jambor J L, Lachance G R, Thorpe R I (1968) Tintinaite, the antimony analogue of kobellite, The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 371-382
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Madoc area
        • Huntingdon Township
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jambor (1967b) Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
      • Tintina
Y. Moëlo, J.L. Jambor, D.C. Harris, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 22, pp 219-226, 1984
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Yan Liu, Sihong Jiang, Zhigang Zhang, Yifei Liu, and Fengjun Nie (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 837-854
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Qamdo Prefecture (Changdu Prefecture)
      • Zhag'yab Co. (Chaya Co.)
        • Jitang
Yao Tan, Xianwu Bi, Zhonglei Xin, Feilin Zhu, Minyang Liao, and Yubang Li (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 599-615
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Wolfsberg
Hans-Jürgen Haas Collection
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Seravezza
Franzini M., Orlandi P., Pasero M., 1992. Morphological, chemical and structural study of robinsonite (Pb4Sb6S13) from Alpi Apuane, Italy. Acta Vulcanologica, Marinelli Volume, 2: 231-235; Orlandi P., Del Chiaro L., Pagano R. (1996): Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record 27, 47-58.; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Stazzema
          • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Matsubara et al (1996) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 20.
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Simon Philippo analysis (to be published); Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Castrovirreyna Province
      • Castrovirreyna District
American Mineralogist 87:753-764
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Senegal
 
  • Tambacounda Region
The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
Serbia
 
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.; Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
      • Krupanj
Moelo, Yves; Borodaev, Youri S.; Mozgova, Nadja N. (1983): The twinnite-zinckenite-plagionite association from the antimony-lead-zinc deposit, Rujevac (Yugoslavia). Bull. Minéral. 106, 505-510.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Banská Bystrica (Neusohl)
Majzlan, J., Števko, M., & Chovan, M. (2015). Mineralógia rudného výskytu pri Hiadeli v Nízkych Tatrách (Slovenská republika). Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze, 23(2).
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Poltár Co.
Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Martin Števko-unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Števko M., Sejkora J. (2017): Boulangerit a robinsonit z lokality Ochtiná-Čížko baňa (Slovenská republika). Bull. Mineral. Petrolog., 25, 2, 273-276 (in Slovak with English abstract).
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49.
      • Liptovské Kľačany
Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506 ; Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506
      • Partizánska Lupča
No reference listed
Pauliš, P., Ďuďa, R.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Slovenska. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2002, s. 41 - 42. ; Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Calanda
      • Taminser Calanda
Bächtiger K. (1986): Der alte Goldbergbau an der «Goldenen Sonne» am Calanda bei Chur. Bergknappe 38, 2-14.
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Deganwy
BMS Database; R. E. Bevins (1988) Sixth Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Welsh). Mineralogical Magazine 52:121-124; Bevins, R.E., Alderton, D.H.M. & Horak, J.M. (1988): Lead-antimony mineralization at Bwlch Mine, Deganwy, Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 391-394.
USA
 
  • Idaho
Jambor (1967a) Canadian Mineralogist 9, 7-24
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • McCoy District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope Springs District
BERRY, L.G., FAHEY, J.J. & BAILEY, E.H. (1952): Robinsonite, a new lead antimony sulfide. American Mineralogist 37, 438-446.
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Huckleberry Mountain
Bart Cannon, personal communication.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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