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Rosemaryite

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F. Rosemary Wyllie
Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Colour:
Dark olive-green, dark brown
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
3.63 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by Paul Brian Moore and Jun Ito in 1979 in honor of Frances Rosemary "Romy" Wyllie (6 November 1932, Hull, England - ), managing editor of the Journal of Geology.

The named assigned by them was rosemaryite-(MnNa□) based on a chemical analysis and the implicit assertion that the mineral conformed to the wyllieite group. The first non-chemical data establishing rosemaryite's definition were published by Andre M. Fransolet (1995).

The mineral wylliteite is named for her husband.
Isostructural with:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of RosemaryiteHide

Approved
8.AC.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.8.3
38.2.4.3

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
19.14.3

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of RosemaryiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Dark olive-green, dark brown
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} {1}, by analogy with ferrowyllieite
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of RosemaryiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.723 nβ = 1.742 nγ = 1.758
2V:
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 76°
Birefringence:
0.035
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Y = pale brownish yellow, Z = pale greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of RosemaryiteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
IMA Formula:
NaMn2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3

Crystallography of RosemaryiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.977 Å, b = 12.388 Å, c = 6.320 Å
β = 114.45°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.967 : 1 : 0.51
Unit Cell V:
853.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
P21/n

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.19 (50)
5.451 (50)
3.487 (70)
3.024 (100)
2.842 (60)
2.726 (90)
2.693 (100)
2.062 (60)
Comments:
European J. Min. v 7, p. 567

Type Occurrence of RosemaryiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Dark greenish black monocrystalline masses
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for RosemaryiteHide

Relationship of Rosemaryite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe2+5Fe3+Al(PO4)6Mon.
Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Fupingqiuite(Na,Mn2+,□)2Mn2+2Fe3+(PO4)3Mon.
QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45BobdownsiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3F)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.2.4.1Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
38.2.4.2Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
38.2.4.4QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
38.2.4.4BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
38.2.4.5BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed · Amor.
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe3+24Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Fluorescence of RosemaryiteHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RosemaryiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Moore, P.B., Ito, J. (1979) Alluaudites, wyllieites, arrojadites: crystal chemistry and nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 227-235.
Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Pabst, A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 808-814.
Fransolet, A.-M. (1995) Wyllieite et rosemaryite dans la pegmatite de Buranga, Rwanda. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 567. (in French w/ English abstract)
Hatert, F., Hermann, R.P., Fransolet, A.M., Long, G.J., Grandjean, F. (2006) A structural, infrared, and Mössbauer spectral study of rosemaryite, NaMnFe3+Al(PO4)3. European Journal of Mineralogy: 18: 775-785.
Łodziński, M., Sitarz, M. (2009) Chemical and spectroscopic characterization of some phosphate accessory minerals from pegmatites of the Sowie Góry Mts, SW Poland. Journal of Molecular Structure: 924-926: 442-447.

Internet Links for RosemaryiteHide

Localities for RosemaryiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
P. Keller, F. Fontan, F. Velasco Roldan, J.C. Melgarejo i Draper : "Stanekite a new Phosphate Mineral in Pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France)", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1977, 9, 475-482
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Fransolet, A.M. (1995): Wyllieite and rosemaryite in the pegmatite of Buranga, Rwanda. European Journal of Mineralogy 7, 567-575. (in French)
USA (TL)
 
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Mineralogical Magazine(1979) 43, 227-235
Mineral and/or Locality  
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