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Routhierite

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About RouthieriteHide

05065730014947152092143.jpg
Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008)
Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Colour:
Violet-red
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008), professor in applied geology at the Science Faculty of Paris (1961-1970) then research director at CNRS. A renowned figure of metallogeny and study of mineral deposits.
Isostructural with:
The mercury analogue of stalderite.
Chemically related to christite.


Classification of RouthieriteHide

Approved
2.GA.40

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
3.4.11.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.5.6

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of RouthieriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Violet-red
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of RouthieriteHide

Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
IMA Formula:
TlCuHg2As2S6
Common Impurities:
Ag,Zn

Crystallography of RouthieriteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:
I4 2m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.9821(11) Å, c = 11.3122(12) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.133
Unit Cell V:
1127.2 ų
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of RouthieriteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
07299680015677160277452.jpg
Red is Routhierite; Collection : National School of Mines of Paris

Synonyms of RouthieriteHide

Other Language Names for RouthieriteHide

German:Routhierit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷汞铊矿
Spanish:Routhierita

Relationship of Routhierite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ArsiccioiteAgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FerrostalderiteCuFe2TlAs2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
RalphcannoniteAgZn2TlAs2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.
Unnamed (Ag-Fe endmember of Routhierite Group)AgFe2TlAs2S6

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Routhierite associated with PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16
2 photos of Routhierite associated with LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
1 photo of Routhierite associated with SmithiteAgAsS2
1 photo of Routhierite associated with ProtochabournéiteTl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25LapieiteNiCuSbS3Orth.
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.30GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.35LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
2.GA.40StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6Trig. 3 : P3
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.GA.50SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
2.GA.50SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.11.2StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2As7.5Sb0.3S13Mon. 2/m
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RouthieriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
JOHAN, Z., MANTIENNE, J. & PICOT, R. (1974): La routhiérite, TlHgAsS3, et la laffittite, AgHgAsS3, deux nouvelles espèces minérales, Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 97, 48-53.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 947.
American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 935-936.
Bindi, L. (2008): Routhierite, Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6. Acta Crystallographica, C64, i95-i96.
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).

Internet Links for RouthieriteHide

Localities for RouthieriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
France (TL)
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1974) 97, 48-53; American Mineralogist, Volume 68, pages 235-244, 1983; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, Y. Moëlo, P. Orlandi & W. Paar (2011): Monte Arsiccio mine: The first thallium ore in Apuan Alps. Plinius 37, 401; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Russia
 
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Beryozovsky
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
XRD by Prof. Nestola (Padia, I) and EDX by Ph. Roth, both May 2015, on a sample in T. Raber's collection
 
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