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Routhierite

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Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008)
Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Colour:
Violet-red
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008), professor in applied geology at the Science Faculty of Paris (1961-1970) then research director at CNRS. A renowned figure of metallogeny and study of mineral deposits.
Isostructural with:
The mercury analogue of stalderite.
Chemically related to christite.


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Classification of RouthieriteHide

Approved
2.GA.40

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
3.4.11.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.5.6

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of RouthieriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Violet-red
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of RouthieriteHide

Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
IMA Formula:
CuTlHg2As2S6
Common Impurities:
Ag,Zn

Crystallography of RouthieriteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:
I4 2m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.9821(11) Å, c = 11.3122(12) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.133
Unit Cell V:
1127.2 ų
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of RouthieriteHide

Synonyms of RouthieriteHide

Other Language Names for RouthieriteHide

German:Routhierit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷汞铊矿
Spanish:Routhierita

Relationship of Routhierite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FerrostalderiteCuFe2TlAs2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
RalphcannoniteAgZn2TlAs2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pierrotite3 photos of Routhierite associated with Pierrotite on mindat.org.
Laffittite2 photos of Routhierite associated with Laffittite on mindat.org.
Smithite1 photo of Routhierite associated with Smithite on mindat.org.
Protochabournéite1 photo of Routhierite associated with Protochabournéite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon.
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25LapieiteNiCuSbS3Orth.
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.30GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.35LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
2.GA.40StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6Trig.
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.GA.50SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
2.GA.50SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.11.2StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth.
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2(As,Sb)8S13Mon.
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RouthieriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
JOHAN, Z., MANTIENNE, J. & PICOT, R. (1974): La routhiérite, TlHgAsS3, et la laffittite, AgHgAsS3, deux nouvelles espèces minérales, Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 97, 48-53.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 947.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 935-936.
Bindi, L. (2008): Routhierite, Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6. Acta Crystallographica, C64, i95-i96.
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).

Internet Links for RouthieriteHide

Localities for RouthieriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
France (TL)
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1974) 97, 48-53; American Mineralogist, Volume 68, pages 235-244, 1983; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, Y. Moëlo, P. Orlandi & W. Paar (2011): Monte Arsiccio mine: The first thallium ore in Apuan Alps. Plinius 37, 401; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
        • Krasnotur'insk (Bogolovsk; Krasnoturjinsk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya river
            • Tur'insk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
XRD by Prof. Nestola (Padia, I) and EDX by Ph. Roth, both May 2015, on a sample in T. Raber's collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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